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2.
Quality assessment of single-pass corner steel welded joints
Zdravko Praunseis, Bojan Stergar, Iztok Brinovar, 2021, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this paper is to analyse the quality assessment of single-pass corner steel welded joints. The testing revealed the most burdened welded joints, which were cut out of the workpiece and prepared for metallographic macroscopic and microscopic analysis. Thus, for all examinations of single-pass corner steel welded joints, the standard test procedures were used to determine the weldability and quality assessment of base materials and welded joints. Additionally, the effects of various welded defects of single-pass weld material on the bearing strength of corner welded joints will be analysed.
Ključne besede: welded joints, microstructure, cracks, undercut, main frame
Objavljeno v DKUM: 13.11.2023; Ogledov: 231; Prenosov: 7
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,61 MB)
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3.
Comparative study of the microstructure and properties of cast-fabricated and 3D-printed laser-sintered Co–Cr alloys for removable partial denture frameworks
Dejan Stamenković, Miljana Popović, Rebeka Rudolf, Milorad Zrilić, Karlo Raić, Kosovka Obradović-Đuričić, Dragoslav Stamenković, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Since additive technologies in dentistry are gradually replacing metal casting technology, it is necessary to evaluate new dental constructions intended for the development of removable partial denture frameworks. The aim of this research was to evaluate the microstructure and mechanical properties of 3D-printed, laser-melted and -sintered Co–Cr alloys, and perform a comparative study with Co–Cr castings for the same dental purposes. The experiments were divided into two groups. The first group consisted of samples produced by conventional casting of the Co–Cr alloy. The second group consisted of 3D-printed, laser-melted and -sintered specimens produced from a Co–Cr alloy powder divided into three subgroups, depending on the technological parameters chosen for manufacturing (angle, location and heat treatment). Examination of the microstructure was carried out by classical metallographic sample preparation, using optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis. A structural phase analysis was also performed by XRD. The mechanical properties were determined using a standard tensile test. The microstructure observation showed a dendritic character in the case of castings, while in the case of 3D-printed, laser-melted and -sintered Co–Cr alloys, the microstructure was typical for additive technologies. The XRD phase analysis confirmed the presence of Co–Cr phases (ε and γ). The results of the tensile test showed remarkably higher yield and tensile strength values and slightly lower elongation of the 3D-printed, laser-melted and -sintered samples than those produced by conventional casting.
Ključne besede: Co–Cr dental alloys, 3D printing, laser melting and sintering, casting, microstructure, mechanical properties, characterization
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.04.2023; Ogledov: 307; Prenosov: 24
.pdf Celotno besedilo (16,55 MB)

4.
Vpliv izdelovalnih parametrov na lastnosti izdelkov iz Ti-6Al-4V, narejenih s selektivnim laserskim taljenjem in plastenje površine z bioaktivnim polimerom
Snehashis Pal, 2019, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Technological parameters included in energy density (ED) are the more powerful tools in selective laser melting (SLM) technology which can be used in the time of fabrication to regulate chemical, metallurgical, and mechanical properties of a product. The volumetric Energy Density (ED) depends on the energy input employed by the laser power, scanning speed, hatch spacing, and the layer thickness. Density, microstructure, surface morphology, dimension accuracy, strength and porosity including the number of pores, place of the pore, size of a pore shape of a pore, inclusions of pores of an SLM product depends on the processing parameters. As the powder material fusion process is done by track by track and layer by layer, the architecture of the microstructure in a product is oriented as the direction of building up too. The research has emphasized on metallurgical properties, tensile properties, and producing the non-porous products from Ti-6Al-4V alloy powder and surface modification using bioactive polymer for orthopedic application. The research has followed four steps to study the metallurgical properties and finding out the combinations of technological parameters in producing non-porous products. The purpose of the first step of the study was to examine the effects of ED on the product properties and to obtain an optimum ED as well as the optimal range of scanning speed. The second step of the study has focused on the influences of laser power. The third step of the study has investigated the effect of amounts of track overlapping and hatch spacing. Almost a zero-porosity product has been able to produce by following these three steps of the ongoing research. The fourth step has studied the metallurgical properties emphasizing on re-melting of every layer. High-density products have been found in the fourth step where a small amount of very small sized pores are present as a result of keyhole effect and gaseous bubble entrapment mainly. Four buildup orientations have been selected for each ED in the first step of the study to examine the tensile properties of the products. The best buildup orientation has been seen in longitudinally vertical tensile specimens considering tensile properties. The tensile properties have also been studied in the second and third step of the study with best build up orientation of the tensile specimens. The alterations of metallurgical and tensile properties have also been investigated after heat-treatment of the specific samples. Dimensional accuracies were also invigilated on the cubic, and tensile specimens over the studies and consequently, inaccuracies have been noticed. The fifth step of the study has observed the pore properties, adhesion properties, the compressive strength of gelatin coating manufactured using unidirectional freezing and the freeze-drying process of three different gelatin concentrations on four different surfaced Ti-6Al-4V alloy substrates. The results indicate that the coating properties depend on the substrate’s surface texture as well as the concentration of gelatin. Above 80% of porosity, interconnected and well-aligned pores of 75-200 μm have been obtained which is required to stimulate bone ingrowth histologically.
