1. Double diffusive natural convection in a horizontal porous layer with the boundary domain integral methodRenata Jecl, Janja Kramer Stajnko, Leopold Škerget, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: We present the boundary-domain integral method, one of the numerical methods for solving the transport phenomena in porous media. The results for the case of double diffusive natural convection in a porous horizontal layer, which is fully saturated with an incompressible fluid, are obtained. Modified Navier-Stokes equations were used to describe the fluid motion in porous media in the form of conservation laws for mass, momentum, energy and species. Several results for different cases of double diffusive natural convection in a porous horizontal layer are presented and compared with some published studies in which calculations with other numerical methods were performed. Ključne besede: porous media, boundary domain integral method, double diffusive natural convection, Darcy-Brinkman equation Objavljeno v DKUM: 06.06.2018; Ogledov: 1014; Prenosov: 67 Celotno besedilo (454,56 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več... |
2. Conduction and convection heat transfer characteristics of water-based Au nanofluids in a square cavity with differentially heated side walls subjected to constant temperaturesPrimož Ternik, Rebeka Rudolf, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: The present work deals with the natural convection in a square cavity filled with the water-based Au nanofluid. The cavity is heated on the vertical and cooled from the adjacent wall, while the other two horizontal walls are adiabatic. The governing differential equations have been solved by the standard finite volume method and the hydrodynamic and thermal fields were coupled together using the Boussinesq approximation. The main objective of this study is to investigate the influence of the nanoparticles' volume fraction on the heat transfer characteristics of Au nanofluids at the given base fluid's (i.e. water) Rayleigh number. Accurate results are presented over a wide range of the base fluid Rayleigh number and the volume fraction of Au nanoparticles. It is shown that adding nanoparticles in a base fluid delays the onset of convection. Contrary to what is argued by many authors, we show by numerical simulations that the use of nanofluids can reduce the heat transfer rate instead of increasing it. Ključne besede: natural convection, heat transfer, nanofluid, Nusselt number Objavljeno v DKUM: 07.07.2017; Ogledov: 1140; Prenosov: 358 Celotno besedilo (834,69 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več... |
3. Heat-transfer characteristics of a non-newtonian Au nanofluid in a cubical enclosure with differentially heated side wallsPrimož Ternik, Rebeka Rudolf, Zoran Žunič, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: The present work deals with the laminar natural convection in a cubical cavity filled with a homogenous aqueous solution of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) based gold (Au) nanofluid obeying the power-law rheological model. The cavity is heated on the vertical and cooled from the adjacent wall, while the other walls are adiabatic. The governing differential equations were solved with the standard finite-volume method and the hydrodynamic and thermal fields are coupled using the Boussinesq approximation. The main objective of this study is to investigate the influence of the nanoparticle volume fraction on the heat-transfer characteristics of CMC-based Au nanofluid over a wide range of the base-fluid Rayleigh number. Accurate numerical results are presented in the form of dimensionless temperature and velocity variations, the mean Nusselt number and the heat-transfer rate. It is shown that adding nanoparticles to the base fluid delays the onset of natural convection. In addition, numerical simulations showed that, just after the onset of natural convection, adding nanoparticles reduces the mean Nusselt number value for any given base-fluid Rayleigh number. Ključne besede: natural convection, CMC-Au nanofluid, heat transfer, Nusslet number Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.03.2017; Ogledov: 1260; Prenosov: 93 Celotno besedilo (736,13 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več... |
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5. Numerical study of Rayleigh-Bénard natural-convection heat-transfer characteristics of water-based Au nanofluidsPrimož Ternik, Rebeka Rudolf, Zoran Žunič, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: The present work deals with the natural convection in a square cavity filled with a water-based Au nanofluid. The cavity is heated from the lower and cooled from the adjacent wall, while the other two walls are adiabatic. Theg overning differential equations have been solved with the standard finite volume method and the hydrodynamic and thermal fields have been coupled using the Boussinesq approximation. The main objective of this study is to investigate the influence of the nanoparticlesć volume fraction on the heat-transfer characteristics of Au nanofluids at a given base-fluid (i.e., water) Rayleigh number Rabf. Accurate results are presented over a wide range of the base-fluid Rayleigh numbers (102 £ Rabf £ 105) and the volume fraction of Au nanoparticles (0 % £ j £ 10 %). It is shown that adding nanoparticles to the base fluid delays the onset of convection. Contrary to what is argued by many authors, we show, with numerical simulations, that the use of nanofluids can reduce the heat transfer instead of increasing it. Ključne besede: Rayleigh-Bénard natural convection, water-Au nanofluid, heat transfer, numerical modelling Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1265; Prenosov: 115 Celotno besedilo (282,00 KB) Gradivo ima več datotek! Več... |
