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Review of bioplastics characterisation by terahertz techniques in the view of ensuring a circular economy
Andreja Abina, Tjaša Korošec, Uroš Puc, Aleksander Zidanšek, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: The increasing scarcity of natural resources, worsening global climate change, environmental degradation, and rising demand for food are forcing the biotechnology and plastics industries to seek and apply circular economy models that would lead to a sustainable transition in the production and use of bioplastics. Circular economy models can improve the economic productivity of bio-based plastics and have a positive impact on the environment by reducing conventional plastic waste and the consumption of petrochemical feedstocks for plastic production. In addition, some agricultural wastes that have the potential to be used as bioplastics can be reused. Terahertz (THz) systems are already used in the plastics and rubber industries for non-destructive testing, detection, imaging, and quality control. Several reports have highlighted the potential applications of THz spectroscopy and imaging in polymer analysis and plastics characterisation. This potential is even greater with chemometric methods and artificial intelligence algorithms. In this review, we focus on applications that support the transformation of the biotechnology sector to the circular economy, particularly via the transition from conventional plastics to bioplastics. In this review, we discuss the potential of THz systems for the characterisation and analysis of bioplastics and biopolymers. The results of previous studies on biopolymers in the THz frequency range are summarised. Furthermore, the potential of using artificial intelligence approaches such as machine learning as advanced analytical methods in THz spectroscopy and imaging, in addition to the conventionally used chemometric methods, is discussed. The results of this review highlight that THz technology can contribute to closed technological circles in important areas of biotechnology and the related plastics and rubber industries.
Ključne besede: terahertz spectroscopy, terahertz imaging, circular economy, biopolymer, biotechnology, bioplastics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.04.2024; Ogledov: 256; Prenosov: 179
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,14 MB)
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Analytical gas sensing in the terahertz spectral range
Andreja Abina, Uroš Puc, Mojca Jazbinšek, Aleksander Zidanšek, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Exploiting the terahertz (THz) part of the electromagnetic spectrum is attracting attention in various scientific and applied disciplines worldwide. THz technology has also revealed its potential as an effective tool for gas analysis in astronomy, biomedicine and chemical analysis. Recently, it has also become important in environmental applications for monitoring hazardous and toxic gases in the atmosphere. This paper gives an overview of THz gas detection analytical methods for environmental and biomedical applications, starting with a brief introduction to THz technology and an explanation of the interaction of THz radiation with gaseous species and the atmosphere. The review focuses on several gaseous species and groups of air pollutants that have been or can be analysed by THz spectrometry. The review concludes that different but complementary THz detection methods allow unique detection, identification and quantification of gaseous and particulate air pollutants with high selectivity, specificity and sensitivity. THz detection methods also allow further technological improvements and open new application possibilities.
Ključne besede: terahertz spectroscopy, gas sensing, air pollution, environmental monitoring
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.03.2024; Ogledov: 127; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,72 MB)
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Urinary metabolic biomarker profiling for cancer diagnosis by terahertz spectroscopy : review and perspective
Andreja Abina, Tjaša Korošec, Uroš Puc, Mojca Jazbinšek, Aleksander Zidanšek, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: In the last decade, terahertz (THz) technologies have been introduced to the detection, identification, and quantification of biomolecules in various biological samples. This review focuses on substances that represent important biomarkers in the urine associated with various cancers and their treatments. From a diagnostic point of view, urine liquid biopsy is particularly important because it allows the non-invasive and rapid collection of large volumes of samples. In this review, the THz spectral responses of substances considered metabolic biomarkers in urine and obtained in previous studies are collected. In addition, the findings from the relatively small number of prior studies that have already been carried out on urine samples are summarised. In this context, we also present the different THz methods used for urine analysis. Finally, a brief discussion is given, presenting perspectives for future research in this field, interpreted based on the results of previous studies. This work provides important information on the further application of THz techniques in biomedicine for detecting and monitoring urinary biomarkers for various diseases, including cancer.
Ključne besede: terahertz spectroscopy, urinary biomarkers, metabolic biomarkers, cancer diagnostics, biomolecules, non-invasive detection, biomedical detection
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.03.2024; Ogledov: 139; Prenosov: 20
.pdf Celotno besedilo (12,51 MB)
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Nanomaterials and their recent applications in impedimetric biosensing
Zala Štukovnik, Regina Fuchs-Godec, Urban Bren, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Impedimetric biosensors measure changes in the electrical impedance due to a biochemical process, typically the binding of a biomolecule to a bioreceptor on the sensor surface. Nanomaterials can be employed to modify the biosensor's surface to increase the surface area available for biorecognition events, thereby improving the sensitivity and detection limits of the biosensor. Various nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, quantum dots, metal nanoparticles, and graphene oxide nanoparticles, have been investigated for impedimetric biosensors. These nanomaterials have yielded promising results in improving sensitivity, selectivity, and overall biosensor performance. Hence, they offer a wide range of possibilities for developing advanced biosensing platforms that can be employed in various fields, including healthcare, environmental monitoring, and food safety. This review focuses on the recent developments in nanoparticle-functionalized electrochemical-impedimetric biosensors.
