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1.
Local governments as providers of public order
Ero Liivik, 2017, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper deals with the legal regulation of Estonia’s public order from the aspect of local governments. The purpose of the article is to analyse relevant Estonian legislation to help identify problems and make suggestions for improvement. Proposals are intended for the institutions involved in developing legislation in Estonia. Local governments in the country act according to the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia (1992), but still retain enough legal autonomy to decide on local affairs independently of the state government. Methods: The paper is based on an analysis of national legislation. In the legal research, the author pays attention to written sources of law, e.g. the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia (1992), and subsequent legal acts regulating public order. Findings: The main task of local government is to provide public services and improve the quality of the living environment. In Estonia, the principal provider of internal security is the Police and Border Guard Board. It is the responsibility of local government to assist the national structures in fulfilling their duties. On the other hand, the municipalities are required to ensure public order within their territories. The legal power given by parliament to local governments to carry out such activities is insufficient to ensure the law is enforced. Practical Implications: The findings in this paper highlight areas in which the legal regulation could be improved. Originality/Value: Although the legal basis for Estonian municipalities’ operations has been studied carefully, it is necessary to examine issues concerning the links between local governments and public order in detail. The continually changing legislation makes the situation complex to handle. It also provides an opportunity for international comparative analysis with other European Union member states.
Ključne besede: local government, internal security, public order, policing, Estonia
Objavljeno: 15.04.2020; Ogledov: 445; Prenosov: 15
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2.
Local self-government financing and costs of municipality in Slovenia
Žan Oplotnik, Boštjan Brezovnik, Borut Vojinović, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This research paper focuses on the compliance of the actual system of financing local self-government in Slovenia with the basic principles of the theory of decentralization and guidelines of the European charter of local self-government. It addresses the level of costs coverage within the municipal competence by using the allocated appropriate expenditure resources calculated according to the Law of financing municipality Act. The purpose of the paper is, therefore, to look for an answer to the question whether and to what extent the obtained funds correspond to the actual workload that municipalities have for performing statutory tasks and for exercising their competences. Analysis shows that, on an aggregate level, these actual systems ensure enough resources for local governments to cover their actual costs and current expenditures; some groups of municipalities, e. g. larger urban municipalities, municipalities with large proportions of elderly people etc. are faced with lack of funding, according to the actual costs data available, while other groups of municipalities receive more funds than they need.
Ključne besede: public finance, fiscal decentralization, local self-government, municipalities finance
Objavljeno: 14.07.2017; Ogledov: 745; Prenosov: 100
.pdf Celotno besedilo (524,39 KB)
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3.
(De)centralization of public procurement at the local level in the EU
Boštjan Brezovnik, Žan Oplotnik, Borut Vojinović, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The so-called decentralization of public procurement in EU Member States is accepted as the most suitable design of the public procurement system, often justified by greater economic efficiency and by the possibility of boosting the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, which act on the public procurement market as providers of goods, services and works. Despite the existence of highly decentralized public procurement systems which reflect the decentralization of administrative systems, especially after the recession, there is a stronger tendency for centralization of public procurement in the EU. The so-called aggregation of demand by contracting authorities can be done in order to achieve economies of scale, including lower prices and transaction costs as well as to improve and professionalize the management of procurement procedures (as highlighted in the Directive 2014/24/EU by the European Parliament and the EU Council). However, even in the context of public procurement centralization, local contracting authorities (i.e., public administration authorities and organizations) in Member States should be provided with a sufficiently wide range of possible (centralized) organizational structures and contractual (vertical and horizontal) public-public partnerships which will allow them to select the most suitable and most economically effective organizational structure for the execution of public procurement.
Ključne besede: centralization, public procurement, local self-government, fiscal decentralization, EU, European Union
Objavljeno: 14.07.2017; Ogledov: 713; Prenosov: 72
.pdf Celotno besedilo (347,03 KB)
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