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The online communication of corporate social responsibility in subsidiaries of multinational companies in Hungary
Richard Szanto, 2018, review article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: Many studies have explored the differences in the management of corporate social responsibility (CSR) of multinational companies across the globe. The main question of the study was, are there differences between CSR practices between home country and host country operations? Design/Methodology/Approach: This study investigates the differences in online CSR communication between global corporate websites and the webpages of local subsidiaries in Hungary. The sample contains 70 multinational companies (MNCs) and their Hungarian subsidiaries. All the subsidiaries of the sample are listed amongst the largest 200 companies (based on turnover) in Hungary. Both the local (Hungarian) and the global internet sites of these MNCs were visited, and pre-defined categories were sought on the corporate websites. The presence/lack of these CSR themes and topics on the websites were recorded. Results: The findings show that online CSR disclosure of the subsidiaries is usually more limited than the global communication. Moreover, distance from the headquarters seems to matter, the farther the headquarters of the MNC is located, the narrower CSR presence on the websites of the local subsidiary can be observed. Conclusion: The paper’s main contribution is to deepen our knowledge about the CSR strategies of the multinational companies across their operations. It was confirmed that their CSR practices significantly differ between the host and home countries.
Keywords: CSR, local subsidiaries, multinational companies, online communication
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 189; Downloads: 33
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In memoriam: associate professor Ivan Kejžar, Ph. D.
Janez Zeni, Vladislav Rajkovič, 2018, preface, afterword

Keywords: editorials, in memoriam, biographies, Ivan Kejžar
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 162; Downloads: 34
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Impact of fear of identity theft and perceived risk on online purchase intention
Gašper Jordan, Robert Leskovar, Miha Marič, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: Online activities are present in almost every aspect of people’s daily lives. Online purchases are also increasing each year and therefore it is important to investigate what influences online purchase intentions. Online purchase intentions are among everything else, influenced by the fear of identity theft and perceived risk. Design/Methodology/Approach: The online survey was conducted among 190 participants from Slovenia. The relations between the constructs of fear of financial losses, fear of reputational damage, perceived risk and online purchase intention were investigated. Results: The research showed that the relations between the constructs of fear of financial losses, fear of reputational damage, perceived risk are positive and the relation between the constructs of perceived risk and online purchase intention were negative. All of the relations were statistically significant. Conclusion: Understanding the impact of fear of identity theft and perceived risk on online purchase intention can be helpful for online sellers, because with these findings they can manage this fear and perceived risk to increase online purchase intention and address the risks accordingly. Online sellers should therefore regard new findings from the field of online sales. If an online store wants to have success in sales, they should consider all sides of customers’ desires as well as their restraints.
Keywords: e-commerce, fear of identity theft, online purchase intention
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 240; Downloads: 61
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The challenges of SME business transfers
Mirela Alpeza, Juha Tall, Petra Mezulić Juric, 2018, review article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: In the life cycle of a firm, business transfer represents the critical stage of development. Underestimating the complexity and longevity of this process can have negative implications for firms, their owners and wide network of stakeholders. The aim of this paper is to compare the attitude towards business transfer of entrepreneurs aged 55 and more in Croatia and Finland and provide policy recommendations for improvement of the national business transfer ecosystems. Methodology/Approach: Both surveys targeted entrepreneurs aged 55 and more using the same questionnaire, with some adjustments to Croatian business transfer ecosystem. Finish barometer was conducted through webbased survey among members of Federation of Finnish Enterprises. Survey in Croatia was conducted with combination of CATI and CAWI collection method by a professional data collection agency. Data collected was compared based on a demographic criterion, industry background, experience in business transfer, expected future of the company, support needed and biggest challenges. Results: The research results indicated a growing number of entrepreneurs in Croatia who will be interested in selling their firm once they withdraw from the business and less than expected family business successions. In Finland the most important challenges are related to business valuation and finding a successor or a buyer. Conclusion: For further development of business transfer ecosystem in Croatia it is recommended to focus on awareness raising activities, channels for matching sellers and buyers, promotion of takeover entrepreneurship and consultancy support for micro enterprises. In Finland results indicate the importance of investing continuous efforts in raising the effectiveness of the measures implemented.
Keywords: SMEs, business transfer, business transfer ecosystem
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 132; Downloads: 13
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Factors affecting the intentions to use RFID subcutaneous microchip implants for healthcare purposes
Borut Werber, Alenka Baggia, Anja Žnidaršič, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: While there are many studies regarding the adoption of Radio Frequency Identification Devices (RFID), only a few of them deal with RFID subcutaneous microchip (RFID-SM) usage by individuals. After the first in vivo tests conducted on volunteers from 1998 to 2000, the use of RFID-SM in healthcare remains limited. This study examines the likelihood of adopting RFID-SM in healthcare from the end user’s point of view. Design/Methodology/Approach: The aim of this paper is to develop and evaluate the model for analysing the acceptance of RFID-SM adoption. An extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) for RFID-SM adoption is proposed and empirically tested in a cross-sectional study. Online survey was conducted using a convenience sample of 531 respondents. In addition to the three original components of TAM (Perceived Usefulness, Perceived Ease of Use, and Behavioural Intentions to Use), three external variables (Health Concerns, Perceived Trust, and Age) were also included in the model. The model was validated with confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling techniques. Results: Perceived Usefulness has a significant impact on behavioural intentions to adopt RFID-SM in the future, while the influence of Perceived Ease of Use is not significant. The most influential external variable is Perceived Trust, indicating the lack of confidence in personal data security ensured by the state and other institutions. As expected, Health Concerns factor has a negative effect on the Perceived Trust and Perceived Usefulness of RFID-SM. Conclusion: The results of the empirical study prove that all external variables considered in the model significantly influence the RFID-SM adoption. The Perceived Ease of Use is irrelevant to the attitude towards the RFID-SM adoption. In addition to the proposed model, the analysis of gathered data shows that the positive attitude toward the use of RFID-SM in healthcare is rising.
Keywords: healthcare, microchip, Slovenia, RFID, TAM, SEM, Slovenia
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 262; Downloads: 59
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The influence of teachersʼ perceptions of school leadersʼ empowering behaviours on the dimensions of psychological empowerment
Tina Vrhovnik, Miha Marič, Jasmina Žnidaršič, Gašper Jordan, 2018, original scientific article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: School leader has an effect on teachers in divergent ways. If school leader wants their teachers to be successful and satisfied, he or she must have the potential to prompt work conditions that build up teachers’ psychological empowerment. Main aim of our research was to empirically test the relations between teachers’ perceptions of school leaders’ empowering behaviours and all dimensions of psychological empowerment (meaning, competence, self-determination and impact). Design/Methodology/Approach: We tested four hypotheses in one structural model by using structural equation modelling (SEM). The quantitative data was collected through an online survey on a sample of 525 primary school teachers in Slovenia by using two already validated questionnaires, The School Leader Empowering Behaviours (SLEB) and Psychological Empowerment Questionnaire (PEQ). Results: Findings show that teachers’ perceptions of school leaders’ empowering behaviours are positively and statistically significantly related to all dimensions of psychological empowerment (meaning, competence, self-determination and impact). Conclusion: Knowledge of psychological empowerment can be beneficial for school leaders, because with this comprehension they can strengthen apprehension and potential in exercising empowering behaviours towards their teachers to maximize their psychological empowerment.
Keywords: HRM, leadership, psychological empowerment
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 376; Downloads: 53
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Regular and temporary employees in project organized business pay different attention to preconditions for learning
Gunnar Augustsson, Maria Rasmusson, 2018, review article

