Application of modern management concepts by Polish companiesMarek Lisiński
, Władzimierz Sroka
, Paweł Brzeziński
, Adam Jabłonski
, Joanna Stuglik
, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Our article presents the results of research on the use of modern management concepts in companies from the so-called traditional sectors of the economy in Lesser Poland and Silesia Voivodeships. The study group consists of 125 companies operating in metallurgy- and steel-related sectors such as machinery, coke, mining and energy. Studies have confirmed that the companies surveyed utilise modern management concepts in their activities, although such utilisation is highly diverse (only one company pointed out that it does not utilise any such concepts). The most popular management concepts are controlling and outsourcing. In contrast, Balanced Scorecard and Business Process Reengineering belong to the group of rarely used strategies.
Ključne besede: management concept, controlling, outsourcing, TQM, strategic alliance
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 47; Prenosov: 2
Celotno besedilo (856,89 KB)
Application of fuzzy AHP approach to selection of organizational structure with consideration to contextual dimensionsAlireza Aslani
, Feryal Aslani
, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The literature of organizational structure design is relatively rich along with conceptual and complex patterns. This complexity arising from the number of elements and numerous relations in addition to the nature of variables. Thereby, the lack of operational decision-making models is felt to propose adequate structural designs in practice. In this article, the researchers employ a fuzzy multi attribute decision making model (FMADM) to select the most suitable organizational structure based on expert’s judgments and by deploying contextual dimensions of the organization. Since the organizational changes especially in the structural levels are along with resistances among involved staffs, the implementation of this model is a supportive tool in addition to help the managers to make a qualified decision and change.
Ključne besede: organizational structure designing, business process reengineering, development management, integration, fuzzy ahpimage analysis, probabilistic modeling, signal processing, license plate recognition
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 58; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (576,00 KB)
Analyzing the process of patent aubmission with a special emphasis on the phases of the research processMitja Ruzzier
, Tine Nagy
, Robert Ravnihar
, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: This article presents some findings about the process of patenting of Slovenian and foreign researchers in scientific research. Based on the reviewed literature and with help of our conceptual model, we establish that the patenting process can be divided into three separate phases: knowledge detection phase, knowledge dissemination phase and knowledge transfer phase. During the process of researching and patenting, a variety of factors affect the results, which can be divided into two groups: internal and external factors. In Slovenia, patents are statistically significant for researchers working and exploring in the fields of natural science and engineering. Research results in the form of a patent largely depend on financial support and work experiences of individual researchers or research groups. The commercialization of a patent means a successful ending of the research process, as many positive benefits are expected.
Ključne besede: researchers patenting activity, researchers patenting productivity, process of innovation, patenting process, patent driving forces, patent driving areas, academic entrepreneurship
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 51; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (570,13 KB)
Analysis of online marketing management in Czech RepublikZdenek Smutny
, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and Purpose: Doing business over the Internet has become increasingly competitive for many companies. The aim of this study is to analyse the current state of utilizing online tools, approaches of Czech companies to the management of online marketing activities and to identify weaknesses and opportunities of these activities.
Methodology/Approach: The paper presents empirical research that uses two different approaches in investigation: (1) descriptive quantitative research of current state, based on examination of websites of a sample of 4,584 Czech companies and (2) questionnaire survey among 161 Czech companies which do business via the Internet.
Results: There is a large gap that currently exist between the use of social media and its connection to marketing activities. The competitive level of the use of social media in the Czech Republic is still low compared to the USA companies. The online marketing management (OMM) of the majority of companies rely on individual assessment and do not use any metrics or management methodologies. One of the main problems of OMM is the ever increasing number of tools used in marketing activities as well as low possibility of a broader perspective on the success of cross channel marketing activities.
Conclusion: In the future, it is expected that a large number of Czech companies will increasingly use online tools as social media for their marketing activities. In the context of this development they cannot rely only on individual assessment to manage these activities as they do currently, but they will have to use comprehensive tools or methodologies. Based on this, we can conclude that Czech companies still have enough opportunities for a better use of online tools for marketing purposes.
Ključne besede: online marketing, management, analysis, social media, Czech companies, Internet
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 37; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (692,41 KB)
Analysis of interactions of key stakeholders on B2C e-marketsAleksandar Marković
, Sava Čavoški
, Andrej Novović
, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background/purpose: This paper discusses the application of ABMS - agent-based modelling and simulation in the analysis of customer behaviour on B2C e-commerce websites as well as in the analysis of various business decisions upon the effects of on-line sales. The continuous development and dynamics in the field of e-commerce requires application of advanced decision-making tools. These tools must be able to process, in a short time period, a large amount of data generated by the e-commerce systems and enable the use of acquired data for making quality business decisions.
Methodology: The methodology of the agent-based simulation used in this paper may significantly enhance the speed and quality of decision making in electronic trade. The models developed for the needs of this research aim to improve the use of practical tools for the evaluation of the B2C online sales systems in that they allow for an investigation into the outcomes of varied strategies in the e-commerce site management as regards customer behaviour, website visits, scope of sales, income earned, etc.
Results: An agent-based simulation model developed for the needs of this research is able to track the interactions of key subjects in online sales: site visitors - prospective consumers, sellers with different business strategies, and suppliers.
