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The standards of proof in medical malpractice cases
Nina Cek, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article examines the procedural aspect of medical malpractice cases. It focuses on the differences in standards of proof by first explaining the characteristics of the Slovenian legal system and then comparing it with German and English legal systems. The author sheds light on the approach of the EU court on the question of the responsibility of the manufacturer for the product (vaccine) and suggests the direction to use a broader framework for the evaluation of evidence and presumptions. Given the disclosed problems of proving through the help of a medical expert, the article emphasizes the importance of respect for human rights in civil proceedings. Particular emphasis is also placed on no-fault systems and the question is raised of how the introduction of such a system into the Slovenian legal system would affect the perceived problem of proving a medical error and informed consent omission.
Ključne besede: medical malpractice, expert evidence, standards of proof, no-fault system, civil procedure rules
Objavljeno: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 74; Prenosov: 17
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Questionable research practices
Gorazd Meško, Aleksander Koporec, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The purpose of this article is to discuss deviance in science due to increasing pressures on researchers and higher education pedagogues to be more effective and efficient in the ‘academic production’. Design/Methods/Approach: A literature review and reflection. Findings: The authors present a criminological view of deviance in science, discussing the perception of unsuitable scientific and research practices, questionable research practices, ethics and integrity in science, suitable behaviour of researchers in scientific work, and make recommendations for improving the ethics of scientific research in practice. The discussion on deviance in science is based on Merton’s principles of science (1973): the public presentation of knowledge and sharing of ideas, leading to common ownership of scientific discoveries, in which scientists disclaim their intellectual rights to their own insights in exchange for recognition and reputation. An impartial approach and universalism, in which truth is judged by impersonal, universal criteria, rather than based on race, social and economic status, sex, faith, or nationality and other subjective categories is presented and questioned. A non-profit/selfless orientation in which scientists are rewarded for selfless activities, and planned/organized scepticism – that all ideas must be tested, subject to rigorous scientific rules and public disclosure. The authors discuss these principles and connect them with scientific and research practice in Slovenia and abroad. Research limitations/implications: Research results are generalisable as deviance in science occurs in all cultures and have a global impact. Deviance in science is still an under-researched taboo topic and it needs to be discussed. Practical implications: A useful source of information for awareness raising and the improvement of quality of research work. Originality/Value: This paper extends understanding of possible deviance in science and factors related to such practices. The main value of this reflection is to facilitate understanding of factors of deviance in science and trigger a discussion on deviance among scientists.
Ključne besede: science, deviance, research, academic promotion standards, strain
Objavljeno: 12.05.2020; Ogledov: 301; Prenosov: 11
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Harmonization of the Police law of the Republic of Serbia with the European standards of human rights protection
Tomislav Radović, Žarko Braković, 2015, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: Universality of human rights as part of natural and inalienable civilization values makes the rights a current issue of scientific treatment from various aspects. Legal regulation of human rights has both international and national component. On the other hand, governmental law-enforcement organizations play a very significant role in the realization, implementation and protection of human rights. A significant segment of the national legislation compliance belongs to the harmonization of laws and other state regulations with the European standards concerning human rights. With this work authors tried to realize the opportunities for further harmonization of police regulations in Serbia related to the field of human rights in accordance with European standards. Design/Methods/Approach: The authors use the method of analyzing expert literature, laws, international regulations and legal sources, as well as the descriptive method, the method of analysis and synthesis, the inductive-deductive method, and the compilation method. Findings: Serbia is obliged to comply with the laws of the European Union as part of the Stabilization and Association Agreement. The overall harmonization of law will certainly require harmonizing law-enforcement laws and provisions. The current Law on Police will very quickly be replaced by a new legislature in that, inter alia, pay special attention to compliance with its provisions with European human rights standards. Originality/Value: The article is a comprehensive, critical and presents a detailed analysis of the situation and proposals for harmonization of police regulations with European human rights standards. With regard to the process of Serbia joining the European Union conclusions expressed office may be relevant to the preparation of accession negotiations in the chapters dealing with such problems. The paper also aims at preparing a new impetus to the Police Act of the Republic of Serbia on issues related to normative regulation of human rights performance.
Ključne besede: harmonization, human rights, police, organization, standards, Serbia
Objavljeno: 16.04.2020; Ogledov: 219; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (366,53 KB)
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ISO 19011 and ISO 26000
Manuela Ingaldi, Dorota Klimecka-Tatar, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Ključne besede: quality management systems, companies, organizations, quality standards, environmental standards, ISO 19011, ISO 26000
Objavljeno: 10.05.2018; Ogledov: 496; Prenosov: 45
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,79 MB)

Quality standards
Manuela Ingaldi, Dorota Klimecka-Tatar, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Ključne besede: quality management systems, companies, organizations, quality standards, ISO 9000
Objavljeno: 10.05.2018; Ogledov: 424; Prenosov: 63
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,14 MB)
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Manuela Ingaldi, Dorota Klimecka-Tatar, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: The companies operating within the so-understood environment, affecting it, have led its degradation. Therefore, to prevent further pollution, a number of laws, policies and strategies were introduced. The article briefly describes all the most important rules. According to the Polish and EU legislation, these companies must take care of the environment and properly manage waste generated during the production process (Ingaldi 2013a). The waste management is particularly a major challenge for small and medium sized company mainly due to the costs connected with adaptation to the existing legislation. Not every company can afford such changes. Very often the companies prefer to pay the penalty because, from the economic point of view, it is lower than these costs. Very often, it also appears that investments in the environmental protection repeatedly exceed the amount of any possible benefits that can be achieved. However, despite of the situation on market there are a lot of companies for which the natural environment is a priority (Ingaldi 2013b). One of the most important element is environmental management is recycling of secondary raw materials. It helps to reduce raw materials, which in turn contributes to the protection of natural resources of the earth. It also reduces the amount of space in landfills. The use of waste, which are carriers of energy, is a component of efficient energy management (Lestyánszka Škůrková, Ingaldi 2014; Ingaldi Borkowski 2014). Management systems, especially environmental management systems, are very helpful tools in environmental management in companies. A management system is the framework of processes and procedures used to ensure that an organization can fulfil all tasks required to achieve its objectives. The environmental management system enables organizations to improve their environmental performance through a process of continuous improvement. It is therefore important to convince managers of companies to be interested in such systems. The object of this chapter is to help a reader to find summary about main standards of management systems, e.g.: EMAS, ISO 14000, ISO 9000 and ISO 26000.
