Language of Appraisal in Book Reviews: A Case StudyKatja Časar
, 2020, magistrsko delo
Opis: This master’s thesis presents an analysis of appraisal in the case of ten book reviews. Their selection is based on several criteria that make them representative of this text type. The selected texts evaluate novels, novellas and short stories that were ranked top 300 according to the Open Syllabus Project 2.0 online data base. This means that they fall into the category of the most often assigned books in educational institutions. The authors of the selected texts are editors, journalists and writers, and there is an even number of male and female reviewers. The purpose of the study is the appraisal analysis of the contemporary English language; therefore, only the recently published texts were selected.
The main methodology used in this master’s thesis is the appraisal theory developed by James Martin and Peter White (Martin and White). This theory evolved in the systemic functional linguistics, and it relies on the theoretical concepts of Michael Halliday (Halliday). The appraisal analysis was conducted with help of the analytical tool Catma 5.0, which enables annotation of texts, their analysis and the visualization of data.
The results of the research show that the most frequently used attitudinal resources are the expressions of appreciation. Therefore, the evaluation of the story and everything associated with it is in the foreground of the book reviews. The analysis of the selected texts reveals that evaluation is mostly explicit, meaning that the reader is directly invited to engage with the book. The findings indicate that the attitudinal resources are graded more according to intensity and quantity and less according to prototypicality and marginality. This conclusion draws attention to the variety of lexical and grammatical structures in the selected texts that are assumed to be characteristic of this text type in general. The results also show that the reviewers do not include many external sources into the text, which consequently narrows down the dialogistic space and excludes alternative views and attitudes.
The appraisal analysis points toward the text-structural and semantic characteristics of book reviews in general. The structure of the selected texts consists of the following elements: information about the author and the book, the plot summary and evaluation of these elements, which are often intertwined. Some reviews also include personal accounts, book details and/or numeric ratings. The most significant semantic characteristic of evaluation expressed in the selected book reviews is the critique of the Western oppressor. The reviewers judge crimes against humanity and question Western perspectives. They also imply the complicity of the readers because they are viewed as members of the Western identity. Additionally, the results of the analysis show that the book reviews are contextual and intertextual text types, which include various means for the realization of appraisal. A vast spectrum of lexical and grammatical structures makes book reviews an interesting research topic with many possibilities for further research.
Ključne besede: evaluative language, systemic functional linguistics, appraisal theory, appraisal analysis, book review.
Objavljeno: 23.07.2020; Ogledov: 329; Prenosov: 82
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Effectiveness of proactive password checker based on Markov modelsViktor Taneski
, 2019, doktorska disertacija
Opis: In this doctoral dissertation we focus on the most common method of authentication, the username-password combination. The reason for the frequent use of this authentication mechanism is its simplicity and low cost of implementation. Although passwords are so useful, they have many problems. Morris and Thompson, for the first time almost four decades ago, found that textual passwords were a weak security point of information systems. They have come to the conclusion that users are one of the biggest threats to information system’s security. Since then, we face these problems on a daily basis. Users do not perform the behaviours they need to be done in order to stay safe and secure, although they are aware of the security issues. Because this is a research area that security experts have been dealing with for a long time, in this dissertation we wanted to identify problems related to textual passwords and possible suggested solutions. For this purpose, we first performed a systematic literature review on textual passwords and their security. In doing so, we wanted to evaluate the current status of passwords in terms of their strength, ways of managing passwords, and whether users are still the “weakest link”. We found that one of the less researched solutions is proactive password checking. A proactive password checker could filter out the passwords that are easy-to-guess and only let through the passwords that are harder to guess. In order for a proactive password checking to be more effective, it is necessary for the checker to be able to check the probability that a certain password will be selected by the user. For this purpose, the better password checkers usually use certain tools to calculate password probability i.e., password strength. To find out which method is most suitable for calculating password strength, we have looked at similar solutions throughout history. We have found that Markov models are one of the most common methods used for password strength estimation, although we may encounter some problems when using them, such as sparsity and over-fitting. By reviewing similar solutions, we found that Markov models are mostly trained on only one dataset. This could limit the performance of the model in terms of correctly identifying bad or very strong passwords. As training datasets are important in the development of Markov models, it is clear that they will have some effect in the final assessment of the password’s strength. What we explore in our dissertation, is the importance of this effect on the final password strength estimation. Mainly, we focus on exploring the effect of different but similar datasets on password strength estimation. For the purposes of our study, we analysed publicly available sets of “common passwords” and processed them regarding the frequency distribution of the letters contained in these passwords. We built different Markov models based on these datasets and frequency distribution. This helped us determine if one Markov model was sufficient or if several models were needed to effectively estimate password strength for a wide range of passwords. The results showed statistical differences between the models. In more detail, we found that:
- different Markov models (trained on different databases) showed statistically different results when tested on the same dataset,
- more diverse datasets are needed to be able to calculate the strength of as many passwords as possible, since one “universal” model, trained on one “universal” dataset is less effective at classifying passwords in different categories (i.e., weak, medium, strong),
- different Markov models of 1st and 2nd order, in most cases, give no statistically different outputs,
- overall, Markov models can be used as a basis for constructing a more effective password checker that uses multiple different and specific Markov models, which could be more effective if we want to cover a wider range of passwords.
