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11.
The demographic ageing of population in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Alma Kadušić, Alija Suljić, Nedima Smajić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper the age structure and the ageing population process in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the second half of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century is analyzed. The main reasons that caused changes in the age composition of the population and the population ageing in Bosnia and Herzegovina have been researched. The main causes of the population ageing in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the second half of the 20th century were primarily trends in fertility rates and secondarily trends in mortality rates. The economic growth of Bosnia and Herzegovina after World War II conditioned changes in the economic and educational structure of the population and with that the changes in the natural increase rates and migration balance. The war was the main cause of negative demographic changes in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the period from 1992 to 1995, and the post-war adverse socioeconomic, political and other circumstances have been the cause of negative demographic trends after 1995. The aim of this paper is to determine the level of population ageing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the consequences this process could have on the demographic future of this country.
Ključne besede: demographic ageing, age structure, population, demographic changes, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 13; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (168,97 KB)

12.
Neue Realität – Basis für Fragestellungen einer angewandte Wirtschaftsgeographie?
Jörg Maier, 2016, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: The author discusses the new perspectives in economic geography according to new social and economic situation in modern society. Among necessary and actual topics are poverty and social exclusion, social differences, especially between rich and poor people and reach and poor regions. With the new approaches, the new instruments are needed, like new understanding of term space.
Ključne besede: angewandte Geographie, Raum, Cultural Turn
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 15; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,03 MB)

13.
Industrial tourism as a chance for the diversification of the tourism of the Pécs-Mecsek region
Réka Pintér, János Csapó, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The present article intends to reveal the industrial tourism potential of the Pécs-Mecsek region in Hungary where we believe there is an adequate potential of the present industrial heritage but only a limited or rather poor utilisation is realised in the research area in this respect. The possible utilisation of the industrial heritage would be useful since the area is facing a stagnating tourism industry and position losses in the latter period so the authors believe that the chance for the renewal of tourism product development could also be provided by the industrial heritage tourism in the analysed region.
Ključne besede: industrial heritage, Pécs-Mecsek, tourism diversification, thematic route, product innovation, culture, functional change
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 12; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (272,70 KB)

14.
Industrial heritage, cultural resources of current industries and creative pioneers
Jörn Harfst, Judith Pizzera, Danko Simic, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper deals with the framework conditions of Industrial Culture and the specific challenges in former industrialised towns outside agglomeration areas. To illustrate the use of Industrial Culture the paper gives a short Austrian example and finally discuss the main points about preservation and reactivation of industrial heritage.
Ključne besede: industrial heritage, Industrial Culture, tourism, Austria
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 12; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (423,48 KB)

15.
Gender gap in Slovakia
Katarína Danielová, Viliam Lauko, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article focuses on the gap between women education and their career. Women’s education has significantly increased in a few last years, but their position on the labour market has been more difficult in comparison with men. The share of economical active women and also the share of working women with higher education have been growing till the present time. However, it is questionable how do women use their higher education in career or whether they can build even some career. We have used the data from Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic and some problems have been presented in the area of Slovakia on the level of regions (kraje).
Ključne besede: gender gap, education, career, Slovakia, leaky pipeline
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 12; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,91 MB)

16.
Evaluation of the project Pilsen – European capital of culture 2015
Jiří Ježek, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper deals with the evaluation of the project Pilsen – European Capital of Culture 2015. It is based on a few empiric research studies that were implemented after the project was finished. It presents the city of Pilsen and the project of the European Capital of Culture form its initiation to implementation. It deals with the benefits of the project from the point of view of attendance, investment, tourism, and impacts on the economic development. It also brings the evaluation of the project Pilsen - European Capital of Culture 2015 as seen by the city´s residents.
Ključne besede: European Capital of Culture, Pilsen, evaluation research
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 12; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (201,98 KB)

17.
Diversification of tourism offer as a means of socio-economic development of peripheral regions
Ranko Mirić, Nusret Drešković, Boris Avdić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Many modern countries have significant problems with disparities in development between core and periphery. Municipality of Kupres in Bosnia and Herzegovina is one typical example of peripheral area, which is located within the sparsely populated region of Dinaric Karst Highland. It is taken for the case study in this paper, because it shows certain signs of economic activation in the field of tourism. However, its mainstream tourism offer is of seasonal character, and it is not sufficient for sustainable economic growth and significant progress in socio-economic sense. That is why tourism offer need to become more diversified. Methodology in this paper is focused on analysis of all potentials and motives that wider area of Kupres possesses, which can be valorized through systematic approach of institutions and local community. It is intended to emphasize a significance of geographical expertise in these kinds of problematic. Field research and GIS analysis are used for exploration of study area.
Ključne besede: Kupres, periphery, tourism offer, ski resort, rural tourism, ecotourism
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 12; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (411,47 KB)

