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1.
Response of monocyte-derived dendritic cells to rapidly solidified nickel-titanium ribbons with shape memory properties
Sergej Tomić, Rebeka Rudolf, Mihael Brunčko, Ivan Anžel, V. Savić, Miodrag Čolić, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Ni-Ti Shape Memory Alloys (SMAs) have attracted considerable attention as biomaterials for medical devices. However, the biocompatibility of Ni-Ti SMAs is often unsatisfactory due to their poor surface structure. Here we prepared Rapidly Solidified (RS) Ni-Ti SMA ribbons by melt-spinning and their surface was characterised by Augerelectron spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectrometry and scanning electron microscopy. The biocompatibility of the produced ribbons and their immunomodulatory properties were studied on human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs). We showed that melt-spinning of Ni-Ti SMAs can form a thin homogenous oxide layer, which improves their corrosion resistance and subsequent toxicity to MoDCs. Ni-Ti RS ribbons stimulated the maturation of MoDCs, as detected by changes in the cells' morphology and increased expression of HLA-DR, CD86, CD40 and CD83 molecules. However, Ni-Ti RS ribbons enhanced the tolerogenic properties of immature MoDCs, which produced higher levels of IL-10 and IL-27, driving the differentiation of IL-10- and TGF-β-producing CD4+T cells. On the other hand, in the presence of lipopolysaccharide, an important pro-inflammatory biomolecule, Ni-Ti RS ribbons enhanced the allostimulatory and Th1 polarising capacity of MoDCs, whereas the production of Th2 and Th17 cytokines was down-regulated. In conclusion, Ni-Ti RS ribbons possess substantial immunomodulatory properties on MoDCs. These findings might be clinically relevant, because implanted Ni-Ti SMA devices can induce both desired and adverse effects on the immune system, depending on the microenvironmental stimuli.
Ključne besede: nickel-titanium alloy, biocompatibility, cytokines, immunomodulation, monocyte-derived dendritic cells
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 945; Prenosov: 203
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,35 MB)
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2.
SPLETNA IN MOBILNA APLIKACIJA ZA IZDELAVO TURISTIČNIH ZEMLJEVIDOV
Jani Cerar, 2013, magistrsko delo

Opis: V magistrskem delu bomo predstavili novo spletno in mobilno aplikacijo za izdelavo turističnih zemljevidov. Opisali smo tehnologije potrebne za izdelavo aplikacije. Spletno aplikacijo smo izdelali v PHP, JavaScript, HTML, CSS, jQuery in s pomočjo knjižnic in vtičnikov. Mobilna aplikacija je narejena v Titanium studio. Aplikacija omogoča dodajanje in pogled poti, izletov in objektov.
Ključne besede: spletna aplikacija, mobilna aplikacija, zemljevid, turizem, PHP, CodeIgniter, AJAX, JavaScript, Titanium studio
Objavljeno: 19.09.2013; Ogledov: 1154; Prenosov: 159
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,73 MB)

3.
MOBILNE PLATFORME ZA RAZVOJ APLIKACIJ
Peter Okorn, 2014, diplomsko delo

Opis: V diplomski nalogi sem predstavil zgodovino razvoja brezžične telefonije. Povzel sem značilnosti sodobnih mobilnih operacijskih sistemov in njihovih sistemskih arhitektur. Podrobno sem opisal zgradbo platforme Android in predstavil knjižnice, ki so namenjene razvoju aplikacij. Opisal sem operacijski sistem iOS ter različne arhitekturne nivoje, pomembne za razvijalce aplikacij. Predstavil sem večplatformni način razvoja aplikacij ter lastnosti tega pristopa. V praktičnem delu naloge sem prikazal sodoben način gradnje aplikacije za pregled delovnih mest. Najprej sem aplikacijo razvil na domorodnem orodju za razvoj Android aplikacije. Enako nalogo sem opravil še skozi vidik večplatformnega razvoja aplikacij v ogrodju Titanium. Identificiral sem izzive, s katerimi se srečajo razvijalci aplikacij, in poskusil ugotoviti, kdaj je kateri pristop k razvoju aplikacij bolj primeren.
Ključne besede: Android, iOS, iPhone, mobilne platforme, večplatformni razvoj, BlackBerry OS, Titanium, mobilna aplikacija
Objavljeno: 12.06.2014; Ogledov: 988; Prenosov: 142
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,60 MB)

