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Why are there six degrees of separation in a social network?
I. Samoylenko, D. Aleja, E. Primo, Karin Alfaro-Bittner, E. Vasilyeva, K. Kovalenko, D. Musatov, A. M. Raigorodskii, R. Criado, M. Romance, David Papo, Matjaž Perc, B. Barzel, Stefano Boccaletti, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A wealth of evidence shows that real-world networks are endowed with the small-world property, i.e., that the maximal distance between any two of their nodes scales logarithmically rather than linearly with their size. In addition, most social networks are organized so that no individual is more than six connections apart from any other, an empirical regularity known as the six degrees of separation. Why social networks have this ultrasmall-world organization, whereby the graph’s diameter is independent of the network size over several orders of magnitude, is still unknown. We show that the “six degrees of separation” is the property featured by the equilibrium state of any network where individuals weigh between their aspiration to improve their centrality and the costs incurred in forming and maintaining connections. We show, moreover, that the emergence of such a regularity is compatible with all other features, such as clustering and scale-freeness, that normally characterize the structure of social networks. Thus, our results show how simple evolutionary rules of the kind traditionally associated with human cooperation and altruism can also account for the emergence of one of the most intriguing attributes of social networks.
Ključne besede: degree distribution, network evolution, complex network, small-world network, social physics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.07.2024; Ogledov: 61; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Celotno besedilo (876,16 KB)
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Safeguarding liberty? Repressive measures against enemy aliens and community resilience in WWI United States: : the Slovenian-American experience
David Hazemali, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article delves into the complexities of the U.S.’s treatment of enemy aliens during World War I, particularly illuminating the experiences of the Slovenian-American immigrant ethnic community, following the declaration of war on Austro-Hungary. It presents instances of repression, violence and internment suffered by members of the Slovenian-American community and other immigrant ethnic communities originating from Austria-Hungary, while also highlighting examples of their resilience and defiance. The study is firmly grounded in the archives of the Slovenian-American fraternal benefit society the Slovene National Benefit Society (SNPJ), and the Yugoslav Socialist Alliance (JSZ), housed at the Immigration History Research Center Archives in Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Ključne besede: Slovenian Americans, American Slovenians, Slovenian-American community, fraternal benefit societies, world war I, USA, enemy aliens
Objavljeno v DKUM: 17.05.2024; Ogledov: 73; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,20 MB)
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The Phenomenon of (Sustainable) Tourism Activities on Farms in Slovenia During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Maja Borlinič Gačnik, Boris Prevolšek, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic is the reason why the development trends of the tourism industry are changing today. The purpose of this article is to address issues of future tourism industry development, linking it to elements of sustainable development trends. The article presents the main elements of the sustainable concept of rural and farm tourism. Using the method of compilation and description, we want to check, based on statistical data related to farm tourism activities in Slovenia (before and during the COVID-19 pandemic), whether it is possible to detect development trends in Slovenia, in the direction of sustainability that are linked to the concept of farm tourism. This study also aims to identify a number of measures that can improve sustainability at the farming tourism level in Slovenia, in a post-COVID phase. According to the findings of numerous comparisons and statistical analysis, it can be stated that the future development trends show a great need to develop the decarbonisation of the industry, digitalisation of industry, and the involvement of the local population in the provision of services. In the present global situation, we have reached a point where it will be necessary to focus on sustainable and digital forms of the industry, in order to further post-COVID development of the tourism industry.
Ključne besede: COVID-19, post-COVID world, sustainable tourism, farm tourism, Slovenia, future development
Objavljeno v DKUM: 25.01.2024; Ogledov: 271; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,04 MB)
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The role of religion in legends about Turkish attacks
Anja Mlakar, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: An analysis of Slovenian legends about Turkish raids was made to identify and analyze religious elements in them. The legends express superiority of Christianity, but also contain belief elements that diverge from Christian teachings, such as traditional Slavic beliefs about the afterlife. The mixture of different beliefs can summarized under the term “vernacular religion”. The Turks in folklore represented an archetypal demonic “Other” and as such they threaten the “Our” world. In these legends traditional and pre-Christian beliefs were intermixed with Christian symbolism and characters and as such they express the diversity and flexibility of religious imagery.
Ključne besede: Turkish raids, vernacular religion, Christianity, otherness, sacred space, sacrilege, the world beyond, miracles
Objavljeno v DKUM: 25.01.2024; Ogledov: 302; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,92 MB)
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Komunikacijski protokoli za realno-časovne več-igralske igre : diplomsko delo
Nik Volgemut, 2023, diplomsko delo

Opis: Moderne računalniške igre ponujajo večigralnost preko spleta za vse več igralcev. Pri tem uporabljajo kar se da optimizirane komunikacijske protokole. V diplomskem delu se dotaknemo zgodovine večigralnosti v igrah, vrst večigralskih iger in predstavimo implementacije protokolov za 3 izbrane igre – Minecraft, Runescape in World of Warcraft. Predstavimo, kako protokoli vzpostavijo povezavo med odjemalcem in strežnikom in kako definirajo pakete za prenos informacij. Na koncu diplomskega dela s pomočjo eksperimenta predstavimo, kako se komunikacijski protokoli obnesejo ob večjih obremenitvah
Ključne besede: več-igralske igre, komunikacijski protokoli, Runescape, Minecraft, World of Warcraf
Objavljeno v DKUM: 13.10.2023; Ogledov: 538; Prenosov: 50
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,06 MB)

