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1.
Designing a safe and inclusive housing environment for older adults : assessment of nursing home preparedness for post-COVID era
Vesna Žegarac Leskovar, Vanja Skalicky Klemenčič, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main objective of the study is to verify whether architectural design elements afect mental and physical health from the perspective of nursing homes’ preparedness to face unpredictable situations, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, which gave rise to the need of rethinking the design of nursing homes to provide quality living environments that enable older adults to live healthy, safe, and socially inclusive lives. During the COVID-19 pandemic, nursing homes were among the most critical types of housing. Various safety measures were taken to protect the physical health of residents, which, at the same time, had a negative impact on their mental health, mainly due to isolation and social distancing. The current study was carried out using both quantitative and qualitative research methods. A literature review, a detailed analysis of selected nursing homes, an online survey of nursing home managers, and on-site work served as the basis for the development of the comprehensive design quality assessment tool “Safe and Connected”, which was further tested on four selected case studies. The cases were selected on the basis of seven independent variables, i.e. nursing home capacity, residential density, foor area, the year of construction and typology, purpose-built construction regarding use and location, and one dependent variable, i.e. nursing home infection rate. The assessment results of the SC tool were verifed against two additional analyses: infection rate data and a resident quality of life survey. The results show the coincidence of the “Safe and Connected” design quality marks and rates of infected residents and quality of life survey results for the observed nursing homes. It can be concluded that the design of the residential environment is identifed as one of the possible factors infuencing the quality of life in nursing homes. Furthermore, understanding the architectural design elements involved in the perception of risks for, and well-being of, residents may be helpful for decision makers, managers, architects, and investors to make sensible decisions when planning and maintaining nursing home facilities in the post-COVID era.
Ključne besede: architectural design, quality of life, older adults, nursing homes, post-COVID era, thermal comfort
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.01.2024; Ogledov: 71; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,85 MB)

2.
The Importance of Monitoring the Work-Life Quality during the COVID-19 Restrictions for Sustainable Management in Nursing
Mateja Lorber, Mojca Dobnik, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this study was to investigate the work-life quality and related workplace factors of nursing employees working in hospitals during the COVID-19 restrictions. Employees in nursing carry out nursing care at various levels of healthcare. Work-life quality refers to an individual’s feelings concerning work and outcomes and depends on different working characteristics and conditions. Quantitative research based on a cross-sectional study was used. This cross-sectional study included 486 employees in nursing from four Slovenian acute care hospitals. The results showed that most employees in nursing assessed the work-life quality on a moderate level: 76% were satisfied with their work, and 89% assessed their well-being at the workplace as positive. Considering the leaders’ support, the number of patients, adequate information, teamwork, working position, use of days off, and equipment for safe work, we can explain the 53.5% of the total variability of work-life quality. We also found that work-life quality had an essential effect on well-being at the workplace (β = 0.330, p < 0.001) and work satisfaction (β = 0.490, p < 0.001) of employees in nursing. Work-life quality refers to an employees’ feelings about their workplace, and its monitoring is important for higher employees’ well-being and health. For management and policymakers in nursing, it is important to design strategies to ensure an adequate number of competent employees and establish a supportive leadership system. Work-life quality is an important factor in the recruitment and retention of the nursing workforce. Flexible working conditions and policy changes can improve work-life quality and balance. Nursing management must understand the influencing factors of work-life quality to improve nursing employee retention strategies.
Ključne besede: hospital, work-life quality, nursing, well-being, COVID-19
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.11.2023; Ogledov: 210; Prenosov: 13
.pdf Celotno besedilo (308,59 KB)
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3.
The KIDSCREEN-27 scale: translation and validation study of the Slovenian version
Leona Cilar Budler, Majda Pajnkihar, Ulrike Ravens-Sieberer, Owen Barr, Gregor Štiglic, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: There are many methods available for measuring social support and quality of life (QoL) of adolescents, of these, the KIDSCREEN tools are most widely used. Thus, we aimed to translate and validate the KIDSCREEN-27 scale for the usage among adolescents aged between 10 and 19 years old in Slovenia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 2852 adolescents in primary and secondary school from November 2019 to January 2020 in Slovenia. 6-steps method of validation was used to test psychometric properties of the KIDSCREEN-27 scale. We checked descriptive statistics, performed a Mokken scale analysis, parametric item response theory, factor analysis, classical test theory and total (sub)scale scores. Results: All five subscales of the KIDSCREEN-27 formed a unidimensional scale with good homogeneity and reliability. The confirmatory factor analysis showed poor fit in user model versus baseline model metrics (CFI = 0.847; TLI = 0.862) and good fit in root mean square error (RMSEA = 0.072; p(χ2) < 0.001). A scale reliability was calculated using Cronbach's α (0.93), beta (0.86), G6 (0.95) and omega (0.93). Conclusions: The questionnaire showed average psychometric properties and can be used among adolescents in Slovenia to find out about their quality of life. Further research is needed to explore why fit in user model metrics is poor.
