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91.
New perspectives for computer-aided discrimination of Parkinson's disease and essential tremor
Petra Povalej, J.A. Gallego, J. P. Romero, Vojko Glaser, E. Rocon, Julián Benito-León, Félix Bermejo-Pareja, Ignacio Posada, Aleš Holobar, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Pathological tremor is a common but highly complex movement disorder, affecting ~5% of population older than 65 years. Different methodologies have been proposed for its quantification. Nevertheless, the discrimination between Parkinson's disease tremor and essential tremor remains a daunting clinical challenge, greatly impacting patient treatment and basic research. Here, we propose and compare several movement-based and electromyography-based tremor quantification metrics. For the latter, we identified individual motor unit discharge patterns from high-density surface electromyograms and characterized the neural drive to a single muscle and how it relates to other affected muscles in 27 Parkinson's disease and 27 essential tremor patients. We also computed several metrics from the literature. The most discriminative metrics were the symmetry of the neural drive to muscles, motor unit synchronization, and the mean log power of the tremor harmonics in movement recordings. Noteworthily, the first two most discriminative metrics were proposed in this study. We then used decision tree modelling to find the most discriminative combinations of individual metrics, which increased the accuracy of tremor type discrimination to 94%. In summary, the proposed neural drive-based metrics were the most accurate at discriminating and characterizing the two most common pathological tremor types.
Ključne besede: Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, electromyography, wrist movements, motor units, muscular excitation, decision tree
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 24; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (3,31 MB)

92.
Semi-analytical method for solving Fokker-Planck's equations
Majeed Ahmed Al-Jawary, Ghassan Hasan Radhi, Jure Ravnik, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper, the linear and nonlinear Fokker-Planck equations (FPE) are solved by a semi-analytical iterative technique. This technique was proposed by Temimi and Ansari (TAM) in 2011. It is used to obtain the exact solutions for the 1D, 2D and 3D FPE. We solve several linear and nonlinear examples to show that the method is efficient and applicable. The results demonstrate that the presented method is very effective and reliable and does not require any restrictive assumptions for nonlinear terms. A symbolic manipulator Mathematica®10 was used to evaluate terms in the iterative process.
Ključne besede: Fokker-Planck's equation, semi-analytical method, analytic solution, Brownian motion, Kolmogorov's equation
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 18; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (476,67 KB)

93.
Patient safety culture in Slovenian out-of-hours primary care clinics
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Dag Hofoss, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: Patient safety culture is a concept which describes how leader and staff interaction, attitudes, routines and practices protect patients from adverse events in healthcare. We aimed to investigate patient safety culture in Slovenian out-of-hours health care (OOHC) clinics, and determine the possible factors that might be associated with it. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, which took place in Slovenian OOHC, as part of the international study entitled Patient Safety Culture in European Out-of-Hours Services (SAFE-EUR-OOH). All the OOHC clinics in Slovenia (N=60) were invited to participate, and 37 agreed to do so; 438 employees from these clinics were invited to participate. We used the Slovenian version of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire % an ambulatory version (SAQAV) to measure the climate of safety. Results: Out of 438 invited participants, 250 answered the questionnaire (57.1% response rate). The mean overall score % standard deviation of the SAQ was 56.6%16.0 points, of Perceptions of Management 53.6%19.6 points, of Job Satisfaction 48.5%18.3 points, of Safety Climate 59.1%22.1 points, of Teamwork Climate 72.7%16.6, and of Communication 51.5%23.4 points. Employees working in the Ravne na Koroškem region, employees with variable work shifts, and those with full-time jobs scored significantly higher on the SAQ-A V. Conclusion: The safety culture in Slovenian OOHC clinics needs improvement. The variations in the safety culture factor scores in Slovenian OOHC clinics point to the need to eliminate variations and improve working conditions in Slovenian OOHC clinics.
Ključne besede: safety culture, out-of-hours medical care, primary health care, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 16; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (397,20 KB)

