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1.
Implementation of climate change effects on slope stability analysis
Tamara Bračko, Bojan Žlender, Primož Jelušič, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The objective of this study is to determine the impacts of expected climate change on slope stability. For this purpose, the case study of a slope instability, that was triggered in 2021 was selected. The stability analysis was performed considering the theory of rainfall infiltration and using Geo-Studio’s SEEP/W module for the surface infiltration model of the slope. A parametric stability analysis of the slope was conducted to determine the importance of climate change on slope stability. Conditions for changes in volumetric water content, water permeability, porewater pressure, and groundwater flow are important. When soil permeability is low, the factor of safety decreases during rainfall events and on the days following, while when permeability is higher, safety increases after rainfall events. The effect of lower cohesion is nearly linear, with the factor of safety decreasing by 0.1 for every 1 kPa less cohesion. The increase in net infiltration of water may be the most critical factor for slope instability. The results of the analysis indicate that timely reduction of water net infiltration through planting and proper surface water runoff from the upper road and slope would be a relatively simple and inexpensive measure compared to the cost of remediating the landslide, considering expected climate change. Therefore, it is advisable to analyze all slopes with respect to the expected climate change, taking into account the potential impacts of climate change.
Ključne besede: climate change adaptation, slope stability, rainfall infiltration, water net infiltration, seepage analyses
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.08.2023; Ogledov: 368; Prenosov: 32
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,01 MB)
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2.
Lessons learnt from field tests in some potentially unstable slopes in Switzerland
Sarah Springman, Armin Askarinejad, Francesca Casini, Sven Friedel, Peter Kinzler, Philipp Teysseire, Andrea Thielen, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Rain-induced slope instability is a significant natural hazard in Switzerland, Slovenia and elsewhere in Europe. This contribution was prepared especially for the 12th Šuklje Symposium, and recognises that landslides occur both in mountain regions as well as in lowland regions during and following extreme-rainfall conditions. The Institute (and Professorship) for Geotechnical Engineering at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zürich) has been engaged over several years in projects concerned with the characterisation, monitoring and modelling behaviour of slopes in mainly granular porous media across the full range of altitudes in Switzerland. A link is made to the doyen of the Šuklje day and then three case histories are presented and discussed to demonstrate the principal reactions to seasonal rainfall. A small slip was released in two of these cases and the “triggering” factors have been investigated and are discussed in this contribution. It transpires that the mode of inslope drainage influences the way in which the ground saturates and hence the volume of the potentially unstable ground. Simple stability analyses using limit equilibrium and soil parameters that have been amended to account for unsaturated soil behaviour were found to function well for slopes in largely granular media.
Ključne besede: rain-induced landslides, slope stability, case histories, monitoring, characterisation, modelling
Objavljeno v DKUM: 13.06.2018; Ogledov: 1125; Prenosov: 158
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,79 MB)
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3.
Analytical and numerical factor of safety (uls) calculations on reinforced embankments
Tadej Vidnar, 2017, magistrsko delo

Opis: This thesis deals with factor of safety calculations on geogrid reinforced embankments carried out by commonly used limit equilibrium (LEM) and finite element methods (FEM). The study utilize LEM based software SLIDE and FEM based software PHASE2. The main difference between these two approaches is that the LEM methods are based on the static of equilibrium whereas FEM methods utilise the stress strain relationship. Unlike to LEM, numerical analysis also computes displacements. For practical example of a geogrid reinforced embankment the factor of safeta (FoS) is calculated. Reinforced soil structures are nowadays utilized for a lot of civil engineering applications. Traditionally, the design of geogrid reinforced soil is performed using analytical methods (LEM). Unfortunately, these methods missing the fundamental physics of stress-strain relationship and are therefore not able to compute a realistic stress distribution. In first step of the analysis the FoS is carried out with analytical approach. The most rigorous LEM methods, Bishop’s, Spencer’s and Morgenstern-Price are selected and the FoS for circular and polygonal slip surface is calculated. In second step of the analysis the FoS is carried out with numerical approach. Shear strength reduction (SSR) procedure was performed to determine the critical strength reduction factor (SRF) which represents the FoS of slope.
Ključne besede: civil engineering, finite element method (FEM), limit equilibrium method (LEM), embankments, slope stability, bearing capacity failure, geosynthetics, geogrids, shear strains
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.09.2017; Ogledov: 1349; Prenosov: 196
.pdf Celotno besedilo (17,05 MB)

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