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1.
Ustanove v dednem pravu in primerjava z trusti anglo-ameriškega prava
Alen Naglič, 2010, diplomsko delo

Opis: To diplomsko delo se po vsebini ukvarja in primerja dva instituta, ki sta oba temeljna in zelo pomembna v svojih pravnih sistemih, in sicer ustanovo ter trust. Anglo-ameriški pravni red ustanov ne pozna, kontinentalno pravo pa, razen redkih izjem, trustov ne ureja. Ustanova je, na določen namen vezano premoženje, ki ima lastnosti pravne osebe, pri čemer je potreben trajen, splošno-koristen ali dobrodelni namen. Za njeno ustanovitev je potrebna odobritev državnega organa. Ustanovni namen in premoženje določi ustanovitelj z enostranskim pravnim poslom med živimi (»inter vivos«), lahko pa izjavi voljo tudi z pravnim poslom za primer smrti (»mortis causa«). Dopustnost tega posla je povezana s t.i. načelom svobode testiranja, ki zapustniku omogoča svobodno razpolaganje s svojim premoženjem. Če zapustnik v svoji oporoki odredi ustanovitev ustanove in nameni sredstva za njen namen, govorimo o pravnem poslu »mortis causa« in o ustanovitvi ustanove na podlagi tega posla. Ustanovitev ustanove na podlagi pravnega posla »mortis causa« pa je samo eden od načinov razpolaganja v dovoljen namen. Zapustnik se lahko namreč odloči, da svoje premoženje ali njegov del zapusti že obstoječi pravni osebi, ki že izvršuje svoj namen ali pa zapusti določeno premoženje v določen namen, ne da bi imenoval tistega, ki mu naklanja to premoženje. Čeprav je ustanova pravna oseba brez članov, ima koristnike (»beneficiarje«). To so tisti, ki uživajo koristi ustanove in zaradi katerih je pomembno, da je premoženje ustanove dovolj veliko, da omogoča trajno financiranje namena. V zvezi z vrstami ustanov velja posebej opozoriti na nesamostojne ustanove, ki so po opredelilnih kriterijih podobne samostojni ustanovi, vendar pa nimajo lastne pravne osebnosti in so kot take na nek način podobne institutu trusta v anglo-ameriškem pravnem redu. Lahko bi celo dejali, da so v nesamostojni ustanovi tudi zgodovinske korenine trustov. Ustanovitelj takšne ustanove, nakloni premoženje za določen namen, ter ga prenese fizični ali pravni osebi z nalogom, da njegove prihodke uporabi za namen, ki ga je določil ustanovitelj. Namen razpolaganja mora biti trajen in tudi v tem primeru se v izročeno premoženje ne sme posegati. Za uresničitev namena se uporabljajo dohodki od premoženja oziroma obresti. Posledica naklonitve premoženja ustanovi je, da dosedanji lastnik preneha biti lastnik premoženja, ki ga je naklonil ustanovi. Ker bi lahko ustanovitelj ustanove na takšen način prikrajšal dediče in upnike, za premoženje, ki jim bi sicer pripadlo, so njihovi interesi varovani s splošnimi predpisi civilnega, dednega in obligacijskega prava. Trust je pravni institut katerega korenine segajo v Anglijo, kjer se je tudi razvil, kot odraz sodne prakse in ne nekega zakonskega akta. Gre za institut, pri katerem je premoženje ustanovitelja (»settlor«) preneseno na določeno osebo (»trustee«), ki postane obligacijsko zavezana, da s premoženjem ravna na določen način, brez koristi in osebnega interesa, v korist tretje osebe (»beneficiarja«), v korist katere je bil ustanovljen. Ustanovitelj ustanovi trust s pravnim dejanjem, kjer zadostuje že enostranska izjava volje iz katere izhaja, da hoče ustanovitelj tretjemu nakloniti določeno korist. Kot bistvene elemente trusta lahko opredelimo premoženje, ustanovitelja, ter namen iz katerega izhaja kdo so koristniki. Pomemben je tudi upravitelj trusta, ter jasno izražena volja o ustanovitvi trusta. Ustanovitelj je lahko fizična ali pravna oseba, ter tudi organizacija brez pravne osebnosti. Bistvena razlika med ustanovami in trusti je prav v pravni subjektiviteti. Kontinentalni pravni redi opredeljujejo ustanove kot pravne osebe, prav zaradi tega, je težko razumeti anglo-ameriški pravni red, ki pravni subjektiviteti sploh ne posveča pozornosti, saj trusti za razliko od ustanov niso pravne osebe. Ustanovitelj ob ustanovitvi trusta prenese lastnino na upravitelja, ki postane tako imenovani pravni lastnik (»legal owner«), ki mora trust upravljati v korist
Ključne besede: ustanova, trust, dedovanje, charitable trust, testamentary trust, nesamostojna ustanova, mortis causa
Objavljeno: 26.02.2010; Ogledov: 1991; Prenosov: 319
.pdf Polno besedilo (423,58 KB)

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Some theoretical aspects of trust, relationship commitment and cooperation
Sonja Mlaker Kač, 2013, samostojni strokovni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: In this paper we theoretically discuss some aspects of three important and mutually connected notions: the trust, the relationship commitment and the cooperation. All three concepts are crucial for success in todayʼs business world. All three concepts and terms are very complex, with several different definitions. We discuss them in article in detail, here we will only define them briefly. Trust is defined as 'a willingness to rely on an exchange partner in whom one has confidence' (Moorman, Despande, Zaltman, 1993: 83). Relationship commitment can in our discussion be defined as 'an exchange partner believing that an on-going relationship with another is as important as to warrant maximum efforts at maintaining it' (Morgan and Hunt, 1994: 23). And cooperation is defined as situations in which different partners work together so that they can achieve mutual goals (Anderson and Narus, 1990). Allthree concepts are very important in inter-organisational relationships andin achieving a competitive advantage.
Ključne besede: trust, relationship commitment, cooperation, competitive advantage
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 392; Prenosov: 1
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

