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21.
Homecare service providers as an organizational form of support for the elderly : establishment and planning of optimal capacity
Polona Šprajc, Iztok Podbregar, Alenka Brezavšček, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose: Different studies have highlighted health care allocation problems in Slovenia that indicate the increased need for homecare services for the elderly. It was also found that Slovenian municipalities differ dramatically in the availability of elder care services. A number of older people with diverse unmet needs for care remains. Therefore, the need for the establishment of an additional type of formal homecare services for the elderly exists. Design/Methodology/Approach: Although many positive effects of home elder care against institutional care are stressed in the literature, the results of many studies performed in recent years have indicated that accessibility of homecare for elderly in Slovenia remains scarce, and it is not equally accessible throughout the country. To mitigate this problem, a new organizational form called “elder homecare service provider” is indicated. The aim of the provider is to offer a variety of different services for the elderly (e.g. homemaking, social networking, transfer services, basic life needs, basic health services, etc.). The establishment of such an organization needs to be designed carefuly, while the unique characteristics and specific needs of the target population must be addressed to optimize desired outcomes. Results: The aim of the paper is to provide fundamental guidelines for the establishment of elder homecare service provider. All essential characteristics of such an organization are defined. To ensure an appropriate level of service quality, the primary focus is oriented towards the planning of personnel team capacity. For this purpose, the service provider was described using the stochastic queueing model, which enables service capacity optimization considering different performance measures. The usefulness of the model was illustrated with a numerical example, which has shown that the results obtained provide valuable information for decision support. Conclusion: The establishment of a homecare service provider network would have many positive effects on society in general. The quality of the everyday life of the elderly is expected to be improved considerably, particularly in the rural areas where a lack of institutional care support is reported. Guidelines proposed in the paper together with the quantitave model for planning of its optimal capacity provide useful information, which are especially relevant in the preliminary phase of the establishment of service providers.
Ključne besede: elderly, service provider, performance measures, capacity planning
Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.09.2017; Ogledov: 1667; Prenosov: 188
.pdf Celotno besedilo (569,19 KB)
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22.
Designing a strategic mobility plan for small and medium sized cities using a multi-stage methodology : case of Celje
Uroš Kramar, Tina Cvahte Ojsteršek, Marjan Sternad, Darja Topolšek, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Urban mobility is one of the crucial factors of quality of life in cities. Therefore, an effective mobility system and its holistic planning are of utmost importance for sustainable and quality development of urban centres. This paper focuses on holistic and integrated strategic planning of a mobility system. The used multi % step methodology was tested on a case of a city of Celje, Slovenia. With the first round of focus groups, information about the specific urban mobility system was gathered which was used to develop a SWOT matrix. This was the foundation for the execution of a second round of focus groups, where the output was a proposition for a strategic plan for mobility development in small and medium sized cities.
Ključne besede: urban mobility, strategy, planning, multi-stage methodology
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.08.2017; Ogledov: 1176; Prenosov: 162
.pdf Celotno besedilo (746,15 KB)
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23.
The effects of career planning education
Marija Turnšek Mikačić, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Research Question (RQ): We employed a qualitative approach to study the effects of career planning education, perceiving it as an effective way to gain a deeper understanding of introductorily-organised career education. Purpose: We researched important areas to formulate a questionnaire for quantitative analysis. Method: We used a qualitative research approach in order to develop a theoretical framework for the exploration, interpretation and identification of the impact of education on career plans, on the changing attitudes towards careers, the raising of self-esteem and perception of personal growth. We used Neuro-linguistic programming as a tool to develop and achieve personal excellence within the career planning. Results: We constructed a paradigmatic model and developed the final theory. By means of qualitative analysis, we identified the elements of design criteria for the construction of the questionnaire; we measured the effects of education on career plans. Organization: The findings of the research will prove useful in personal management and career management in the process of planning and organizing the promotion of individuals within the organizations in accordance with the needs of those organizations. Originality: A career plan as a building block of personal growth, based on the model of career education with the in-built elements and tools of NLP, has been confirmed by the most recent studies in neuroscience. This represents a novelty, and, therefore, this study offers a genuine contribution, and is an indicator of contemporary knowledge, based on the results of the research. Limitations/Future Research: The model of career education and the results of this study open new directions for further research of the influence of career planning on the organisation of companies and their success, which is the phase of the study which was not carried out.
Ključne besede: career planning, qualitative analysis, neuro-linguistic programming, personal excellence
Objavljeno v DKUM: 02.08.2017; Ogledov: 1187; Prenosov: 103
.pdf Celotno besedilo (636,67 KB)
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24.