Ključne besede: selective laser melting, unidirectional freezing, fabricating parameters, porosity, microstructure, mechanical strength
Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.04.2019; Ogledov: 1652; Prenosov: 137
.pdf Celotno besedilo (10,52 MB)

5.
Nanocomposite foams from iron oxide stabilized dicyclopentadiene high internal phase emulsions : preparation and bromination
Sebastijan Kovačič, Christian Slugovc, Gregor Ferk, Nadejda B. Matsko, 2014, strokovni članek

Opis: Nanocomposite polyHIPE foams with open-cellular morphology were obtained using nanoparticles ($γFe_2O_3/Fe_3O_4$), surfactant (Pluronic L121) or nanoparticle/surfactant stabilized dicyclopentadiene high internal phase emulsions (DCPD HIPEs). Upon curing, cavity sizes were found to vary drastically between 950 ± 360 µm down to 7 ±3 µm de- pending on the HIPE formulations. As-obtained nanocomposite polyHIPE foams were functionalized using elemental bromine in THF. Upon bromination the nanoparticles are moved from the cavities surfaces into the bulk phase of the polymer scaffold, which affects the inductive-heating capability of the magnetic nanocomposite foams decreasing it by the factor of 2.
Ključne besede: chemical technology, nanocomposites, bromination, microstructure, pickering HIPEs, $γFe_2O_3/Fe_3O_4$ nanoparticles, Ring Opening Metathesis Polymerization (ROMP), dicyclopentadiene, inductive heating
Objavljeno v DKUM: 24.08.2017; Ogledov: 1094; Prenosov: 137
.pdf Celotno besedilo (967,87 KB)
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6.
Determination of microstructural changes by severely plastically deformed copper-aluminum alloy : optical study
Nebojša Romčević, M. Gilić, Ivan Anžel, Rebeka Rudolf, Miodrag Mitrić, M. Romčević, B. Hadžić, D. Joksimović, Milica Petrović Damjanović, Matija Kos, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Our work deals with the problem of producing a complex metal-ceramic composite using the processes of internal oxidation (IO) and severe plastic deformation. For this purpose, Cu-Al alloy with 0.4wt.% of Al was used. IO of sample serves in the first step of the processing as a means for attaining a fine dispersion of nanosized oxide particles in the metal matrix. Production technology continues with repeated application of severe plastic deformation (SPD) of the resulting metal matrix composite to produce the bulk nanoscaled structural material. SPD was carried out with equal channel angular pressing (ECAP), which allowed that the material could be subjected to an intense plastic strain through simple shear. Microstructural characteristics of one phase and multiphase material was studied on internally oxidized Cu with 0.4wt.% of Al sample composed of one phase copper-aluminum solid solution in the core and fine dispersed oxide particles in the same matrix in the mantle region. In this manner AFM, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy were used. Local structures in plastically deformed samples reflect presence of $Cu$, $CuO$, $Cu_2O$, $Cu_4O_3$ or $Al_2O_3$ structural characteristics, depending on type of sample.
Ključne besede: metals, oxides, atomic force microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, microstructure
Objavljeno v DKUM: 08.08.2017; Ogledov: 1542; Prenosov: 154
.pdf Celotno besedilo (596,63 KB)
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7.
