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1.
The trauma and coping in homicide and sexual offences and juvenile crime criminal investigators
Tinkara Pavšič Mrevlje, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: The study aims to contribute to research on trauma among police officers. The paper presents selected results of a larger study about trauma and coping among two specific police groups: criminal investigators from the Homicide and Sexual Offences (HSO) section as well as the Juvenile Crime (JC) section. Findings for each group are presented and differences analysed. Design/Methods/Approach: All 56 criminal investigators from HSO and JC sections within the Republic of Slovenia were asked to participate. The response rate was high: 92.59% (n = 25) for the HSO and 82.14% (n = 23) for the JC groups. The participants signed an informed consent and completed the questionnaires in a group setting in work hours. They were later given information about the individual results if they wished. Findings: The results for both groups show a low level of posttraumatic symptomatology that is linked to specific, mostly avoidance coping mechanisms. Specific work situations related to higher posttraumatic symptoms were identified for each participant group. Research Limitations / Implications: While the response rate was high, the small size of the two groups limits possibilities of statistical analysis, especially since the data are mainly not normally distributed. Practical Implications: A cross-sectional assessment of potential posttraumatic symptomatology can suggest preventive and possibly curative programmes for criminal investigators able to improve and contribute to more effective police work. Originality/Value: This is the first study in Slovenia to address the narrow field of trauma and coping among specific police groups.
Ključne besede: police work, psychology, trauma, coping, criminal investigators
Objavljeno: 15.04.2020; Ogledov: 336; Prenosov: 12
.pdf Celotno besedilo (350,56 KB)
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2.
Visual Intelligence – Use and Manipulation in TV Advertising
Vlatka Bajcer, 2017, magistrsko delo

Opis: The main goal of this master thesis is to study how visual communication in TV advertising affects our psyche, examine the elements that can serve to awaken emotions and certain reactions of viewers. TV commercials are one of the most popular content available to us on television, bringing great profits to TV stations, as well as profit organizations that are advertised on their channels. Competition in TV advertising is huge and in order to achieve a successful campaign is necessary to understand how the marketing, media, psychology of visual communication and other elements that can affect the psyche of the viewer, such as cultural identity are functioning.
Ključne besede: Visual Communication, Culture, TV Advertising, Color Psychology, Marketing
Objavljeno: 23.11.2017; Ogledov: 665; Prenosov: 63
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,17 MB)

3.
Police interrogations through the prism of science
Igor Areh, 2016, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Several approaches can be employed for information gathering from human sources, differing in their theoretical basis, goals, realisation, and ethical acceptability. The paper critically presents and compares two prevalent approaches to suspect interrogation used by the police. The older, prevalent interrogation approach focuses on obtaining suspects' incriminating statements and admissions, which severely elevates the risk of false confessions. Consequently, this interrogation approach is termed accusatorial or coercive since suspects are forced to admit to a crime. The newer interrogation approach is the information-gathering approach, also known as the investigative interview. It focuses on gathering accurate information in order to exclude or accuse a suspect in a criminal investigation. In comparison with coercive interrogation models, the information-gathering approach has a lower probability of false confessions since suspects are exposed to significantly lower levels of psychological pressure. Moreover, it is ethically more acceptable, has scientific grounds, enables the gathering of more accurate information, and has been found to be at least as ef fective as the coercive approach in criminal investigations. The investigative interview relies mainly on findings from social psychology. An analysis of coercive interrogation models reveals that they have no scientific basis and as such rely mainly on uncorroborat ed common-sense assumptions from authorities. In developed countries, coercive interrogation models are increasingly being replaced by the information-gathering approach, a trend connected with the enforcement of high human rights standards and a higher aware ness of risks associated with coercive interrogation methods by the general public, academia, and professionals alike.
Ključne besede: social psychology, interrogation, police, suspects, coercion, investigative interview
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 944; Prenosov: 307
.pdf Celotno besedilo (335,17 KB)
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4.
What is seen is who you are: are cues in selfie pictures related to personality characteristics?
Bojan Musil, Andrej Preglej, Tadevž Ropert, Lucia Klasinc, Nenad Čuš Babič, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Developments and innovation in the areas of mobile information technology, digital media and social networks foster new reflections on computer-mediated communication research, especially in the field of self-presentation. In this context, the selfie as a self-portrait photo is interesting, because as a meaningful gesture, it actively and directly relates the content of the photo to the author of the picture. From the perspective of the selfie as an image and the impression it forms, in the first part of the research we explored the distinctive characteristics of selfie pictures; moreover, from the perspective of the potential reflection of a selfie image on the personality of its author, in the second part we related the characteristics of selfie pictures to various personality constructs (e.g., Big Five personality traits narcissism and femininity-masculinity). Important aspects of selfies especially in relation to gender include the tilt of the head, the side of the face exhibited, mood and head position, later related also to the context of the selfie picture. We found no significant relations between selfie cues and personality constructs. The face-ism index was related to entitlement, and selfie availability to neuroticism.