Intelligent design and optimization of machining fixtures
Djordje Vukelić, Goran Šimunović, Branko Tadic, Borut Buchmeister, Tomislav Šarić, Nenad Simeunovic, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This work presents an integral system for machining fixture layout design and optimization. The optimization module of this system allows determination of optimal positions of locating and clamping elements, which provides required accuracy and surface quality, while at the same time guarantees design of collision-free fixtures. The design module performs selection of required fixture elements based on a set of predefined production rules. Adequate criteria for the selection of fixture elements are defined for locating, clamping, tool guiding, and tool adjustment elements, as well as for fixture body elements, connecting elements and add-on elements. The system uses geometry and feature workpiece characteristics, as well as the additional machining, and process planning information. It has been developed to accommodate machining processes of turning, drilling, milling, and grinding of rotational and prismatic workpieces. A segment of output results is also shown. Finally, conclusions are presented with directions for future investigation.
Ključne besede: artificial intelligence, fixture, process planning
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.07.2017; Ogledov: 1211; Prenosov: 369
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,97 MB)
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25.
Triangulation of methods of career education
Marija Turnšek Mikačić, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper is an overview of the current research in the field of career education and career planning. Presented results constitute a model based on the insight into different theories and empirical studies about career planning as a building block of personal excellence. We defined credibility, transferability and reliability of the research by means of triangulation. As sources of data of triangulation we included essays of participants of education and questionnaires. Qualitative analysis represented the framework for the construction of the paradigmatic model and the formulation of the final theory. We formulated a questionnaire on the basis of our own experiences in the area of the education of individuals. The quantitative analysis, based on the results of the interviews, confirms the following three hypotheses: The individuals who elaborated a personal career plan and acted accordingly, changed their attitudes towards their careers and took control over their lives; in addition, they achieved a high level of self-esteem and self-confidence, in tandem with the perception of personal excellence, in contrast to the individuals who did not participate in career education and did not elaborate a career plan. We used the tools of NLP (neurolinguistic programming) as an additional technique at learning.
Ključne besede: triangulation, career planning, excellence, neurolinguistic programming
Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.07.2017; Ogledov: 1043; Prenosov: 334
.pdf Celotno besedilo (858,33 KB)
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26.
Business system: sustainable development and anticipatory systems thinking
Vojko Potočan, Matjaž Mulej, 2002, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The existence and development of humankind depends a lot upon a co-ordinatet operation of all areas and levels of human activity. However, in either theory or practice we found no model of operation, which would offer a harmonized and target oriented development. A possible solution is offered by sustainable development, which tries to the define and carry out common goals of human kind with a holistic harmonization of humans activities at all levels of their living and behaviour. Companies belong to central institutions of the modern society and assentially co-create the sustainability of society. Companies endeavour (e.g. by simulation and planning) to prepare models of their goals and ways concerning their internal and external environment. On the basis of systems approach, we can define companies as business systems, which can best survive in a log-run on the basis of sustainable development. This business system's effort can also be supported by the application of the ancipatory systems thinking which can improve its planning methods, if it is holistic, understood as a future oriented mental activity made of its methodological approach, techniques, and modes of work. Its characteristics have a direct impact of holism of the definition of goals, on the orientation of operation, and hence achievement of the business system's results.
Ključne besede: business systems, sustainable development, development, models, business, planning, business planning, results
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.07.2017; Ogledov: 951; Prenosov: 94
.pdf Celotno besedilo (379,96 KB)
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27.
The impact of regulation 561/2006 on fleet management viewed through efficient use of drivers' working time
Robert Muha, Drago Sever, 2009, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: The introduction of contemporary procedures to fleet management processes has recently changed the work planning and supervision of driver's work activities. Tendencies to control the implementation of driver's work have been present in modem professional practice for quite a long time; however, the equipment available on the market limited its implementation. The intensified development of digital tachographs has, in technical terms, ensured such equipment considerably before the legislative groundwork was prepared for its practical implementation. The Commission Regulation (EC) No. 561/2006 (implementation of Social legislation relating to Road Transport) does not bring any essential novelties in terms of permitted workload. Consistent monitoring of drivers activities, made possible by digital tachographs, will have impact on the existing working methods. The topic of the present paper is in deep analysis of the impact of the mentioned regulation with special emphasis on the conditions for the regulation of the current stage of drivers work and on the expected consequences. The essential importance lies on the expected change in the mentality and approach to planning the driver's activities in the transport process on the part of the carrier: the outcome will eventually result in the efficiency of each individual carrier.