6. Boundary element method for natural convection in non-Newtonian fluid saturated square porous cavityRenata Jecl, Leopold Škerget, 2003, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: The main purpose of this work is to present the use of the Boundary Element Method (BEM) in the analysis of the natural convection in the square porous cavity saturated by the non-Newtonian fluid. The results of hydrodynamic and heat transfer evaluations are reported for the configuration in which the enclosure is heated from a side wall while the horizontal walls are insulated.The flow in the porous medium is modelled using the modified Brinkman extended Darcy model taking into account the non-Darcy viscous effects. The governing equations are transformed by the velocity-vorticity variables formulation enabling the computation scheme to be partitioned into kinematic and kinetic parts. To analyse the effects of the available non-Newtonian viscosity and to evaluate the presented approach, the power law model for shear thinning fluids (n<1), for shear thickening fluids (n>1) and in the limit for the Newtonian fluids (n=1) is considered. Numerical model is tested also for the Carreau model adequate for many non-Newtonian fluids. Solutions for the flow and temperature fields and Nusselt numbers are obtainedin terms of a modified Rayleigh number Ra*, Darcy number Da, and the non-Newtonian model parameters. The agreement between the results obtained with finite difference method is very good indicating that BEM can be efficiently used for solving transport phenomena in saturated porous medium. Ključne besede: natural convection, non-Newtonian fluid, porous medium, cavity flow, boundary element method, boundary domain integral method Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1720; Prenosov: 94 Povezava na celotno besedilo |
7. Natural convection flows in complex cavities by BEMLeopold Škerget, Matjaž Hriberšek, Zoran Žunič, 2003, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: A numerical method for the solution of Navier-Stokes equations is developed using an integral representation of the conservation equations. The velocity- vorticity formulation is employed, where the kinematics is given with the Poisson equation for a velocity vector, while the kinetics is represented with the vorticity transport equation. The corresponding boundary-domain integral equations are presented along with discussions of the kinetics and kinematics of the fluid flow problem. THE BEM formulation is developed and tested for natural convection flows in closed cavities with complex geometries. Ključne besede: fluid dynamics, natural convection, boundary element method, differential equations, closed cavity Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1918; Prenosov: 85 Povezava na celotno besedilo |
8. The wavelet transform for BEM computational fluid dynamicsJure Ravnik, Leopold Škerget, Matjaž Hriberšek, 2004, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: A wavelet matrix compression technique was used to solve systems of linear equations resulting from BEM applied to fluid dynamics. The governing equations were written in velocity-vorticity formulation and solutions of the resulting systems of equations were obtained with and without wavelet matrix compression. A modification of the Haar wavelet transform, which can transformvectors of any size, is proposed. The threshold, used for making fully populated matrices sparse, was written as a product of a user defined factor and the average value of absolute matrix elements values. Numerical tests were performed to assert, that the error caused by wavelet compression depends linearly on the factor , while the dependence of the error on the share of thresholded elements in the system matrix is highly non-linear. The results also showed that the increasing non-linearity (higher Ra and Re numbervalues) limits the extent of compression. On the other hand, higher meshdensity enables higher compression ratios. Ključne besede: fluid mechanics, computational fluid dynamics, boundary element method, wavelet transform, linear systems of equations, velocity vorticity formulation, driven cavity, natural convection, system matrix compression Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 2042; Prenosov: 94 Povezava na celotno besedilo |
9. BEM for the two-dimensional plane compressible fluid dynamicsLeopold Škerget, Niko Samec, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: In this study, the boundary element method, which has been established for theviscous incompressible fluid motion, is modified and extended to capture the compressible fluid state. The velocity-vorticity formulation of the time dependent set of equations is employed, where the kinematics is given with thePoisson velocity vector equation, while the kinetics is represented with the vorticity transport equation, and the pressure field function is governed by the Poisson pressure scalar equation. The method is applied to consider buoyancy driven flow in closed cavity, differentially heated under large temperature gradients. The ideal gas law is used and viscosity is given by Sutherland law. Ključne besede: fluid mechanics, compressible viscous fluid, natural convection, boundary element method, fluid dynamics Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1605; Prenosov: 97 Povezava na celotno besedilo |
10. Natural convection of micropolar fluid in an enclosure with boundary element methodMatej Zadravec, Matjaž Hriberšek, Leopold Škerget, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek Opis: The contribution deals with numerical simulation of natural convection in micropolar fluids, describing flow of suspensions with rigid and underformable particles with own rotation. The micropolar fluid flow theory is incorporated into the framework of a velocity-vorticity formulation of Navier-Stokes equations. The governing equations are derived in differential and integral form, resulting from the application of a boundary element method (BEM). In integral transformations, the diffusion-convection fundamental solution for flow kinetics, including vorticity transport, heat transport and microrotation transport, is implemented. The natural convection test case is the benchmark case of natural convection in a square cavity, and computations are performed for Rayleigh number values up to 107. The results show, which microrotation of particles in suspension in general decreases overall heat transfer from the heated wall and should not therefore be neglected when computing heat and fluid flow of micropolar fluids. Ključne besede: natural convection, micropolar fluid, boundary element method Objavljeno v DKUM: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 2410; Prenosov: 110 Povezava na celotno besedilo |