Ključne besede: social support, adolescent, psychometrics, factor analysis, quality of life
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.08.2023; Ogledov: 198; Prenosov: 19
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,77 MB)
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Nursing support in facilitating mental well-being of adolescents
Leona Cilar Budler, 2022, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Background: Mental well-being is a state in which an individual acts positively, feels good, copes with the daily stressors and contributes to his/her community. Adolescents are a population who experience the various stressors brought on by growing up. The purpose of the doctoral dissertation is to determine the mental well-being of adolescents in correlation with the support of family, friends, teachers, and nurses. Methods: The research was based on the paradigm of pragmatism which supports the usage of quantitative and qualitative approaches using mixed methods. The quantitative part of the research included 2 972 adolescents. The survey method was used, descriptive and inferential statistics and presentation of the results were done with the help of tables, charts and figures. In the qualitative part of the research, data were collected using the interview method. Interviews were conducted with 5 focus groups involving 16 adolescents, 8 parents, 6 teachers, 3 legislators, and 6 nurses. The data were analysed following the steps of Corbin & Strauss (2008). Results: The mental well-being of adolescents is positively related (r = 0.624) to their social support. The mental well-being (r = -0.286) and social support (r = -0.239) of adolescents declines with age. Adolescents are of the opinion that the role of the nurse is to talk to them, help them, advise them, and explain difficulties that bother them. The mental well-being of adolescents is related to their interaction and interpersonal relations with parents, friends, and teachers. In ensuring the mental well-being of adolescents, we must consider the model multidimensional well-being. The Model of Interpersonal Relationships is proposed, which is formed based on the results of quantitative and qualitative part of the research and taking into account the concepts of the Theory of Interpersonal Relationships (Peplau, 1952) and the model of Multidimensional Well-being (Sarriera & Bedin, 2017). Discussion: Mental well-being is an important and relatively new concept in nursing. Adolescents’ mental well-being is closely linked to interpersonal relationships and a safe environment in which they can express themselves. Adolescents and parents do not obtain the necessary professional help in a timely manner. There is also a need for additional education on the mental well-being of adolescents among adolescents, parents, teachers, and nurses. Conclusion: Interpersonal relationships between adolescents, family, friends, teachers, and nurses are of major importance for ensuring mental well-being. There is a need for further research to improve the mental well-being of adolescents worldwide.
Ključne besede: youth, mental health, quality of life, social support, nursing
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.09.2022; Ogledov: 648; Prenosov: 200
.pdf Celotno besedilo (6,60 MB)

6.
Health-related quality of life in paediatric arterial hypertension : a cross-sectional study
Tadej Petek, Tjaša Hertiš, Nataša Marčun-Varda, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: The prevalence of paediatric hypertension is increasing worldwide, especially due to the childhood obesity epidemic, and is an important public-health concern. While the Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) was already shown to be impaired in the adult hypertensive population, a scarcity of data still exists on HRQoL in paediatric hypertensive patients. Our purpose was thus to assess the HRQoL of children and adolescents with arterial hypertension, using self- and proxy-reports, and to determine the correlations between child and parent questionnaire scores. Methods: The Paediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales were administered via post to children and adolescents, aged 5-18 years, with primary or secondary arterial hypertension and parents as proxy-reports. Patients were recruited from a paediatric nephrology unit in a tertiary hospital, using an out-patient clinic visit registry. Healthy school children and adolescents from a local primary school, aged 6 to 15 years, and their parents formed the control group. HRQoL group comparisons were calculated with independent samples t-test and child-parent correlations with the Pearson’s r correlation coefficient. Results: In total we recruited 139 patient and 199 control group participants as self- and proxy-reports. Scores from self- as well as proxy-reports indicated a significantly lower overall HRQoL in the paediatric hypertensive population (95% CI for mean score difference: − 11.02, − 2.86 for self- and − 10.28, − 2.67 for proxy-reports; p = .001). In self-reports, lower physical (95% CI: -13.95, − 4.89; p = <.001), emotional (95% CI: -12.96, − 2.38; p = .005), school (95% CI: -11.30, − 0.42; p = .035), and psychosocial functioning scores were observed (95% CI: -10.34, − 1.89; p = .005). Parent proxy-reports were lower in physical (95% CI: -14.31, − 5.39; p = <.001), emotional (95% CI: -12.39, − 2.60; p = .003) and psychosocial scores (95% CI: -9.36, − 1.34; p = .009). Pearson’s r values ranged between 0.62 to 0.79 in patient and 0.56 to 0.80 in control sample (p < .001). Interestingly, hypertensive children reported lower social functioning scores than hypertensive adolescents (p < .001). Conclusions: This cross-sectional study gives insight into the detrimental impact of hypertension on children’s and adolescents HRQoL, which may inform public health experts. Furthermore, it shows that clinicians should aim to improve patients’ physical and psychosocial well-being throughout their development.
