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Stanovanjske soseske kot paradigma razvoja Maribora v drugi polovici 20. stoletja
Gregor Škratek, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Prispevek obravnava paradigmo stanovanjske soseske na primeru Maribora, ki je bila značilna pri izgradnji slovenskih mest v drugi polovici 20. stoletja. Namen prispevka je primerjati stanovanjske soseske med seboj ter spoznati morfološke in funkcijske značilnosti soseske v različnih obdobjih njihovega razvoja. Ugotovitve slonijo na primerjavi treh stanovanjskih sosesk v Mariboru, in sicer soseske Metalna, soseske ob Gosposvetski cesti in soseske S31.
Ključne besede: geografija naselij, mesta, stanovanjske soseske, Slovenija, Maribor
Objavljeno: 16.04.2018; Ogledov: 7; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (959,20 KB)

Urban blight and urban redesign
Walter Zsilincsar, 2013, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: The phenomenon of urban blight dates back to the 19th century when industrialisation starting in Europe and North America initiated an uncontrolled urban growth in combination with strong demand in cheap an quickly constructed housing. Ghettoisation of mainly the working-class population and other “marginal groups” were the consequence together with a constant decay of single buildings, whole blocks and quarters. These general aspects of urban blight with its additional facettes or aspects residential, commercial, industrial, physical, functional and social blight can be presupposed and will not be topic of this paper. Nevertheless urban blight is by no means a topic of the past, it still today challenges apart from geographers a remarkable number of other disciplines (urban and landscape planners and designers, economists, sociologists, medical sciences, etc., not to forget politicians, the media, and last but not least the city dwellers themselves). While urban blight, urban decay, - decline, or - crisis originally seemed to be a problem of the big cities and metropolises it meanwhile also affects the small towns and centers. By the example of two Styrian small towns, Murau and Eisenerz, both counting less than 5.000 inhabitants each some of the many reasons for their being confronted with symptoms of urban blight will be addressed together with the up to now largely unsolved question which possible counter strategies could be successfully applied. One namely “urban redesign” has been chosen from a number of others mainly because it has been selected by the city of Eisenerz as a strategy against urban blight and to fight the dramatic population losses of 7867 citizens between 1951 (pop.: 12948) and 2010 (pop.: 5087). The crucial questions for the future to be discussed facing the present world wide monetary crisis will be: 1. Will there be enough money to finance the necessary rescue measures? 2. Who pays and bears the risks of a failure? 3. Is it worth while and justified to invest huge amounts of public money into a seemingly bottomless barrel or 4. borrowing an idea from the human hospice-movement: would it not be wiser, more human, and cost-efficient to spend much less money for those measures only that are needed to guarantee a patient (city) with little or uncertain perspectives for the future a survival in dignity. Knowing that the hospice movement was severely questioned in its initial phase although today it is widely accepted and respected the transformation of this idea into the urban sphere as one means to discuss the problem of urban decay and urban blight seems justified.
Ključne besede: urban blight, urban redesign, Kleinstadt, Leerstände, Rückbau, Reformpartnerschaft
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 41; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (262,17 KB)

Prostorska identiteta v Sloveniji
Danilo Kosi, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Socialni geografi povezujejo prostorske identitetete z družbeno organizacijo v smislu zadovoljevanja nekaterih potreb. Pravijo, da je posameznik umeščen v določen prostor, na katerega ga vežejo mnoge dejavnosti, ki mu omogočajo mirno, varno in udobno življenje in ga s tem vežejo v prostor, posledično pa se tudi identificirajo z njim. Dejavnike, ki vplivajo na prostorsko zavest lahko razdelimo na tradicionalne in moderne. Tradicionalni so zgodovinski spomin, kultura, umetnost, jezik, pokrajina, moderni pa družbene institucije, upravne delitve, mediji, gospodarski subjekti in množični šport. V prispevku so opredeljeni in pojasnjeni osnovni pojmi, povezani s prostorskimi identitetami, kot so: prostorska identiteta, identiteta prostora, regionalna identiteta, identiteta regije, identitetna regija, prostorska pripadnost, zavest in identiteta. Prostorska identiteta pomeni istovetenje (identiteto) z določenim prostorom, ki je lahko manjših ali večjih razsežnosti. Ko govorimo o prostorski identiteti, govorimo o identiteti vezani na prostor na splošno, vendar imamo lahko opravka z različnimi prostorskimi obsegi, od lokalnega do globalnega.
Ključne besede: regionalna geografija, regije, regionalna identiteta, Slovenija
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (127,17 KB)

