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Experimental research on variation of pore water pressure in constant rate of strain consolidation test
Hojjat Ahmadi, Hassan Rahimi, Abbas Soroush, Claes Alén, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Constant rate of strain (CRS) consolidation is a rapid test method which is used for determination of compressibility of clayey soils. In a CRS test, the appropriate strain rate is selected based on pore water pressure ratio, i.e. the ratio of pore pressure to total stress. In the present study, to investigate the effect of strain rate on variation of pore water pressure ratio, four different clay samples of different plasticity were tested by CRS apparatus. The results of the experiments showed that the trend of variation of pore water pressure is dependent on the drained water flow regime which may be either Darcy or non-Darcy. The results also indicated that the plasticity of clay does not have considerable effect on variation of pore water pressure.
Ključne besede: constant rate of strain, consolidation, pore water pressure ratio, soil plasticity, Darcy and non-Darcy flow
Objavljeno: 14.06.2018; Ogledov: 378; Prenosov: 35
.pdf Celotno besedilo (576,58 KB)
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Formation of meso- and micro-pores in fly-ash zeolites using a three-step activation
Bhagwanjee Jha, D. N. Singh, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Researchers have comprehensively characterized alkali- activated fly-ash (the residue) and ascertained its highly zeolitic nature. In order to evaluate its potential for application as an adsorbent for the decontamination of waste water, the decisive parameters have mostly been the cation-exchange capacity, the mineralogy and the morphology of the residue. However, a study of the pore characteristics (e.g., the size and volume) of such residues is still warranted to anticipate their contaminant transport and the diffusion phenomena as a type of geotechnical engineering material. In this situation, the present study demonstrates the evolution of pores in the fly-ash after alkali activation up to three steps, and simultaneously, its effects` on other characteristics (e.g., the specific gravity, specific surface area and the cation-exchange capacity) of three types of similarly synthesized residues (the first, produced by using a NaOH aqueous solution and the other two residues, the result of alkali activation using a NaOH spent solution, the filtrates). Based on N2 gas absorption isotherms and infrared transmittance spectra, residues obtained from the second and third steps, each involving 24 hours of treatment using filtrates of 1.5-M NaOH, are established to be significantly enriched in the finer meso- and micro-pores, respectively, in comparison with a pure and macro-porous zeolite 4A.
Ključne besede: fly-ash, hydrothermal treatment, three-step activation, pore characteristics
Objavljeno: 14.06.2018; Ogledov: 391; Prenosov: 63
.pdf Celotno besedilo (298,21 KB)
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Effect of the initial structure on the behaviour of Chlef sand
Noureddine Della, Ahmed Arab, Mostefa Belkhatir, Hanifi Missoum, Claude Bacconnet, Daniel Boissier, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: It has been known for many years that initial structure, plays an important part in the results of laboratory testing of natural of silty sands. For this purpose, a series of monotonic undrained triaxial compression tests were carried out on samples composed of Chlef sand with 0.5% non-plastic silt content using two depositional methods (dry funnel pluviation and wet deposition) at different initial relative density (RD= 29%, 50% and 80%). All specimens were subjected to isotropic consolidation of 50 kPa, 100 kPa and 200 kPa. It was found that the initial structure of the soil influences considerably the undrained shear response in terms of maximal deviatoric stress, peak strength and excess pore water pressure.
Ključne besede: liquefaction, sand, dry funnel pluviation, wet deposition, density, deviatoric stress, pore pressure
Objavljeno: 11.06.2018; Ogledov: 391; Prenosov: 50
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,50 MB)
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The response of saturated soils to a dynamic load
Stanislav Lenart, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents the two most significant types of deformation behavior fordynamically loaded, saturated soil. Flow liquefaction and cyclic mobility deserve special attention because of the large deformations that accompany these two phenomena. The submergence of a railway-line embankment due to the newly built Sava-river accumulation reservoir in Boštanj and the large landslide that occurred in the Stože area in the Julian Alps are case histories in Slovenia where flow liquefaction and cyclic mobility were analyzed. The dynamic loading caused by railway traffic and possible seismic activity were taken into account. Material from these two sites, silty sand and lacustrine carbonate silt, were used in extensive laboratory research, with the objective to define a procedure for excess pore-water pressure-generation modeling in dynamically loaded saturated soil. It has been found recently that the change of the pore-water pressure is related to the dissipated energy density calculated from the hysteresis loops caused by dynamic loading. Based on the experimental results an empirical equation defining the generation of pore pressure during dynamic loading has been proposed. The equation is divided into two parts: the first part describing the residual pore-water pressure generation, and the second part describing the increment and decrement of pore-water pressure within the load cycle, the so-called temporary pore-water pressure change. The proper effective stresses and thus the stress path of the dynamically loaded soil can be defined by using the proposed energy-based numerical model. The proposed pore-pressure model can also be used in deformation-behavior modeling. It was observed from the experimental results that after a few cycles of dynamic loading the saturated soil starts to exhibit a very low stiffness at the beginning of a load cycle, after which it begins to strengthen. The strain developed during this softening phase represents the main share of the total strain. The occurrence and duration of this phase are related to the energy dissipated during the cyclic loading as well, and the relation between the dissipated energy, the excess pore pressure and the short-term flow during cyclic mobility, give us an opportunity for a simple response modeling of the dynamically loaded saturated soils.