Ključne besede: psychology, selfies, self-presentations, social media, selfie coding, personality assessment
Objavljeno: 10.07.2017; Ogledov: 828; Prenosov: 450
.pdf Celotno besedilo (857,76 KB)
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5.
Obesity discrimination in the recruitment process: "You're not hired!"
Stuart Flint, Martin Čadek, Sonia Codreanu, Vanja Ivić, Colene Zomer, Amalia Gomoiu, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Previous literature reports that obese persons are discriminated in the workplace. Evidence suggests that obese people are perceived as having less leadership potential, and in comparison to normal weight peers, are expected to be less successful. This study examined whether obese people are discriminated against when applying for employment. Three hypotheses were offered in line with previous research: (1) obese people are less likely to be assessed positively on personnel suitability than normal weight people; (2) obese people in active employment are more likely to be discriminated against than people in non-active employment; and (3) obese women are more likely to be discriminated against than obese men. 181 Participants were sampled from sedentary, standing, manual and heavy manual occupations. Participants rated hypothetical candidates on their suitability for employment. Employees also completed measures of implicit and explicit attitudes toward obesity. MANOVA was conducted to examine if obese candidates were discriminated against during the recruitment procedure. Results demonstrated that participants rated obese candidates as less suitable compared with normal weight candidates and when the weight status of the candidate was not revealed for work across the four workplace groups. Participant gender and weight status also impacted perceptions of candidates’ suitability for work and discrimination toward obese candidates was higher in participants from more physically demanding occupations. The study findings contribute to evidence that obese people are discriminated against in the hiring process and support calls for policy development.
Ključne besede: psychology, obesity, discrimination, workplace, implicit, explicit
Objavljeno: 10.07.2017; Ogledov: 752; Prenosov: 350
.pdf Celotno besedilo (419,19 KB)
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Religious sentiment as peripheral : cross-cultural study of religious orientation by multidimensional scaling
Sergej Flere, Miran Lavrič, Bojan Musil, Rudi Klanjšek, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The relation between intrinsic and extrinsic orientations was studied in four samples of believing affiliates (Bosnian Muslims, Serbian Orthodox, Slovenian Catholics and US Protestants). By exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and by multidimensional scaling (MDS), differences in patterns of religious orientations were discerned in the various cultures. By EFA, in the two European settings a closeness between intrinsic (I) and extrinsic personal(EP) orientation was noted. Beside that extrinsic other (EO) items, indicating peripheral nature of the religious sentiment, appeared as a separate dimension. The CFA produced slight differences in this direction, still allowing for a four component finding. The two dimensional presentation in MDS also indicated a similarity in pattern of the dimensions of religious orientation. In all four cases a pattern in the distribution of items appears allowing for naming the vertical axis as indicating the variation between centrality and periphery, and the horizontal one as indicating the variation between social and personal dimensions in religious sentiment.
Ključne besede: social psychology, religion, cross-cultural studies, extrinsic orientation, intrinsic orientation, multidimensional scaling
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1177; Prenosov: 107
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9.
The psychometric properties of the Slovenian translation of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity : a study among Roman Catholic undergraduate students
Sergej Flere, Rudi Klanjšek, Leslie John Francis, Mandy Robbins, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In order to contribute to a growing international research programme concerned with the correlations, antecedents and consequences of individual differences in attitude toward religion, the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity was translated into Slovenian. Data provided by a sample of 808 undergraduate students affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church supported the internal consistency reliability and construct validity of this instrument and commended it for further use in studies conducted in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: psychology, religion, measuring, attitudes, Slovenia, students
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1134; Prenosov: 83
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10.
Spatial rotation and recognizing emotions : gender related differences in brain activity
Norbert Jaušovec, Ksenija Jaušovec, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In three experiments, gender and ability (performance and emotional intelligence) related differences in brain activity - assessed with EEG methodology - while respondents were solving a spatial rotation tasks and identifying emotions in faces were investigated. The most robust gender related difference in brain activity was observed in the lower-2 alpha band. Males and females displayed an inverse IQ-activation relationship in just that domain in which they usually perform better: females in the emotional intelligence domain, and males in the visuospatial ability domain. A similar pattern of brain activity could also be observed for the male/female respondents with different levels of performance and emotional IQ. It was suggested that high ability representatives of both genders to some extent compensate for their inferior problem solving skills (males in emotional tasks and females in spatial rotation tasks) by increasing their level of attention.
Ključne besede: psychology, cognitive processes, emotional intelligence, EEG activities, problem complexity, brain, memory, spatial rotation, gender, event-related desynchronization
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1651; Prenosov: 60
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