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Supplementary material for paper Perceived threat of COVID-19 and future travel avoidance : results from an early convenient sample in Slovenia
Maja Turnšek, Boštjan Brumen, Marjetka Rangus, Mitja Gorenak, Janez Mekinc, Tanja Lešnik Štuhec, 2020, zaključena znanstvena zbirka podatkov ali korpus

Ključne besede: COVID-19, coronavirus, tourism, health threat perception, future travel avoidance, fear appeals
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.11.2020; Ogledov: 15893; Prenosov: 418
.png Raziskovalni podatki (46,91 KB)
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Perceived threat of COVID-19 and future travel avoidance : results from an early convenient sample in Slovenia
Maja Turnšek, Boštjan Brumen, Marjetka Rangus, Mitja Gorenak, Janez Mekinc, Tanja Lešnik Štuhec, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The present study provides a snapshot of Slovenian tourists' perceptions in a historically unique point of time - the early days of the covid-19-related lockdown. Based on an online survey performed in March and April 2020 the study provides first insights into Slovenian tourists% perceived threats of covid-19 on two dimensions: severity and susceptibility; how this depends on their demography and past travel experience and what, in this specific point in time, they think about future travel avoidance. The results have shown that age affects the two measured dimensions of perceived threat and future travel avoidance, but only with women. Furthermore, people who have travelled the most in the past express the least likelihood of avoidance to travel due to the covid -19 pandemic. Those who are more educated, on the other hand, perceive higher risk, yet education has no role in their expressed future travel avoidance. The results, moreover, show that the moral obligation towards taking care of others might be a highly important element in the success factor of covid-19 measures and thus future appeals by the tourism industry. Finally, the results show that we cannot easily predict how the general population will behave regarding their future travel avoidance since the opinions are not polarised in the extremes. This does indicate, however, that tourists will be susceptible to the context-specific factors of future travel decisions, such as assurances of health safety provided by the tourism industry.
Ključne besede: COVID-19, coronavirus, tourism, health threat perception, future travel avoidance, fear appeals
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.11.2020; Ogledov: 753; Prenosov: 184
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Exercises in Travel Writing and Literary Tourism : A Teaching and Learning Experiment
Laura Lupše, Maja Možic, Nuša Cesar, Žiga Zdovc, Marina Majerič, Martina Senekovič, Boštjan Koželj, Jasna Potočnik Topler, 2020

Opis: The book entitled »Exercises in Travel Writing and Literary Tourism – A Teaching and Learning Experiment« emerged as a result of experimental project work in teaching English during the subject English in Tourism – Higher Level 1 at the Faculty of Tourism in Brežice, University of Maribor. This approach included teaching in the classroom, research in libraries and at home, and field work. The collection brings eight very different texts on Travel Writing and Literary Tourism by Master's students of Tourism, who were free in choosing the topic of the texts, their styles and the titles . The field of Travel Writing is significant, not only as its own discourse, a tourism trend and a tool of branding and embedding attractions and/or destinations, but also as a tool of teaching and learning a foreign language, which, along with upgrading specific language knowledge, encourages curiosity, research, creativity, reflection and self-development.
Ključne besede: travel writing, literary tourism, branding, teaching, learning, English language
Objavljeno v DKUM: 29.10.2020; Ogledov: 555; Prenosov: 27
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Understanding the structural complexity of induced travel demand in decision-making : a system dynamics approach
Juan Angarita-Zapata, Jorge Parra-Valencia, Hugo Andrade-Sosa, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and purpose: Induced travel demand (ITD) is a phenomenon where road construction increases vehicles’ kilometers traveled. It has been approached with econometric models that use elasticities as measure to estimate how much travel demand can be induced by new roads. However, there is a lack of “white-box” models with causal hypotheses that explain the structural complexity underlying this phenomenon. We propose a system dynamics model based on a feedback mechanism to explain structurally ITD. Methodology: A system dynamics methodology was selected to model and simulate ITD. First, a causal loop diagram is proposed to describe the ITD structure in terms of feedback loops. Then a stock-flows diagram is formulated to allow computer simulation. Finally, simulations are run to show the quantitative temporal evolution of the model built. Results: The simulation results show how new roads in the short term induce more kilometers traveled by vehicles already in use; meanwhile, in the medium-term, new traffic is generated. These new car drivers appear when better flow conditions coming from new roads increase attractiveness of car use. More cars added to vehicles already in use produce new traffic congestion, and high travel speeds provided by roads built are absorbed by ITD effects. Conclusion: We concluded that approaching ITD with a systemic perspective allows for identifying leverage points that contribute to design comprehensive policies aimed to cope with ITD. In this sense, the model supports decision- making processes in urban contexts wherein it is still necessary for road construction to guarantee connectivity, such as the case of developing countries.
Ključne besede: induced travel demand, system dynamics, decision-making, dynamic modeling
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.01.2018; Ogledov: 1035; Prenosov: 140
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,96 MB)
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Tourism sector, travel agencies, and transport suppliers : comparison of different estimators in the structural equation modeling
Nataša Kovačić, Darja Topolšek, Dejan Dragan, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper addresses the effect of external integration (EI) with transport suppliers on the efficiency of travel agencies in the tourism sector supply chains. The main aim is the comparison of different estimation methods used in the structural equation modeling (SEM), applied to discover possible relationships between EIs and efficiencies. The latter are calculated by the means of data envelopment analysis (DEA). While designing the structural equation model, the exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses are also used as preliminary statistical procedures. For the estimation of parameters of SEM model, three different methods are explained, analyzed and compared: maximum likelihood (ML) method, Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo (BMCMC) method, and unweighted least squares (ULS) method. The study reveals that all estimation methods calculate comparable estimated parameters. The results also give an evidence of good model fit performance. Besides, the research confirms that the amplified external integration with transport providers leads to increased efficiency of travel agencies, which might be a very interesting finding for the operational management.
Ključne besede: tourism sector, structural equation modeling, estimation methods, external integration, efficiency, travel agencies, logistics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.04.2017; Ogledov: 903; Prenosov: 164
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,13 MB)
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Integration of travel agencies with other supply chain members : impact on efficiency
Darja Topolšek, Dejan Dragan, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The performance of tourism supply chains depends on the efficiency of all members involved, including the travel agencies. The paper addresses the analysis of relationships between the agencies' external integration with other supply chain members on one side, and the efficiency of the agencies on the other. The data envelopment analysis is applied for the estimation of efficiencies, while the structural equation modelling (SEM) is conducted for identification of possible integration impacts on the efficiency. Results show that integration with other supply chain members indeed has some positive impacts on the agencies' efficiency. Also, the developed SEM model implies that in-depth forms of collaboration would enable more effective exploitation of the identified relations between the integration and efficiency of the agencies. This finding could be an important guideline for the agencies' management in the sense of achieving more satisfied customers and bigger profits, as well as reduced operational costs.
Ključne besede: tourism sector, supply chains, structural equation modeling, external integration, efficiency, travel agencies, logistics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.04.2017; Ogledov: 755; Prenosov: 177
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,40 MB)
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Odgovornost letalskega prevoznika za zamudo - analiza odločitev Sodišča EU
Frane Krpina, 2015, diplomsko delo

