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Teaching complex fields of soft matter, proposal of a new liquid crystal analogy
Uroš Jagodič, Jacob Staines, Samo Kralj, Robert Repnik, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The key reason behind the richness of different structures and patterns displayed in nature is the universal mechanism of symmetry breaking. It shapes configurations at all length scales encountered in universe. Structures reached via symmetry breaking transitions are commonly described in terms of order parameter fields. One of the simplest systems where symmetry breaking concepts have already been explored in detail, are various liquid crystal (LC) phases. The reason behind this is rich variety of structures exhibited by LCs and their convenient experimental accessibility. Consequently, a wide spectrum of different theoretical tools have been developed in LCs. In this contribution the orientational ordering of housing block in San Francisco, which we choose as a typical large-city representative, was studied. Following nematic LC analogy we determine the local degree of ordering. The structural pattern of the city displays a domain-type pattern. The average degree of ordering within a domain strongly correlates with crime rate within it. Therefore, the results confirm an intuitive expectation that structures define properties. This model can be used as a helpful tool in education as it provides a way of understanding complex topics with the help of well-known every day phenomena.
Ključne besede: education, liquid crystals, modelling, order parameter
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 42; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,32 MB)

Students' perceptions of real and virtual field work in biology
Miro Puhek, Matej Perše, Andrej Šorgo, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The outdoor education is a method of learning with the exposure to (not exclusively) the natural environment that combines all human senses. Students tend to acknowledge a very positive effect of this kind of learning. It is easier and more memorable to connect the theory with practice, when they see things in nature, rather than to just hear about them in the classroom. Despite its popularity, teachers face various obstacles when they take their students outdoors. Although the outdoor education is included in the Slovenian primary and lower secondary school curriculum, the percentage is not high enough, which depends on various reasons. Teachers defined lack of time, suitability of area around the school, not enough instruments for field work and to expanded curriculum as the main reasons for not including field work in the classes. Some of these obstacles could be solved by implementation of information and communication technology (ICT) into the biology and ecology classes. In this research the results of 192 students' point of view on the importance of field work, obstacles of that kind of work and the ICT as a solution to support or replace the real field works are presented. All questioned students were prospective teachers, so sooner or later majority of them will face issues connected to the field work and possibilities to solve them with the help of ICT.
Ključne besede: education, biology teaching, ICT, obstacles
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 27; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (513,15 KB)

Student self-evaluation of seminar activities
Darinka Sikošek, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study is focused on the curricular innovations of methodological subjects for acquiring of teachers competences at undergraduate education where students as prospective chemistry teachers serve as a goal group. The redesign of seminar as an essential curricular form is based on consistent consideration of topical didactic principles. Research into the optimal performance of seminar work focuses particularly on their organisation, methodology and evaluation. These three model parameters serve to implement student seminar activities in accordance with Bologna teachers competences. Using the descriptive empirical method for students self-evaluation of seminar work defined in methodological subject module of three subjects (Didactics of Chemistry, Experiments and Natural Activities-Mentroship) some efforts in bettering the competence mastery over.
Ključne besede: education, teaching skills, teaching competences, student autonomy, didactic principles, process learning, seminars
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 24; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (911,06 KB)

Student self-evaluation of co-lecture activities
Darinka Sikošek, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article argues a greater stress to student-centered, active-learning approaches in teacher education beginning already in lectures by the subjects of DCEM methodological module. Our approach in increasing lecture's activity of students is involving them as teacher's co-lecturers. In order to monitor the efficiency and quality improvement of their outcomes-teacher's activities, we make use of the students' co-lecturers, as well as students-listeners feedback, which continuously takes place at the end of a program of specific curricular units. Students self-reflections are confronted with teacher's trainer noticings. Some significant findings are interpreted in compliance with teacher competences. CO-lecture's activities are valued regarding to optional AADIDG didactic principles.
Ključne besede: education, teaching skills, teaching competences, student autonomy, self-evaluation, student-colecturers
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 43; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (773,29 KB)

Strategy of cross curricular connection at technology education as a factor of modern school
Amand Papotnik, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This contribution deals with the topic of inter-subject planning and connecting in technique and technology and as a factor of modern school by emphasizing the strategies of training-educational work in technique and technology. In this context the most suitable project task is being regarded as that strategy of training-educational work, in which the development of divergent thinking, creative compatibilities, acquiring, deepening, practicing and using the knowledge in the field of technique, technology, work organization, economics, ergonomics, ecology, informatics and computer science, industrial design, etc. is concerned. In such a constructed strategy the inter-subject planning and connecting can be represented and the tendency to acquire better knowledge can also be realized, because of the opinion of the constructivists who think that knowledge in its final form can neither be "given " to somebody else, nor it can be "accepted" by somebody else, but it should be rebuilt by everybody with his/her own mental activity and exactly in technique and technology the objective and subjective conditions for such a style and didactic system of training - educational work are being created.
Ključne besede: education, curriculum, cross curricular connection, technics and technology
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 20; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (879,98 KB)

