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1.
Signal processor for optical fiber sensors based on MEMS Fabry-Perot interferometer
Nikola Uremović, 2020, magistrsko delo

Opis: In the master thesis, we have created an interrogation system for measuring the change of the optical path in the Fabry-Perot interferometer caused by the strain of the surface at which it was attached to. The change of strain can be calculated via a change in optical path length which is visible as a shift in phase angle. The system will be used as a system for measuring strain, although it can be used for measuring various physical parameters that can cause a change in optical path length, such as pressure, force, temperature, etc. Initially, the theoretical background of the system and project components are represented and explained, following the building process of the electronic and optical part of the project. Lastly, the working principle and programming algorithms of a system are presented and explained. Measurement results are shown at the end, as well as the conclusion that is drawn from the thesis.
Ključne besede: optical fibers, sensors, interferometer, signal processing
Objavljeno: 04.11.2020; Ogledov: 107; Prenosov: 29
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,11 MB)

2.
Upgrading the Management of Electronic Systems in a Passenger Car
Josip Sučec, 2019, magistrsko delo

Opis: The master's thesis introduces the process of modernizing an older model of a passenger car. The mechanical, electrical and programming solutions were required to upgrade the existing car. Upgrades have been made to improve safety, comfort and performance. The safety upgrades contain the development and implementation of the brake temperature and the tire pressure monitoring system, respectively. The comfort upgrades include the car’s light system and accessory improvements, such as “follow me home” function and automatic window closing. The performance upgrades include installation of racing coilovers and the development of remote damping ratio adjustment system. For the central logic unit, a vehicle specific Android device was installed. It controls the local electronic control units made for each specific task and displays tire pressures and brake temperatures. The Android device communicates with the electromechanical car systems by using several serial buses. The communication protocols and their messages in the original car had to be reverse engineered to establish proper communication among the systems in the upgraded car.
Ključne besede: passenger car, serial buses, reverse engineering, adjustable suspension, sensors
Objavljeno: 02.08.2019; Ogledov: 486; Prenosov: 94
.pdf Celotno besedilo (6,95 MB)

3.
Challenges of on-line condition monitoring of hydraulic oils
Vito Tič, Darko Lovrec, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Ensuring adequate quality of hydraulic oil and planning its change is crucial for a stable and smooth operation of many industrial machines. The best reliability can certainly be provided by using continuous monitoring of hydraulic oils, which is usually carried out remotely by means of modern online sensors. Nevertheless, the development and implementation of such a system represents a unique challenge, since the measurement of the oil condition is much more complicated than measuring usual operating parameters, such as pressure or temperature.
Ključne besede: hydraulic oil, quality, on-line monitoring, oil change, modern sensors
Objavljeno: 10.10.2017; Ogledov: 430; Prenosov: 241
.pdf Celotno besedilo (370,30 KB)

