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Advance analysis of the obtained recycled materials from used disposable surgical masks
Alen Erjavec, Julija Volmajer Valh, Silvo Hribernik, Tjaša Kraševac Glaser, Lidija Fras Zemljič, Tomaž Vuherer, Branko Neral, Mihael Brunčko, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The production of personal protective equipment (PPE) has increased dramatically in recent years, not only because of the pandemic, but also because of stricter legislation in the field of Employee Protection. The increasing use of PPE, including disposable surgical masks (DSMs), is putting additional pressure on waste collectors. For this reason, it is necessary to find high-quality solutions for this type of waste. Mechanical recycling is still the most common type of recycling, but the recyclates are often classified as low-grade materials. For this reason, a detailed analysis of the recyclates is necessary. These data will help us to improve the properties and find the right end application that will increase the value of the materials. This work represents an extended analysis of the recyclates obtained from DSMs, manufactured from different polymers. Using surface and morphology tests, we have gained insights into the distribution of different polymers in polymer blends and their effects on mechanical and surface properties. It was found that the addition of ear loop material to the PP melt makes the material tougher. In the polymer blends obtained, PP and PA 6 form the surface (affects surface properties), while PU and PET are distributed mainly inside the injection-molded samples.
Ključne besede: mechanical recycling, disposable surgical mask, morphology, surface properties, mechanical properties, nonwoven materials, PPE
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.04.2024; Ogledov: 80; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (8,08 MB)
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Novel ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) enhanced by superhydrophobic and self-luminescent features
Ahmad Rizwan Mumtaz, Natalija Bede Odorčić, Núria Garro, Samo Lubej, Andrej Ivanič, Antonio Comite, Marcello Pagliero, Gregor Kravanja, 2024, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study explores the potential of using basalt reinforced UHPC by incorporating simultaneously self-cleaning and self-luminescent features, paving the way for sustainable advancements in civil engineering. New green formulations of UHPC were developed by integrating supplementary cementitious materials and optimizing water to the binder ratio, followed by using basalt fibers to enhance strength and ductility. The fabricated samples with high particle-packing density exhibit sufficient workability and compressive strength up to 136 MPa, and, when incorporating basalt fibers, a notable reduction in brittleness. The inner microstructure of basalt fibers was observed to be smooth, homogeneously distributed, and well adhered to the UHPC matrix. To ensure the desired long-lasting visual appearance of decorative UHPC and reduce future maintenance costs, a time-effective strategy for creating a light-emitting biomimetic surface design was introduced. The samples exhibit high surface roughness, characterized by micro to nano-scale voids, displaying superhydrophobicity with contact angles reaching up to 155.45°. This is accompanied by roll-off angles decreasing to 7.1°, highlighting their self-cleaning features. The self-luminescence feature showcased intense initial light emission, offering a potential energy-efficient nighttime lighting solutio
Ključne besede: UHPC, basalt fibers, mechanical properties, morphology, superhydrophobic, self-luminescence
Objavljeno v DKUM: 29.01.2024; Ogledov: 170; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (14,47 MB)

Case report: Endodontic treatment of a permanent maxillary first molar with three roots and six root canals
Marko Novak, Iztok Štamfelj, 2022, kratki znanstveni prispevek

