UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL - HISTORY, PRESENT, FUTUREKlementina Dolinšek
, 2014, diplomsko delo
Opis: While one of the greatest achievements of the United Nations has been the creation of international human rights norms and standards, its human rights protection mechanisms have failed to fulfil their mandate. In the early 2000’s, the Commission on Human Rights, as the major United Nations body working to promote and protect human rights, started to lose its credibility. It was criticised by a wide spectrum of the international community including states, non – governmental organizations and academics for its politicisation and polarisation, double standards, loss of focus, ineffectual decision making and a dubious membership composition. As a consequence of persistent negative responses, in June 2006 the Commission on Human Rights was replaced by the Human Rights Council, in an attempt to create a credible United Nations human rights body. This thesis focuses on the institutional differences between both bodies, their application in practice, and the advantages and disadvantages of the new human rights watchdog. In order to provide as comprehensive a comparison as possible, the research also includes examination of various United Nations documents, media postings, contributions made by non – governmental organizations, and academic studies.
Ključne besede: Commission on Human Rights, Human Rights Council, criticism, advantage, disadvantage, membership composition, politicisation, credibility, losing focus, Universal Periodic Review.
Objavljeno: 08.05.2014; Ogledov: 779; Prenosov: 71
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