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Secondary school students' perspectives on and attitudes towards laboratory work in biology
Andrej Šorgo, Andreja Špernjak, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Interest in Biology among secondary school students in Slovenia is dropping from year to year. 1,046 secondary school students were surveyed about their preferred number of group mates in the laboratory, their attitudes towards and positive and negative views of laboratory work in Biology. From the students' perspective, the preferred way of teaching biology would be a mixture of interesting lectures and laboratory activities where they would have the opportunity to find solutions to the problems on their own through work in small groups. This is in direct opposition to prevailing teaching practice, where lectures are the dominant way of teaching. To overcome the loss of interest in Biology among students, action is needed immediately. Bridging the gap between students' perspectives on and opinions-about good teaching practice and actual teaching practice should follow three tracks: the first one involves changes to the syllabus in such a way that less is more; the second one requires rewriting of manuals and textbooks, and the third is a change in the teaching practice of individual teachers. If for the first two teachers can find the excuse that this is outside their sphere of competence, there can be no excuse for avoiding immediate changes in teaching techniques.
Ključne besede: education, biology, secondary education, attitudes, laboratory work, students
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 896; Prenosov: 87
.pdf Celotno besedilo (806,44 KB)
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Perspectives on the introduction of computer-supported real laboratory exercises into biology teaching in secondary schools
Andreja Špernjak, Andrej Šorgo, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Computer supported virtual and real laboratories are recognized as tools that can help in raising the quality of biology instruction, and raising development competences in students. Yet biology teachers have been treating the computer as typewriter, as a source of information and as a tool for communication, all of which usages are common to all subjects. The uses of ICT that can significantly help in developing scientific literacy and that are primary tools in science teaching - such as the use of data loggers - are only rarely on the syllabus. The lack of equipment is not the most important reason for failure to use such applications; instead, this is probably due to teachers' attitudes, opinions and knowledge. Students cannot be recognized as an obstacle in working with ICT. Lawer secondary school students aged between 10 and 14 performed three laboratory exercises (Activity of yeast, Gas exchange in breathing, Heart rate) using three different methods: classic, computer-supported and virtual laboratory. As a result of testing, we know that all three methods are suitable even for younger students. When students were asked which method they liked the most, their first choice was computer-supported laboratory, followed by classic laboratory, with virtual laboratory in the third place.
Ključne besede: education, biology, secondary education, computer-supported laboratory, laboratory work, ICT, simulations
Objavljeno: 15.12.2017; Ogledov: 975; Prenosov: 93
.pdf Celotno besedilo (783,64 KB)
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Mobile learning usage and preferences of vocational secondary school students
Antun Biloš, Davorin Turkalj, Ivan Kelić, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The purpose of this paper is to determine the current status of mobile device usage and mobile learning adoption in vocational education and training (VET) secondary schools in three European Union countries (Austria, the Czech Republic, and Germany). The research focused on exploring students’ mobile device usage habits, their attitudes toward education in the context of mobile application support, and preferences regarding mobile learning features. The research confirmed a high level of mobile device usage among secondary school students on a daily basis; smartphones and laptops were the most commonly used devices. The vast majority of participants perceived themselves to be advanced mobile device users, but reported a deficit of ICT-assisted mobile learning experience. However, the majority of respondents with prior ICT-assisted education experience described it as a positive or very positive experience. In addition, study participants tended to agree that mobile learning will play a significant role in education in the future. The paper also explored the reported differences among the students in the three countries and suggested several implications for understanding students’ views of mobile learning. The findings provide insights into possibilities of m-learning implementation while creating a framework for m-learning application development in the VET secondary school environment.
