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Improving equality in the education system of Turkiye
Mahmut Özer, Matjaž Perc, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Success breeds more success, the rich get richer, and the powerful get even more powerful. These are often true in human societies and describe the situation where whatever advantages one has in life frequently beget further advantages over time. The social sciences often describe this phenomenon as the Matthew effect of accumulated advantage, and it is known as preferential attachment in network science. The starting point of the process is often due to the first-mover advantage, under which the first person that achieves something will receive recognition and praise at a rate significantly higher than a person who achieves the same at a later point in time. All this boils down to the fact that unequal opportunities early on in education can translate into greater inequalities later in life. A major goal in the Turkish education system is therefore to ensure equal opportunities as well as equal quality of educational processes starting in preschool and beyond. This study explores the thought processed that have led to the implementation of procedures toward this goal, compares the current state in Turkiye with other OECD countries, and outlines future steps that are in the making for reaching targets throughout the educational system.
Ključne besede: equality, educational systems, cooperation, social physics, government
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.05.2024; Ogledov: 4; Prenosov: 0

On the integrability of persistent quadratic three-dimensional systems
Brigita Ferčec, Maja Žulj, Matej Mencinger, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We consider a nine-parameter familiy of 3D quadratic systems, �˙=�+�2(�,�,�), �˙=−�+�2(�,�,�), �˙=−�+�2(�,�,�), where �2,�2,�2 are quadratic polynomials, in terms of integrability. We find necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of two independent first integrals of corresponding semi-persistent, weakly persistent, and persistent systems. Unlike some of the earlier works, which primarily focus on planar systems, our research covers three-dimensional spaces, offering new insights into the complex dynamics that are not typically apparent in lower dimensions.
Ključne besede: ordinary differential equations, three-dimensional systems, integrability problem, persistent systems
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.05.2024; Ogledov: 91; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (334,34 KB)
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6th International Conference En-Re Energy & Responsibility : Book of Extended Abstracts

Opis: In the context of escalating climate challenges, the EnRe conference is dedicated to exploring pathways to climate neutrality and the sustainable green transition. The conference is focused on the development and implementation of innovations supporting the transformation of energy systems, industrial systems, and living systems, all with the goal of creating a sustainable future with net-zero emissions. The conference brings together experts, researchers, policymakers, and business leaders to share their experiences, research, and visions. The aim of the conference is to foster collaboration and exchange of ideas, and to collectively develop comprehensive approaches and strategies for achieving climate neutrality. This conference is not just a knowledge exchange, but also a platform for encouraging concrete actions that will ensure a greenerand more sustainable future for our next generations to come.
Ključne besede: alternative energy systems, dynamic tariffing, electrical machines and drives, energy conversions, financing energy projects, nuclear energy, conventional energy systems, climate changes - climate pan, mathematical methods in engineering, micro and nano energy, low-carbon technologies and strategies, renewable energy technologies heating and cooling systems, smart buildings, cities and networks, policies and strategies for renewable energy sources, energy efficiency and the climate
Objavljeno v DKUM: 17.05.2024; Ogledov: 83; Prenosov: 18
.pdf Celotno besedilo (10,40 MB)
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Carbon-free heat production for high-temperature heating systems
Sven Gruber, Klemen Rola, Danijela Urbancl, Darko Goričanec, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article presents a new carbon-free heat production technology for district heating, which consists of a combined heat and power generation fuel cell (FC CHP) with CO2 capture and a two-stage cascade high-temperature heat pump (TCHHP). The FC generates heat and electricity, the latter being used to drive the compressors of the TCHHP. During the winter period, the water temperature achieved can occasionally be too low, so it would be heated up with hydrogen gas boilers. The hydrogen would be produced by reforming natural gas, synthetic methane, or biogas. The results are presented with natural gas utilization—the ratio between the obtained heat flow transferred directly to the water for district heating and the input heat flow of natural gas. In the case of a return water temperature of 60 °C and district heating temperature of 85 °C, the TCHHP, whose heat source is groundwater, achieves plant efficiency of 270.04% in relation to the higher heating value (HHV) and 241.74% in relation to the lower heating value (LHV) of natural gas. A case with a TCHHP whose heat source is low-temperature geothermal water achieves a plant efficiency of 361.36% in relation to the HHV and 323.49% in relation to the LHV.
Ključne besede: carbon-free, decarbonization of district heating systems, fuell cell, high-temperature district heating, high-temperature heat pump
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.05.2024; Ogledov: 90; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,32 MB)
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Smart education systems supported by ICT and AI
Boris Aberšek, Andrej Flogie, 2023, predgovor, uvodnik, spremna beseda