Scoping review on the multimodal classification of depression and experimental study on existing multimodal models
Umut Arioz, Urška Smrke, Nejc Plohl, Izidor Mlakar, 2022, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Depression is a prevalent comorbidity in patients with severe physical disorders, such as cancer, stroke, and coronary diseases. Although it can significantly impact the course of the primary disease, the signs of depression are often underestimated and overlooked. The aim of this paper was to review algorithms for the automatic, uniform, and multimodal classification of signs of depression from human conversations and to evaluate their accuracy. For the scoping review, the PRISMA guidelines for scoping reviews were followed. In the scoping review, the search yielded 1095 papers, out of which 20 papers (8.26%) included more than two modalities, and 3 of those papers provided codes. Within the scope of this review, supported vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), and long short-term memory network (LSTM; with gated and non-gated recurrent units) models, as well as different combinations of features, were identified as the most widely researched techniques. We tested the models using the DAIC-WOZ dataset (original training dataset) and using the SymptomMedia dataset to further assess their reliability and dependency on the nature of the training datasets. The best performance was obtained by the LSTM with gated recurrent units (F1-score of 0.64 for the DAIC-WOZ dataset). However, with a drop to an F1-score of 0.56 for the SymptomMedia dataset, the method also appears to be the most data-dependent.
Ključne besede: multimodal depression classification, scoping review, real-world data, mental health
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.08.2023; Ogledov: 461; Prenosov: 46
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,43 MB)
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Serious vs. Satire – Today’s Future as Depicted in the World-Building Elements of Blade Runner and Futurama
Anja Švigelj, 2021, magistrsko delo

Opis: This thesis explores the world-building elements in the Blade Runner movies (Blade Runner and Blade Runner 2049) and the TV series Futurama. The theoretical framework presents the terminology related to the titles’ and their world-building elements: science fiction and speculative fiction, dystopia and cyberpunk, satire and parody. Lastly, the concept of world-building is presented and the framework of the elements that are analyzed is defined. The world-building elements of the worlds of Blade Runner and Futurama are divided into the cultural and physical. The cultural elements are then further divided into: society and social issues, language, and science and technology. The physical are planet and climate, and the cityscape. This part of the thesis is a comparative analysis of the elements. It focuses on how the elements are presented in their respective worlds and compares them to each other and how they might relate to our own reality today and in the future. The comparative analysis shows how the satirical Futurama and serious, cyberpunk Blade Runner ‘predict’ future realities. Those are at the same time alternate and akin to our own.
Ključne besede: Blade Runner, Futurama, world-building, satire, dystopia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.04.2021; Ogledov: 944; Prenosov: 80
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,98 MB)

Uporaba funkcije 'World Zone' v programu RobotStudio : diplomsko delo
Marko Dukarić, 2019, diplomsko delo

Opis: Diplomsko delo zajema predstavitev programske funkcije WorldZone v programskem okolju RobotStudio. Pri tem smo preučili osnovno zamisel programske funkcije ter si podrobno pogledali programiranje funkcije. Med samim postopkom preučevanja smo spoznali, da lahko funkcijo uporabimo v varnostne namene, ter smo jo uporabili v našem zamišljenem primeru. Prav tako smo ob programiranju robotskega programa bolj podrobno spoznali programski jezik RAPID, ter smo napisali navodila za uporabo programskega okolja RobotStudio ter navodila za programiranje RAPID-a.
Ključne besede: RobotStudio, programiranje, World Zone, IRB 1200
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.11.2019; Ogledov: 867; Prenosov: 120
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,56 MB)

The Ebola epidemic and cholera outbreak and the international response
Richard B. Roberts, 2017, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Infectious diseases are responsible for 15 million of the 57 million deaths worldwide despite the remarkable discoveries of antibiotics and vaccines. Many individuals succumb to microbial diseases in poor and less-developed countries where these preventive and therapeutic modalities are not available. Furthermore these less fortunate countries do not have the resources or public health infrastructure to combat unforeseen and explosive outbreaks. Two relatively recent outbreaks are reviewed in this article; the Ebola epidemic in West Africa and the cholera outbreak in Haiti. This outbreak of cholera, in a country of only 7.8 million inhabitants, is one of the largest ever recorded worldwide. Early intervention by international health organizations is critical to curtail and ultimately control infectious disease outbreaks and epidemics. This responsibility, especially for less-developed countries, lies in the hands of the United Nations and World Health Organization. Unfortunately, the international response from the UN and WHO was slow, cumbersome and poorly coordinated both in West Africa and Haiti.
Ključne besede: Ebola, cholera, international response, United Nations, World Health Organization
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.10.2018; Ogledov: 1999; Prenosov: 179
.pdf Celotno besedilo (440,47 KB)
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