Ključne besede: dental anatomy, dental operating microscope, root canal morphology, rotary endodontic instruments
Objavljeno v DKUM: 16.02.2023; Ogledov: 433; Prenosov: 27
.pdf Celotno besedilo (193,76 KB)
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Effect of particle roundness and morphology on the shear failure mechanism of granular soil under strip footing
Babak Karimi Ghalehjough, Suat Akbulut, Semet Çelik, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study investigates the effect of particles roundness and morphology on the shear failure mechanism of soil. A strip footing was modeled under laboratory conditions. Calcareous soil was tested with three roundness classes: angular, rounded and well-rounded shapes with sizes of 0.30 mm to 4.75 mm. These were divided into six different groups at three relative densities of 30%, 50% and 70%. A series of photographs was taken during the tests and analyzed using the particle image velocimetry (PIV) method to understand the soil-deformation mechanism. The results showed that increasing the sample sizes increased the affected area of the soil. At the same time, increasing the relative density caused a punching failure mechanism that went towards the general failure. The shear failure mechanism of the soil changed from general toward punching shear failure with increasing particle roundness. This effect was larger with the smaller materials. Underneath the affected layers of soil, the angular samples were deeper than the rounded and well-rounded samples. The affected depth in the angular soil was approximately 1.5B in the smallest size group. This was more than 3B and near 4B in the largest size group. Both the sides and the underlying soil layers should be considered on angular soils. The area under the footing becomes more important than the side parts after increasing the roundness of the particles.
Ključne besede: particle roundness, morphology of particles, shear failure mechanism, strip footing, PIV method, ultimate bearing capacity
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.10.2018; Ogledov: 1494; Prenosov: 486
.pdf Celotno besedilo (701,47 KB)
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A comparison of the channel geomorphic unit composition of regulated and unregulated reaches in the Soča river
Ian Maddock, Nataša Smolar, Graham Hill, 2007, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper examines the effects of flow regulation on the size, spatial distribution and connectivity of channel geomorphic units (CGU) in the Soča River, Slovenia. A river channel survey was completed along three reaches, i.e. an unregulated reach (reach 1), and two regulated reaches with lower discharges, (reach 2 and 3). Results demonstrated significant differences in the CGU composition between the unregulated and regulated reaches. Flow regulation in the Soča River alters the dominant types of CGU's present, significantly reduces the size of CGU's, and affects the longitudinal distribution of types by reducing habitat connectivity and creating greater habitat fragmentation.
Ključne besede: Soča River, river regulation, habitat mapping, channel geomorphic unit, river hydraulics, river morphology
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.03.2018; Ogledov: 1212; Prenosov: 93
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,04 MB)
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Making paradigms of verbs and adjectives using a dialect corpus
Chitsuko Fukushima, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The author has been involved in the making of a dialect dictionary of Tokunoshima, Amami, Japan, using a dialect corpus. The analysis of the dialect corpus and face-to-face interviews were combined to obtain the paradigms of verbs and adjectives to be included in the multimedia dialect dictionary. Sentences in the corpus were cut into phrases and verbs were identified and sorted into lists of verbs. The lists were examined to find patterns of verb conjugation. All conjugated forms were examined regarding succeeding forms, and, based on the distribution, a conjugated form was chosen as an entry. In Japanese, verbs and adjectives belong to the same syntactic category and adjectives change their forms as verbs do. Thus the same procedure was repeated concerning adjectives, and patterns and paradigms of adjective inflection were found.
Ključne besede: Japanese, dialect dictionaries, dialectology, morphology, linguistics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.02.2018; Ogledov: 939; Prenosov: 341
.pdf Celotno besedilo (333,60 KB)
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Experimental testing of single APM spheres
Matej Vesenjak, Lovre Krstulović-Opara, 2010, objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

Opis: Advanced pore morphology (APM) foam, consisting of sphere-like metallic foam elements, proves to have advantageous mechanical properties and unique application adjustability. Since the APM foam manufacturing procedure has been developed recently, the mechanical characterization of these materials is still very limited. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to determine the behaviour of APM spheres and its composites when subjected to quasi-staticand dynamic compressive loading. The results of the performed research have shown valuable mechanical properties of the composite APM foam structures, offering new possibilities for their use in general engineering applications.
Ključne besede: advanced pore morphology, foam, composite APM foam structures
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.07.2017; Ogledov: 1287; Prenosov: 368
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,61 MB)
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The influence of the morphology of iron powder particles on their compaction in an automatic die
Borivoj Šuštaršič, Matjaž Godec, Črtomir Donik, Irena Paulin, Srečko Glodež, Marko Šori, Milan Ratej, Nada Javornik, 2015, strokovni članek

