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Exploring digital twins in the transport and energy fields : a bibliometrics and literature review approach
Milena Kajba, Borut Jereb, Tina Cvahte Ojsteršek, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Logistics and transport are major sources of energy consumption that still rely heavily on fossil fuels. Especially in the freight sector, finding means to optimise fuel consumption and energy efficiency are increasingly important. Digital twins’ adaptation in logistics and transport is not as frequent as in production, but their implementation potential is immense. This technology can replicate real environments, allowing verification of various scenarios without real-life application, leading to optimal implementation outcome faster and more efficiently. This paper aims to research digital twins’ use in logistics and transport, focusing on digital twins’ potential and effects to optimise energy consumption. Firstly, previous research on digital twins in specified fields was identified, followed by a quantitative literature review. The latter focused on codifying the selected publications based on criteria such as modality, specific environment, energy consumption, etc. Furthermore, a qualitative overview of 57 relevant publications on digital twins’ use in logistics and transport was made. The main contribution of this paper is the systematic overview of digital twins from the viewpoint of energy optimisation in one of the most energy-dependent sectors. This gives researchers a good starting point for further research and digital twins’ practical implementation cases.
Ključne besede: logistics, transport, digital twin, energy consumption, optimisation, literature review, bibliometrics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.04.2024; Ogledov: 45; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,76 MB)
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Effectiveness of health promotion interventions in primary schools : a mixed methods literature review
Joca Zurc, Camilla Laaksonen, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: School-based health promotion interventions (HPIs) are commonly used in schools, but scientific evidence about the structures of effective interventions is lacking. Therefore, we conducted a mixed methods systematic literature review to recognize the HPI structures related to their effectiveness. Based on the inclusion criteria, 49 articles were selected for the literature review. The articles, published in 2011–2022, described 46 different school-based interventions conducted in 20 different countries. The average duration of the interventions was 12 months, and they were implemented mostly with an RCT study design (61.2%) and by targeting children (69.4%). Three main groups of interventions were identified and explained: (1) extensive and long-term interventions; (2) school policy-changing interventions; and (3) highly effective interventions. Effective school-based HPIs included multiple target groups, multiple providers with external experts, and an efficient duration and timing of follow-ups. The implications for educational research and school practice are presented. Evidence on the effectiveness of health-related interventions is still lacking and needs to be addressed in further studies.
Ključne besede: education, school health, health promotion, health education, intervention effectiveness, systematic literature review, mixed methods review
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.03.2024; Ogledov: 156; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (935,20 KB)
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Assistive digital technology to promote quality of life and independent living for older adults through improved self-regulation : ǂa ǂscoping review
Gaja Zager Kocjan, Tanja Špes, Matija Svetina, Nejc Plohl, Urška Smrke, Izidor Mlakar, Bojan Musil, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Digital technologies can be a key component in helping older adults maintain their autonomy and quality of life in their homes and communities. The purpose of this scoping review was to examine the existing literature on the role of assistive digital technologies in promoting a higher quality of life and independent living for older adults by supporting their self-regulation in various aspects of daily living. The review was conducted and reported in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Major electronic databases were searched to identify relevant articles published between 2012 and 2022. A total of 972 articles were identified, of which 19 articles met all inclusion criteria. Results are presented in four categories: (i) types of digital technologies, (ii) quality of life domains, (iii) quality of life benefits, and (iv) technological aspects supporting self-regulation. Our review also showed that successful adoption of assistive technologies depends on older adults’ trust in these technologies and the perceived benefits of technological support. Early involvement of older adults in the development of assistive technologies appears to play an important role in their technological self-efficacy. The limitations of the studies reviewed are discussed, and some general guidelines for future research in this area are suggested.
Ključne besede: digitalna tehnologija, podporna tehnologija, kakovost življenja, staranje, samouravnavanje, pregledni članek, digital technology, assistive technology, quality of life, aging, self-regulation, scoping review
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.02.2024; Ogledov: 179; Prenosov: 3
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Wellness tourism research : bibliometric study of the scientific field
Milica Rančić Demir, Mila Zečević, 2022, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper presents the results of a bibliometric analysis of academic research covering the field of wellness tourism. The purpose of the article is to identify the structure of relationships between topics that were current in the past and topics that are current now. The aim of the research was to better understand the development of the field of wellness tourism, important constructs, authors, and resources with the help of bibliometric methods. For detailed research of the field of literature on wellness tourism, some two set bibliometric strategies were used: co-citation and keyword co-occurrence. In our bibliometric mapping of the wellness tourism research field, we have investigated the scientific production of articles over the years, the most important journals in the field, and keyword co-occurrence patterns. The obtained results of the study showed a significant increase in the number of publications related to wellness tourism. When it comes to the importance of individual journals, we have identified the 20 best journals that have published the most articles in this field. In wellness tourism research, we identified four clusters: health tourism research, tourism research, wellness topics, and wellness tourism research.