4.
In-vitro evaluation of the retention of different prefabricated posts luted with different cements
Miloš Maksimović, Aleksandra Špadijer Gostović, Aleksandar Todorović, Nebojša Romčević, Rebeka Rudolf, Ana Todorović, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the mechanical resistance and the retentive force of metal and composite post systems cemented with different types of cements. Three different designs of prefabricated titanium alloy posts were used in the study, i.e., active, passive and combined, as well as AgPd cast posts and two different fibre-reinforced composite post systems. In accordance with the experimental design these posts were cemented with zinc phosphate, self-curing composite resin or self-adhesive, self-etching, luting agent. Comparing the results between the different metal post designs, cemented with zinc phosphate, a statistically significant difference in the retention was found between all the analysed posts. The best results with the pull-out test were obtained with the active posts, then the passive, followed by the combined posts. The metal cast posts cemented conventionally with Zn-phosphate demonstrated the lowest retentive force value, based on all the measurements. The bond strengths between the post and the root dentine were influenced statistically by the post design (active, passive, combined or cast) and material, metal vs. composite. The active Ti posts showed significantly superior retention in combination with all the cements. The Ti alloy posts achieved higher retentive force values than the composite posts, in general. The composite cements compared to the Zn-phosphate ensure a better retentive strength for all the posts, including individually cast posts.
Ključne besede: retention, prefabricated titanium posts, fibre-reinforced composite posts, cements, pull-out testing
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 408; Prenosov: 46
.pdf Celotno besedilo (521,81 KB)
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5.
The effect of nitrogen-ion implantation on the corrosion resistance of titanium in comparison with oxygen- and argon-ion implantations
T. Sundararajan, Zdravko Praunseis, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Commercially pure (CP) titanium was surface modified with nitrogen-, argon- and oxygen-ion implantations in order to investigate the material's corrosion resistance in a simulated body fluid. Five doses were chosen for the ions, ranging from 5.1015 cm-2 to 2.5-1017 cm-2. In-vitro open-cyclic potential-timemeasurements and cyclic polarization studies were carried out to evaluate the corrosion resistance of the modified surface in comparison to an unmodified surface. Specimens implanted at 4.1016 cm-2 and 7.1016 cm-2 showed the optimum corrosion resistance, higher doses showed a detrimental effect on the corrosion resistance. Argon- and oxygen-ion implantation at these doses did not show any improved corrosion resistance, indicating the beneficial role of nitrogen on the corrosion resistance of titanium in the simulated body-fluid environment. Grazing-incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) was employed on the implanted specimens to determine the phases formed with the increasing doses. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) studies on the passive film of the implanted samples and on the unimplanted samples were analyzed in order to understand the role of nitrogen in improving the corrosion resistance. The results of the present investigation indicated that nitrogen-ion implantation can be used as a viable method for improving the corrosion resistance of titanium. The nature of the surface and the reason for the variation and the improvement in the corrosion resistance are discussed in detail.
Ključne besede: metallurgy, ion implantation, orthopedic implants, corrosion, titanium, nitrogen, oxygen, argon
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1334; Prenosov: 51
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,38 MB)
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6.
The correlation between pain perception among patients with six different orthodontic archwires and the degree of dental crowding
Evgenija Marković, Janko Ferčec, Ivana Ščepan, Branislav Glišić, Nenad Nedeljković, Jovana Juloski, Rebeka Rudolf, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: Forces generated in orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances create tension and compression zones in the periodontal ligament resulting in a painful experience for patients. In the first phase of orthodontic treatment, when leveling of teeth is needed, nickel-titanium (NiTi) archwires can be completely engaged in brackets, even in the cases of extreme crowding, exerting small forces. There is a great individual variation in the pain perception related to the application of orthodontic forces. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the pain perception among patients with dental crowding after insertion of six different NiTi orthodontic archwires as a part of fixed appliances in the first stage of orthodontic treatment. Methods: The study was conducted on a sample of 189 orthodontic patients receiving one of six different either superelastic or heat activated NiTi archwires, in the first phase of orthodontic treatment. Pain perception was evaluated in groups of patients with different degree of crowding. The modified McGill Pain Questionnaire with Visual Analogue Scale was used to evaluate the quality and intensity of pain. Statistical analysis was performed using simple descriptive statistics, and Pearson`s chi-square test with statistical significance of p<0.05. Results: Majority of patients reported pain as discomfort or pressure of moderate intensity caused by chewing or biting, started within 12 hours, carried on for 3-4 days, and decreased over time without self-medication. Conclusion: No correlation was found between pain perception among patients with different types of NiTi archwires and the degree of crowding.
Ključne besede: nickel-titanium archwires, pain, dental crowding, orthodontics
Objavljeno: 04.08.2017; Ogledov: 373; Prenosov: 197
.pdf Celotno besedilo (258,88 KB)
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7.
Analysis of interface at explosive welded plates from low-carbon steel and titanium
Borut Kosec, Ladislav Kosec, Gabrijela Čevnik, Peter Fajfar, Mirko Gojić, Ivan Anžel, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: On the basis of experimentally obtained data, it was established that a very thin layer of a melt is generated at the explosive welding of two metals at the bond interface within which impurities flow at the bond during melting. Rapid cooling after the collision generates an alloy of different structure and very small grains of an average thickness app. 1 to 2 micro m. The generation of such an amorphous layer in the bond area has been noticed with various metal combinations and represents a fundamental mechanism of explosive welding of metals. Using the metallographic analysis, the development of the vortices which were formed by the explosive welding of low-carbon steel and titanium plates is described in the paper.
Ključne besede: metallurgy, explosion welding, plates, composites, low-carbon steel, titanium, melt, vortex
Objavljeno: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 394; Prenosov: 50
.pdf Celotno besedilo (123,13 KB)
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8.
Microstructure of NiTi orthodontic wires observations using transmission electron microscopy
Janko Ferčec, Darja Jenko, Borut Buchmeister, Franc Rojko, Bojan Budič, Borut Kosec, Rebeka Rudolf, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This work presents the results of the microstructure observation of six different types of NiTi orthodontic wires by using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Within these analyses the chemical compositions of each wire were observed in different places by applying the EDS detector. Namely, the chemical composition in the orthodontic wires is very important because it shows the dependence between the phase temperatures and mechanical properties. Micro- structure observations showed that orthodontic wires consist of nano-sized grains containing precipitates of Ti2Ni and/or TiC. The first precipitated Ti2Ni are rich in Ti, while the precipitated TiC is rich in C. Further investigation showed that there was a difference in average grain size in the NiTi matrix. The sizes of grains in orthodontic wires are in the range from approximately 50 to 160 nm and the sizes of precipitate are in the range from 0,3 μm to 5 μm.
Ključne besede: orthodontic wires, nickel-titanium orthodontic wire, NiTi wire, shape memory alloys, SMA wires, microstructure, transmission electron microscopy, TEM, average grain size
Objavljeno: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 416; Prenosov: 54
.pdf Celotno besedilo (869,15 KB)
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9.
Influence of Heat Treatments on Microstructure of Electron Beam Additive Manufactured Ti-6Al-4V Alloy
Damir Skuhala, 2020, magistrsko delo