Opis: Fe- and steel-based powder metallurgy (P/M) products, such as steel gears, spurs, locking mechanisms, porous filters, sliding bearings and bushes, as well as other machine parts and structural elements, are mainly produced with the so-called conventional sintering technology. It is the most efficient technology for the mass production of small, complex, functional and structural parts. Therefore, it is the most convenient and popular among all of the P/M technologies. The most important end-user of sintered parts is the automotive industry. However, small, complex, sintered parts can also be frequently used in the furniture and household industries, precise mechanics, articles for recreation and sports. A fine, iron-based powder mixture or prealloyed powder is first automatically uniaxial-die compacted (ADC) into the final shape of the product with a mechanical or hydraulic press and then sintered in a protective atmosphere at approximately 1100 °C. The metal powder mixture must have the appropriate engineering properties given by the chemistry and particle morphology, enabling a fast and reliable die-compaction process. The most important are a high tap density, a good powder flowability and a low compressibility. All this gives the green compacts an appropriate final shape with a smooth surface, a relatively high and uniform green density, as well as a green strength without internal flaws and cracks. In the case of very small two-or-more-heights products, for example, spur gears with a low module, it is very difficult to obtain a uniform green density at acceptable compaction pressures. Often small cracks are formed at height crossings and big differences in the green density appear in smaller or thinner regions. In the frame of our investigation we analysed the influence of the selected prealloyed commercial iron powder’s morphology and its technological properties on automatic die compaction, as well as the sintering process in the case of small two-level sintered gear dimensions of 5/40–7/10×7mm with module m = 0.5. The original iron powder was sieved and the finest powder particle fraction (< 45 µm) was compared with the original powder mixture considering ADC and sintering process. It was found that the selection of the finer powder mixture could not contribute to the improvement in the overall ADC process, as well as a better green compact. In the present paper the results of our investigations are presented and the reasons why a finer powder mixture cannot contribute much to an improvement of the conventional sintering process.
Ključne besede: Fe-based alloy powders, particles, morphology, microstructure, automatic die compaction, sintering
Objavljeno v DKUM: 27.03.2017; Ogledov: 1287; Prenosov: 351
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,18 MB)
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Morphological and microstructural features of Al-based alloyed powders for powder-metallurgy applications
Borivoj Šuštaršič, Irena Paulin, Matjaž Godec, Srečko Glodež, Marko Šori, Jože Flašker, Albert Korošec, Stanislav Kores, Goran Abramović, 2014, strokovni članek

Opis: Besides advanced nano steels, polymers and ceramics, recently also light metals, i.e., Al, Mg and Ti based materials, have been recognized as future materials for different kinds of advanced applications. Al and its alloys have an acceptable price, excellent corrosive resistance, good mechanical and other physical properties. Therefore, they are also used in the powder-metallurgy (P/M) field. The P/M technology of Al materials is very demanding and has its own specifics compared to the sintering technology of iron and steel. A relatively large quantity of Al-based alloy powder is formed during the sand blasting of slugs and discs in the Talum Al factory, Kidričevo, Slovenia. Therefore, we analysed and investigated its practical usability for a production of advanced products using P/M technology. The formed Al-based powder was compared with the commercially available Al-based powders that are generally used for conventional sintering technology. In the first part of this paper we explain which types of Al-based powders are used for the production of sintered parts, what the required parameters are and why we considered them. Then, the results of theoretical thermodynamic analyses and investigations of the morphological and microstructural characteristics of the selected commercial Al-based powders are given, as well as their comparison with the Al powder formed during the sand blasting and its potential for P/M applications.
Ključne besede: Al-based alloy powders, morphology, microstructure, LM characterisation, SEM/EDS characterisation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 17.03.2017; Ogledov: 1472; Prenosov: 129
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,85 MB)
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