Ključne besede: mobile learning, secondary school education, online teaching, student mobile device usage, m-learning, mobile teaching
Objavljeno: 14.11.2017; Ogledov: 614; Prenosov: 101
.pdf Celotno besedilo (288,01 KB)
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The social acceptance of secondary school students with learning disabilities (LD)
Teja Majcen, Majda Schmidt, Karin Bakračevič Vukman, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper aims to shed light on the level of social acceptance among students with learning disabilities (LD4 ) in various secondary school vocational programs in comparison with their peers without disabilities. Our findings are based on an empirical study that comprised 417 students, 5 of whom 85 were students with LD. Based on sociometric analyses of all participating classes, we determined that students with LD were less integrated into the classroom in comparison to their peers without LD. The results of the sociometric analysis show statistically significant differences in the sociometric position between students with LD and students without LD. While students with LD were most frequently perceived as rejected, students without LD were seen as popular or average. In addition, students with LD see themselves as less socially self-efficient compared to their peers. The results of our study mostly refer to boys, because the sample comprised 359 boys and 58 girls. We believe that pro-inclusion teachers with appropriately developed strategies for strengthening students' social skills, as well as positive attitudes and sufficient knowledge about the special needs of students can have a significant impact on the social acceptance of students with special needs in the classroom community.
Ključne besede: students with learning disabilities, social integration, social self-efficacy, social acceptance, sociometric status, secondary school vocational education
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 1006; Prenosov: 89
.pdf Celotno besedilo (180,27 KB)
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Lower secondary school students' attitudes toward computer-supported laboratory exercises
Andreja Špernjak, Miro Puhek, Andrej Šorgo, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In Science teaching laboratory work is recognized as one of the cornerstones. In school science laboratory work computers can be used as computer supported laboratory (real) and as virtual laboratory. In the first case "real" laboratories involve bench top experiments utilizing data acquisition systems while "virtual" laboratory entails interactive simulations and animations. Lower secondary school students in age between 11 and 15 performed three laboratory exercises (Activity of yeast, Gas exchange in breathing, Heart rate) as classic, computer-supported and virtual laboratory. As a result of testing we know that all three methods are suitable even for younger students. When they were asked which method they liked the most, their first choice was computer-supported laboratory, followed by classic laboratory, and virtual laboratory at the end. Additionally recognized weak and strong sides of used methods are discussed.
Ključne besede: education, biology, computer-supported laboratory, simulations, secondary schools
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1636; Prenosov: 92
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Information and communication technologies (ICT) in biology teaching in Slovenian secondary schools
Andrej Šorgo, Tatjana Verčkovnik, Slavko Kocijančič, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: About two-thirds of Slovene secondary schools received computers equipped with dataloggers and sensors to be used in teaching Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Later it was recognized that only a couple of Biology teachers were using the donated equipment in their classrooms or laboratories. The questionnaire, intended to investigate the situation, was posted to schools which had received a donation. Based on the answers, it was possible to assign computer applications from one of the three groups. In the first group were these applications (word processing, e-mail and internet use) towards which teachers have positive attitudes and that they do use for school work. The common element is that teachers can work at home and then use the materials in the classroom. In the second group were applications (presentations, use of data loggers, computer programmes and virtual laboratory) towards which attitudes are positive, but which teachers do not use because of the overloaded curriculum, lack of equipment, and inappropriate training. In the third group are applications (computer games and programming), about which attitudes are negative and which teachers do not use. The introduction of such applications into teaching is at the moment far from realistic.
Ključne besede: education, biology, biology teaching, computers, ICT, secondary schools
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1606; Prenosov: 62
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Practical work in biology, chemistry and physics at lower secondary and general upper secondary schools in Slovenia
Andrej Šorgo, Andreja Špernjak, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Syllabi in the science subjects, biology, chemistry and physics at lower and general upper secondary school are compared in the light of their underlying philosophies, goals, objectives and recognized importance in science teaching. Even though all syllabi were prepared within the same framework, great differences among syllabi concerning practical work are evident. More importance is given to practical work in the syllabi of chemistry and physics, where it is recognized as a basic method, while in the biology syllabus the construction of concepts is valued much higher.
Ključne besede: education, curriculum, syllabuses, practical work, science, secondary schools
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1711; Prenosov: 83
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