Opis: Additive manufacturing of metallic parts is increasing in popularity and starting to emerge as a new competitive manufacturing process. Printed structures from Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy, produced by electron beam additive manufacturing (EBAM), possess columnar prior β grains and layer bands, alongside an ultrafine lamellar microstructure, which is prone to low ductility and thus requiring thermal post-processing. Several heat treatments were performed in α + β and β field, in one or multiple stages. The results showed that bi-lamellar microstructure can be obtained, and that selection of annealing temperature and cooling rate determines the morphology, thickness, and distribution of both primary and secondary α features. Mechanical properties were evaluated on three selected heat treatments. Annealing of the As-built condition was performed at 710°C (HT1) and 870°C (HT2), resulting in lamellar microstructure with basketweave morphology. In two-stage heat treatment (HT3), the temperature in the first stage has exceeded β transus, while in the second, annealing was performed again at 870°C. The microstructure was characterized as a mixture of lamellar and bi-lamellar with large α colonies inside the rearranged prior β grains. Air cooling was performed in all HT from the final annealing stage. Strength and hardness have decreased with increasingly coarser microstructural features, while fracture toughness was improved, except in HT1, where the decrease in the fracture toughness was mainly attributed to reduced intrinsic toughening. As-built and HT1 conditions were effected by microstructural texture, causing inconsistent fracture morphology, reduced crack roughness and scattering in results. The influence of texture was decreased by coarser microstructure in HT2, while crack tortuosity was increased. Very unpredictable fracture behaviour was observed in HT3 due to large α colonies, as their orientation determines the areas of ductile or cleavage crack propagation.
Ključne besede: Titanium alloys, Ti-6Al-4V, additive manufacturing, EBAM, heat treatments, microstructural optimization, mechanical properties, fracture toughness
Objavljeno: 11.05.2020; Ogledov: 62; Prenosov: 18
.pdf Celotno besedilo (25,14 MB)

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