1. SupergeometrodynamicsMirjam Cvetič, G. W. Gibbons, Christopher N. Pope, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: We present explicit solutions of the timesymmetric initial value constraints, expressed in terms of freely specifiable harmonic functions for examples of supergravity theories, which emerge as effective theories of compactified string theory. These results are a prerequisite for the study of the timeevolution of topologically nontrivial initial data for supergravity theories, thus generalising the "Geometrodynamics" program of EinsteinMaxwell theory to that of supergravity theories. Specifically, we focus on examples of multiple electric Maxwell and scalar fields, and analyse the initial data problem for the general EinsteinMaxwellDilaton theory both with one and two Maxwell fields, and the STU model. The solutions are given in terms of up to eight arbitrary harmonic functions in the STU model. As a byproduct, in order compare our results with known static solutions, the metric in isotropic coordinates and all the sources of the nonextremal black holes are expressed entirely in terms of harmonic functions. We also comment on generalizations to timenonsymmetric initial data and their relation to cosmological solutions of gauged socalled fake supergravities with positive cosmological constant. Ključne besede: black holes, supergravity, string theory, conformal field models, string duality Objavljeno: 14.06.2017; Ogledov: 202; Prenosov: 36 Celotno besedilo (581,40 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

2. Electrodynamics of black holes in STU supergravityMirjam Cvetič, G. W. Gibbons, Christopher N. Pope, Zain H. Saleem, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: External magnetic fields can probe the composite structure of black holes in string theory. With this motivation we study magnetised fourcharge black holes in the STU model, a consistent truncation of maximally supersymmetric supergravity with four types of electromagnetic fields. We employ solution generating techniques to obtain Melvin backgrounds, and black holes in these backgrounds. For an initially electrically charged static black hole immersed in magnetic fields, we calculate the resultant angular momenta and analyse their global structure. Examples are given for which the ergoregion does not extend to infinity. We calculate magnetic moments and gyromagnetic ratios via Larmor's formula. Our results are consistent with earlier special cases. A scaling limit and associated subtracted geometry in a single surviving magnetic field is shown to lift to AdS(3) x S2. Magnetizing magnetically charged black holes give static solutions with conical singularities representing strings or struts holding the black holes against magnetic forces. In some cases it is possible to balance these magnetic forces. Ključne besede: black holes, supergravity, string theory, conformal field models, string duality Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 211; Prenosov: 103 Celotno besedilo (563,26 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

3. On finiteness of type IIB compactificationsMirjam Cvetič, James Halverson, Denis Klevers, Peng Song, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: The string landscape satisfies interesting finiteness properties imposed by supersymmetry and stringtheoretical consistency conditions. We study N = 1 supersymmetric compactifications of Type IIB string theory on smooth elliptically fibered CalabiYau threefolds at large volume with magnetized D9branes and D5branes. We prove that supersymmetry and tadpole cancellation conditions imply that there is a finite number of such configurations. In particular, we derive an explicitly computable bound on the number of magnetic flux quanta, as well as the number of D5branes, which is independent of the continuous moduli of the setup. The proof applies if a number of easy to check geometric conditions of the twofold base are met. We show that these geometric conditions are satisfied for the almost Fano twofold bases given by each toric variety associated to a reflexive twodimensional polytope as well as by the generic del Pezzo surfaces dP(n) with n = 0, ..., 8. Physically, this finiteness proof shows that there exist a finite collection of fourdimensional gauge groups and chiral matter spectra in the 4D supergravity theories realized by these compactifications. As a byproduct we explicitly construct all generators of the Kaahler cones of dP(n) and work out their relation to representation theory. Ključne besede: black holes, supergravity, string theory, conformal field models, string duality Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 268; Prenosov: 37 Celotno besedilo (1,01 MB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

4. Threefamily particle physics models from global Ftheory compactificationsMirjam Cvetič, Denis Klevers, Damian Kaloni Mayorga Pena, Paul Oehlmann, Jonas Reuter, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: We construct fourdimensional, globally consistent Ftheory models with three chiral generations, whose gauge group and matter representations coincide with those of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, the PatiSalam Model and the Trinification Model. These models result from compactification on toric hypersurface fibrations X with the choice of base P3. We observe that the Ftheory conditions on the G(4)flux restrict the number of families to be at least three. We comment on the phenomenology of the models, and for PatiSalam and Trinification models discuss the Higgsing to the Standard Model. A central point of this work is the construction of globally consistent G(4)flux. For this purpose we compute the vertical cohomology HV((2,2)) (X) in each case and solve the conditions imposed by matching the M and Ftheoretical 3D ChernSimons terms. We explicitly check that the expressions found for the G(4)flux allow for a cancellation of D3brane tadpoles. We also use the integrality of 3D ChernSimons terms to ensure that our G(4)flux solutions are adequately quantized. Ključne besede: black holes, supergravity, string theory, conformal field models, string duality Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 433; Prenosov: 91 Celotno besedilo (890,06 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...

5. Vacuum polarization of STU black holes and their subtracted geometry limitMirjam Cvetič, G. W. Gibbons, Zain H. Saleem, Alejandro Satz, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: We study the vacuum polarization of a massless minimally coupled scalar field at the horizon of fourcharge STU black holes. We compare the results for the standard asymptotically flat black holes and for the black holes obtained in the "subtracted limit", both in the general static case and at the horizon pole for the general rotating case. The original and the subtracted results are identical only in the BPS limit, and have opposite sign in the extremal Kerr limit. We also compute the vacuum polarization on the static solutions that interpolate between both the original and the subtracted case through a solutiongenerating transformation and show that the vacuum polarization stays positive throughout the interpolating solution. In the appendix we provide a closedform solution for the Green's function on general (static or rotating) subtracted black hole geometries. Ključne besede: black holes, supergravity, string theory, conformal field models, string duality Objavljeno: 27.06.2017; Ogledov: 385; Prenosov: 80 Celotno besedilo (372,93 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več...
