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Webinar: Data Management and Ethics
Milan Ojsteršek, Matjaž Divjak, 2024, znanstveni film, znanstvena zvočna ali video publikacija

Opis: Video recording and presentation slides of a lecture by Milan Ojsteršek and Matjaž Divjak for the HybridNeuro webinar "Data Management and Ethics", which was held online on April 8th 2024 at Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Maribor, Slovenia. More info including additional materials (slides, example dataset): https://www.hybridneuro.feri.um.si/webinars/data_management_and_ethics.html The HybridNeuro project combines the expertise of leading European partners in the field of Neural Interfaces to set up new pathways of analyzing human motor system and human movements and transfer the academic research into clinical and industrial practice. Link: https://www.hybridneuro.feri.um.si/ This project has received funding from the Horizon Europe Research and Innovation Programme under GA No. 101079392, as well as UK Research and Innovation organisation (GA No. 10052152). This video is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence (CC BY 4.0, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Ključne besede: HybridNeuro project, webinar, presentation, data management, data annotation, open science, open access, data repository, FAIR data, metadata
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.05.2024; Ogledov: 66; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,54 MB)
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Science teachers’ approach to contemporary assessment with a reading literacy emphasis
Maja Kerneža, Dejan Zemljak, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In a sample of 1215 teachers, this study examined the readiness of science educators for assessment in the rapidly evolving landscape of artificial intelligence in education. Participants responded to an online questionnaire during the emergency remote teaching phase, offering insights into the frequency and nature of assessment methods utilized. The research draws a connection between assessment techniques during remote teaching and the emergence of AI in education. The results show that the selected assessment methods vary across teachers, with some specific differences observed in the assessment practices of science teachers. The study underscores the critical role of reading literacy in enhancing student engagement in contemporary learning environments. Moreover, the findings suggest that continuous professional development significantly improves the readiness of (science) teachers for AI-enhanced assessment. Drawing from these insights, recommendations for subsequent research are delineated.
Ključne besede: artificial intelligence, assessment, reading literacy, science teachers, teacher training
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.05.2024; Ogledov: 31; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,08 MB)
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Understanding, trusting, and applying scientific insights to improve your health : a latent profile analysis approach
Nejc Plohl, Bojan Musil, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Various leading causes of death can be prevented or delayed through informed decision-making and lifestyle changes. Previous work has, to some extent, linked such health-promoting behavior (HPB) with variables capturing individuals’ understanding of science, trust in science, and capacity to apply evidence-based information in the health context. However, empirical research on the relationship between scientific knowledge, trust in science, health literacy, and HPB is scarce. Additionally, no study has investigated whether these characteristics interact to form homogeneous, high-risk subgroups of the population. The present online study (N = 705) revealed that trust in science and health literacy were positively related to a wide array of HPBs (e. g., healthy nutrition, physical activity, stress management), while scientific knowledge was only positively associated with COVID-19 vaccination intention. Furthermore, the results of latent profile analyses yielded four subgroups (i. e., low, moderate, and high levels of all three variables and a varied profile exhibiting very low trust in science, low health literacy, and moderate scientific knowledge). The identified subgroups differ significantly in HPB and variables determining profile membership (e. g., political conservatism). Hence, the present study offers some guidance on which groups may be targeted with public health campaigns and how they may be designed.
Ključne besede: scientific knowledge, trust in science, health literacy, health behaviour, COVID-19
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.04.2024; Ogledov: 108; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (614,16 KB)
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Distrustful, dissatisfied, and conspiratorial : a latent profile analysis of COVID-19 vaccination rejection
Monika Lamot, Katja Kerman, Andrej Kirbiš, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Trust in science and scientists, satisfaction with the national government, and endorsement of conspiracy theories are important factors in the decision to be vaccinated. In this study, we investigated whether there are different profiles of individuals depending on the above factors and whether they differ in their sociodemographic composition. We used data from Round 10 of the European Social Survey for Slovenia, employing a nationally representative sample of 1252 participants. Based on latent profile analysis, three distinct profiles emerged: Profile 1 expressed moderate trust in science, satisfaction with government, and high endorsement of conspiracies; Profile 2 expressed low trust and satisfaction and moderate endorsement of conspiracies; Profile 3 expressed high trust and satisfaction and low beliefs in conspiracy theories. In addition, Profile 3 expressed the strongest support for vaccination and Profile 2 the lowest. Our results suggest that distrust, dissatisfaction, and the presence of conspiracy theories are the “perfect storm” for vaccination rejection. In contrast, despite conspiracy theories, a certain level of trust and satisfaction may reduce vaccination rejection.
Ključne besede: trust, science, government, COVID-19 vaccination, latent profile analysis
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.04.2024; Ogledov: 79; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (728,08 KB)
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43rd International Conference on Organizational Science Development: Green and Digital Transition – Challenge or Opportunity : Conference Proceedings
2024, zbornik recenziranih znanstvenih prispevkov na mednarodni ali tuji konferenci

