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Highly porous open-cellular monoliths from 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate based high internal phase emulsions (HIPEs) : preparation and void size tuning
Sebastijan Kovačič, Dejan Štefanec, Peter Krajnc, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Preparation of highly porous (up to 80% pore volume) open-cellular monolithic cross-linked polymers from 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate is reported. Oil-in-water and water-in-oil high internal phase emulsions are applied as porosity templates, resulting in an interconnected porous structure with void diameters between 550 nm and 18 m. Significantly larger voids were obtained inthe case of oil-in-water emulsions (between 5 and 18 m) as opposed to water in oil emulsions (approx 600 nm). Controlled coarsening exploiting limited kinetical stability of emulsions was used to obtain monoliths with larger voids, diameters being enlarged 3-fold.
Ključne besede: organic chemistry, polymerization, monolithic polymers, HIPE, emulsions, porous materials, methacrylates
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 869; Prenosov: 4
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

Behaviour of cellular materials under impact loading
Matej Vesenjak, Zoran Ren, Andreas Öchsner, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper describes experimental and computational testing of regular open-cell cellular structures behaviour under impact loading. Open-cell cellular specimens made of aluminium alloy and polymer were experimentally tested under quasi-static and dynamic compressive loading in order to evaluate the failure conditions and the strain rate sensitivity. Additionally, specimens with viscous fillers have been tested to determine the increase of the energy absorption due to filler effects. The tests have shown that brittle behaviour of the cellular structure due to sudden rupture of intercellular walls observed in quasi-static and dynamic tests is reduced by introduction of viscous filler, while at the same time the energy absorption is increased. The influence of fluid filler on open-cell cellular material behaviour under impact loading was further investigated with parametric computational simulations, where fully coupled interaction between the base material and the pore filler was considered. The explicit nonlinear finite element code LS-DYNA was used for this purpose. Different failure criteria were evaluated to simulate the collapsing of intercellular walls and the failure mechanism of cellular structures in general. The new computational models and presented procedures enable determination of the optimal geometric and material parameters of cellular materials with viscous fillers for individual application demands. For example, the cellular structure stiffness and impact energy absorption through controlled deformation can be easily adapted to improve the efficiency of crash absorbers.
Ključne besede: mechanics, porous materials, cellular materials, impact loading, mechanical testing, fluid-structure interaction, failure mechanism
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 571; Prenosov: 5
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

Heat conduction in closed-cell cellular metals
Matej Vesenjak, Zoran Žunič, Andreas Öchsner, Matjaž Hriberšek, Zoran Ren, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The purpose of this research was to describe the thermal transport properties in closed-cell cellular metals. Influence of cell size variations with different pore gases has been investigated with transient computational simulations. Heat conduction through the base material and gas in pores (cavities) was considered, while the convection and radiation were neglected in the initial stage of this research. First, parametric analysis for definingthe proper mesh density and time step were carried out. Then, two-dimensional computational models of the cellular structure, consisting of the base material and the pore gas, have been solved using ANSYS CFX software within the framework of finite volume elements. The results have confirmed theexpectations that the majority of heat is being transferred through the metallic base material with almost negligible heat conduction through the gas in pores. The heat conduction in closed-cell cellular metals is therefore extremely depended on the relative density but almost insensitive regarding tothe gas inside the pore, unless the relative density is very low.
Ključne besede: heat transfer, cellular metal materials, porous materials, closed cells, gas fillers, computational simulations
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 818; Prenosov: 4
URL Polno besedilo (0,00 KB)

Damage and failure modeling of lotus-type porous material subjected to low-cycle fatigue
Janez Kramberger, Klemen Sterkuš, Srečko Glodež, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The investigation of low-cycle fatigue behaviour of lotus-type porous material is presented in this paper. Porous materials exhibit some unique features which are useful for a number of various applications. This paper evaluates a numerical approach for determining of damage initiation and evolution of lotus-type porous material with computational simulations, where the considered computational models have different pore topology patterns. The low-cycle fatigue analysis was performed by using a damage evolution law. The damage state was calculated and updated based on the inelastic hysteresis energy for stabilized cycle. Degradation of the elastic stiffness was modelled using scalar damage variable. In order to examine crack propagation path finite elements with severe damage were deleted and removed from the mesh during simulation. The direct cyclic analysis capability in Abaqus/Standard was used for low-cycle fatigue analysis to obtain the stabilized response of a model subjected to the periodic loading. The computational results show a qualitative understanding of pores topology influence on low-cycle fatigue under transversal loading conditions in relation to pore orientation.
Ključne besede: porous materials, low-cycle fatigue, damage, finite element analysis
Objavljeno: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 19; Prenosov: 1
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,32 MB)

Matevž Frajnkovič, 2017, magistrsko delo/naloga

Opis: This master’s thesis deals with heat transfer in a specific cellular structure, called UniPore cellular structure. Said structure has been developed at Japan’s Kumamoto university. The structure is manufactured using the technique of explosion welding. Due to longitudinal orientation of the pores and high thermal conductivity of materials, the thermal properties of the structure as a heat exchanger have been analysed. Influence of different boundary conditions on the effectiveness of heat transfer in the structure has been analysed. The results are compared and analysed. It has been concluded, that the structure itself might be suitable when dealing with dirty liquids. Usage of the structure in such systems would enable a quick and efficient cleaning process of the waste, that deposits on the walls over time.
Ključne besede: Heat transfer, cellular structure, porous materials, CFD
Objavljeno: 24.08.2017; Ogledov: 74; Prenosov: 18
.pdf Polno besedilo (2,59 MB)

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