Strategical perspective of corporate environmental policyValentinas Navickas
, Rima Kontautiene
, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The authors of the article analyze the benefits of corporate environmental policy in pursuance of a competitive advantage in the global market. Corporate environmental policy described as a strategic business investment opens new possibilities for their relationships with stakeholders and contributes to the promotion of social activity and to the attainment of the competitive advantage. By emphasizing the positive environmental policy's impact on competitive advantage of corporation in the global market the article treats of corporate environmental performance benefits, which are defined as improvement of relations with all stakeholders, intensification of corporation image, reputation development, business growth and customer loyalty. The paper deals with the development of Lithuanian corporate environmental policy in recent years and investigates the relationship between corporation activities and the improvement of relations with the stakeholders, which influences intensification of corporation's image and thereby increases competitive advantage of corporation. Researching the impact of corporate environmental policy on increasing competitive advantage, the authors found that active environmental performance positively influences business relationships with stakeholder groups and increases their competitive advantage in the global market.
Ključne besede: strategy, environmental protection, corporate environmental policy, competitive advantage, corporate environmental activity in Lithuania
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 43; Prenosov: 2
Celotno besedilo (640,16 KB)
Some aspects of the health-care institutions management in SloveniaJaka Vadnjal
, Jurij Bernik
, Andrej Baričič
, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Not much has research has so far been done into the peculiarities of health-care organization management. The motivation was to explore the possible perspectives of the health-organization management system in comparison to other business forms. The hypotheses were tested through a questionnaire that was mailed to managers in health-care institutions. It has been confirmed to a certain degree that managers with a medical training background have different managerial scopes, oriented more to their own profession, including economics of their organization, need for enhanced knowledge and, their managerial style. The implications of the study are at two levels. The future design of training programs for top and middle management institutions will be influenced by the results and findings. At the other level, the implications are expected to arouse interest in the field of multidisciplinary education course design as well as some providing possible background for development of business consulting services in the field.
Ključne besede: health-care, management, leadership, education, consulting
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 37; Prenosov: 3
Celotno besedilo (524,58 KB)
Social classes and social mobility in Slovenia and EuropeEva Jereb
, Marko Ferjan
, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: In closed social systems the social position of an individual is determined by the social position of the family into which he or she was born, whereas in open social systems mobility from one social class to another is possible. This paper concerns the relationship between the class position an individual actually occupies and the class into which he or she was born. First the concept of social class is described and different types of social mobility are presented. Than the research methodology is described and the results are presented and discussed. At the end of the paper certain comparisons to other European countries are made.
Ključne besede: social class, social mobility, gender, education, Slovenia, Europe
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 2
Celotno besedilo (1,52 MB)
Simulated decision learning in a multiactor settingViveca Asproth
, Stig Holmberg
, Ulrica Löfstedt
, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The idea of decision analysis-and subsequent learning from the outcomes-is old within Operational Research. Here this approach to continuous improvement of decision outcomes is put one step further within the area of crisis and disaster management. This is done by introducing multiactors making simultaneous decisions with just partial information about each other. Further, decision outcomes are achieved from a simulation model rather than from the real object system.
Ključne besede: multi layered systems, anticipation, retardation, learning, simulation
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 42; Prenosov: 2
Celotno besedilo (423,99 KB)
Shaping of competencies of managers in academic incubators of entrepreneurship in PolandJoanna Kurowska-Pysz
, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and purpose: Participation of future entrepreneurs in Academic Incubators of Entrepreneurship (AIE) in Poland is one of the innovative paths to shape their managerial competences. The aim of the paper is to analyse and evaluate the activities of the AIEs as an environment inside of which managerial competencies are formed, and formulate recommendations concerning the improvement of AIEs, in terms of the development of managerial skills of future entrepreneurs.
Design/methodology/approach: The author relied on research - study surveys and empirical, qualitative, exploratory research, which were supported by figures. The author focused on four important issues: - Motives of researchers and students interested in the support of AIE; - The quality of support offered by the incubator to its participants as well as the frequency of use of this support by future entrepreneurs; - The possibility of extending the support system for AIE participants; - Traits / managerial and entrepreneurial competences desired in people running their own businesses.
Results: AIE participants are focused primarily on implementing their business ventures and to a much lesser extent, care about the simultaneous development of their managerial competencies to manage these projects. It is manifested, among other by differentiated assessment of the suitability of certain forms of support from the incubator and the low intensity of use of this support. Despite this, AIE participants perceive the development of desirable traits and strengthening of specific entrepreneurial, management competencies. It is not a very dynamic growth, although it translates into their motivation to start a business after leaving the incubator.