Ključne besede: environmental management systems, environmental standards, EMAS, ISO 14000, ISO 9000, ISO 26000
Objavljeno: 10.05.2018; Ogledov: 479; Prenosov: 36
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,15 MB)
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ISO 14000 - the purpose of environmental standard and its implementation
Borut Jereb, Matjaž Knez, Darja Kukovič, Tina Cvahte, Matevž Obrecht, Manuela Ingaldi, Dorota Klimecka-Tatar, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: International Organization for Standardization was founded with the aim to develop and introduce international trade using harmonized international standards in the field of manufacturing, trade and communications. The organization has its members in more than 120 countries whose representatives can participate in the creation of standards. ISO standards are voluntary and consensual. Countries often include these standards in their regulation and business sector (industry) often define them in the request of the market, and in both cases the use of standard becomes mandatory.
Ključne besede: environmental management, environmental standards, environmental performance, companies
Objavljeno: 10.05.2018; Ogledov: 437; Prenosov: 36
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1000,67 KB)
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Environmental management & audit 1: Scarcity & introduction to environmental management
2016, znanstvena monografija

Opis: The present scientific monograph, entitled “Environmental management & audit“, is the result of three years’ work on an international project entitled “Environmental management in Russian companies – retraining courses for the sensibilization for and integration of Eco-Audit programs in corporate decision-making (RECOAUD)”. Within its more than 600 pages, the monograph features interesting texts written by 31 authors from the European Union and the Russian Federation, edited by dr. Borut Jereb, Darja Kukovič and dr. Daria Meyr. The monograph “Environmental management & audit“ is composed of four books: “Scarcity and Introduction of Environmental Management”, “Management Systems”, “Controlling and Stakeholders”, and “Environmental Assessment” (Featured Articles). These four topics reflect the complexity, heterogeneity and multidisciplinary of the project Tempus RECOAUD. The reader of the monograph gets a comprehensive overview of theoretical perspectives of environmental management and audit in the chosen areas. Furthermore, the monograph also highlights the results of research in the field of environmental management and audit as well as trends and challenges in the development of this field. Providing insight into theoretical and research findings, the monograph will prove useful to both practitioners and researchers in the field of environmental management and audit; it can also be used for study purposes.
Ključne besede: environmental management, climate change, sustainability, social responsibility, environmental standards
Objavljeno: 09.05.2018; Ogledov: 720; Prenosov: 253
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,84 MB)
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Codes of ethics and codes of conduct for using ICT in education
Franci Pivec, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Codes of conduct (and ethical codes) are a way of ensuring that positive impact in the community prevails. Higher education environments that have standardized ICT management show higher quality of performance if compared to those who have not. Also characteristic for these environments is their strong willingness for change. A university is a place of scientific communication and, thus, ICT and especially the Internet represent access to a new development phase to which the best universities are strongly dedicated. In this way, also ethics returns to the core of the mission undertaken by higher education institutions. Many countries around the world are adopting National Educational Technology Standards (NETS), which have been developed and are continuously updated within the ISTE Association and at the same time represent a code of conduct for students, teachers, administrators and all others involved in high-quality study. These standards must be supported with code of ethics, because they depend on considerations of important moral values.
Ključne besede: ethics, conduct, codes, education, IT, National Educational Technology Standards, NETS, information technology
Objavljeno: 29.11.2017; Ogledov: 561; Prenosov: 224
.pdf Celotno besedilo (433,26 KB)
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What should a lower primary school teacher be like from a school management's point of view?
Martin Skutil, Martina Maněnová, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Current society requires a high level of performance from teachers. There are some ideas about ideal teachers concerning either their professional and didactic skills or personality. This article presents some partial results of our research in which we wanted to find out the ideas that school leaders have about primary school teachers. This project was based on empirical research that was done qualitatively and quantitatively and is general ly divided into two phases. Combining both approaches seemed to be a convenient research strategy with the first phase, being a quality-based interview followed by a quantity-based study. The results show that school leaders mostly expect their teachers to have the following personal characteristics: emotional stability, resistance to stress, tolerance, openness, a sense of humor, ability to be self-critical, compassion as well as being skilled in didactics. The most important professional competence school leaders chose was psycho-didactical competence. Managerial and normative competences were set back.
Ključne besede: key teacher-competences, requirements of teachers, profession standards
Objavljeno: 12.10.2017; Ogledov: 639; Prenosov: 70
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,14 MB)
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