4.
Interface between macro and nano worlds
Gregor Škorc, Riko Šafarič, David Lukman, Sirhiy Ivanovich Protsenko, Simon Zapusek, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper describes the design of a nanorobotic application which includes: nanorobotic arm, Akiyama sensor system, a vacuum chamber, and an interface tools for the nanorobotic hardware developed using C++ and VRML languages in order to create a desktop virtual-reality environment which improves visualisation and prevents collision of the nanomanipulator hardware with the associated workspace. The presented experiment shows how the used man-machine interface could be used for communication between macro and micro/nano worlds.
Ključne besede: nanorobotics, virtual-reality, sensors system
Objavljeno: 19.07.2017; Ogledov: 618; Prenosov: 272
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,70 MB)
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5.
Determination of penicillamine by batch and flow-injection potentiometry with AgI-based sensor
Njegomir Radić, Josipa Komljenović, Danilo Dobčnik, 2000, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Potentiometric determination of penicillamine (pen) is described based on a batch experiment and flow-injection analysis (FIA) using a chemical sensor with AgI-based membrane. The membrane was prepared by pressing silver salts (AgI, Ag2S) and powdered Teflon. This membrane was incorporated in a multipurpose electrode body for batch measurements, and in a tabular flow-through sensor body for FIA measurements. For batch measurements, the equilibrium potentials recorded with continuous addition of standard penicillamine solution were considered in relation to ▫$lg(c_pen/mol L^-1)$▫. Linear response with slope of 60 mV was obtained in the concentration range from 2.5 x ▫$10^5$▫ mol ▫$L^1$▫ to 1.8 x ▫$10^-2$▫mol ▫$L-1$▫. In using the tubular sensor with a membrane of the same coposition for FIA measurements, the linear response with slope of 59 mV was recorded in the concentration range from 1 x ▫$10^4$▫ mol ▫$L^1$▫ to 1 x ▫$10^-1$▫ mol ▫$L^-1$▫. The response of the applied chemical sensor to penicillamine (designated also as RSH) is explained by the formation of sparingly soluble RSAg in the reaction solution and/or the exposed surface of the sensor. The solubility product ▫$K_s(RSAg)$▫ was determined using experimental values recorded both by batch measurements and by the continuous-flow experiment. The mean value obtained by different measurements and using a membrane of the same composition is ▫$K_s(RSAg)$▫ = (1.4+-0.1) x ▫$10^-20$▫ mol ▫$L-2$▫).
Ključne besede: analytical chemistry, batch potentiometry, flow-injection analysis, membrane electrode, tubular sensors, penicillamine
Objavljeno: 05.07.2017; Ogledov: 550; Prenosov: 66
.pdf Celotno besedilo (196,90 KB)
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6.
Sensor for injection rate measurements
Milan Marčič, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A vast majority of the medium and high speed Diesel engines are equipped with multi-hole injection nozzles nowadays. Inaccuracies in workmanship and changing hydraulic conditions in the nozzles result in differences in injection rates between individual injection nozzle holes. The new deformational measuring method described in the paper allows injection rate measurement in each injection nozzle hole. The differences in injection rates lead to uneven thermal loads of Diesel engine combustion chambers. All today known measuring method, such as Bosch and Zeuch give accurate results of the injection rate in diesel single-hole nozzles. With multihole nozzles they tellus nothing about possible differences in injection rates between individual holes of the nozzle. At deformational measuring method, the criterion of the injected fuel is expressed by the deformation of membrane occurring due to the collision of the pressure wave against the membrane. The pressure wave is generated by the injection of the fuel into the measuring space. For each hole of the nozzle the measuring device must have a measuring space of its own into which fuel is injected as well as its measuring membraneand its own fuel outlet. During measurements procedure the measuring space must be filled with fuel to maintain an overpressure of 5 kPa. Fuel escaping from the measuring device is conducted into the graduated cylinders for measuring the volumetric flow through each hole of the nozzle.The membrane deformation is assessed by strain gauges. They are glued to the membrane and forming the full Wheatstonećs bridge. We devoted special attention to the membrane shape and temperature compensation of the strain gauges.
Ključne besede: thermodynamics, sensors, Diesel engines, nozzles, injection, measurements
Objavljeno: 22.06.2017; Ogledov: 776; Prenosov: 265
.pdf Celotno besedilo (242,99 KB)
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7.
Monitoring the evaporation of fluids from fiber-optic micro-cell cavities
Eyal Preter, Borut Preložnik, Vlada Artel, Chaim Sukenik, Denis Đonlagić, Avi Zadok, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Fiber-optic sensors provide remote access, are readily embedded within structures, and can operate in harsh environments. Nevertheless, fiber-optic sensing of liquids has been largely restricted to measurements of refractive index and absorption spectroscopy. The temporal dynamics of fluid evaporation have potential applications in monitoring the quality of water, identificationof fuel dilutions, mobile point-of-care diagnostics, climatography and more. In this work, the fiber-optic monitoring of fluids evaporation is proposed and demonstrated. Sub-nano-liter volumes of a liquid are applied to inline fiber-optic micro-cavities. As the liquid evaporates, light is refracted out of the cavity at the receding index boundary between the fluid and the ambient surroundings. A sharp transient attenuation in the transmission of light through the cavity, by as much as 50 dB and on a sub-second time scale, is observed. Numerical models for the transmission dynamics in terms of ray-tracing and wavefront propagation are provided. Experiments show that the temporal transmission profile can distinguish between different liquids.
