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Experimental analysis of cavitation erosion in a particle-laden flow
Filip Jovanovski, 2023, diplomsko delo

Opis: Cavitation erosion is a problem that presents a challenge for the engineers in different industries, as it erodes the machinery which leads to lower efficiency and higher maintanance costs. An experimental investigation has been conducted to evaluate cavitation and cavitation erosion with and without the presence of solid particles in a Venturi channel. The methodology is based on observing and analysing the evolution of the vapour structures and occurence of cavitation erosion on the sample surface in the Venturi channel. To conduct experiments the cavitation tunnel was used, with the central component being a transparent test section with a Venturi-like channel (constructed from Plexiglass walls and a metal insert) to monitor the process of cavitation. To detect the damage caused by cavitation erosion and abrasion, the most effective solution was found to be an indicator in the form of black acrylic paint thinned with water (at a ratio of 1:2). On the sample surface, a self-adhesive aluminium tape was applied to protect the aluminium base from erosive characteristics from cavitation Furthermore, a comparison between cavitation with and without solid particles was made to determine the effects of solid particles on both cavitation and abrasion of the sample surface. The observation revealed that no matter the solid particles, damage from cavitation erosion appears at the separation point and in proximity to the location of the detached cloud collapse. The spherical glass particles with diameters between 40 µm and 70 µm added an abrasive effect on the sample surface only in the presence of cavitation structures. It was determined, that the intensity of cavitation erosion and abrasion increases when the cavitation number decreases and volumetric flow rate increases. Also, an economic analysis was conducted, to determine which is the more cost beneficial solution between replacement of the metal insert and application of protective coatings over the metal insert.
Ključne besede: cavitation erosion, solid particles, abrasion, experiment
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.02.2024; Ogledov: 79; Prenosov: 13
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,93 MB)

3.
Coefficient of tangential restitution for non-spherical particles
Jana Wedel, Matjaž Hriberšek, Paul Steinmann, Jure Ravnik, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In various industrial and naturally occurring multiphase flows, whether dilute or dense, particle interaction plays a crucial role. In most cases, the particles are non-spherical, which poses a computational challenge in terms of particle motion and particle interaction, i.e. both particle–particle and particle–wall collisions. In this study, we present a novel frictional particle collision model to be used in general fluid flows. The model is derived for superellipsoidal particle shapes and thus allows consideration of frictional collisions of a wide variety of particle geometries. In this context, we derive an expression for the tangential coefficient of restitution applicable to arbitrarily shaped particles. Furthermore, we present the performance of the novel model by applying it to demonstrative examples ranging from two- to multi-particle systems.
Ključne besede: non-spherical particles, particle collision, tangential restitution coefficient, superellipsoids
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.02.2024; Ogledov: 124; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (5,64 MB)
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4.
Prediction of cavitation and particle erosion in a radial divergent test section
Luka Kevorkijan, Luka Lešnik, Ignacijo Biluš, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The 3D unsteady, cavitating, particle-laden flow through a radial divergent test section was simulated with the homogeneous mixture model and Discrete Phase Model (DPM) within the commercial CFD code ANSYS Fluent. For turbulence, a RANS approach was adopted with the Reboud’s correction of turbulent viscosity in the k-ω SST model. Cavitation erosion was predicted with the Schenke-Melissaris-Terwisga (SMT) model, while particle erosion was predicted with the Det Norske Veritas (DNV) model. Two distinct erosion zones were identified, one for pure cavitation erosion and one for pure particle erosion. The occurrence of the pure particle erosion zone downstream of the cavitation erosion zone was analysed. By observing the streamlines downstream of the cavitation structures, it was found that vortices form in the flow and redirect the particles towards the wall, causing a pure particle erosion zone on the wall. Particles under consideration in this study were not found to alter the flow to the extent that the cavitation erosion zone would be significantly altered compared with the results without solid particles which are reported in the literature.
Ključne besede: cavitation, Particles ANSYS Fluent, erosion, CFD, modelling, DPM
Objavljeno v DKUM: 30.10.2023; Ogledov: 162; Prenosov: 7
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,04 MB)
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5.
Formation and characterization of fucus virsoides j. agardh pigment–polyethylene glycol microparticles produced
Marija Banožić, Maja Čolnik, Mojca Škerget, Ana-Marija Cikoš, Krunoslav Aladić, Stela Jokić, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The particles from the gas-saturated solutions (PGSS) process was employed to micronize brown algae pigments separated by different extraction techniques. The particle formation of pigments with a coating material, polyethylene glycol (PEG), was carried out by the PGSS process using supercritical CO2. Environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were performed to characterize the produced particles, while encapsulation efficiency was determined using spectrophotometric methods. The physical properties of obtained microparticles were also determined. The PGSS process enabled a high encapsulation yield in the range from 61.60 to 73.73%, and high encapsulation efficiency in terms of chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and carotenoid content. The release of CO2 during the PGSS process gave the microparticles their characteristic open and porous form, and enhanced the solubility and flow properties at the same time.