Spatial ability, 3D modelling and styles of thinking in relation to brain hemisphere dominance
Andrej Šafhalter, Srečko Glodež, Karin Bakračevič Vukman, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The progress of neuroscience and the understanding of children's styles of thinking are opening up new teaching styles that take into account differences in individual cognitive perception. Students can be classified into three distinctive perceptive types, according to the pronounced activity of one cerebral hemisphere in their thinking and information processing: left-hemisphere, right-hemisphere, and integrative type that does not exhibit a considerable dominance of one particular hemisphere. The purpose of the research was to establish differences in the 3D modeling encouraged progression of spatial ability between the left-hemisphere, right-hemisphere and integrative types of students. Computerized 3D modeling employed during technical extra-curricular activity in lower secondary school (grades 6 to 9) may affect the spatial ability of students, which according to other studies, appears to be predominantly connected with the right brain hemisphere. Research was conducted among a variety of lower secondary school students across Slovenia aged 11 15 years. Data on spatial ability and its development was collected using a hybrid spatial intelligence test conducted on two separate occasions, while assessment of the learning perception type of students depending on hemispheric dominance was obtained using a self-evaluation questionnaire. The 3D modeling of technical objects and objects drawn in orthographic or isometric projection was done with the software Trimble SketchUp.
Ključne besede: cognitive development, spatial ability, 3D modeling
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 37; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (669,06 KB)

Secondary school students' perspectives on and attitudes towards laboratory work in biology
Andrej Šorgo, Andreja Špernjak, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Interest in Biology among secondary school students in Slovenia is dropping from year to year. 1,046 secondary school students were surveyed about their preferred number of group mates in the laboratory, their attitudes towards and positive and negative views of laboratory work in Biology. From the students' perspective, the preferred way of teaching biology would be a mixture of interesting lectures and laboratory activities where they would have the opportunity to find solutions to the problems on their own through work in small groups. This is in direct opposition to prevailing teaching practice, where lectures are the dominant way of teaching. To overcome the loss of interest in Biology among students, action is needed immediately. Bridging the gap between students' perspectives on and opinions-about good teaching practice and actual teaching practice should follow three tracks: the first one involves changes to the syllabus in such a way that less is more; the second one requires rewriting of manuals and textbooks, and the third is a change in the teaching practice of individual teachers. If for the first two teachers can find the excuse that this is outside their sphere of competence, there can be no excuse for avoiding immediate changes in teaching techniques.
Ključne besede: education, biology, secondary education, attitudes, laboratory work, students
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 23; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (806,44 KB)

Problems environmental education connected with technic and technology
Amand Papotnik, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: By planning and selecting the contents of subject technology we must take into account also the contents from environmental education. Combining the different contents are compose from the process of planning, analyzing and/or evaluating achieved result. In the frame of the selected educational strategy (for example Project task) the students must acquire and strengthen the theoretical and practical knowledge, develop skills and working habits. Only if we take into account this, they will be able to transfer this theoretical and practical technological knowledge to solve the ecological problems. This is the teaching and learning in the narrow sense, which we can classified as acquiring new, knowledge, tasks and skills necessary for solving the problems. Learning in the wide sense means preserving knowledge and recalling it back, the knowledge that is connected with technical, technological, organizational and ecological problems.
Ključne besede: education, technics and technology, ecology, environmental education, ICT, learning strategies
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 36; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,01 MB)

Philosophy of mind and cognitive modelling in education
Boris Aberšek, 2012, predgovor, spremna beseda

Opis: One of the main reasons there is so much junk in education is that there are so few people who know enough about education and about the sciences that support education, i.e. philosophy, cognitive and neuroscience to put the thing together. Educators have been reliant upon others’ expertise for the interpretations from contemporary science hence have not been able to discern whether the claims made are valid or invalid representations of the research. Without a direct access to the primary research educators may be at risk of misusing results from this advanced research. The need for so called ‘mediator’ in the translation of research to practice has led to a situation where the application of cognitive neuroscience research findings is running ahead of the research itself. The overall objective is to produce an integrated approach to problems of connection Education with the contemporary knowledge from the area of Philosophy of Mind, Cognitive Science, Psychology, Neuroscience, Cognitive modelling and Artificial Intelligence.
Ključne besede: education, philosophy of mind
Objavljeno: 15.12.2017; Ogledov: 106; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (212,04 KB)

Perspectives on the introduction of computer-supported real laboratory exercises into biology teaching in secondary schools
Andreja Špernjak, Andrej Šorgo, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Computer supported virtual and real laboratories are recognized as tools that can help in raising the quality of biology instruction, and raising development competences in students. Yet biology teachers have been treating the computer as typewriter, as a source of information and as a tool for communication, all of which usages are common to all subjects. The uses of ICT that can significantly help in developing scientific literacy and that are primary tools in science teaching - such as the use of data loggers - are only rarely on the syllabus. The lack of equipment is not the most important reason for failure to use such applications; instead, this is probably due to teachers' attitudes, opinions and knowledge. Students cannot be recognized as an obstacle in working with ICT. Lawer secondary school students aged between 10 and 14 performed three laboratory exercises (Activity of yeast, Gas exchange in breathing, Heart rate) using three different methods: classic, computer-supported and virtual laboratory. As a result of testing, we know that all three methods are suitable even for younger students. When students were asked which method they liked the most, their first choice was computer-supported laboratory, followed by classic laboratory, with virtual laboratory in the third place.
Ključne besede: education, biology, secondary education, computer-supported laboratory, laboratory work, ICT, simulations
Objavljeno: 15.12.2017; Ogledov: 107; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Celotno besedilo (783,64 KB)

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