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The use of econometric methods in family farm succession studies
Zarja Bohak, Andreja Borec, 2009, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Farm succession is an important issue for any family farm, for the future structure of farming and for rural policy makers. This is the process whereby the skills, traditions and capital of farming are passed from one generation to the next. Scientists realized the importance of scientific investigation of succession on family farms no more than thirty or forty years ago, as the earliest studies bear dates from 1968 on (see i.e. Nalson 1968). There are many different scientific methods used to process surveys' data or to represent the process of farm succession; this paper offers a review of foreign and Slovene studies from the last 15 years, in which econometric methods are used to describe and analyse the family farm succession process.
Ključne besede: family farm, farm succession, econometric methods
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 3; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (93,90 KB)

Economic and social diversity in Australia's cotton-producing communities
Tony Sorensen, Bernice Kotey, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Australia’s highly profitable cotton industry is geographically constrained to districts in northern New South Wales and Southern Queensland. However, the rural towns servicing the industry are facing unprecedented stress on account of fierce commercial competition between them, many years of drought during the 2000s, technological innovation in cotton production, the chance occurrence of non-agricultural economic opportunities, and even ethnic composition. Our research focuses on the role of innovative small business in overcoming community stress and we have selected a small sample of six local government areas to examine this link in depth. The selection of a representative sample entailed the classification of cotton communities on the basis of their economic and social profiles and how they had evolved over the inter-census period 2001-06. This analysis surprisingly showed that cotton growing regions are highly differentiated not just at a single point in time (2006), but also in their development trajectories. This considerably complicated the process of sample selection, but also demonstrated the diversity of rural settlement.
Ključne besede: diversity of rural settlements, non-agricultural activity, cotton industry, innovative SME’s
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 3; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (153,68 KB)

Development of rural space in post-communist southeast Europe after 1989
Peter Jordan, 2009, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper investigates the reasons for the current state of rural space in Southeast Europe, as well as its current structure. It is confirmed that pre-Communist structures, as well as divergent Communist systems and policies, contributed as much to current structures as have divergent post-Communist approaches and developments. Thus, we meet today very different situations in the rural space of Yugoslavian successor states on the one hand, and of other post-Communist countries of Southeast Europe with a planned economy (Romania, Bulgaria and Albania) on the other. But even the countries of former Yugoslavia show many divergences, mainly due to divergent demographic development in the wake of the Yugoslavian dissolution wars.
Ključne besede: structure of rural space, communist systems, transformation, agricultural policies, Southeast Europe
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 3; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (226,19 KB)

Coping with depopulation and demographic ageing in rural Japan
Kim Doo-Chul, Bu Hye-Jin, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Recently, the Japanese government initiated an administrative process that has resulted in the merging of municipalities across the country. Since then, the quality of services provided to inhabitants by the local government has declined in depopulated areas. As a result, it has been suggested that there may be a role for self-organization in the revival of local governance. Despite having a rapidly ageing population, Kawane village has been particularly successful in revitalizing local governance through reorganization of the local community. This research examines a variety of the community activities involved and the unique management methods behind them in an attempt to ascertain the factors that have resulted in successful self- governance in this village.
Ključne besede: depopulated mountainous village, local community, Kawane Promoting Association, local governance, Kawane Village, Japan
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 3; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (171,68 KB)

Social capital in rural communities in the Netherlands
Frans Thissen, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The quality of life in Dutch rural communities is high in comparison with urban communities in the Netherlands because of the residential quality of villages, the mobility of the inhabitants and the strong commitment by the inhabitants to the local society. However, today’s Dutch villages bear no resemblance to the traditional village and neither is social capital self-evident nowadays. This article presents evidence from two projects. It summarizes some results of a national survey organised within the framework of the research programme entitled ‘The Social State of the Countryside’, as carried out by the Social and Cultural Planning Office of The Netherlands (SCP) and a project in one of the most rural parts of the Netherlands (Zeeland). In the Zeeland villages, social capital is analysed from the point of view of the relationship between quality of life, social cohesion and local community care in small villages.
Ključne besede: transformation of rural communities, civil society, social capital, quality of life, social vitality, social cohesion, community care
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 3; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (179,43 KB)

Local governance and sustainable rural development
Mary Cawley, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper discusses the role of local governance partnerships in promoting sustainable rural development with reference to EU policy over the past two decades. Ireland’s experience is presented as an example. From the early 1990s on, new local partnerships associated with both EU and national approaches to rural development compensated for some of the deficiencies of weak local government in Ireland. Partly because of concerns relating to duplication of expenditure and democratic representation, the partnerships have gradually been brought more closely within the remit of the statutory local government structures. It remains to be seen how Irish rural development policy for 2007-2013 will be implemented within this changing context.
Ključne besede: rural development, sustainability, local partnerships, governance, Ireland, EU, European Union
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 2; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (133,10 KB)

Sustainable rural development - EU agricultural perspective
Andreja Borec, Jernej Turk, 2009, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Rural areas are diverse worldwide but the paradigm of sustainable development and the improving of rural development has become an issue that occupies most of the world’s governments. The global goal is the same everywhere: to improve the well-being of rural people in the broadest possible sense, but the strategies are various and depend on many different factors and sectors. Throughout history, agriculture has always played a dominant role in the development of rural areas, but today its significance is under discussion in many countries. The EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has shifted from supporting agricultural production to supporting producers' income directly and with the objective of sustainable agriculture. Issues such as environmental sustainability, the viability of rural economies, food quality and animal health and welfare standards have become more prominent. In this paper, we try to review some key milestones and dates of CAP and to explain the new role for agriculture in rural areas through the concept of multifunctional agriculture. Multifunctionality is therefore argued as a model to bring post-modern agriculture up to speed with new societal demands. It emphasizes that, in addition to producing food and fiber, agriculture also produces a wide range of non-commodity goods and services, shapes the environment, affects social and cultural systems and contributes to economic growth. Although the concept is rather simple, its translation into policies remains, however controversial (Dobbs and Pretty, 2004) it may be. Thus, the need for further theoretical and empirical research support for deconstructing the multifunctional concept is crucial for sustainable agriculture and rural development in the near future.
Ključne besede: sustainability, development, agriculture, multifunctionality, EU, European Union
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 2; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (164,35 KB)

Rural geography in Slovenia
Stanko Pelc, Vladimir Drozg, 2009, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper shows an overview of theoretical and conceptual directions in Slovene Rural Geography. The first part of the paper deals with the changes in understanding of the term rural area, and the second part discusses some theoretical concepts. The last chapter provides an overview of the most often researched topics in the field of Rural Geography in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: rural geography, theory of geography, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 2; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (114,76 KB)

Agricultural-industrial integration and new applications of natural fibres
Ana Maria de Bicalho, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In recent years natural fibre production has taken on considerable appeal because of new industrial applications in environmental friendly products and growing demand for fibres could contribute to social welfare of poor farmers in developing countries. The new uses of natural fibres are part of highly technical green solutions for problems in the industrial and consumption regions but it may be asked whether this demand really addresses social and ecological issues in regions of primary production. These issues are examined in the Brazilian Amazon where recently a composite fibre sheet factory was opened and fibre cropping is making a comeback after decades of economic stagnation. It is shown here that the expansion of the activity, while significant, has not yet reached the scale of the past, but the market is promising, particularly in the automotive industry, which could further stimulate jute and malva production in the region.
Ključne besede: natural fibres, new industrial applications, agricultural-industrial integration, Amazon region, Brazil
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 2; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (124,41 KB)

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