Conclusion: Simulation model presented in this paper can be used as a tool to ensure a better insight into the problem of consumer behavior on the Internet. Companies engaged in the B2C e-commerce can use simulation results to better understand their consumers, improve market segmentation and business profitability and test their business policies.
Ključne besede: ABMS, B2C, e-commerce, website, customer behavior
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 40; Prenosov: 2
Celotno besedilo (1,05 MB)
Analysis of increased information technology outsourcing factorsFranc Brcar
, Boris Bukovec
, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The study explores the field of IT outsourcing. The narrow field of research is to build a model of IT outsourcing based on influential factors. The purpose of this research is to determine the influential factors on IT outsourcing expansion. A survey was conducted with 141 large-sized Slovenian companies. Data were statistically analyzed using binary logistic regression. The final model contains five factors: (1) management’s support; (2) knowledge on IT outsourcing; (3) improvement of efficiency and effectiveness; (4) quality improvement of IT services; and (5) innovation improvement of IT. Managers immediately can use the results of this research in their decision-making. Increased performance of each individual organization is to the benefit of the entire society. The examination of IT outsourcing with the methods used is the first such research in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: informatics, information technology, outsourcing, business process
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 13; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (138,20 KB)
An overview of models for assessment of organization virtualityPeter Veber
, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: A virtual organization is a network of legally independent organizations and/or individuals that produce products and/or services based on a common business understanding. This new organization structure is posited as radical departure from the traditional, hierarchic, bureaucratic and co-located mode of organizing that dominated the twentieth century. In contrast, the characteristics of the new, virtual organization forms are seen to be dynamic, networked, distributed, digital, flexible, collaborative and innovative. The challenge, however, is to determine which organization as a subject employs virtual form and which not. The answer to this question is decidedly complex as most organizations have forms that are somewhere in between; therefore, it is usually only possible to determine how virtual one organization is on certain aspects. In the other words: what is the level of its virtuality? Several models for the assessment of organization virtuality have been developed by many different authors. The purpose of this paper is to investigate and present all the published models of virtual organization that are publicly available in the world literature. The strengths and weaknesses of all models found are presented, together with their mutual relations.
Ključne besede: virtual organization assessment, virtual organization models, organization virtuality, virtuality assessment
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 14; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (814,79 KB)
An overview of image analysis algorithms for license plate recognitionKhalid Aboura
, Rami Al-Hmouz
, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and purpose: We explore the problem of License Plate Recognition (LPR) to highlight a number of algorithms that can be used in image analysis problems. In management support systems using image object recognition, the intelligence resides in the statistical algorithms that can be used in various LPR steps. We describe a number of solutions, from the initial thresholding step to localization and recognition of image elements. The objective of this paper is to present a number of probabilistic approaches in LPR steps, then combine these approaches together in one system. Most LPR approaches used deterministic models that are sensitive to many uncontrolled issues like illumination, distance of vehicles from camera, processing noise etc. The essence of our approaches resides in the statistical algorithms that can accurately localize and recognize license plate.
Design/Methodology/Approach: We introduce simple and inexpensive methods to solve relatively important problems, using probabilistic approaches. In these approaches, we describe a number of statistical solutions, from the initial thresholding step to localization and recognition of image elements. In the localization step, we use frequency plate signals from the images which we analyze through the Discrete Fourier Transform. Also, a probabilistic model is adopted in the recognition of plate characters. Finally, we show how to combine results from bilingual license plates like Saudi Arabia plates.
Results: The algorithms provide the effectiveness for an ever-prevalent form of vehicles, building and properties management. The result shows the advantage of using the probabilistic approached in all LPR steps. The averaged classification rates when using local dataset reached 79.13%.
Conclusion: An improvement of recognition rate can be achieved when there are two source of information especially of license plates that have two independent texts.
Ključne besede: image analysis, probabilistic modeling, signal processing, license plate recognition
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 17; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (1,01 MB)
An analysis of corruption in microenterprisesMladen Tomašič
, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The purpose of this study is to present the research work made whilst studying the presence of corruption in the operations of Slovenian micro-enterprises. Our study builds on research which we carried out in 2005 and compares the findings of both studies. We wish to present our findings to public experts for a professional assessment and provide a basis for further work. We hope that in this way we can contribute to the development of new guidelines for the preparation of further analysis, the causes and elimination or at least limitation of corruption in business operations. Notable studies, which address corporate corruption in Slovenia, are non-existent. The results have confirmed the basic research hypothesis that the presence of corruption in the micro-business environment compared to a previous study in the last five years has increased.
Ključne besede: micro-enterprise, micro-entrepreneur, corruption, corruptness
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 11; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (1,09 MB)
Accounting treatment of goodwill in IFRS and US GAAPMateja Jerman
, Massimo Manzin
, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The article presents an overview of the new accounting treatment of goodwill regarding International Financial Reporting Standards and American Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. Goodwill acquired through a business combination is no longer amortized but tested for impairment. Despite the fact that the objective of the new International Financial Accounting Standard has been to move towards international convergence; significant differences between standards still exist. The article presents the main changes of the regulation in the last years and the key differences between the two accounting treatments. In spite of the new accounting approach there are still lots of discussions, which indicate that the field is still not properly regulated. Finally, the article offers possible directions for future research and reporting practice.
Ključne besede: goodwill treatment, impairment of goodwill, intangible assets
Objavljeno: 28.11.2017; Ogledov: 14; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (707,07 KB)