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1.
The influence of disorder on thermotropic nematic liquid crystals phase behavior
Vlad Popa-Nita, Ivan Gerlič, Samo Kralj, 2009, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: We review the theoretical research on the influence of disorder on structure and phase behavior of condensed matter system exhibiting continuous symmetry breaking focusing on liquid crystal phase transitions. We discuss the main properties of liquid crystals as adequate systems in which several open questions with respect to the impact of disorder on universal phase and structural behavior could be explored. Main advantages of liquid crystalline materials and different experimental realizations of random field-type disorder imposed on liquid crystal phases are described.
Ključne besede: liquid crystals, random fields, phase transition, disorder, nematic structures
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1367; Prenosov: 188
.pdf Celotno besedilo (864,80 KB)
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2.
Influence of a random field on particle fractionation and solidification in liquid-crystal colloid mixtures
Vlad Popa-Nita, Paul van der Schoot, Samo Kralj, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The influence of a random-anisotropy (RA) type disorder on the phase separation of nematogen-colloid mixtures is studied theoretically by combiningthe phenomenological Landau-de Gennes, Carnahan-Starling, and hard-sphere crystal theories. We assume that the colloids enforce the RA disorder on the surrounding thermotropic liquid-crystal (LC) molecules. We adopt the Imry-Ma argument according to which the lower-temperature phase exhibits a domain-type pattern. The colloids impose a finite degree of orientational ordering even in the isotropic (paranematic) phase. In the ordered phase they give rise to a domain-type structure, resulting in the distorted nematic (speronematic) phase. The RA field opposes the phase separation tendency. With increasing disorder the difference between the paranematic and speronematic ordering decreases. Consequently there is a critical disorder, above which both phases become identical from the orientation point of view, but have different concentrations of colloids. We have also estimated another characteristic value of disorder above which the isotropic phase can exist only in a liquid state, the crystal phase being suppressed completely.
Ključne besede: liquid crystals, transitions, segregation, mixing, random fields, solidification, complex fluids
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 758; Prenosov: 59
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