94.
Implementing quality indicators for diabetes and hypertension in family medicine in Slovenia
Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Igor Švab, Tonka Poplas-Susič, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: A new form of family practices was introduced in 2011 through a pilot project introducing nurse practitioners as members of team and determining a set of quality indicators. The aim of this article was to assess the quality of diabetes and hypertension management. Methods: We included all family medicine practices that were participating in the project in December 2015 (N=584). The following data were extracted from automatic electronic reports on quality indicators: gender and specialisation of the family physician, status (public servant/self-contracted), duration of participation in the project, region of Slovenia, the number of inhabitants covered by a family medicine practice, the name of IT provider, and levels of selected quality indicators. Results: Out of 584 family medicine practices that were included in this project at the end of 2015, 568 (97.3%) had complete data and could be included in this analysis. The highest values were observed for structure quality indicator (list of diabetics) and the lowest for process and outcome quality indicators. The values of the selected quality indicators were independently associated with the duration of participation in the project, some regions of Slovenia where practices were located, and some IT providers of the practices. Conclusion: First, the analysis of data on quality indicators for diabetes and hypertension in this primary care project pointed out the problems which are currently preventing higher quality of chronic patient management at the primary health care level.
Ključne besede: family practices, healthcare quality indicator, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 19; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (424,82 KB)

95.
Strong edge geodetic problem in networks
Paul Manuel, Sandi Klavžar, Antony Xavier, Andrew Arokiaraj, Elizabeth Thomas, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Geodesic covering problems form a widely researched topic in graph theory. One such problem is geodetic problem introduced by Harary et al. Here we introduce a variation of the geodetic problem and call it strong edge geodetic problem. We illustrate how this problem is evolved from social transport networks. It is shown that the strong edge geodetic problem is NP-complete. We derive lower and upper bounds for the strong edge geodetic number and demonstrate that these bounds are sharp. We produce exact solutions for trees, block graphs, silicate networks and glued binary trees without randomization.
Ključne besede: geodetic problem, strong edge geodetic problem, computational complexity, transport networks
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 17; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (657,86 KB)

96.
Motivation and satisfaction of employees in the workplace
Maja Rožman, Sonja Treven, Vesna Čančer, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: The aging of the European population is a demographic trend reflected in the ever-growing number of older employees. This paper introduces the importance of motivation and satisfaction in the workplace among age diverse employees in Slovenian companies. Objectives: The goal is to investigate the differences between the motivation and satisfaction of employees from different age groups in the workplace. Methods/Approach: The paper is based on research including a survey of two age groups of employees in Slovenia. We employed the Mann-Whitney U test to verify differences in the motivation and satisfaction in the workplace between the two groups. Results: Older employees are more motivated by flexibility in the workplace; autonomy at work; good interpersonal relationships in the workplace; the possibility of working at their own pace; respect among employees; equal treatment of employees regardless of their age. They are more satisfied with interpersonal relationships in the company; their work; working hours and the distribution of work obligations; and facilitation of the self-regulation of the speed of work performed. Conclusions: Motivation and satisfaction change as individuals age. Using this information, managers and employers can apply appropriate measures to contribute to employees´ well-being and better workplace performance, better working relationships with colleagues, higher productivity, and greater creativity.
Ključne besede: motivation, satisfaction, employees, human resource management
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 19; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (504,02 KB)

97.
The challenges in new tourist destination development within the area of ecological network Natura 2000
Duško Pavlović, Mladen Knežević, Božica Radoš, 2016, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Natura 2000 is often equated with protected areas where human activities are significantly limited or even excluded in order to preserve biodiversity. However, Natura 2000 is based on other settings. Most of the activities and projects in the Natura area can be carried out with the mitigation of possible negative impacts. Sometimes they need only minor adjustments. Proposals of major development projects or changes in land use should undergo the evaluation of acceptability for the ecological network. If the assessment is positive, the procedure will be allowed if it is in the Natura area. As such, the Natura 2000 can provide new opportunities for rural areas, for example through eco-tourism and recreation. The paper will provide a SWOT analysis of micro location of building a new transport route, which is aimed at the development of new tourist destinations in the protected area.
Ključne besede: Natura 2000, a tourist destination, a new traffic railway route, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 23; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Polno besedilo (945,34 KB)

98.
Socijalni turizam kao socijalna i ekonomska kategorija
Mladen Knežević, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Socijalni turizam je u nekim specifičnim oblicima stariji od turističke djelatnosti kakvu poznajemo u modernim razdobljima njezina razvitka. U suvremenom obliku je dijete modernog industrijskog društva. Mnogi elementi suvremenog turističkog razvitka značili su napredak upravo zbog snažno izražene socijalne komponente, a neki su se krajevi počeli turistički razvijati nakon što se u njima razvio “socijalni turizam”. Suvremeni turizam i suvremeni socijalni turizam u nekim se zemljama, posebno visoko razvijenim zemljama, skladno dopunjuju i pridonose ekonomijama tih zemalja. S druge strane, kao dominantno ekonomske djelatnosti, pomažu društveni i osobni razvitak pripradnika socijalnih slojeva čiji je materijalni status vrlo osjetljiv, a ponekad čak i ugrožavajuć.
Ključne besede: družbeni turizem, sindikalni turizem, cenovno ugodni turizem
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 19; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (942,10 KB)

