Exploring non-traditional learning methods in virtual and real-world environmentsRebeka Kovačič Lukman
, Majda Krajnc
, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: This paper identifies the commonalities and differences within non-traditional learning methods regarding virtual and real-world environments. The non-traditional learning methods in real-world have been introduced within the following courses: Process Balances, Process Calculation, and Process Synthesis, and within the virtual environment through the European funded Lifelong Learning Programme project at the University of Maribor. The results, based on qualitative research in both environments show the appropriateness of non-traditional learning methods in comparison with traditional ones, although collaborative learning in both environments causes several frustration based on conflicts (personal or disagreements during the learning phase), influencing the efficiency of the learning process. This presents opportunities for improving and overcome emerging barriers by fostering motivation and interactivity.
Ključne besede: non-traditional learning methods, collaborative learning, virtual environments, real-world environments
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1124; Prenosov: 43
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INDIVIDUALIZED LEARNING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE: METHODS AND PROBLEMS RELATED TO SUCH LEARNINGDoroteja Hadner
, 2016, diplomsko delo
Opis: The thesis presents a topic that is nowadays very current in the field of education, even though it takes places outside of school, and that is individualized learning a foreign language. More and more children need additional help with acquisition and understanding of a foreign language and for this reason, the purpose of this thesis was to present individualized learning, to explore different approaches and methods of language teaching, which have evolved over the years and have been the subject of research and opinions of various authors. For learners, certain elements presented a big obstacle in learning a foreign language, which is why the thesis also presents different techniques of learning vocabulary and grammar according to various authors, which are also compared with our personal experiences, gained from individualized learning. The empirical part was based on a research, where we compared English examination tests of two learners, who attended individualized learning through all four years of secondary school. In each year, we made an analysis of both tests individually, compared learners’ mistakes and progress, and gave solutions to improve learners’ knowledge and understanding of a foreign language. Furthermore, we compared our personal experiences based on individualized learning with experiences and suggestions of other authors in connection with the use of different methods and approaches, and with learning vocabulary and grammar. Through theory and research, where the descriptive and comparative research method was used, we discovered that individualized learning was and will remain a very useful and effective tool in learning a foreign language, which gave learners excellent results at school, enriched their experience with the foreign language and most importantly, it raised their self-confidence in using a foreign language.
Ključne besede: individualized learning, learners, approaches, methods, grammar, vocabulary
Objavljeno: 02.09.2016; Ogledov: 485; Prenosov: 30
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Organization in finance prepared by stohastic differential equations with additive and nonlinear models and continuous optimizationPakize Taylan
, Gerhard-Wilhelm Weber
, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: A central element in organization of financal means by a person, a company or societal group consists in the constitution, analysis and optimization of portfolios. This requests the time-depending modeling of processes. Likewise many processes in nature, technology and economy, financial processes suffer from stochastic fluctuations. Therefore, we consider stochastic differential equations (Kloeden, Platen and Schurz, 1994) since in reality, especially, in the financial sector, many processes are affected with noise. As a drawback, these equations are hard to represent by a computer and hard to resolve. In our paper, we express them in simplified manner of approximation by both a discretization and additive models based on splines. Our parameter estimation refers to the linearly involved spline coefficients as prepared in (Taylan and Weber, 2007) and the partially nonlinearly involved probabilistic parameters. We construct a penalized residual sum of square for this model and face occuring nonlinearities by Gauss-Newton's and Levenberg-Marquardt's method on determining the iteration step. We also investigate when the related minimization program can be written as a Tikhonov regularization problem (sometimes called ridge regression), and we treat it using continuous optimization techniques. In particular, we prepare access to the elegant framework of conic quadratic programming. These convex optimation problems are very well-structured, herewith resembling linear programs and, hence, permitting the use of interior point methods (Nesterov and Nemirovskii, 1993).
Ključne besede: stochastic differential equations, regression, statistical learning, parameter estimation, splines, Gauss-Newton method, Levenberg-Marquardt's method, smoothing, stability, penalty methods, Tikhonov regularization, continuous optimization, conic quadratic programming
Objavljeno: 10.01.2018; Ogledov: 266; Prenosov: 25
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Elementary school teachers’ attitudes towards the importance and use of teaching methods in visual arts educationZlata Tomljenović
, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The quality of the teaching process in visual arts largely depends on a creative and effective combination of both general and subject-specific (visual arts) teaching methods. The aim of this study was to determine in- service teachers' perceptions of the features, specifics, importance and objectives of teaching methods in visual arts education, as well as their perception of the importance of visual arts as a school subject. The research was conducted on a sample of 373 Croatian elementary school teachers. A correlation was determined between the following variables: “teachers' work experience”, “teachers' perception of the importance of visual arts education” and the variable: “use of teaching methods in visual arts classes”. Findings have implications for modernizing and improving school practice; they also suggest further research in this area.
Ključne besede: learning, teaching, interactive approach, generic teaching methods, subject-specific teaching methods, elementary school teachers, teaching strategies, visual arts
Objavljeno: 14.05.2018; Ogledov: 363; Prenosov: 175
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