18.
Depleting state of stratospheric ozone
Mohammad Afsar Alam, 2016, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Though the basic needs of the humans are prioritized first, health and quality of environment are also equally important. Environmental issues are based on many and different things. One of these is the depleting state of Stratospheric Ozone in the atmosphere. The ozone layer is vital to life on earth because it acts as a filter for UV radiation, which can have severe impacts on human health and the earth’s environment. As estimated, every one per cent decrease in the ozone layer results in the increase of ultraviolet light intensity at the earth's surface by two per cent. Known effects of ultraviolet exposure include greater incidence of skin cancer and eye cataracts among humans and diminished crop yields for foods such as peas, beans, and squash and soya beans. Phytoplankton, the tiny one celled Ocean plants that are staple food for squid, fish, seals, and whales also are vulnerable to Ultra violet radiations. Depletion of ozone layer is one of the main issues of the world today. Concerning to these issue two important meetings had been hold i.e. known by the Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention. Most of the world countries are part of this Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention. Eritrea is also part of Montreal Protocol and Vienna Convention. In the present paper basically an attempt has been made to show the world’s concern in general and the Eritrea’s in particular about the conservation measures taken on mitigation of Ozone layer. This research paper also emphasizes on the global problem of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODSs) releasing from different industries and specific sources. Besides, the study further includes the existence of naturally created Ozone hole on the Polar Regions.
Ključne besede: ozone layer, depletion, chlorofluorocarbons, CFCs, environment
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 16; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (200,22 KB)

19.
Change in the status of internally displaced Bosniaks of the Srebrenica municipality in the Tuzla canton during the period 2005-2015
Alija Suljić, Alma Kadušić, Dževad Mešanović, Sabahudin Smajić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The war during the period 1992-1995 has caused massive forced migrations of the population in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in this period about 1.2 million people fled beyond the borders of Bosnia and Herzegovina while about 1 million were displaced inside the country. After the Dayton Peace Agreement, there started the process of return of refugees and displaced persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina. However, even after more than 20 years since the signing of the Agreement a significant number of refugees and displaced persons has not returned to their pre- war places of residence. This paper explores the number and the change in the status of the internally displaced Bosniaks of Srebrenica Municipality in the period 2005-2015, those who were residing in Tuzla Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the Federal Ministry of Refugees and Displaced Persons in Tuzla Canton, in 2005, the status of internally displaced persons had 2016 households with a total of 5549 members, and by 2015 this status has kept 1099 households with a total of 2867 members. The aim of this paper is to point out to some more significant factors that led to a reduction in the number of Bosniaks from the area of Srebrenica municipality who had the status of internally displaced persons in Tuzla Canton.
Ključne besede: Bosniaks, people of Srebrenica, internally displaced persons, status, Tuzla Canton, Srebrenica municipality, municipalities of the Tuzla Canton
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 14; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (156,09 KB)

20.
3D-CO2-modelling for waste management in Styria/Austria
Wolfgang Fischer, Danko Simic, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper in hand focuses on a calculation model which had been developed for calculating the CO2 production of a garbage truck during a waste collection tour. The challenge is the integration of not only the distance and loading weight but also the different petrol consumption and therefore CO2 production in regard to the topography of the whole collection tour. Additionally the increase of waste load at each stop during the whole collection tour has to be taken into account for the calculation. The model has been developed on basis of Excel. In order to get the real data from the collection tours these had been accompanied. There not only the whole tour but also all waste bins and stops for loading the waste had been registered. Both GPS (Global Positioning System) and RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) had been used. The huge amount of data had to be scrubbed. This process of amending or removing data in a database that is incorrect, incomplete, improperly formatted, or duplicated was an important step to have reliable data for further calculation processes. The identification of the CO2 production during a waste collection tour including the topography and continuous revenue load had not been done so far and allows the identification of tour segments with lower but mainly higher or very high ecological impact. However, this is the basis for further discussions about options for optimizing the actual tours and habits of waste collection. That approach is part of a more comprehensive investigation of waste collection tours with general focus on economic, ecologic and social potentials for optimization.
Ključne besede: waste management, CO2 production of trucks, Styria, Austria
Objavljeno: 17.04.2018; Ogledov: 14; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Celotno besedilo (665,97 KB)

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