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1.
String Universality and Non-Simply-Connected Gauge Groups in 8D
Mirjam Cvetič, Markus Dierigl, Ling Lin, Hao Y. Zhang, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We present a consistency condition for 8D N 1 supergravity theories with nontrivial global structure G=Z for the non-Abelian gauge group, based on an anomaly involving the Z 1-form center symmetry. The interplay with other swampland criteria identifies the majority of 8D theories with gauge group G=Z, which have no string theory realization, as inconsistent quantum theories when coupled to gravity. While this condition is equivalent to geometric properties of elliptic K3 surfaces in F-theory compactifications, it constrains the unexplored landscape of gauge groups in other 8D string models.
Ključne besede: supergravity theories, string theory, 8D string models
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.10.2023; Ogledov: 441; Prenosov: 15
.pdf Celotno besedilo (207,17 KB)
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2.
Flavor symmetries and automatic enhancement in the 6D supergravity swampland
Mirjam Cvetič, Ling Lin, Andrew P. Turner, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We argue for the quantum-gravitational inconsistency of certain 6D N ¼ ð1; 0Þ supergravity theories, whose anomaly-free gauge algebra g and hypermultiplet spectrum M were observed by Raghuram et al. [J. High Energy Phys. 07 (2021) 048] to be realizable only as part of a larger gauge sector ðg0 ⊃ g; M0 ⊃ MÞ in F-theory. To detach any reference to a string theoretic method of construction, we utilize flavor symmetries to provide compelling reasons why the vast majority of such ðg; MÞ theories are not compatible with quantum gravity constraints, and how the “automatic enhancement” to ðg0 ; M0 Þ remedies this. In the first class of models, with g0 ¼ g ⊕ h, we show that there exists an unbroken flavor symmetry h acting on the matter M, which, if ungauged, would violate the no-global-symmetries hypothesis. This argument also applies to 1-form center symmetries, which govern the gauge group topology and massive states in representations different from those of massless states. In a second class, we find that g is incompatible with the flavor symmetry of certain supersymmetric strings that must exist by the completeness hypothesis.
Ključne besede: supergravity theories, supersymmetric strings, quantum gravity constraints, Gauge theories, Higher-dimensional field theories, strings & branes, supergravity, symmetries
Objavljeno v DKUM: 25.09.2023; Ogledov: 172; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (317,88 KB)
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3.
All eight- and nine-dimensional string vacua from junctions
Mirjam Cvetič, Markus Dierigl, Ling Lin, Hao Y. Zhang, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: String and 5-brane junctions are shown to succinctly classify all known 8D N ¼ 1 string vacua. This requires an extension of the description for ordinary ½p; q-7-branes to consistently include O7þ planes, which then naturally encodes the dynamics of spn gauge algebras, including their p-form center symmetries. Central to this analysis are loop junctions, i.e., strings/5-branes which encircle stacks of 7-branes and O7þs. Loop junctions further signal the appearance of affine symmetries of emergent 9D descriptions at the 8D moduli space’s boundaries. Such limits reproduce all 9D string vacua, including the two disconnected rank (1,1) moduli components.
Ključne besede: 9D string vacua, 8D string vacua, anomalies, M-theory, Non-Abelian gauge theories, quantum gravity, string dualities, strings & branes, supergravity, Gauge symmetries
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.09.2023; Ogledov: 205; Prenosov: 16
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,09 MB)
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