Ključne besede: wellness tourism, bibliometrics, keyword co-occurrence, literature review
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.02.2024; Ogledov: 150; Prenosov: 18
.pdf Celotno besedilo (221,32 KB)
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Single-strain probiotic lactobacilli for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in children : a systematic review and meta-analysis
Sabina Fijan, Nina Kolč, Metka Hrašovec, Gro Jamtvedt, Maja Šikić Pogačar, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk, Uroš Maver, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Probiotics are known for their positive effects on the gut microbiota. There is growing evidence that the infant gut and skin colonization have a role in the development of the immune system, which may be helpful in the prevention and treatment of atopic dermatitis. This systematic review focused on evaluating the effect of single-strain probiotic lactobacilli consumption on treating children's atopic dermatitis. Seventeen randomized placebo-controlled trials with the primary outcome of the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index were included in the systematic review. Clinical trials using single-strain lactobacilli were included. The search was conducted until October 2022 using PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Cochrane library and manual searches. The Joanna Briggs Institute appraisal tool was used to assess the quality of the included studies. Meta-analyses and sub meta-analyses were performed using Cochrane Collaboration methodology. Due to different methods of reporting the SCORAD index, only 14 clinical trials with 1124 children were included in the meta-analysis (574 in the single-strain probiotic lactobacilli group and 550 in the placebo group) and showed that single-strain probiotic lactobacilli statistically significantly reduced the SCORAD index compared to the placebo in children with atopic dermatitis (mean difference [MD]: -4.50; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -7.50 to -1.49; Z = 2.93; p = 0.003; heterogeneity I-2 = 90%). The subgroup meta-analysis showed that strains of Limosilactobacillus fermentum were significantly more effective than strains of Lactiplantibacillus plantarum, Lacticaseibacillus paracasei or Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus. A longer treatment time and younger treatment age statistically significantly reduced symptoms of atopic dermatitis. The result of this systematic review and meta-analysis shows that certain single-strain probiotic lactobacilli are more successful than others in reducing atopic dermatitis severity in children. Therefore, careful consideration to strain selection, treatment time and the age of the treated patients are important factors in enhancing the effectiveness of reducing atopic dermatitis in children when choosing probiotic single-strain lactobacilli.
Ključne besede: probiotics, lactobacilli, atopic dermatitis, children, meta-analysis, systematic review
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.02.2024; Ogledov: 246; Prenosov: 10
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,43 MB)
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Text mining tourism literature
Ajda Pretnar Žagar, Tomaž Curk, 2021, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Literature reviews are essential for understanding a specific domain as they map the main topics of current re-search. Our aim was to provide a framework for retrieving articles from online databases and analyzing them in a single script. We provide the analytical pipeline as open-source (https://github.com/tourism4-0/BibMine). The main research focus was on analyzing 318 abstracts from scientific papers on tourism and innovation, which we report in Zach et al. (2019). We used LDA topic modeling to uncover ten main topics, which we analyzed using pyLDAvis visualization. We used saliency and relevance scores to determine the main words that de-scribe a topic. The uncovered topics range from climate change and land use to smart destinations, travel expe-riences, and ICT. We performed similar analyses for the term "stakeholders," where we also observed the main verbs related to the query. Since verbs best define an activity, we used them to determine how stakeholders are involved in tourism development. Finally, we analyzed papers with the keyword "technology," where energy efficiency, VR, web technology, and augmented tourist experiences were the main topics.
Ključne besede: text mining, literature review, meta-analysis, topic modeling, tourism
Objavljeno v DKUM: 24.01.2024; Ogledov: 149; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (24,52 MB)
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Resident perceptions and responses to tourism : individual vs community level impacts
Tina Šegota, Tanja Mihalič, Richard R. Perdue, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper reviews resident tourism attitude research through the lens of the individual- and community-level perceived impacts of and responses to tourism. It explores how perceived impacts of tourism and responses to tourism development have been conceptualised and measured in the existing resident attitudes models published between 1990 and 2020. Three categories of variables were identified and used: antecedent variables, tourism impact variables, and dependent variables. The latter three categories are used to discuss the research topic from the lenses of improvements in measurement instruments. Finally, the paper suggests rethinking the overall conceptualisation of residents’ perceptions of and reactions to tourism – it proposes future research directions to distinguish between individual-level and community-level effects and reactions.