Abstract: Background and purpose: The purpose is to investigate whether regular and temporary staff differ in their perceptions of preconditions for learning and if there are some qualitative aspects that can be considered particularly significant in these differences. Design/Methodology/Approach: The approach consists of a case study based on both quantitative and qualitative data collected via an online questionnaire and individual interviews. Results: The paper question the understanding of the organization as a singular and more or less cohesive unit. On an organizational level, the project owner who hires staff does not care for competence transfer between regulars and temps, or between different groups of staff. At the individual level, temps are more focused on their specific task compared to regulars. Regulars’ seems to safeguarding a community or an organizational perspective, while temps are looking for their own good. Conclusions: There is a risk that one social unit differs, in attention payed to preconditions for learning, from another, when an organization use temporary staff. Therefore, the scientific value of this paper is that using temps may result in or be a consequence of a fragmented organization. The findings show no competence transfer in projects with both temps and regulars, and the project owner takes no active responsibility for human resource planning in terms of competence transfer between different groups of staff. The implications underline that long-term efficiency and rationality in an organization does not always have priority over organizational affiliation even with the hiring of expertise. When this happens, it may lead to a fragmented personnel group that is divided in thinkers/organizers and, performers/doers. When this happens, important practical skills fall outside of the organization, which in a metaphorical sense means that the hand is separated from the brain. Therefore, organizations with temporary staff need to plan for how to enable competence transfer between temporary and regular staff.
Keywords: competence transfer, inter-organization, project organization, temporary work
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 89; Downloads: 57
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Part-time jobs: opportunity or obstacle?
Šárka Čemerková, Irena Šebestová, Roman Šperka, 2018, review article

