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The surgical treatment of osteoarthritis
Peter Brumat, Samo Novak, Matevž Topolovec, Rihard Trebše, 2022, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition affecting the whole joint with the underlying bone, representing a major source of pain, disability, and socioeconomic cost worldwide. Age is considered the strongest risk factor, albeit abnormal biomechanics, morphology, congenital abnormality, deformity, malalignment, limb-length discrepancy, lifestyle, and injury may further increase the risk of the development and progression of osteoarthritis as well. Pain and loss of function are the main clinical features that lead to treatment. Although early manifestations of osteoarthritis are amenable to lifestyle modification, adequate pain management, and physical therapy, disease advancement frequently requires surgical treatment. The symptomatic progression of osteoarthritis with radiographical confirmation can be addressed either with arthroscopic interventions, (joint) preservation techniques, or bone fusion procedures, whereas (joint) replacement is preferentially reserved for severe and end-stage disease. The surgical treatment aims at alleviating pain and disability while restoring native biomechanics. Miscellaneous surgical techniques for addressing osteoarthritis exist. Advanced computer-integrated surgical concepts allow for patient personalization and optimization of surgical treatment. The scope of this article is to present an overview of the fundamentals of conventional surgical treatment options for osteoarthritis of the human skeleton, with emphasis on arthroscopy, preservation, arthrodesis, and replacement. Contemporary computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery concepts are further elucidated.
Ključne besede: osteoarthritis, spine, hip, knee, ankle and foot, shoulder, elbow, wrist and hand, computer-assisted orthopaedic surgery, CAOS
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.08.2023; Ogledov: 353; Prenosov: 49
.pdf Celotno besedilo (7,98 MB)
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Interleukin response in patients treated with abbreviated laparotomy for severe intraabdominal sepsis
Tomaž Jagrič, Maksimiljan Gorenjak, Evgenija Homšak, Bojan Krebs, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: intraabdominal sepsis, surgery, negative wound pressure therapy, interleukin-6, interleukin-10
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.02.2023; Ogledov: 499; Prenosov: 38
.pdf Celotno besedilo (179,64 KB)
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Management of pediatric burn injuries in a tertiary center in North-East Slovenia
Tanja Dukić Vuković, Minja Gregorič, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: burns, children, fluid therapy, surgery
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.02.2023; Ogledov: 461; Prenosov: 44
.pdf Celotno besedilo (141,52 KB)
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Gradivo je zbirka in zajema 1 gradivo!

Sex change in islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) UAE law : a juristic analysis
Hamza Abed al-Karim Hammad, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study elucidates the positions of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) and the laws of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) on transsexuals' surgery. Using comparative analysis, the author concluded that the UAE law does not specify a rule regarding for transsexuals, but does state that in situations where the law is silent, then fiqh should be refereed to. Fiqh prohibits it; thus, the law does as well.
Ključne besede: sexual switch, transsexual, reassignment surgery, islamic law, emirati legislation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 664; Prenosov: 26
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Titanium alloy femoral neck fracture - clinical and metallurgical analysis in 6 cases
Samo K. Fokter, Rebeka Rudolf, Andrej Moličnik, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: hip, arthroplasty, prosthetics, prostheses, implants, injuries, complications, reoperation, orthopedic surgery
Objavljeno v DKUM: 24.07.2017; Ogledov: 1289; Prenosov: 389
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,79 MB)
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Gastric banding outcomes are better if patients participate in the support group
Brane Breznikar, Dejan Dinevski, Gregor Kunst, Barbara Rožej, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Introduction: We analyzed our first five years of performing gastric bandings.We monitored weight reduction in patients with regard to their participation in the support group. Based on our experience, gastric banding is successful only with thorough assessment and treatment before surgery, as well as methodical, professional support after it. Those who participated in the support group more often had a greater weight reduction than those who were present less frequently. Patients and methods: We performed 264 gastric bandings between May 2005 and May 2010 (66.5% of all bariatric procedures). Onaverage, patients were 41.0 years old and had a BMI of 42.4 kg/m2. There were 224 female (84.8%) and 40 male patients (15.2%). We followed 192 patientsfor more than one year. 155 patients (80.7%) were evaluated with BAROS. We excluded patients with hormonal disorders and other pathologies preoperatively. Because gastric banding is not suitable for every patient, we made a thorough psychological evaluation of the patients before the procedure.We offered preoperative and postoperative psychological and dietary support when needed. Results: Patients lost on average 23.4 kg, 31.4 kg and 33.7 kg after the 1st, 2nd and 3rd year, respectively (EWL average of 50.3%, 65.6% and 69.8%, respectively). We monitored the resolution of comorbidities and complications. Both the "comorbidity" and "without comorbidity" groups achieved a grade of "good" on the BAROS quality of life scale (4.85 and 2.64 respectively). Given the Pearson coefficient of r = 0.58 (p < 0.001), we concluded that there is a "moderate to strong" correlation between the number of visits in the support group and EWL. Conclusions: Weight reduction is greater when patients participate in the support group after bariatric surgery.
Ključne besede: bariatric surgery, morbid obesity, gastric banding, support group, comorbidities
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1242; Prenosov: 88
.pdf Celotno besedilo (587,06 KB)
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Layered additive manufacturing in clinical medicine
Igor Drstvenšek, Nataša Ihan Hren, Tadej Strojnik, Vojko Pogačar, Tjaša Zupančič Hartner, Andreja Sinkovič, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The use of contemporary technologies of Computer Assisted Design (CAD), combined with latest rapid prototyping, tooling and manufacturing, with traditional CT scanning techniques and high medical skills are used as instruments for better diagnostic visualization, simulation of procedures and treatment of patients with craniofacial deformities. They also improve the overall performances of medical and nursing staff thus influencing the quality of medical service. Patients with congenital defects, orthognathic deformities, deformities after malignancy treatment or after craniofacial traumatic injuries of different severities are of particular interests due to both aesthetic and functional alterations. The paper presents two clinical cases - a patient with scull bone defect after brain hemorrhage and brain edema as well as a patient with hemifacial microsomia treated by surgery followed by implantation of titanium angular implant prepared by means of computer tomography scans, Computer Aided Design and Rapid Manufacturing technologies.
Ključne besede: rapid prototyping, computer assisted design, maxilla, scull, reconstructive surgery
Objavljeno v DKUM: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 2291; Prenosov: 142
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