Ključne besede: flow liquefaction, cyclic mobility, excess pore pressure, dissipated energy
Objavljeno: 05.06.2018; Ogledov: 413; Prenosov: 91
.pdf Celotno besedilo (370,70 KB)
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Cyclic liquefaction potential of lacustrine carbonate from Julian Alps
Bojan Žlender, Stanislav Lenart, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper presents the liquefaction studies of lacustrine carbonate silt from the Julian Alp landslide Stože. Geological conditions of the region and geomechanical characteristics of the ground were investigated. The research project was performed with the intention to determine the effects of cyclic loading on lacustrine carbonate silt. Investigation with 77 cyclic triaxial tests was performed on universal triaxial apparatus Wykeham Farrance UP 100 TR, in the Laboratory of soil mechanics, Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Maribor. The essential equipment comprises cylindrical triaxial apparatus with a cell, a press with appurtenant electro-mechanic equipment, measuring equipment, and computer hardware and software equipment. Specimens with dimensions of height = 140 mm and diameter = 70 mm were saturated, then subjected to the arbitrary initial isotropic stress state and consolidated with vertical and radial draining, and then loaded with distortional loading of chosen dynamical axial force (frequency f = 1 Hz). A set of tests with a spectrum of different stress states and cyclic loading were performed. This research showed that lacustrine carbonate silt is a highly sensitive material.The resistance to liquefaction was somewhat higher than that of typical clean sand, but a perceivable excess pore pressure generation, which causes the decrease of strength parameters, was noticed. Test results of cyclic triaxial tests indicate dynamic characteristics of lacustrine carbonate silt and wide applicability of the test method.
Ključne besede: civil engineering, geomechanics, soil investigations, lacustrine carbonate silt, cyclic triaxial tests, liquefaction potential, shear modulus, damping ratio, cyclic stress ratio, pore pressure ratio
Objavljeno: 15.05.2018; Ogledov: 655; Prenosov: 32
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,53 MB)
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Experimental testing of single APM spheres
Matej Vesenjak, Lovre Krstulović-Opara, 2010, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Advanced pore morphology (APM) foam, consisting of sphere-like metallic foam elements, proves to have advantageous mechanical properties and unique application adjustability. Since the APM foam manufacturing procedure has been developed recently, the mechanical characterization of these materials is still very limited. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to determine the behaviour of APM spheres and its composites when subjected to quasi-staticand dynamic compressive loading. The results of the performed research have shown valuable mechanical properties of the composite APM foam structures, offering new possibilities for their use in general engineering applications.
Ključne besede: advanced pore morphology, foam, composite APM foam structures
Objavljeno: 26.07.2017; Ogledov: 712; Prenosov: 290
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,61 MB)
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Quantifying soil complexity using network models of soil porous structure
Marko Samec, A. Santiago, J. P. Cardenas, R. M. Benito, A. M. Tarquis, Sacha Jon Mooney, Dean Korošak, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper describes an investigation into the properties of spatially embedded complex networks representing the porous architecture of soil systems. We suggest an approach to quantify the complexity of soil pore structure based on the node-node link correlation properties of the networks. We show that the complexity depends on the strength of spatial embedding of the network and that this is related to the transition from a non-compact to compact phase of the network.