Ključne besede: fleet management, driver's work planning, digital tachographs
Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.06.2017; Ogledov: 1059; Prenosov: 492
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,98 MB)
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28.
Multicriteria optimisation in logistics forwarder activities
Tanja Poletan, Alen Jugović, Ratko Zelenika, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Logistics forwarder, as organizer and planner of coordination and integration of all the transport and logistics chains elements, uses adequate ways and methods in the process of planning and decision-making. One of these methods analysed in this paper, which could be used in optimisation of transport and logistics processes and activities of logistics forwarder, is the multicriteria optimisation method. Using that method, in this paper is suggested model of multicriteria optimisation of logistics forwarder activities. The suggested model of optimisation is justified in keeping with method principles of multicriteria optimization, which is included in operation research methods and it represents the process of multicriteria optimization of variants. Among many different processes of multicriteria optimization, PROMETHEE (Preference Ranking OrganizationMethod for Enrichment Evaluations) and Promcalc& Gaia V. 3.2., computer program of multicriteria programming, which is based on the mentioned process, were used.
Ključne besede: traffic, transport, forwarding, logistic chain, planning, optimisation, PROMETHEE
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.06.2017; Ogledov: 1008; Prenosov: 146
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,86 MB)
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29.
The impact of demographic changes on the organization of emergency medical services : the case of Slovenia
Tatjana Kitić Jaklič, Jure Kovač, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose: The modern environment requires that organizations (profit and non-profit) continually harmonize their organizational models with changes in their respective environments and with their own visions and strategies for further development. The organizational structure of Emergency Medical Services (hereinafter EMS) is currently a very topical issue in Slovenia, given that a project to establish a new organization of EMS is currently underway at the national level. By examining the case of one region in Slovenia, this article presents an analysis of factors that impact on the number and types of EMS activities and depicts a forecast of future trends for the requirement of EMS. The analysis presents the initial phase of a strategic planning process for the mentioned activity and consequently, a starting point for the formation of an organizational EMS model. Methodology: This article presents an analysis of factors that impact on the formulation of an EMS model on the basis of research carried out for one geographical region of Slovenia. For the previous period, data was collected from 2002 to 2014. The software tool used for the analysis was STATA 13.0. For the purpose of forecasting a five-year period trend we used statistical package RStudio and Hyndman’s Forecast package given that this package contains algorithms for forecasting univariate time series including exponential smoothing using automated spatial models and ARIMA modelling. Results: The research has confirmed a correlation between social/environmental factors and the rate of increase in the demand for EMS. A population’s age structure has been identified as the key social factor that increases the need for EMS. On the basis of this finding, this article presents a model for forecasting growth trends in the scope of EMS activities. Conclusion: The research study has identified some important elements that are imperative to take into consideration when formulating an EMS network at the prehospital level. Population ageing has emerged as a key social factor. In the accordance with forecasted trends, an increase in the burden placed on EMS activities may also be anticipated in the future.
Ključne besede: strategic planning, foresight, trends, emergency medical services, Slovenia
Objavljeno v DKUM: 04.04.2017; Ogledov: 1406; Prenosov: 169
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,13 MB)
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30.
A new method for determining extra time by considering ergonomic loads in the garment and metal working industries
Vekoslav Verhovnik, Andrej Polajnar, 1993, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The changing labour conditions in the garment and metal-working industries have led to the necessity of determining new extra times to establish the time standard. In this paper, a method of measuring stress and strain imposed upon the operator in new working conditions by determining the additional production coefficient is presented. The method gives criteria and grades to assess stress at the workplace. Physical stress (dynamic and static), thermal and visual stress, discomfort caused by noise, aerosols, gases and vapours, and the stress due to monotony are assessed. The stresses are expressed by ecological, physiological and psychological indexes. The indexes are pondered. Ponderation includes the factor of the magnitude and the time of exposure to stress. Ponderation is expressed by the number of points, the total being an adequate presentation of the stresses. Stress and strain decrease the working performance of the operator. Therefore they must be included in the standard to compensate for the operator's lower working efficiency due to physical and psychological strain at the workplace, Short breaks and stops allowed during work enable the operator to perform work tasks without getting excessively tired. The necessary correction of the production time is made by applying the ergonomic coefficient Ker.
Ključne besede: job analysis, production planning, stress assessment, time study, working conditions, working environment
Objavljeno v DKUM: 30.03.2017; Ogledov: 1086; Prenosov: 149
.pdf Celotno besedilo (7,13 MB)
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