Ključne besede: passwords, password analysis, password security, password problems, password strength, systematic literature review, Markov models
Objavljeno: 13.01.2020; Ogledov: 631; Prenosov: 65
Celotno besedilo (1,12 MB)
Supervision of medical activitiesGrega Strban
, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: It is investigated what kind of supervision could be exercised over medical activities in order to ensure the highest attainable quality of healthcare and access to medical services. To this end rights and especially duties of healthcare providers, definitions of sickness and effective healthcare provision, as well as various supervisory mechanisms and procedures for enforcing the rights, are analysed. It is argued that legal definitions of sickness and effective healthcare provision, stricter supervisory mechanisms and a single, legally regulated professional complaint procedure are required de lege ferenda.
Ključne besede: healthcare provision, sickness, mandatory health insurance, supervision, complaint proceedings, judicial review
Objavljeno: 08.10.2018; Ogledov: 397; Prenosov: 40
Celotno besedilo (333,49 KB)
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The payment order procedure in the NetherlandsAnna Leonarda Hubertina Ernes
, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The Netherlands used to have a national payment order procedure that was quite similar to the present European Order for Payment Procedure. This procedure was replaced by a procedure for the recovery of uncontested claims in cross-border cases, though not in national cases. Although the Netherlands legislator allows filing a request to obtain a European order for payment via email, it has not yet come into force. Applications (in Dutch) for a European order for payment may be submitted to the district court in The Hague. There are two ways in the Netherlands for serving the defendant with an European Payment Order. It can be sent to the defendant by registered mail or it can be served by a bailiff. The Dutch Execution Act has not introduced any specific formal requirements for the defendant’s statement of opposition. The opposition in the Netherlands does not have to be reasoned. The review procedure is a procedure unfamiliar to Dutch civil procedure. However, it resembles a Dutch procedure in which a defendant appeals against a sentence of a procedure in which he did not appear in court (decision in abstentia).
Ključne besede: order for payment procedure, access to justice, centralization of the procedure, statement of opposition, review, European order for payment, Dutch order for payment
Objavljeno: 23.07.2018; Ogledov: 387; Prenosov: 24
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Business process model and notationMateja Kocbek
, Gregor Jošt
, Marjan Heričko
, Gregor Polančič
, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: With business process modelling, companies and organizations can gain explicit control over their processes. Currently, there are many notations in the area of business process modelling, where Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) is denoted as the de facto standard. Aims: The aim of this research is to provide the state-of-the-art results addressing the acceptance of BPMN, while also examining the purposes of its usage. Furthermore, the advantages, disadvantages and other interests related to BPMN were also investigated. Method: To achieve these objectives, a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) and a semantic examination of articles% citations was conducted. Results: After completing SLR, out of a total of 852 articles, 31 were deemed relevant. The majority of the articles analyzed the notation and compared it with other modelling techniques. The remainder evaluated general aspects of the notation, e.g. history and versions of the standard, usage of the notation or tools. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that there are empirical insights about the level of BPMN acceptance. They suggest that BPMN is still widely perceived as the de facto standard in the process modelling domain and its usage is ever-increasing. However, many studies report that only a limited set of elements are commonly used and to this end, several extensions were proposed. The main purpose of BPMN remains the description of business processes.
Ključne besede: business process modeling, BPMN, acceptance, use, systematic literature review
Objavljeno: 06.07.2017; Ogledov: 903; Prenosov: 499
Celotno besedilo (841,57 KB)
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Lean and green paradigms in logisticsVaska Pejić
, Tone Lerher
, Borut Jereb
, Andrej Lisec
, 2016, pregledni znanstveni članek
Opis: This paper provides a systematic review of published research on lean logistics, green logistics and the combination of both paradigms. Although prior research on all three topics exists, only a few have focused on the field of logistics as such. The present analysis comprises an examination of 98 scientific articles from 35 international journals, published between the years 1994 and 2015. The published studies are classified by next divisions: journal, paradigm, time distribution, research stream and sector-wise focus. Although key findings indicate that over the last couple of years research on all three topics has increased, a research gap regarding the studies of lean and green logistics when combined, has been identified. For all three topics the domination in research typology has been extracted. The findings indicate that most papers examined on the topic of lean logistics come from the manufacturing industries, whereas for the topic green logistics and a combination of green and lean topics no specific sector was identified.