The use of water atomisation for the production of frits
Tadej Lešer, Ivan Anžel, Andreja Goršek, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The production of powder materials from melts is usually done by atomisation. In our research two different frits were successfully produced using water atomisation technique. An overall assessment of the powders showed that the sizes of particles and their morphologies are determined mainly by the chemical compositions of the frits and atomisation parameters. The sizes of the particles depend on the viscosities of the frits, which is governed by the melt superheating during the experimental trials, orifice diameter and interactions between droplets and particles during additional stages after primary atomisation, which were controlled by water pressure. The morphologies of the particles depend on the relationships between the times of solidification and sphereoidisation and on the interactions between the particles.
Ključne besede: water atomisation, microstructure, spheroidisation, frits
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 2273; Prenosov: 108
.pdf Celotno besedilo (260,23 KB)
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8.
The influence of simulated thermal cycle on the formation of microstructures of multi-pass weld metal
Danilo Rojko, Vladimir Gliha, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The influence of weld thermal cycle on the micrstructural changes in weld metal by use of the simulated microstructures. We examined the kinetics of the formation of austenite from the starting microstructure. The simulated microstructures were prepared by the application of simulated thermal cycles with different peak temperatures on a sample of real single-pass weld metal. The reproduction of thermal cycles were carried out by the SMITWELD simulator. Special attention was dedicated to the influence of thermal cycle on the formation of microstructures, which can be potential triggers of brittle fracture (local brittle zones).
Ključne besede: welding, welded joints, multi-pass weld metal, simulated microstructure, impact toughness
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 2167; Prenosov: 124
.pdf Celotno besedilo (223,13 KB)
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9.
Microstructure of NiTi orthodontic wires observations using transmission electron microscopy
Janko Ferčec, Darja Feizpour, Borut Buchmeister, Franc Rojko, Bojan Budič, Borut Kosec, Rebeka Rudolf, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This work presents the results of the microstructure observation of six different types of NiTi orthodontic wires by using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). Within these analyses the chemical compositions of each wire were observed in different places by applying the EDS detector. Namely, the chemical composition in the orthodontic wires is very important because it shows the dependence between the phase temperatures and mechanical properties. Micro- structure observations showed that orthodontic wires consist of nano-sized grains containing precipitates of Ti2Ni and/or TiC. The first precipitated Ti2Ni are rich in Ti, while the precipitated TiC is rich in C. Further investigation showed that there was a difference in average grain size in the NiTi matrix. The sizes of grains in orthodontic wires are in the range from approximately 50 to 160 nm and the sizes of precipitate are in the range from 0,3 μm to 5 μm.
Ključne besede: orthodontic wires, nickel-titanium orthodontic wire, NiTi wire, shape memory alloys, SMA wires, microstructure, transmission electron microscopy, TEM, average grain size
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 1283; Prenosov: 119
.pdf Celotno besedilo (869,15 KB)
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10.
Mechanical properties and microstructure characterisation of Au-Pt dental alloy
Rebeka Rudolf, Tjaša Zupančič Hartner, Ladislav Kosec, Aleksandar Todorović, Borut Kosec, Ivan Anžel, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Development of a dental alloy with high Au content is based on the ternary system of Au-Pt-Zn with a nominal composition of 86,9Au-9,9Pt-1,5Zn, and about 1,5 wt.% micro-alloying elements (In, Ir, Rh). The results analyses of different heat-treated states showed that the optimal mechanical properties and hardness of an Au-Pt-Zn alloy can be reached with combinations of heat treatment for 20 minutes at 723 K and then slowly cooling, if the alloy was annealed at 1223 K for 30 minutes and the water quenched. Research results confirmed that the microstructure of the Au-Pt-Zn alloy consists of two phases: α1-phase rich in Au (main phase) and α2-phase rich in Pt (minor phase). During XRD analysis and use of the Rietveld method, it was found that the α1-phase content is about 98,5 wt.% while the content of α2-phase is 1,5 wt.%. STA analyses show that the Au-Pt-Zn alloy has a solidus temperature of about 1292 K and a liquidus temperature of about 1412 K.
Ključne besede: Au dental alloy, properties, microstructure, characterization
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.07.2017; Ogledov: 1166; Prenosov: 106
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,59 MB)
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