Ključne besede: teaching and learning, smart education systems, education and technology, ICT, artificial intelligence
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.04.2024; Ogledov: 184; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (175,31 KB)
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Investigating Winter Temperatures in Sweden and Norway : Potential Relationships with Climatic Indices and Effects on Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Younes Mohammadi, Aleksey Palstev, Boštjan Polajžer, Seyed Mahdi Miraftabzadeh, Davood Khodadad, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents a comprehensive study of winter temperatures in Norway and northern Sweden, covering a period of 50 to 70 years. The analysis utilizes Singular Spectrum Analysis (SSA) to investigate temperature trends at six selected locations. The results demonstrate an overall long-term rise in temperatures, which can be attributed to global warming. However, when investigating variations in highest, lowest, and average temperatures for December, January, and February, 50% of the cases exhibit a significant decrease in recent years, indicating colder winters, especially in December. The study also explores the variations in Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) variations as a crucial climate factor over the last 15 years, estimating a possible 20% decrease/slowdown within the first half of the 21st century. Subsequently, the study investigates potential similarities between winter AMOC and winter temperatures in the mid to high latitudes over the chosen locations. Additionally, the study examines another important climatic index, the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), and explores possible similarities between the winter NAO index and winter temperatures. The findings reveal a moderate observed lagged correlation for AMOC-smoothed temperatures, particularly in December, along the coastal areas of Norway. Conversely, a stronger lagged correlation is observed between the winter NAO index and temperatures in northwest Sweden and coastal areas of Norway. Thus, NAO may influence both AMOC and winter temperatures (NAO drives both AMOC and temperatures). Furthermore, the paper investigates the impact of colder winters, whether caused by AMOC, NAO, or other factors like winds or sea ice changes, on electrical power and energy systems, highlighting potential challenges such as reduced electricity generation, increased electricity consumption, and the vulnerability of power grids to winter storms. The study concludes by emphasizing the importance of enhancing the knowledge of electrical engineering researchers regarding important climate indices, AMOC and NAO, the possible associations between them and winter temperatures, and addressing the challenges posed by the likelihood of colder winters in power systems.
Ključne besede: winter temperatures, biogas, Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, AMOC, weaking, NAO, North Atlantic Oscillation, SSA, Singular Spectrum Analysis, electrical power and energy systems
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.02.2024; Ogledov: 220; Prenosov: 16
.pdf Celotno besedilo (8,94 MB)
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Data sharing concepts : a viable system model diagnosis
Igor Perko, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose Artificial intelligence (AI) reasoning is fuelled by high-quality, detailed behavioural data. These can usually be obtained by the biometrical sensors embedded in smart devices. The currently used data collecting approach, where data ownership and property rights are taken by the data scientists, designers of a device or a related application, delivers multiple ethical, sociological and governance concerns. In this paper, the author is opening a systemic examination of a data sharing concept in which data producers execute their data property rights. Design/methodology/approach Since data sharing concept delivers a substantially different alternative, it needs to be thoroughly examined from multiple perspectives, among them: the ethical, social and feasibility. At this stage, theoretical examination modes in the form of literature analysis and mental model development are being performed. Findings Data sharing concepts, framework, mechanisms and swift viability are examined. The author determined that data sharing could lead to virtuous data science by augmenting data producers' capacity to govern their data and regulators' capacity to interact in the process. Truly interdisciplinary research is proposed to follow up on this research. Research limitations/implications Since the research proposal is theoretical, the proposal may not provide direct applicative value but is largely focussed on fuelling the research directions. Practical implications For the researchers, data sharing concepts will provide an alternative approach and help resolve multiple ethical considerations related to the internet of things (IoT) data collecting approach. For the practitioners in data science, it will provide numerous new challenges, such as distributed data storing, distributed data analysis and intelligent data sharing protocols. Social implications Data sharing may post significant implications in research and development. Since ethical, legislative moral and trust-related issues are managed in the negotiation process, data can be shared freely, which in a practical sense expands the data pool for virtuous research in social sciences. Originality/value The paper opens new research directions of data sharing concepts and space for a new field of research.
Ključne besede: hybrid reality, data sharing, systems thinking, cybernetics, artificial intelligence
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.02.2024; Ogledov: 275; Prenosov: 7
.pdf Celotno besedilo (663,49 KB)
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Innovative structural systems for timber buildings : A comprehensive review of contemporary solutions
Miroslav Premrov, Vesna Žegarac Leskovar, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: The remarkable development of timber construction technologies in recent decades has led to an increase in the number of timber buildings worldwide, including multi-storey buildings. The design of timber buildings, especially those of greater height, is relatively demanding and, even in the context of architectural expression, has certain constraints due to the specific structural and physical properties of this material. Thus, it is important for designers to have an overview of existing timber structural systems and their specificities to be able to make the right design decisions during the design process. Unfortunately, there is a lack of scientific literature that systematically addresses the essential features of contemporary timber structural systems. Within the aims of this paper to provide the systematic review of contemporary structural systems, both the scientific and professional literature are comprehensively reviewed. This paper presents a systematic classification and description of the following structural systems of timber buildings: all-timber and hybrid timber structural systems with an additional description of constituent structural elements, while examples of completed multi-storey timber buildings are also given for each structural system. The findings provide a broader view of the knowledge of contemporary solutions of timber structural systems and their application, thus representing a novelty in the field of timber construction review.
Ključne besede: timber structural systems, hybrid timber structural system, timber-concrete composite, timber-steel composite, timber-timber composite, timber structural elements, timber buildings, multi-storey timber buildings
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.02.2024; Ogledov: 189; Prenosov: 25
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,31 MB)
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A review of hybrid photovoltaic/thermal systems
Klemen Sredenšek, Sebastijan Seme, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The primary objective of this paper is to review state-of-the-art hybrid photovoltaic/thermal systems and their performance analysis. The paper is designed to facilitate the comparison and evaluation of results obtained by other authors. The review was carried out for different types and designs of photovoltaic/thermal modules in indoor and outdoor conditions, as well as for different cooling types and materials.
Ključne besede: photovoltaic/thermal systems, collector type, coolant type, electrical/thermal efficiency
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.12.2023; Ogledov: 461; Prenosov: 16
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,71 MB)
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