Opis: Diplomska naloga analizira sodne odločbe in sicer tiste, katere je sprejelo Sodišče Evropske Unije in s katerimi je odgovorilo na zastavljena vprašanja nacionalnih sodišč v zvezi z razlago določb in s tem pravnih pojmov Uredbe 261/2004. Sodišča so tista, ki prek sodne prakse skrbijo, da pravo sledi svojemu namenu in da popravi napake, ki so nastale pri sestavi omenjenih aktov. S sodnimi odločbami je sodišče Evropske Unije podalo novo razlago določbam Uredbe 261/2004 in s tem onemogočilo nacionalnim sodiščem, da bi interpretirala določbe po svoje. Dokončno je tudi potrdilo, da akti Evropske skupnosti, ki so namenjeni varovanju potnikov niso v nasprotju z Montrealsko konvencijo in da je potrebno dosledno spoštovati pravna načela. Potnikom je bilo z eno pomembnejših sodnih odločb omogočeno zahtevati oziroma uveljavljati pravico do odškodnine v primeru, da je bil potnikov let odpovedan ali pa da je prišlo do velike zamude, tj. tiste, ki je daljša od treh ur. Vse to pa bi bilo težko dokazati, če ne bi Sodišče Evropske Unije podalo razlago pojma »čas prihoda«.
Ključne besede: Montrealska konvencija, Uredba (ES) 261/2004, zamuda leta, odškodnina, čas prihoda, zadeva Sturgeon, zadeva IATA in ELFAA, zadeva Nelson, zadeva TUI Travel, zadeva Germanwings, zadeva Folkerts.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.05.2016; Ogledov: 1010; Prenosov: 122
.pdf Celotno besedilo (310,22 KB)

Aleš Šopinger, 2013, diplomsko delo

Opis: Science and science fiction as well as the ideas that are used by them are interconnected, yet, while science tries to dismiss or confirm certain ideas, science fiction uses these same ideas as substance for their stories. With the advances in science, it is possible to that some ideas move from the realm of science fiction and become science fact. In the trilogy A Time Odyssey, co-authored by Stephen Baxter and Arthur C. Clarke, we can also find ideas and assumptions that are a part of the realm of science fiction as well as science. A comparison was made between what was written in A Time Odyssey and the view of contemporary science, concerning the ideas and assumptions about the existence of alien life, time travel, and parallel worlds. The comparison showed that the mentioned ideas are a part of science fiction as well as the scientific world, because science is putting a lot of effort in devising mathematical models and theories to dismiss or confirm the ideas that life could exists outside planet Earth, that time travel could be possible, and that parallel worlds could exist, but yet need to be proven.
Ključne besede: science fiction, time travel, alien life, dimensions, science, A Time Odyssey, advancement, technology
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.10.2013; Ogledov: 1598; Prenosov: 132
.pdf Celotno besedilo (287,91 KB)

The trans European railway network : three levels of services for the passengers
Milan Janić, 1996, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper deals with the concept, analysis and measuring of the quality of services offered by the Trans European Railway Network (TERN). A sub-network serving the passengers travelling over the EU (European Union) and some of the non-EU regions are considered. Two sets of network attributes influencing the quality of services are analysed. One set of network physical attributes is represented by the length of the rail lines connecting specific origins and destinations of the passengers. The other set is represented by the time-based attributes used to measure the quality of services offered to the users. These are: travel speeds along particular lines (routes), and how the passenger's schedule delays depend on the train frequencies (e.g. number of trains offered on particular routes of the network in a given period of time). Considered as a common entity these attributes significantly influence the average passenger's travel time (and speed) which, together with out-of-pocket cost paid for travel, have appeared to be the most important criteria influencing the choice of transport mode.
Ključne besede: Trans European Railway Network, passenger transport, quality of services, travel speed, schedule day
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.06.2012; Ogledov: 2050; Prenosov: 32
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