Abstract: Background and Purpose: Part-time employment could be seen as a modern form of employment or a type of innovative organizational change. The average share of part-time jobs in the Czech Republic in the observed period of 2004-2016 was 3.9 % according to the OECD, in comparison to the average OECD value of 16.6%. The main question to arise was, are there any regional differences? The presented conclusions are based on a regional study in the Moravian-Silesian Region (MSR) in the Czech Republic where the median value of part- time jobs is 10%. The main goal is to evaluate the regional level of part-time job offers and identify the main opportunities and obstacles which cause the low number of these job positions. Design/Methodology/Approach: The paper is based on a quantitative study using a questionnaire-based survey, comprising 215 respondents – owners of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the Moravian-Silesian Re- gion in the Czech Republic. The survey consists of 16 questions in three main areas: (i) Entrepreneurial motivation (1 item), (ii) External factors – Labour market problems (4 items), and (iii) Internal factors. Secondary information such as the results of earlier studies and regional government websites were used for data results comparison. All variables are compared in the context of the branch of business, number of employees, turnover, and age. Finally, a factor analysis was used to find the main way how to improve part-time job offers. Results: The variety of businesses and different regional locations opens up space for discussion regarding part- time job support. A factor analysis found five significant issues, which could affect local labour market and company behaviour. Conclusion: The added value of the paper can be seen in the factor identification, where internal willingness to sup- port part-time employment and qualification growth as organizational change must be in first place.
Keywords: flexibility, Moravian Silesian Region, part-time employment, SME
Published: 10.10.2018; Views: 91; Downloads: 11
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Motivacija in zadovoljstvo zaposlenih v podjetju x
Klavdija Držaj, 2018, master's thesis/paper

Abstract: Glavna konkurenčna prednost na vse bolj zahtevnem trgu že nekaj časa nista več kapital in vrhunska tehnologija. V ospredje vse bolj prihaja sposobnost upravljanja in ravnanja s človeškimi viri. Usposobljeni in visoko motivirani zaposleni so v podjetju eden izmed glavnih temeljev razvoja podjetja. Vedno več podjetij stremi k temu, da bodo njihovi zaposleni pri svojem delu zadovoljni in posledično dovolj motivirani za doseganje zastavljenih ciljev in rezultatov. V nalogi smo definirali pojem motivacija in opredelili motivacijske dejavnike, ki vplivajo na stopnjo motivacije za delo. Pojasnili smo, kaj je delovna motivacija in kako lahko motivacija na delovnem mestu vpliva na delo zaposlenega. Osredotočili smo se tudi na zadovoljstvo zaposlenega na delovnem mestu ter v sklopu tega predstavili definicije in razlage različnih avtorjev o tem, kako lahko zadovoljstvo zaposlenega vpliva na delovno uspešnost podjetja. Predstavili in opisali smo tudi nekaj najpomembnejših dejavnikov zadovoljstva pri delu. V sklopu naloge smo izvedli raziskavo v konkretnem podjetju, kjer smo ugotavljali, kateri dejavniki vplivajo na večjo stopnjo motivacije zaposlenega za delo. Zanimalo nas je, kako so zaposleni zadovoljni pri svojem delu, s katerimi dejavniki zadovoljstva so najbolj zadovoljni in s katerimi najmanj. Na koncu smo podali predloge za izboljšanje stanja in predstavili možnosti za nadaljnji razvoj.
Keywords: Motivacija za delo, zadovoljstvo na delovnem mestu, družba z omejeno odgovornostjo, zaposleni, delovna uspešnost
Published: 25.09.2018; Views: 215; Downloads: 51
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Zadovoljstvo zaposlenih na delovnem mestu v podjetju Swarco Lea d.o.o.
Lara Blažič, 2018, bachelor thesis/paper

Abstract: V svetu podjetništva je zelo pomembno, da podjetje spremlja zadovoljstvo zaposlenih, saj je le zadovoljen delavec lahko uspešen na svojem delovnem mestu in le zadovoljen delavec se še bolj trudi za dobro vseh zaposlenih in je ključ uspešnega in konkurenčnega podjetja. Po drugi strani pa uspešno in konkurenčno podjetje gradi ugled ne samo samemu sebi, temveč tudi vsakemu zaposlenemu v podjetju. Med diplomskim delom smo želeli ugotoviti, ali so zaposleni v podjetju Swarco Lea d. o. o., zadovoljni na svojih delovnih mestih ali ne. Da bi lahko podrobno proučili zadovoljstvo zaposlenih v izbranem podjetju, smo najprej pregledali in analizirali teoretične ugotovitve s področja zadovoljstva zaposlenih. Osredotočili smo se na osem dejavnikov, in sicer, kako so zaposleni zadovoljni z izobraževanjem, s plačo in nagrajevanjem, z medsebojnimi odnosi, delovnimi razmerami na delovnem mestu, motivacijo, napredovanjem in razvojem zaposlenega in s samim opravljanjem njihovega dela ter z delovnim časom v podjetju. Na osnovi temeljitega pregleda teoretičnih spoznanj smo izvedli raziskavo zadovoljstva zaposlenih v izbranem podjetju. Rezultati raziskave so pokazali, da se zaposleni v podjetju Swarco Lea d. o. o., dobro zavedajo dejstva, da vsak zadovoljen delavec prispeva k celostni podobi podjetja. Zaposleni v podjetju so z večino dejavnikov zadovoljni, in ker je vsak zaposlen dragocen košček mozaika, lahko rečemo, da je v podjetju Swarco Lea d. o. o., vsak košček trdno in zadovoljno pripet v skupni mozaik podjetja.
Keywords: zadovoljstvo zaposlenih, motivacija, nagrajevanje zaposlenih, kadrovska struktura, dejavniki zadovoljstva
Published: 25.09.2018; Views: 354; Downloads: 67
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