4.
Why European subordinates trust their managers
Jon Aarum Andersen, Jure Kovač, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article addresses the problem of why subordinates trust their managers based on the responses from 108 subordinates of seven Slovenian managers and from 138 subordinates of eight Swedish managers. The subordinates of these managers responded to a 20-item instrument tested for reliability and validity. In both samples the managers enjoyed different degrees of trust. The level of trust vested in Slovenian managers was higher than in Swedish ones. The kinds of managers’ actions that enhanced trust were similar amongst Swedish and Slovenian subordinates. Different socio-cultural contexts may theoretically explain why some other kinds of actions had contrasting effects between the samples. On the whole, the actions of managers explain trust in both countries. Subordinates’ trust in managers declines with the increasing hierarchical distance in both national samples. Managers need to show in action that they trust their subordinates, promote their interests, demonstrate appreciation of their subordinates, and solve problems.
Ključne besede: trust, managers, subordinates, societal factors, hierarchy
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 168; Prenosov: 0
.pdf Polno besedilo (163,32 KB)

5.
Uporaba komplementarnih in alternativnih metod zdravljenja med polnoletnimi prebivalci Slovenije
Janko Kersnik, Zalika Klemenc-Ketiš, Vojislav Ivetić, Barbara Čreslovnik, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The aim of our research was to determine how many people use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and how the use of CAM depends on the gender, age, education, and the living environment of each individual person. We wanted to determine the level of fondness for the providers of CAM and define the most popular alternative medicinal preparations. Methods: The cross-sectional study was based on an anonymous questionnaire sent to the houses of a randomly selected sample (N=1000) of adults from the Republic of Slovenia in April 2009. The sample was selected using the telephone book. The data was statistically analysed using the chi-square method and t-test, depending on the nature of the variables. Results: The survey was returned and answered correctly by 410 (41.0%) subjects. According to the results, complementary and alternative medicine was used by 9.0% of the subjects. The use of CAM was independent of age, gender, education, and the living environment. According to the point scale, homeopathy was trusted by 16.9% of people, followed by healers who were trusted by 11.0%. From a statistical point of view, homeopaths were much more trusted by people who had completed a secondary education. The most popular medicinal preparations were herbs and different types of tea (74.4%), followed by vitamins and minerals (69.0%). Homeopathic preparations were used by 4.6% of people. Conclusion: We confirmed a 9.0% presence of alternative medicine in Slovenia, not taking into account herbal medicines, treatments with herbal preparations or tea, and acupuncture. We also have established that 11.0% of the population trust healers and only 16.9% of the population trust homeopaths.
Ključne besede: alternative medicine, complementary medicine, healing practice, trust
Objavljeno: 21.12.2015; Ogledov: 657; Prenosov: 16
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

6.
Is trust in banks in Slovenia put to the test?
Sabina Taškar Beloglavec, Urban Šebjan, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The question of the banking system´s stability in connection to trust since the 2008 crisis has been the subject of many debates seeking to find permanent solutions to banking system problems, as the current situation affects bank customers´ behavior. This article examined trust in banks during the financial crisis and offers, via demographic variables, explanations as tow whether or not customers tend to withdraw their deposits during a crisis. The results contribute to banks´ decision-making regarding deposits management and understanding customers´ behavior, especially during a crisis. The results show a negative relationship between trust and deposit withdrawal intention, where gender and education level play an important role.
Ključne besede: trust, financial institution, bank, Slovenia, logistic regression
Objavljeno: 03.04.2017; Ogledov: 70; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Polno besedilo (648,42 KB)

7.
Influence of relationship commitment and trust on collaborative behaviour in supply chains
Sonja Mlaker Kač, Irena Gorenak, Vojko Potočan, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper discusses theoretically and examines empirically the influence of the relationship commitment on collaborative behaviour in supply chains. In today's unstable business environment companies should collaborate to achieve mutual goals and competitive advantage. Defining relationship commitment and collaboration in supply chains (from social exchange theory point of view) is the basis of the research of this paper. Our aim is to examine the influence of relationship commitment on collaboration in supply chains in Slovenian economy. The qualitative research part discusses if the relationship commitment between partners in supply chain influences the collaborative behaviour between partners and which are the antecedents of relationship commitment. The research is based on a quantitative analysis of the online questionnaire survey made on the Slovenian economy. The research results show strong influence of trust and relationship commitment on collaboration between partners in supply chains.
Ključne besede: business ethics, relationship commitment, trust, collaborative behaviour, supply chains
Objavljeno: 02.06.2017; Ogledov: 56; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Polno besedilo (204,76 KB)

8.
Trust, innovation and prosperity
Stanislav Szabo, Vojtech Ferencz, Andreja Pucihar, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Economic development and its determinants, esp. trust or innovation are subjects of several scientific studies. Several authors claim the importance of innovation for economic development. Some studies identified that one of the most crucial factor for economic growth and prosperity is the trust between people. Within the research in this paper we have tried to identify the role of interpersonal trust within the innovation vs. prosperity relation.For this purpose and for causality analysis, we have applied decision tree models. Through our analysis of country based data (involved in trust related WVS surveys) in opposition to current studies, we have identified, that interpersonal trust is more significant determinant of innovation development as prosperity.
Ključne besede: trust, innovation, development, prosperity, study
Objavljeno: 08.08.2017; Ogledov: 42; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Polno besedilo (70,50 KB)

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