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1.
The Implementation and evaluation of the United States Affordable Care Act
David Andrew Schultz, 2019, izvirni znanstveni članek

Ključne besede: United States, health care reform, Affordable Care Act, Obamacare, ethic
Objavljeno: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 29; Prenosov: 0

2.
The constitutional right to health protection in Belarus
Aksana Shupitskaya, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article analyzes the constitutional right enshrined in the Fundamental law of the Belarusian state, its Constitution, - the right to health protection. The purpose of the research is to analyze the relevant legal regulations and the problems associated with implementing the right to health protection in the modern Belarus. The paper will examine the constitutional basis of the right to health protection in Belarus, its essence and nature, normative legal acts regulating the analyzed right, problems and prospects of its implementation in light of the current conditions of the Belarusian state. The author considers the constitutional legal principles and constitutional legal norms as the basis of the right to health protection and reveals the essence of the analyzed right. The conclusion substantiates the idea that detailed regulation of the right to health protection is carried out at the level of normative legal acts of the Republic of Belarus adopted by various state bodies. The state of realization of the right to health protection is determined by socio-economic, political and other factors. Identifying a number of problems related to ensuring the right to health protection, the researcher analyzes the prospects for its further development in the Republic of Belarus.
Ključne besede: constitution, constitutional principles and norms, medical care, health protection
Objavljeno: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 23; Prenosov: 5
URL Povezava na datoteko

3.
Community health nursing in Slovenia and Croatia - selected legal aspects
Suzana Kraljić, Blanka Kačer, 2020, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article is dedicated to community health nursing which today constitutes the indispensable cornerstone of Slovenian and Croatian primary health-care. Authors also stress that community health nursing is recognized of crucial importance for public health and various vulnerable groups (e.g., children, elderly, ...) in many other European as well as non-European states. In Chapter 2, the authors represent basic historical milestones in both countries, Slovenia and Croatia, which have common historical roots. In Chapters 3 and 4, the central part of the article, authors analyze the current legal regulation related to community health nursing and thereby give special attention to differences in both national legal regulations. The major difference is given in concessions. Namely in Slovenia, community health nursing can be performed also based on a granted concession, but not in Croatia. In Chapter 5, some legal views on the role of community health nursing in local communities are emphasized (e.g., domestic violence). The last chapter is dedicated to the summarization of the authors' conclusions, in which they especially stress that the community health nursing in both countries today represents an important key factor for ensuring the constitutional right to health-care.
Ključne besede: community health nurse, primary care, aging population, concession, legal regulation
Objavljeno: 15.01.2021; Ogledov: 22; Prenosov: 26
URL Povezava na datoteko