Ključne besede: resident attitudes, support for tourism, tourism impact, personal benefit, host community, literature review
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.01.2024; Ogledov: 173; Prenosov: 11
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,21 MB)
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Artificial intelligence based prediction of diabetic foot risk in patients with diabetes : a literature review
Lucija Gosak, Adrijana Svenšek, Mateja Lorber, Gregor Štiglic, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Diabetic foot is a prevalent chronic complication of diabetes and increases the risk of lower limb amputation, leading to both an economic and a major societal problem. By detecting the risk of developing diabetic foot sufficiently early, it can be prevented or at least postponed. Using artificial intelligence, delayed diagnosis can be prevented, leading to more intensive preventive treatment of patients. Based on a systematic literature review, we analyzed 14 articles that included the use of artificial intelligence to predict the risk of developing diabetic foot. The articles were highly heterogeneous in terms of data use and showed varying degrees of sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. The most used machine learning techniques were support vector machine (SVM) (n = 6) and K-Nearest Neighbor (KNN) (n = 5). Future research is recommended on larger samples of participants using different techniques to determine the most effective one.
Ključne besede: artificial intelligence, machine learning, thermography, diabetic foot prediction, diabetes, diabetes care, diabetic foot, literature review
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.11.2023; Ogledov: 299; Prenosov: 15
.pdf Celotno besedilo (654,91 KB)
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Scoping review on the multimodal classification of depression and experimental study on existing multimodal models
Umut Arioz, Urška Smrke, Nejc Plohl, Izidor Mlakar, 2022, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Depression is a prevalent comorbidity in patients with severe physical disorders, such as cancer, stroke, and coronary diseases. Although it can significantly impact the course of the primary disease, the signs of depression are often underestimated and overlooked. The aim of this paper was to review algorithms for the automatic, uniform, and multimodal classification of signs of depression from human conversations and to evaluate their accuracy. For the scoping review, the PRISMA guidelines for scoping reviews were followed. In the scoping review, the search yielded 1095 papers, out of which 20 papers (8.26%) included more than two modalities, and 3 of those papers provided codes. Within the scope of this review, supported vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), and long short-term memory network (LSTM; with gated and non-gated recurrent units) models, as well as different combinations of features, were identified as the most widely researched techniques. We tested the models using the DAIC-WOZ dataset (original training dataset) and using the SymptomMedia dataset to further assess their reliability and dependency on the nature of the training datasets. The best performance was obtained by the LSTM with gated recurrent units (F1-score of 0.64 for the DAIC-WOZ dataset). However, with a drop to an F1-score of 0.56 for the SymptomMedia dataset, the method also appears to be the most data-dependent.
Ključne besede: multimodal depression classification, scoping review, real-world data, mental health
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.08.2023; Ogledov: 421; Prenosov: 43
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,43 MB)
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Violence against the elderly - analysis of further research needs based on a systematic review of research
Teja Primc, Branko Lobnikar, Kaja Prislan Mihelič, 2021, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose of the Paper: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the current state of research on the topic of elder abuse both in the institutional and domestic environment and to present the key findings of existing studies. The paper also aims to shed light on areas requiring additional research and present the directions for further research. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted using the PRISMA method in the Web of Science and Scopus databases. The review included 29 papers published between 2010 and 2021. Findings: Elder abuse is an under-researched topic. The lack of research is particularly apparent in the incidence and nature of the problem in the home environment. Previous studies focus on the various forms of abuse, its perpetrators and risk factors. Rates of psychological abuse, neglect and physical abuse are high in nursing homes and among older visitors to ambulatory care facilities and emergency departments, while self-neglect, neglect and psychological abuse are prevalent in the home environment. Women between the ages of 70 and 75, who are socially isolated and require daily care, are more exposed to abuse. The perpetrators of the abuse are most often family members. Limitations/Applicability of the Research: The ‘paper’s findings provide insight into research on elder abuse and can serve as a basis for planning research into this phenomenon. The paper highlights research gaps and introduces opportunities for improvements in the systemic approaches when addressing the issue. Originality/Relevance of the Paper: The paper presents the systematic and up to date analysis of past studies on elder abuse. The results are intended for professionals and researchers working in the field.
Ključne besede: violence, abuse, neglect, elderly, systematic literature review
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.01.2022; Ogledov: 908; Prenosov: 28
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