Manors and scattered farms
András Balogh, Tamás Csapó, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The Hungarian settlement network is very varied and multiple. In the teeth of its small territory we can find many area-specific settlement forms in the country. These settlement forms are usually not independent municipalities, but mostly occupied the outer areas of some towns and villages. In this study we try to demonstrate two types of these special settlement forms: scattered farms and manors. Scattered farms are sporadic, lonely settlements of the Great Hungarian Plain, which are centres of agricultural works and generally the centres of economic activities now, but they used to serve as winter shelters for the livestock. Most of the manors could be found in Transdanubia. The leader utility is the agriculture, but among others we found manors with industrial, sanitary, tourism functions also.
Ključne besede: Hungarian settlement network, outskirt areas, scattered farm, manor, Great Hungarian Plain, Transdanubia
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,17 MB)

Role of rural tourism and agriculture for development of rural, protected areas
Olga Baranyai, Gábor Baranyai, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main challenge in rural areas currently is facing migration and unemployment. Inhabitants of the traditional Őrség region also face this serious problem. The aim of this paper is to reveal problems in the region highlighting the two pillars of local rural development solutions; the current situation and opportunities for tourism and agriculture development. The opinion of local inhabitants acquired through questionnaires bare a special role in this search for solutions. Given its geographic location, success of the region’s rural development may also be achieved through cross-border initiatives and cooperation.
Ključne besede: rural development, borderlands, sustainable development, sustainable agriculture, rural tourism, ecotourism, Őrség
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 35; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (125,61 KB)

Geo-archaeological endowments and teh tourism development in Eritrea
Mohammad Afsar Alam, Niraj Kumar Mishra, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Eritrea is one of the countries located in the horn of Africa. Geo-Archaeological sites of the country have been the main focus of the study area. This paper presents an overview of the research and includes a discussion of the tourism potential of Eritrea and potential benefits of Geo-Archaeological endowments in the development of its tourism industry. She is having diverse Geo-Archaeological endowments which are capable of attracting large number of tourists from all over the world. This country enjoys unique and exciting landmarks, such as breath-taking escarpments, mountains, depressions, open plains, plateaus, Sea with immense variety of marine life, islands, beautiful coastal lines etc. Furthermore, as Eritrea is situated in the region of the cradle of life, it owns rare archaeological and historical sites with unraveled cultural heritages. Though, Eritrea’s tourism industry is currently rated as one of the lowest foreign exchange earners in the country, the potential of tourism industry to become a leading source of foreign exchange earnings in Eritrea has not been far realized. It is evident that the country’s tourism potential has not been fully explored and marketed. Though several attempts have been made to enhance its rapid development, but these efforts have suffered some major drawbacks i.e. because the richness of the sites is not fully exploited to such an extent that it can revitalize the tourism sector and due to lack of a comprehensive spatial database of tourism facilities and destinations. In the present paper an attempt has been made to investigate the role of Geo-Archaeological Sites in the Development of Tourism with respect to tourism potentials in the country.
Ključne besede: Geo-Archaeology, Eritrea, endowment, tourism
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 37; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (581,19 KB)

Urbanisation, urban environmental quality, national socio-economic conditions and diseases burden in Africa
Richard Ingwe, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The investigation of socio-economic, political and environmental aspects of urbanization in Africa is gaining research attention. Most recently, information on the patterns in urbanization, population growth, slumisation, among other aspects of urban Africa within the past quarter of a century or thereabout were reported. While this report elucidated on the relevant challenges, it was restricted to the regional patterns of the variables investigated. This report indicates that more information on the sub-regional aspects of these variables is required to elucidate on urban planning in the region and its sub-regions. Here, the ways forward in investigating these issues and variables underlying them are outlined. The theoretical, methodological, spatial and temporal aspects or requirements of the proposed research are discussed to provide a compass for future research.
Ključne besede: urbanization, population dynamics, Africa, sub-regions, socio-economic conditions, environment, theory, method, slumisation
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 40; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (301,56 KB)

Prostorske značilnosti staranja prebivalstva v Sloveniji
Boštjan Kefo Kerbler, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Za slovensko prebivalstvo je značilno, da se pospešeno stara. V članku zato izhajamo iz domneve, da ta proces v slovenskem prostoru ni enovit in da obstajajo pri nas različna območja staranja. Pri tem smo se osredotočili na obdobje 1981–2013, ko se je staranje prebivalstva v Sloveniji intenziviralo. Rezultati primerjalne analize so potrdili našo domnevo in določena so bila štiri območja staranja, ki so posledica različnih oblik selitvene mobilnosti slovenskega prebivalstva. V zaključku so podane smernice za nadaljnja raziskovanja dinamike staranja prebivalstva v Sloveniji.
Ključne besede: Slovenija, demografija, starejši ljudje, staranje prebivalstva, območja staranja, prostorske spremembe
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 20; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (372,91 KB)