Ključne besede: arterial hypertension, paediatric, health-related quality of life, PedsQL
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.10.2018; Ogledov: 1628; Prenosov: 149
.pdf Celotno besedilo (745,16 KB)
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7.
Selected social aspects of the quality of life : a case of the city of Pilsen, Czech republic
Alena Matušková, Magdalena Rousová, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The article deals with the development of the labour market in the city of Pilsen after 1989, which was significantly influenced by the transformation of the local industry. Apart from the traditional indicators of the labour market, the authors also deal with the proportion of foreign workers. Over the past decade, a dramatic growth of foreigners has been depicted, which was caused by the arrival of foreign investors in Pilsen as these have created a number of job opportunities for less qualified workers. The aim of the contribution is to identify both positive and negative social aspects of life in Pilsen as these are influenced by the development of the situation on the labour market in the city and also to monitor the internal and external factors influencing the development.
Ključne besede: Pilsen, industry, labour market, life quality, foreigners, global economic crisis
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.04.2018; Ogledov: 953; Prenosov: 66
.pdf Celotno besedilo (198,58 KB)
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8.
A life histories approach to gold prospecting and frontier farming in the Brazilian Amazon
Scott William Hoefle, 2009, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: In contrast to the usual faceless macro-economic and sociological treatment of development cycles in the Amazon, which at best offer generalities about ‘social actors’ labelled ‘peasants’, ‘ranchers’ and ‘trans-national corporations’, who represent the abstract categories of labour and globalised capital, a human face to frontier processes is offered here. The social and economic sustainability of the shifting back and forth from gold prospecting to family farming on the frontier is evaluated through the eyes of those who experienced it so producing an un- romanticised portrait of prospecting in western Pará during the gold rush of 1961-1990 as well as of frontier farming today. The economic origin and past quality of life of those who left local farms or came from the distant rural zones of impoverished Maranhão are compared and contrasted with that of their passage through the degrading living conditions of gold prospecting and finally with their current situation as struggling but independent frontier farmers in Itaituba and Santarém municipalities.
Ključne besede: Amazon, frontier farming, gold prospecting, quality of life
Objavljeno v DKUM: 20.03.2018; Ogledov: 1097; Prenosov: 79
.pdf Celotno besedilo (102,44 KB)
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9.
Social capital in rural communities in the Netherlands
Frans Thissen, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The quality of life in Dutch rural communities is high in comparison with urban communities in the Netherlands because of the residential quality of villages, the mobility of the inhabitants and the strong commitment by the inhabitants to the local society. However, today’s Dutch villages bear no resemblance to the traditional village and neither is social capital self-evident nowadays. This article presents evidence from two projects. It summarizes some results of a national survey organised within the framework of the research programme entitled ‘The Social State of the Countryside’, as carried out by the Social and Cultural Planning Office of The Netherlands (SCP) and a project in one of the most rural parts of the Netherlands (Zeeland). In the Zeeland villages, social capital is analysed from the point of view of the relationship between quality of life, social cohesion and local community care in small villages.
Ključne besede: transformation of rural communities, civil society, social capital, quality of life, social vitality, social cohesion, community care
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 1372; Prenosov: 105
.pdf Celotno besedilo (179,43 KB)
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10.
Quality of life for families of children with intellectual disabilities
Majda Schmidt, Ksenija Seršen, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The main part of the article presents the results of a recent empirical study about the quality of life for families in Slovenia that have a child with intellectual disabilities and other developmental disabilities. Using the FQOLS-2006, we analysed nine quality of life domains (Health, Financial Well-Being, Family Relationships, Support from Others, Support Services, Influence of Values, Careers, Leisure and Community Interaction) from the perspective of six measurement dimensions. The study also examines the differences among the measurement dimensions in the nine domains. The sample consisted of 44 families. We used descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (Friedman test). The Family Relationships domain had the highest average rating of all measured domains regarding the quality of family life. The results in the domain of Support from Others are not encouraging, in particular the domain of Support from Services. Families require powerful support programs from qualified professional teams as well as societal and political attention.
Ključne besede: family quality of life, intellectual disabilities, quality of life domains, quality of life dimensions
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.09.2017; Ogledov: 1494; Prenosov: 127
.pdf Celotno besedilo (109,64 KB)
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