Ključne besede: impedimetric biosensor, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, nanomaterials, metal nanoparticles, carbon nanofibers, carbon nanotubes, graphene oxide, quantum dots
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.02.2024; Ogledov: 6082; Prenosov: 19
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,14 MB)
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Frequency range optimization for continuous wave Terahertz imaging
Blaž Pongrac, Andrej Sarjaš, Dušan Gleich, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: S krajšimi valovnimi dolžinami kot mikrovalovi in večjo globino prodora v material kot infrardeča svetloba, valovi v TeraHertz-nem (THz) spektru ponujajo edinstvene možnosti testiranja materialov. THz tehnologija ponuja neinvazivna in nedestruktivna testiranja v obliki spektroskopije in slikanja. Najbolj uporabljeni sistemi za THz slikanje so sistemi spektroskopije v časovni domeni. Vendar sistemi spektroskopije frekvenčne domene ponujajo odlično frekvenčno ločljivost in so primerni za biomedicinske aplikacije. THz-no slikanje na podlagi spektroskopije v frekvenčnem prostoru je časovno kompleksno in ima pomanjkljivosti zaradi napak pri generiranju THz valov. V tem članku je predstavljen nov princip enodimenzionalnega zajemanja s THz valovi. Predlagana optimizacija frekvenčnega območja temelji na konvolucijski nevronski omreži. Predstavljena je frekvenčna optimizacija za določitev optimalnega frekvenčnega območja za zajem podatkov. Optimalno frekvenčno območje ali pasovna širina morata biti dovolj široka za učinkovito zaznavanje faze in morata biti na presečišču več spektralnih odtisov v opazovanem mediju. Presek spektralnih odtisov je ocenjen z uporabo predlaganega algoritma za optimizacijo frekvenčnega območja, ki temelji na konvolucijski nevronski mreži in algoritmu za občutljivost okluzije. Predlagani algoritem izbira samodejno najobčutljivejši frekvenčni pas THz spektra in omogoča zelo hitre zajeme za pregled in klasifikacijo objektov.
Ključne besede: terahertz, spectroscopy, imaging, convolutional neural network, occlusion sensitivity, optimization
Objavljeno v DKUM: 07.12.2023; Ogledov: 345; Prenosov: 17
.pdf Celotno besedilo (8,82 MB)
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Assessment of the Capability of Magnetic Nanoparticles to Recover Neodymium Ions from Aqueous Solution
Ana Ambrož, Irena Ban, Thomas Luxbacher, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have received increasing attention for various applications due to their fast synthesis, versatile functionalization, and recyclability by the application of a magnetic field. The high surface-to-volume ratio of MNP dispersions has suggested their use as an adsorbent for the removal of heavy metal ions. We investigated the applicability of MNPs composed of a maghemite core surrounded by a silica shell functionalized with aminopropylsilane, γ-Fe2O3-NH4OH@SiO2(APTMS), for the removal of neodymium ions (Nd3+) from aqueous solution. The MNPs were characterized for their size, composition, surface functionality and charge. Despite of the promising properties of MNPs, their removal from the aqueous dispersion with an external magnet was not sufficient to reliably quantify the adsorption of Nd3+ by UV-Vis spectroscopy.
Ključne besede: rare earth elements, maghemite, nanoparticles, UV-Vis spectroscopy, adsorption
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.08.2023; Ogledov: 382; Prenosov: 23
.pdf Celotno besedilo (829,86 KB)
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Removal of neodymium ions from aqueous solution by magnetic nanoparticles : magistrsko delo
Ana Ambrož, 2021, magistrsko delo

Opis: This work is focused on the synthesis and characterization of surface-functionalized γ-Fe2O3-NH4OH@SiO2(APTMS) nanoparticles, their applications, and performance for Nd3+ removal from aqueous solutions, with an emphasis on the characterization of MNPs and Nd(NO3)3•6H2O. The γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticles were obtained by the co-precipitation method, stabilized with ammonia solution, and functionalized by SiO2 and APTMS. Neodymium nitrate hexahydrate (Nd(NO3)3•6H2O) used in aqueous solution was synthesised from neodymium oxide (Nd2O3) powder. The thermal behaviour and stability of the magnetic nanoparticles and Nd(NO3)3•6H2O was studied with thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) in O2, N2, and air atmosphere. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images were obtained in order to analyse the particle morphology and measure the size distribution of the nanoparticles. The hydrodynamic diameter of particles and the zeta potential were measured to determine the stability of particles in the solution. ATR-FTIR spectroscopy was used to confirm the functionalization of the magnetic nanoparticles and the adsorption of Nd3+ ions. The effect of the REE adsorption on the MNPs was studied by comparing the sample’s UV-Vis absorption spectra. The laboratory testing and analysis of the results indicate promising applications for the removal of the REE from aqueous solutions with magnetic nanoparticles. However, the coating of the MNP core by SiO2(APTMS) is inefficient for the removal of Nd3+ ions.
Ključne besede: Magnetic nanoparticles, Rare earth elements, Neodymium, Adsorption, Zeta potential, UV-Vis spectroscopy
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.05.2021; Ogledov: 1453; Prenosov: 155
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,51 MB)

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