Maribor in poveljstvo jugozahodne fronte med prvo svetovno vojno
Gregor Antoličič, 2018, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Pričujoča doktorska disertacija prikazuje ključne poteze poveljstva jugozahodne fronte v času njegove nastanitve v Mariboru. Poveljstvo je bilo namreč po vstopu Kraljevine Italije v prvo svetovno vojno v Mariboru nastanjeno od maja 1915 do marca 1916 ter od marca 1917 do novembra 1917. Disertacija na eni strani prikazuje ključne vojaške in politične poteze poveljstva, na drugi strani pa želi ugotoviti, kako je prisotnost poveljstva vplivala na življenje v Mariboru. Poveljstvo je bilo vmesni vojaški organ med armadami na bojišču in vrhovnim vojaškim poveljstvom. Opravljalo je pomembne naloge pri oskrbovanju bojišča z vsem, kar so enote potrebovale, poleg tega pa je na podlagi obsežnih političnih pristojnosti v zaledju fronte skrbelo za ohranjanje reda in miru. Poveljstvo s sedežem v Mariboru je tako imelo izredno širok delokrog delovanja na obsežnem območju, ki se je razprostiralo od švicarsko-italijansko-avstro-ogrske tromeje do izliva reke Timav v Jadransko morje. Če k fronti prištejemo še zaledje, ki je politično spadalo pod poveljstvo jugozahodne fronte, lahko ugotovimo, da je bilo poveljstvo s sedežem v Mariboru izredno pomemben vojaški in politični organ Avstro-Ogrske. Maribor je torej postal sedež najpomembnejšega vojaškega organa, ki je imel v dotedanji zgodovini Slovencev stalni sedež na ozemlju današnje Slovenije. S prihodom poveljstva jugozahodne fronte v Maribor se je spremenilo vsakdanje življenje številnih Mariborčanov, saj so bili glede na tedaj veljavno zakonodajo dolžni v svojih stanovanjih nastaniti vojaško osebje. Glede na to, da je poveljstvo v povprečju štelo ok. 300 uslužbencev, je to pomenilo veliko breme za mestno prebivalstvo. Tudi nekatere civilne stavbe so se spremenile v vojaške objekte. Scherbaumova vila ob mestnem parku je postala sedež poveljstva, stavba današnje Prve gimnazije Maribor je služila za nastanitev velikega dela uradniškega aparata poveljstva, v dvorani Pivovarne Götz (današnja Unionska dvorana) pa so častniki poveljstva vsak dan obedovali. Poleg teh stavb je poveljstvo za nastanitev svojih uslužbencev najelo mnoga druga poslopja v mestu. Tako je središče Maribora čez noč prepletla mreža vojaških objektov in v njih delujočih oseb, ki so spremenili podobo in utrip mesta. Tako je torej poveljstvo jugozahodne fronte s prihodom v mesto močno vplivalo na vsakdanje življenje številnih meščanov, hkrati pa je bilo pomemben vojaški organ, pod okrilje katerega je spadalo tudi soško bojišče. Temu pričujoča doktorska disertacija namenja posebno pozornost prav zaradi velikega pomena, ki ga je imelo za Slovence. Dogajanje ob Soči je postavljeno v širši kontekst tedanje organizacije jugozahodnega bojišča. Posebna pozornost je posvečena odnosom med 5. armado, ki se je borila na soškem bojišču, ter poveljstvom jugozahodne fronte. Hkrati pa pričujoča doktorska disertacija posebno pozornost posveča tudi odnosu poveljstva jugozahodne fronte in poveljstva 5. armade do slovenske politične inteligence. Kot ključni vojaški osebnosti dogajanja na jugozahodnem in soškem bojišču pa bosta predstavljena nadvojvoda Evgen in Svetozar Boroević.
Ključne besede: Prva svetovna vojna, Avstro-Ogrska, Maribor, 1914–1918, vrhovno vojaško poveljstvo, poveljstvo jugozahodne fronte, nadvojvoda Evgen, poveljstvo 5. armade, Svetozar Boroević, soško bojišče
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 28; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,11 MB)

Pogled naprej - vizija študija geografije v Mariboru
Eva Konečnik Kotnik, 2013, strokovni članek

Opis: V prispevku so opisane perspektive Oddelka za geografijo Filozofske fakultete v Mariboru. Najprej so izpostavljene in opisane vsebinske raziskovalne perspektive, kot so jih izpostavili sedanji člani Oddelka za geografijo. V drugem delu so opisane študijske oz. pedagoške perspektive študija geografije v Mariboru po mnenju članov Oddelka. Na koncu sestavek vključuje razmislek o ovirah in razvojnih priložnostih Oddelka za geografijo v Mariboru.
Ključne besede: študij geografije, raziskovalne perspektive, pedagoške perspektive
Objavljeno: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 23; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (132,66 KB)

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