Ključne besede: logistics, lean logistics, green logistics, review of research
Objavljeno: 02.06.2017; Ogledov: 665; Prenosov: 71
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David C. Culver and Tanja Pipan: Shallow subterranean habitats. Ecology, evolution and conservation ...Tone Novak
, 2014, recenzija, prikaz knjige, kritika
Ključne besede: kras, krasoslovje, ocene in poročila, karst, karstology, review
Objavljeno: 21.12.2015; Ogledov: 1012; Prenosov: 77
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Upgrading of the management review on the basis of the EFQM excellence modelAnton Petrič
, Boštjan Gomišček
, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Suppliers in the automotive industry can use for strategical planning a number of different approaches and tools, which can upgrade the quality management systems (ISO 9001, ISO/TS 14696) to achieve the breakthrough power to meet needs in order to achieve a significant role in the automotive supplying chain. One of the very popular and positively accepted tools to achieve continually improving is implementing of the principles of excellence, according to the EFQM model.
On the basis of case studies is in the article analysed and represented a useful value of the implementation of the quality management system audits and management review according to ISO/TS and their positive impact on the development of key indicators of the company TPV d.d. from Novo mesto, which is mounted as a development supplier in the automotive industry. With the implementation of self assessment according to the model of excellence EFQM we demonstrate the added value of the take up of the principles of excellence, according to the present system auditing according to ISO standards and the implementation of management review according to ISO/TS requirements.
We upgraded in the existing management system performing of management review as manager's tool, which came directly from the requirements of standard ISO/TS, on to the level of the fundamental principles of excellence by EFQM model and mark it as one of the more effective managers tools with which you can still effectively introduces the leadership of the continuous improvements and strategically manages the company.
Ključne besede: quality management standard, EFQM excellence model, auditing, self-assessment, management review
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1071; Prenosov: 298
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UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL - HISTORY, PRESENT, FUTUREKlementina Dolinšek
, 2014, diplomsko delo
Opis: While one of the greatest achievements of the United Nations has been the creation of international human rights norms and standards, its human rights protection mechanisms have failed to fulfil their mandate. In the early 2000’s, the Commission on Human Rights, as the major United Nations body working to promote and protect human rights, started to lose its credibility. It was criticised by a wide spectrum of the international community including states, non – governmental organizations and academics for its politicisation and polarisation, double standards, loss of focus, ineffectual decision making and a dubious membership composition. As a consequence of persistent negative responses, in June 2006 the Commission on Human Rights was replaced by the Human Rights Council, in an attempt to create a credible United Nations human rights body. This thesis focuses on the institutional differences between both bodies, their application in practice, and the advantages and disadvantages of the new human rights watchdog. In order to provide as comprehensive a comparison as possible, the research also includes examination of various United Nations documents, media postings, contributions made by non – governmental organizations, and academic studies.
Ključne besede: Commission on Human Rights, Human Rights Council, criticism, advantage, disadvantage, membership composition, politicisation, credibility, losing focus, Universal Periodic Review.
Objavljeno: 08.05.2014; Ogledov: 1069; Prenosov: 100
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A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF BAT ALGORITHMS AND THEIR HYBRIDIZATIONIztok Fister
, 2013, magistrsko delo
Opis: Swarm intelligence is a modern and efficient mechanism for solving hard problems in computer science, engineering, mathematics, economics, medicine and optimization. Swarm
intelligence is the collective behavior of decentralized and self-organized systems. This research area is a branch of artificial intelligence and could be viewed as some kind of
family relationship with evolutionary computation because both communities share a lot of common characteristics. To date, a lot of swarm intelligence algorithms have been
developed and applied to several real-world problems. The main focus of this thesis is devoted to the bat algorithm which is a member of the swarm intelligence community, as
developed recently. In line with this, a comprehensive analysis of papers was performed tackling this algorithm. Some hybridizations of the original algorithm were proposed because the preliminary results of this algorithm regarding the optimization of benchmark functions with higher dimensions had not too promising. Extensive experiments showed that the hybridizing the original bat algorithm has beneficial effects on the results of the original bat algorithm. Finally, an experimental study was performed during which we researched for the dependence of an applied randomized method on the results of the original bat algorithm. The results of this study showed that selecting the randomized method had a crucial impact on the results of the original bat algorithm and that the bat algorithm using Levy flights is also suitable for solving the harder optimization problems.
Ključne besede: swarm intelligence, evolutionary computation, bat algorithm, hybridization, review
Objavljeno: 06.09.2013; Ogledov: 2630; Prenosov: 267
Celotno besedilo (8,69 MB)