4.
User violence against employees at nursing homes
Katarina Cesar, Liljana Rihter, Špela Selak, Branko Gabrovec, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: Earlier research has indicated the high exposure of those working in assisting occupations to workplace violence in Slovenia. The purpose of this study is to complement the research gap in investigating violence within social care and determine the types and extent of workplace violence among all employees in a social care institution, the influence of aggressive behaviour of users on the well-being of employees, and the need for education on dealing with the violence to which employees are being exposed. Design/Methods/Approach: Workplace violence was researched quantitatively using a descriptive method. We used a structured survey questionnaire, which was adapted using an existing questionnaire to research the occurrence of violent acts from users against employees at nursing homes and other social care institutions. Findings: The nursing home Dom ob Savinji Celje faces user violence against its employees. The most frequent form of violence against employees is verbal abuse (37.7% of respondents) and the least frequent is unwanted conduct of a sexual nature (5.2% of respondents). Workers employed in healthcare face user violence more often than employees in other fields. Employees most often face a certain form of user violence 1-2 times per year. When an employee meets an aggressive user, the most common emotions are fear, helplessness, uncertainty, feeling under threat, and least often a lack of understanding from fellow employees. Originality/Value: This study focuses on studying workplace violence within a social care institution and complements extant, yet inadequate scientific findings.
Ključne besede: nursing homes, workplace violence, healthcare, social care, social care institutions
Objavljeno: 18.05.2020; Ogledov: 257; Prenosov: 12
.pdf Celotno besedilo (372,88 KB)
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5.
An overview of medical malpractice law in the United States including legislative and the health care industry's responses to increased claims
Thomas Allan Heller, 2017, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Medical Malpractice claims are frequently asserted in the United States. At various time and places, an extraordinarily high number of claims and payouts led to what some have called medical malpractice crises. Consequently, in some geographical locations physicians either could not purchase malpractice insurance as carriers withdrew from the market, or, insurance became increasingly expensive and the overall costs associated with the delivery of health care continued to rise. Other undesirable consequences of these crises included a shortage of qualified physicians in certain parts of the country. Many of the states responded to these problems legislatively through a long series of tort reform measures. The health care industry itself has evolved in numerous ways. In particular, many health care providers have turned away from traditional private insurance models to self-insured models such as captives. Further, the industry has continued to consolidate, with fewer, but larger hospitals and clinics, and with an increasing number of physicians employed directly by hospitals and large clinics. The results of all of these changes have had mixed results.
Ključne besede: medical malpractice, defensive medicine, medical malpractice crises, tort reform, consolidation of health care industry, group captives
Objavljeno: 09.10.2018; Ogledov: 476; Prenosov: 60
.pdf Celotno besedilo (488,42 KB)
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6.
Legal aspects of the safety of healthcare professionals working with migrants
Dalila Olinda de Sá Gomes da Costa Brito, Idalina Vilela, Noemia Bessa Vilela, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The coexistence of multiple cultures is a challenge that requires behavioral changes for the health professionals, in particular nurses. This work´s objective was to understand the factors and beliefs that influence the demand for health care from immigrants in the Porto metropolitan area (Portugal), and their accessibility to the health services. We developed an exploratory-descriptive qualitative study. We obtained the data through semi-structured interviews of eleven Ukrainian residents of the Porto metropolitan area. We used the twelve cultural domains of Purnell. Sampling was non-probability, of convenience and in ˝snowball˝. Participants were required to give their free and informed consent. The results indicated some difficulties accessing health care due to inefficient communication, resulting from the language barrier and/or of different interpretations, and the disarticulation between the different immigrant support services. This study allowed the implementation of strategies designed to promote health care directed to immigrants, taking into consideration the diversity and vulnerability when accessing health services.
Ključne besede: legal aspects, immigrants, needs, nurse care, interculturality, beliefs
Objavljeno: 09.10.2018; Ogledov: 285; Prenosov: 58
.pdf Celotno besedilo (566,07 KB)
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7.
Monitoring of quality in health care using indicators
Mircha Poldrugovac, Tit Albreht, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A number of stakeholders identified the need to revise the national set of quality indicators. The objectives of monitoring quality indicators that were determined in 2010 for the most part were not accomplished. Key reasons include: insufficient communication between stakeholders after the indicator set was introduced, insufficient definition of human and financial resources necessary for indicators' monitoring, lack of a thorough ICT structure that could support indicators' monitoring and weak leadership for these activities. A new performance indicators' set requires a clear identification of the objectives to be pursued and consequently of the theoretical framework for the indicators. Mostly it is necessary in addition to the identification of the challenges so far, to also recognize what are the possibilities to strengthen this area in the future.
Ključne besede: quality, health care, health promotion, efficiency
Objavljeno: 09.10.2018; Ogledov: 293; Prenosov: 47
.pdf Celotno besedilo (564,57 KB)
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8.
Responsibilities of pregnant women for on going pregnancy
Ratko Matijević, Katja Erjavec, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: There are numerous factors known to affect the course of pregnancy and adversely impact perinatal mortality and morbidity. Some of them are avoidable and some are not. Avoidable factors can be either under responsibility of medical staff, health care systems and communities; or under responsibility of pregnant women. By modifying and changing their lifestyle, pregnant women can influence some avoidable factors and improve their pregnancy outcome. However, by ignoring them, they can cause potential damage to themselves and to their unborn child. There is no well defined responsibility for women concerning ways they influence their pregnancy outcome; they have a full right to make decisions about themselves and their unborn children, whether right or wrong. Good communication, education and understanding are essential when dealing with these issues.
Ključne besede: obstetrics, antenatal care, pregnant women, lifestyle habits
Objavljeno: 09.10.2018; Ogledov: 243; Prenosov: 42
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,50 MB)
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9.
Patient safety in cross-border care
Eva Turk, Stephen Leyshon, Morten Pytte, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Patient safety is a right and it raises particular issues in the context of cross-border care. Patients should be able to have trust and confidence in the healthcare structure as a whole; they must be protected from the harm caused by poorly functioning health systems, medical errors and adverse events. This paper addresses the state of cross-border healthcare in the European Union, the state of patient safety, the question of quality assurance and the role of accreditation as a risk based approach.
Ključne besede: patient safety, cross-border care, accreditation, healthcare, EU
Objavljeno: 08.10.2018; Ogledov: 282; Prenosov: 37
.pdf Celotno besedilo (427,83 KB)
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10.
Social capital in rural communities in the Netherlands
Frans Thissen, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The quality of life in Dutch rural communities is high in comparison with urban communities in the Netherlands because of the residential quality of villages, the mobility of the inhabitants and the strong commitment by the inhabitants to the local society. However, today’s Dutch villages bear no resemblance to the traditional village and neither is social capital self-evident nowadays. This article presents evidence from two projects. It summarizes some results of a national survey organised within the framework of the research programme entitled ‘The Social State of the Countryside’, as carried out by the Social and Cultural Planning Office of The Netherlands (SCP) and a project in one of the most rural parts of the Netherlands (Zeeland). In the Zeeland villages, social capital is analysed from the point of view of the relationship between quality of life, social cohesion and local community care in small villages.
Ključne besede: transformation of rural communities, civil society, social capital, quality of life, social vitality, social cohesion, community care
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 436; Prenosov: 54
.pdf Celotno besedilo (179,43 KB)
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