Conclusion: It is recommended to place greater emphasis on mobilizing the future entrepreneurs to make use of forms of support for the development of their managerial competences. It is necessary for complex preparation of future entrepreneurs to independently conduct business after leaving the incubator
Ključne besede: academic entrepreneurship, skills, manager, academic incubator of entrepreneurship
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 37; Prenosov: 5
Celotno besedilo (313,12 KB)
Selection criteria for six sigma projects in Slovenian manufacturing companiesDušan Gošnik
, Matej Hohnjec
, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Researches reveal that successful six sigma implementation is related to proper six sigma project prioritisation and selection. This research is limited to the selection of six sigma projects in some manufacturing companies in Slovenia. The purpose of this study is to identify what criteria are considered for prioritisation and selection of six sigma projects and how six sigma projects are selected. A research sample is limited by the number of companies which have implemented six sigma so far. The results indicate that Slovenian manufacturing organisations tend to select six sigma projects based on criteria such as customer satisfaction, connection with a business strategy financial benefits, and growth of the organisation. Several tools and techniques such as quality cost analysis, brainstorming and interviews are used to identify and prioritise projects. Identification of the most commonly used criteria to select six sigma projects can help practitioners to select projects based on multiple criteria by using tools and techniques identified in this study. This topic has not been applied in the field of Slovenian manufacturing companies and thus it presents the first study in this field in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: manufacturing, quality, six sigma, projects, management, case study, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 42; Prenosov: 3
Celotno besedilo (521,60 KB)
Research on life objective structures of managers and entrepreneurs in SerbiaZvonko Sajfert
, Milan Nikolić
, Dejan Djordjević
, Predrag Atanasković
, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The purpose of the paper herein is to investigate the different life objective structures of managers and specialists in public enterprises. Owners of private enterprises - entrepreneurs were analyzed as control group. Considering the data obtained by using the random sampling method, one may come to conclusions concerning the characteristics of the observed population. The research revealed that successful private owners-entrepreneurs, being the capital holders, have different structure of life objectives comparing to both managers and specialists in public organizations. The basic idea is that this can be considered as inseparable part of economic growth in any organization which also reflects on the management as well. Since the entrepreneurs invested the private capital to realize their ideas, it is logical that they want to increase their capital. On the other hand, managers and specialists in public enterprises do not have such a great sense for capital increment. They rather share the capital preferring to be sociable (clubs sponsors, great humanitarians). The reason of such acting can be found in a fact that Serbia was influenced by socialism which further resulted in poor education of managers and specialists to change their way of thinking. Managers as well as specialists should become knowledge workers who shall exchange the knowledge.
Ključne besede: life objectives, entrepreneur, manager, specialist, successful business
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 35; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (2,14 MB)
Relation between knowledge management and turnover in Slovenian micro and small start-up organisationsRiko Novak
, Vasja Roblek
, Gabrijel Devetak
, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: This article discusses the importance of knowledge management and employee turnover, using the example of selected Slovenian organisations, in particular, technology parks. The purpose of this article is to point out statistical characteristics between employee turnover and certain selected independent variables. The empirical research was conducted on a population of 667 Slovenian organisations gathered from the subjects of an innovative environment database, and a further sample of 51 chosen technology parks from the A group. By implementing multivariate regression analysis, we sought to examine whether knowledge requirements and knowledge transfer paths in these organisations have a statistically significant influence on employee turnover. The aim of this article is to present the results of empirical research that defines the development of a conceptual framework for understanding the influence of knowledge management on employee turnover. The results have shown that the importance of intellectual and social capital, intangible capital assets and their continuous measurement must be acknowledged within an organisation.
Ključne besede: employee turnover, knowledge management, organisations, employees
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 21; Prenosov: 5
Celotno besedilo (1,21 MB)
Quantitative model for economic analyses of information security investment in an enterprise information systemRok Bojanc
, Borka Jerman-Blažič
, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The paper presents a mathematical model for the optimal security-technology investment evaluation and decision-making processes based on the quantitative analysis of security risks and digital asset assessments in an enterprise. The model makes use of the quantitative analysis of different security measures that counteract individual risks by identifying the information system processes in an enterprise and the potential threats. The model comprises the target security levels for all identified business processes and the probability of a security accident together with the possible loss the enterprise may suffer. The selection of security technology is based on the efficiency of selected security measures. Economic metrics are applied for the efficiency assessment and comparative analysis of different protection technologies. Unlike the existing models for evaluation of the security investment, the proposed model allows direct comparison and quantitative assessment of different security measures. The model allows deep analyses and computations providing quantitative assessments of different options for investments, which translate into recommendations facilitating the selection of the best solution and the decision-making thereof. The model was tested using empirical examples with data from real business environment.
Ključne besede: modelling, security technology, economic metrics, investment, enterprise information system
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 24; Prenosov: 2
Celotno besedilo (2,18 MB)
Quality registers in professional health care educationsAnnika Nordin
, Torie Palm Ernsäter
, Bo Bergman
, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Background and purpose: The use of quality registers has increased rapidly in Sweden and they are identified as beneficial for health care competitiveness. A quality register is a structured gathering of patient information, to improve health care. However, the introduction of quality registers in health care organisations presupposes that employees know how to use them in quality improvement. Disconnections, or knowledge gaps, concerning quality registers hamper the possibilities to take advantage of them. Taking departure in professional health care educations, the purpose with the paper is to identify and explore knowledge gaps concerning quality registers. A second purpose is to propose actions to bridge the gaps.
Methodology/Approach: In 2012 50 semi-structured telephone interviews were completed and the material analysed in the search for knowledge gaps.
Results: Five knowledge gaps were found. Some professional health care educations teach improvement knowledge, but they have difficulties integrating quality registers as a resource in teaching. Quality registers do not sufficiently cooperate with professional health care educations and county councils do not generally include learning of quality registers in clinical placements/practicums.
Conclusion: Professional health care educations need forums where they can collaborate with others to jointly explore how learning of quality registers can be integrated. There are promising approaches.
Ključne besede: quality registers, quality improvement, health care
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 26; Prenosov: 1
Celotno besedilo (323,30 KB)