Early Slavic short and long o and eTijmen Pronk
, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The article discusses the development of the Proto-Slavic vowels *o and *e with a neoacute accent. These vowels are reflected as short vowels, diphthongs or long vowels in the modern Slavic languages. Their outcome is conditioned by the origin of the neoacute: if it arose through retraction of the accent from a word-final jer, the newly accented *o or *e became long and was subsequently diphthongized in a number of Slavic dialects. If the neoacute accent arose in a different way, the quantity of the newly accented *o or *e depends on the dialect.
Ključne besede: vowels, neoacute, Proto-Slavic, Slavic languages
Objavljeno: 22.02.2018; Ogledov: 390; Prenosov: 59
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Foreign students' speech in EnglandManca Potušek
, 2016, diplomsko delo
Opis: The diploma thesis focuses on the influence of the French, Italian and Spanish language on the Standard Southern British English pronunciation. The research is based on the recordings of 10 French, 9 Italian and 9 Spanish students who spent half a year in England as Erasmus exchange students.
The theoretical part starts with an introductory chapter describing a short history of all four languages, as well as the position of the English language in the world and in the European Union. East Midlands English and Standard Southern British English are then presented with their phonological characteristics. Furthermore, the vowel systems of French, Italian and Spanish language are presented together with the most common errors the speakers of these languages encounter when pronouncing English vowels. In the following chapter the term “interlanguage” and research methods as Contrastive Analysis and Error Analysis are described. In the last segment of the theoretical part we are dealing with so-called formants which are frequencies that the vowels are made of and are essential for identification of a vowel.
In the empirical part, Error Analysis is used as a research method. The key part of the research is the analysis of the recordings of foreign students’ pronunciation of 11 SSBE vowels. The results of the research clearly prove a strong influence of the French, Italian, and Spanish accents on the pronunciation of SSBE vowels, as well as a great impact of General American. To analyse the data, the descriptive method was used.
The findings of the dissertation could be of help to other researchers or English teachers should they find themselves teaching in France, Italy or Spain.
Ključne besede: Standard Southern British English, vowels, formants, foreign students, Error Analysis
Objavljeno: 08.09.2016; Ogledov: 650; Prenosov: 65
Celotno besedilo (1,98 MB)
SOUND SYMBOLISM IN J.K. ROWLING'S HARRY POTTERNataša Stojov
, 2016, diplomsko delo
Opis: In this graduation thesis Sound Symbolism in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter, I will be discussing the possible influence of sound symbolism in the Harry Potter books and sound symbolism in general. he novels are about a boy that is a wizard, who has to fight bad warlock to save the world. In a way it is a classic story between the battle good versus bad. In this thesis I wish to examine whether sound symbolism in the names of characters and objects has influence on reinforcing notions like good, bad, big, small, light, dark etc.
In the beginning of the thesis I write about the research in the field done by scholars like Newman and Waugh. I continue with my own research done on sound symbolism. The first part of research discusses consonants and vowels; the second part deals with consonant clusters. The third part is based on whole syllables with emphasis on vowels, and in the final section the names of the main characters in the novels of the Harry Potter series are dealt with. We were primarily interested in three main issues. How informants perceive sounds in terms of bright vs. dark, small vs. big, and good vs. bad. With this research, we wanted to see if the results are comparable with Newman’s and if according to these results, we can detect usage of sound symbolism in the names of the characters in J.K. Rowling’s Harry Potter.
In the last part I wrote about the analysis of the sounds and clusters in these names. I based this analysis on the research.
The results show that use of sound symbolism can be observed the creation of the names in the mentioned works. When it comes to whole words, it is difficult to separate sound symbolic from lexical meaning, because they are too closely intertwined. For this reason, I examined also parts of words and single sounds
Ključne besede: sound symbolism, arbitrariness of the language, Harry Potter, sounds, vowels, consonants, clusters
Objavljeno: 08.09.2016; Ogledov: 906; Prenosov: 101
Celotno besedilo (1,52 MB)