99.
Raising awareness of urban environment development in primary schools
Maja Rosi, Jerneja Smole, Jasna Potočnik, 2016, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: In the past few years, excessive efforts have been made to increase the city’s attractiveness and its international positioning. Also studies on the so-called city destination branding are on the rise. Theorists, as Ramirez (2001), Marzano and Scott (2009), among many others, are discussing different aspects of this complex process. Many approaches and strategies are dealing with the positioning of urban environments and city destinations, trying to provide at least some partial answers about achieving this objective. With proper marketing and branding, cities can do a lot to attract tourists and visitors. For successful city marketing and branding and for the successful long-term positioning of the destination in general, it is necessary to involve the key stakeholders and collaborate with as many as possible despite the fact that the branding of a city destination (or any destination for that matter) is a complex process. It is significant that all the stakeholders, who are always carriers of different interests, are invited to collaborate in the planning of the tourism development and tourism development strategies, from the government, the private sector, schools etc. It is also important to involve the citizens, who can provide a valuable opinion about the environment they live in – what they like about their environment, what suggestion would they give to tourists about gastronomy, attractions, shops, events, etc. It is significant that citizens are proud of their urban environment, that they know their own environment, and that they have the motivation for the involvement in the process of improvement of their home environment (through projects, discussions, etc.). It is impossible to create attractive urban environments or cities if residents do not have a positive opinion about the place they live in. That is why it is essential for the education institutions at all levels, but especially for the institutions at the primary levels to educate children, toddlers, pupils, students, about the importance of urban environment development and create a positive learning environment, where children are able to develop as residents with a great understanding of the potential of the environment they live in. The paper explores the importance of raising awareness of the urban environment in primary schools from the theoretical, analytical and practical point of views. In the paper, we will examine whether primary schools in the city of Maribor, Slovenia educate children about their urban environment, if they are creating positive learning environments, where children can develop into proud citizens aware of the significance of the urban environment and its consequences for the quality of their lives. Further on, the curricula in chosen primary schools in Maribor is going to be analyzed. With the survey, we will try to identify the degree of children’s awareness of their surrounding urban environment, the information they receive about their environment, and their attitude towards it. And finally, what is most important, we will try to show the extreme significance of the learning environment and the curricula for raising the awareness of the environment and growing into responsible adults who will also act responsibly towards their urban environments.
Ključne besede: tourism, branding, literature, urban, environment, education, children
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 23; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (804,52 KB)

100.
Nostalgia, commodification of emotions and small-town tourism
Barbara Pavlakovič, Nejc Pozvek, Andreja Trdina, 2016, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Small urban environments face many issues in tourism; for example, how to position themselves in contrast to the larger cities and how to provide adequate tourist facilities for their guests. In the case of positioning, they have to choose something different and attractive. And in the case of infrastructure, small cities are primarily meant for their residents and have plenty residential buildings but lack of tourist accommodation buildings. The article attempts to reflect on specific contemporary form of “consumed nostalgia” (Cross, 2015) that is characteristic of the era of modern consumer society and offer an example of how its potential could be employed in tourism, particular in small urban environments with significant implications of preserving abandoned properties and thus existing architectural and cultural heritage. An analysis of Vintage Vila accommodation facility that is located in small city of Brežice, Slovenia, was conducted in order to acquaint the potential of a specific form of nostalgia tourism. After an interview with Vintage Vila founder, a review of their Facebook site and the responses of the visitors was made. Additionally the study of media coverage of Vintage Vila was completed to understand the discursive construction of a unique narrative of the place. The basic objective of this paper is to describe this innovative solution for the preservation of architectural and cultural heritage of small urban environments. With the case study of Vintage Vila accommodation facility we hope to encourage other small cities to recognise their potential in abandoned buildings. Restoration of such facilities can open up new possibilities in tourism and may, together with thoughtfully chosen narratives that emotionally bound people to their material environment, contribute to a revitalization of small cities. What is more, tourism development grounded in vintage and nostalgia appeals should be considered as part of a call for sustainable growth, as it advocates and supports alternative consumer practices (such as recycling and reusing objects) and preservation of material culture in general.
Ključne besede: nostalgia tourism, vintage, accommodation capacity, small urban environments, place as a narrative
Objavljeno: 03.11.2017; Ogledov: 21; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (868,77 KB)

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