Ključne besede: fiber-optic sensors, opto-fluidics, evaporation monitoring, optical micro-cells, fiber cavities, droplet analysis
Objavljeno: 22.06.2017; Ogledov: 469; Prenosov: 254
.pdf Celotno besedilo (551,58 KB)
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8.
Membrane potential and calcium dynamics in beta cells from mouse pancreas tissue slices
Jurij Dolenšek, Denis Špelič, Maša Skelin, Borut Žalik, Marko Gosak, Marjan Rupnik, Andraž Stožer, 2015, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Beta cells in the pancreatic islets of Langerhans are precise biological sensors for glucose and play a central role in balancing the organism between catabolic and anabolic needs. A hallmark of the beta cell response to glucose are oscillatory changes of membrane potential that are tightly coupled with oscillatory changes in intracellular calcium concentration which, in turn, elicit oscillations of insulin secretion. Both membrane potential and calcium changes spread from one beta cell to the other in a wave-like manner. In order to assess the properties of the abovementioned responses to physiological and pathological stimuli, the main challenge remains how to effectively measure membrane potential and calcium changes at the same time with high spatial and temporal resolution, and also in as many cells as possible. To date, the most wide-spread approach has employed the electrophysiological patch-clamp method to monitor membrane potential changes. Inherently, this technique has many advantages, such as a direct contact with the cell and a high temporal resolution. However, it allows one to assess information from a single cell only. In some instances, this technique has been used in conjunction with CCD camera-based imaging, offering the opportunity to simultaneously monitor membrane potential and calcium changes, but not in the same cells and not with a reliable cellular or subcellular spatial resolution. Recently, a novel family of highly-sensitive membrane potential reporter dyes in combination with high temporal and spatial confocal calcium imaging allows for simultaneously detecting membrane potential and calcium changes in many cells at a time. Since the signals yielded from both types of reporter dyes are inherently noisy, we have developed complex methods of data denoising that permit for visualization and pixel-wise analysis of signals. Combining the experimental approach of high-resolution imaging with the advanced analysis of noisy data enables novel physiological insights and reassessment of current concepts in unprecedented detail.
Ključne besede: calcium sensors, membrane potential sensors, calcium imaging, membrane potential imaging, beta cell, pancreas, denoising, patch-clamp
Objavljeno: 22.06.2017; Ogledov: 743; Prenosov: 92
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,17 MB)
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9.
Fiber-optic sensors for measurements of torsion, twist and rotation
Vedran Budinski, Denis Đonlagić, 2017, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Optical measurement of mechanical parameters is gaining significant commercial interest in different industry sectors. Torsion, twist and rotation are among the very frequently measured mechanical parameters. Recently, twist/torsion/rotation sensors have become a topic of intense fiber-optic sensor research. Various sensing concepts have been reported. Many of those have different properties and performances, and many of them still need to be proven in out-of-the laboratory use. This paper provides an overview of basic approaches and a review of current state-of-the-art in fiber optic sensors for measurements of torsion, twist and/or rotation.
Ključne besede: fiber optic sensors, twist sensors, rotation sensors, circular birefringence, linear birefringence, FBG, polarization, optical fibers, Fiber Bragg Gratings
Objavljeno: 22.06.2017; Ogledov: 672; Prenosov: 153
.pdf Celotno besedilo (8,96 MB)
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10.
Acoustic emission detection of macro-cracks on engraving tool steel inserts during the injection molding cycle using PZT sensors
Rajko Svečko, Dragan Kusić, Tomaž Kek, Andrej Sarjaš, Aleš Hančič, Janez Grum, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents an improved monitoring system for the failure detection ofen graving tool steel inserts during the injection molding cycle. This system uses acoustic emission PZT sensors mounted through acoustic waveguides on the engraving insert. We were thus able to clearly distinguish the defect through measured AE signals. Two engraving tool steel inserts were tested during the production of standard test specimens, each under the same processing conditions. By closely comparing the captured AE signals on both engraving inserts during the filling and packing stages, we were able to detect the presence of macro-cracks on one engraving insert. Gabor wavelet analysis was used for closer examination of the captured AE signalsć peak amplitudes during the filling and packing stages. The obtained results revealed that such a system could be used successfully as an improved tool for monitoring the integrity of an injection molding process.
Ključne besede: injection molding, process monitoring, acoustic emission, PZT sensors, piezoelectric effect
Objavljeno: 22.06.2017; Ogledov: 768; Prenosov: 300
.pdf Celotno besedilo (854,94 KB)
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