Opis: The 43rd International Scientific Conference on the Development of Organisational Science was held in Portorož from the 20th to the 22nd of March 2024. The main aim of the conference was to promote the importance of knowledge in the context of green and digital transtition of organizations, through academic and scientific debates and professional developments from the economic and non-economic worlds. The conference, which was held under the umbrella title " Green and Digital Transition - Challenge or Opportunity", aimed to highlight the importance of the green and digital transition for the successful achievement of organisational objectives and the appropriate overcoming of societal challenges. The objectives pursued in this context are related to the natural dimensions on the one hand, and to stimulating the economy through green technology, sustainable development and pollution reduction on the other. The green and digital transition is also an opportunity for organisations to make changes towards overarching environmental challenges. It is undoubtedly more important than ever to take decisions that generate synergies between innovation, different sciences, and applied approaches, and to promote changes in business models that will lead to a sustainable and socially responsible development environment. In Portorož, we have reconnected opinions, views, and scientific and professional debates that will stimulate all of us to act in the future, both in organizations and in society at large.
Ključne besede: organization, knowledge, interdisciplinarity, science, economy
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.03.2024; Ogledov: 217; Prenosov: 42
.pdf Celotno besedilo (21,17 MB)
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Aquaponics for the Anthropocene : towards a "sustainability first" agenda
James Gott, Rolf Morgenstern, Maja Turnšek, 2019, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: ‘The Anthropocene’ has emerged as a unique moment in earth history where humanity recognises its devastating capacity to destabilise the planetary processes upon which it depends. Modern agriculture plays a central role in this problematic. Food production innovations are needed that exceed traditional paradigms of the Green Revolution whilst at the same time are able to acknowledge the complexity arising from the sustainability and food security issues that mark our times. Aquaponics is one technological innovation that promises to contribute much towards these imperatives. But this emergent field is in an early stage that is characterised by limited resources, market uncertainty, institutional resistance and high risks of failure—a developmental environment where hype prevails over demonstrated outcomes. Given this situation, the aquaponics research community potentially holds an important place in the development path of this technology. But the field needs to craft a coherent and viable vision for this technology that can move beyond misplaced techno-optimist accounts. Turning to sustainability science and STS research, we discuss the urgent need to develop what we call a ‘critical sustainability knowledge’ for aquaponics, giving pointers for possible ways forward, which include (1) expanding aquaponic research into an interdisciplinary research domain, (2) opening research up to participatory approaches in real-world contexts and (3) pursuing a solution-oriented approach for sustainability and food security outcomes.
Ključne besede: aquaponics, anthropocene, green revolution, Techno-optimism, STS research, Science and technology studies
Objavljeno v DKUM: 30.01.2024; Ogledov: 129; Prenosov: 7
.pdf Celotno besedilo (16,57 MB)
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Gethen as a Thought Experiment: Using Analytical Philosophy to Examine the Themes of Ursula Le Guin’s Science Fiction Novel The Left Hand of Darkness : using analytical philosophy to examine the themes of Ursula Le Guin’s science fiction novel The left hand of darkness
Marina Bajić, 2023, magistrsko delo

Opis: In her work The Left Hand of Darkness, Ursula Le Guin poses a thought experiment in the form of a planet called Gethen: what would the world be like if we were all biologically genderless (most of the time)? The Gethenians are biologically genderless 28 days and assume one of the two genders (male or female) during the remaining days of the sexual cycle. They always assume the opposite gender of their partner and not necessarily the same gender every time. While Le Guin explores certain elements of this thought experiment, she does not expand upon it further, but rather focuses on the story of the novel itself. In this thesis, I will be using elements of philosophy (mostly political philosophy) and deconstructing the Gethenian society to truly see what is left, then building it from the ground up again through the Social Contract. The result? Equality presented in a completely new light.
Ključne besede: Ursula Le Guin, The Left Hand of Darkness, thought experiments, science fiction
Objavljeno v DKUM: 02.10.2023; Ogledov: 263; Prenosov: 40
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,02 MB)