Ključne besede: Fucus virsoides J. Agardh, pigment, encapsulation, particles from gas-saturated solutions
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.08.2023; Ogledov: 283; Prenosov: 24
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,71 MB)
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6.
Effect of particle roundness and morphology on the shear failure mechanism of granular soil under strip footing
Babak Karimi Ghalehjough, Suat Akbulut, Semet Çelik, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study investigates the effect of particles roundness and morphology on the shear failure mechanism of soil. A strip footing was modeled under laboratory conditions. Calcareous soil was tested with three roundness classes: angular, rounded and well-rounded shapes with sizes of 0.30 mm to 4.75 mm. These were divided into six different groups at three relative densities of 30%, 50% and 70%. A series of photographs was taken during the tests and analyzed using the particle image velocimetry (PIV) method to understand the soil-deformation mechanism. The results showed that increasing the sample sizes increased the affected area of the soil. At the same time, increasing the relative density caused a punching failure mechanism that went towards the general failure. The shear failure mechanism of the soil changed from general toward punching shear failure with increasing particle roundness. This effect was larger with the smaller materials. Underneath the affected layers of soil, the angular samples were deeper than the rounded and well-rounded samples. The affected depth in the angular soil was approximately 1.5B in the smallest size group. This was more than 3B and near 4B in the largest size group. Both the sides and the underlying soil layers should be considered on angular soils. The area under the footing becomes more important than the side parts after increasing the roundness of the particles.
Ključne besede: particle roundness, morphology of particles, shear failure mechanism, strip footing, PIV method, ultimate bearing capacity
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.10.2018; Ogledov: 1490; Prenosov: 485
.pdf Celotno besedilo (701,47 KB)
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7.
The meaning function of the case particle ʃi in the Tsuken Island dialect of Japanese considered from the perspective of collocative relations
Satomi Matayoshi, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper describes the case particle ʃi in the Tsuken Island dialect of Okinawa, Japan. This particle has a similar function to the preposition to in the English language. It is thought that ʃi is equivalent to case particles ni or e in the Japanese standard language, but its origin is not clear. ʃi has not only the function of ni or e, but also one of the functions of Standard Japanese made. It seems that ʃi developed in the Tsuken Island dialect.
Ključne besede: Japanese, collocations, case particles, grammar, geolinguistics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.02.2018; Ogledov: 986; Prenosov: 384
.pdf Celotno besedilo (314,21 KB)
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8.
Effect of drying parameters on physiochemical and sensory properties of fruit powders processed by PGSS-, vacuum- and spray-drying
Urban Feguš, Uroš Žigon, Marcus Petermann, Željko Knez, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Aim of this experimental work was to investigate the possibility of producing fruit powders without employing drying aid and to investigate the effect of drying temperature on the final powder characteristics. Raw fruit materials (banana puree, strawberry puree and blueberry concentrate) were processed using three different drying techniques each opera- ting at different temperature conditions: vacuum-drying (–27–17 °C), spray-drying (130–160 °C) and PGSS-drying (112–152 °C). Moisture content, total colour difference, antioxidant activity and sensory characteristics of the proces- sed fruit powders were analysed. The results obtained from the experimental work indicate that investigated fruit pow- ders without or with minimal addition of maltodextrin can be produced. Additionally, it was observed that an increase in process temperature results in a higher loss of colour, reduced antioxidant activity and intensity of the flavour profile.
Ključne besede: particles from gas saturated solutions drying, vacuum-drying, spray-drying, sensory evaluation, fruit powders
Objavljeno v DKUM: 18.08.2017; Ogledov: 1262; Prenosov: 381
.pdf Celotno besedilo (249,24 KB)
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Isospin violating decays of positive parity Bs mesons in HMχPT
Svjetlana Fajfer, Anita Prapotnik Brdnik, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Recent lattice QCD results suggest that the masses of the first two positive parity Bs mesons lie below the BK threshold, similar to the case of D∗s0(2317)+ and Ds1(2460)+ mesons. The mass spectrum of Bs mesons seems to follow the pattern of a Ds mass spectrum. As in the case of charmed mesons, the structure of positive parity Bs mesons is very intriguing. To shed more light on this issue, we investigate the strong isospin violating decays B∗0s0→B0sπ0, B0s1→B∗0sπ0, and B0s1→B0sππ within heavy meson chiral perturbation theory. The two-body decay amplitude arises at tree level and we show that the loop corrections give significant contributions. On the other hand, in the case of three-body decay B0s1→B0sππ the amplitude occurs only at loop level. We find that the decay widths for these decays are Γ(B0s1→B0sππ)∼10−3 keV, and Γ(B∗0s0→B0sπ0)≤55 keV, Γ(B0s1→B∗0sπ0)≤50 keV. More precise knowledge of the coupling constant describing the interaction of positive and negative parity heavy mesons with light pseudo-scalar mesons would help to increase the accuracy of our calculation.
Ključne besede: physics, elementary particles, B mesons, decays
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.06.2017; Ogledov: 865; Prenosov: 139
.pdf Celotno besedilo (743,71 KB)
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