Ključne besede: soil complexity, soil pore networks, complex systems
Objavljeno: 21.07.2017; Ogledov: 714; Prenosov: 256
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,85 MB)
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Computer Modelling of Porous Composite Structures with Advanced Pore Morphology
Aljaž Kovačič, 2016, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Advanced pore morphology (APM) structures are composite metal foams, which are assembled from a large number of small spherical elements with cellular structure, and are bonded into a composite with polymeric adhesive. The result of such composition is a wide spectrum of achievable mechanical behaviour in APM structures. To explore their full potential, efficient computational models are needed, which allow for simple parameter variation. Unfortunately, the current computer models do not allow for efficient simulations of porous composite structures with advanced pore morphology, as they employ complex discretisation approaches. A new approach to simulation is presented in this work, based on the discrete particle method (DPM), where every element of APM structure is discretised with a single node. This enables more efficient simulations of APM structures, while still allowing for simple variation of structural parameters. The DPM method was augmented with constitutive models of normal and tangential contact behaviour of APM elements and bonds between them, which were formulated based on an extensive experimental study of APM structure's geometry and mechanical behaviour. Consequently, the models enable simulations of large APM structure's behaviour by modelling the contact behaviour of individual elements. The implementation of new models was verified on a set of analytically solvable examples, and the accuracy of the models was validated with very good correspondence between computational and experimental results. Moreover, the models were validated on a wide set of examples, also taking into account the various strain rates and the absence of the bonds. The applicability of new models was demonstrated in a comprehensive parametrical study, where the influential structural parameters and properties were identified for low and high strain rate deformations. The study also demonstrated the possibility of customising the mechanical behaviour with property gradation, and with introduction of regular, as well as geometrically complex APM element assemblies. The possibility of coupled discrete particle method and finite element method simulations was also addressed. The newly developed models represent a breakthrough in the field of computational investigation of APM structures, and provide for simpler and more efficient investigations of APM structures in the future.
Ključne besede: Metal foams, advanced pore morphology, composite materials, mechanical properties, contact modelling, discrete particle methods, computer simulations
Objavljeno: 11.03.2016; Ogledov: 1581; Prenosov: 131
.pdf Celotno besedilo (44,29 MB)

Barbara Hace, Bernarda Škrabar, 2008, objavljeni strokovni prispevek na konferenci

Ključne besede: prstni odtis, prstna sled, papilarne linije, daktiloskopija, pore, poroskopija, forenzične preiskave
Objavljeno: 04.06.2012; Ogledov: 1308; Prenosov: 113
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Tungsten - tungsten trioxide electrodes for the long-term monitoring of corrosion processes in highly alkaline media and concrete-based materials
Mitja Kolar, Aleš Doliška, Franc Švegl, Kurt Kalcher, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The determination of pH in highly alkaline solutions and concrete materials is extremely important for monitoring or predicting the corrosion processes of reinforced concrete structures and to follow the hydration process of Portland cement, fly-ash, micro silica and other materials used in concrete manufacturing. The corrosion of reinforced concrete structures and the hydration of pozzolanic materials are long-term processes, which means, that appropriate durable, and resilient pH electrodes are needed, for direct implantation regarding solid concrete bodies. The purpose of this work was to characterise the potentiometric and surface properties of tungsten electrodes after exposure to extreme alkaline solutions. The tungsten wire surface was activated at 800 °C for 30 min within an oxygen flow. The formation of homogenous and compact multiple layers of $WO_3$ crystals was observed using X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. X-ray diffraction of thosetungsten electrodes exposed to saturated calcium hydroxide solution or the pore-water of cement-based materials during 10 months, indicated partly dissolved $WO_3$. Two new compounds appeared on the electrodes surfaces; pure tungsten and $CaWO_4$. The presence of tungsten was affecting any potentiometric response in acidic pH region (2-5) but in pH 5-12 region the response still remained linear with a slope of 42 2 mV/pH unit. The $W/WO_3$ electrode was suitable for the long-term monitoring of corrosion processes in concrete-basedmaterials according to the pH changes as it has stable and repeatable responses to alkaline solutions (pH > 12). All the tested interferring ions had no significant influence on electrode potential. The $W/WO_3$ electrode is simple, robust, inexpensive, and temperature resistant and can be applied in potentiometric titrations as well as in batch and flow-injection analysis. The prepared electrode is a highly promising pH sensor for the monitoring of pH changes in highly alkaline capillary water of concrete.
Ključne besede: potentiometry, pH, tungsten - tungsten trioxide, pore water, concrete, flow-injection analysis
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1838; Prenosov: 73
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,67 MB)
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