Digital tools in behavior change support education in health and other students : a systematic review
Lucija Gosak, Gregor Štiglic, Leona Cilar Budler, Isa B. Félix, Katja Braam, Nino Fijačko, Mara Pereira Guerreiro, Mateja Lorber, 2022, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Due to the increased prevalence of chronic diseases, behavior changes are integral to self-management. Healthcare and other professionals are expected to support these behavior changes, and therefore, undergraduate students should receive up-to-date and evidence-based training in this respect. Our work aims to review the outcomes of digital tools in behavior change support education. A secondary aim was to examine existing instruments to assess the effectiveness of these tools. A PIO (population/problem, intervention, outcome) research question led our literature search. The population was limited to students in nursing, sports sciences, and pharmacy; the interventions were limited to digital teaching tools; and the outcomes consisted of knowledge, motivation, and competencies. A systematic literature review was performed in the PubMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE, Web of Science, SAGE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases and by backward citation searching. We used PRISMA guidelines 2020 to depict the search process for relevant literature. Two authors evaluated included studies using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) independently. Using inclusion and exclusion criteria, we included 15 studies in the final analysis: six quantitative descriptive studies, two randomized studies, six mixed methods studies, and one qualitative study. According to the MMAT, all studies were suitable for further analysis in terms of quality. The studies resorted to various digital tools to improve students’ knowledge of behavior change techniques in individuals with chronic disease, leading to greater self-confidence, better cooperation, and practical experience and skills. The most common limitations that have been perceived for using these tools are time and space constraints.
Ključne besede: digital tools, didactics, noncommunicable diseases, chronic diseases, behavior change support education, health science
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.09.2023; Ogledov: 263; Prenosov: 22
.pdf Celotno besedilo (460,18 KB)
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Reflection symmetry detection in earth observation data
David Podgorelec, Luka Lukač, Borut Žalik, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper presents a new algorithm for reflection symmetry detection, which is specialized to detect maximal symmetric patterns in an Earth observation (EO) dataset. First, we stress the particularities that make symmetry detection in EO data different from detection in other geometric sets. The EO data acquisition cannot provide exact pairs of symmetric elements and, therefore, the approximate symmetry must be addressed, which is accomplished by voxelization. Besides this, the EO data symmetric patterns in the top view usually contain the most useful information for further processing and, thus, it suffices to detect symmetries with vertical symmetry planes. The algorithm first extracts the so-called interesting voxels and then finds symmetric pairs of line segments, separately for each horizontal voxel slice. The results with the same symmetry plane are then merged, first in individual slices and then through all the slices. The detected maximal symmetric patterns represent the so-called partial symmetries, which can be further processed to identify global and local symmetries. LiDAR datasets of six urban and natural attractions in Slovenia of different scales and in different voxel resolutions were analyzed in this paper, demonstrating high detection speed and quality of solutions.
Ključne besede: computer science, approximate symmetry, partial symmetry, local symmetry, point cloud, voxel, line segment
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.09.2023; Ogledov: 311; Prenosov: 0

36th Bled eConference – Digital Economy and Society: The Balancing Act for Digital Innovation in Times of Instability : June 25 – 28, 2023, Bled, Slovenia, Conference Proceedings

Opis: The Bled eConference, organised by the University of Maribor, Faculty of Organizational Sciences, has been shaping electronic interactions since 1988. The theme of the 36th conference is "Digital Economy and Society: The Balancing Act for Digital Innovation in Times of Instability". In times of instability, which include political, economic, resource, health, and environmental challenges on the one hand, and technological disruption on the other, it is critical to ensure that digital innovation continues to lead to the right and sustainable solutions that are tailored to the needs of all people, enterprises and society. It is very important to keep in mind the protection of our planet, including fauna and flora. These efforts include adopting appropriate regulatory frameworks, fostering digital literacy and skills development, promoting inclusive access to digital technologies, and addressing the ethical, social and environmental implications of digital transformation. The papers in this conference proceedings address digital transformation of enterprises, artificial intelligence and data science solutions, decision analytics for business and societal challenges, new, digital and data driven business models, digital consumer, digital education, digital health, digital ethics, restructured work and solutions for smart and sustainable cities. We continue to provide an open forum for academia, including students, industry, and policy makers where everyone can contribute to creating a better world.
Ključne besede: digital transformation, digital business, digital technologijes, innovations, digitalization, sustainable development, smart and sustainable cities and societies, digital health, artificial intelligence and data science, digital ethics, digital education, restructured work, digital consumer, smart and sustainable cities
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.06.2023; Ogledov: 512; Prenosov: 120
.pdf Celotno besedilo (17,88 MB)
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