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The need for simulation in complex industrial systems
Khalid Aboura, Miroljub Kljajić, Ali Eskandarian, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We discuss the concept of simulation and its application in the resolution of problems in complex industrial systems. Most problems of serious scale, be it an inventory problem, a production and distribution problem, a management of resources or process improvement, all real world problems require a mix of generic, data algorithmic and Ad-hoc solutions making the best of available information. We describe two projects in which analytical solutions were applied or contemplated. The first case study uses linear programming in the optimal allocation of advertising resources by a major internet service provider. The second study, in a series of projects, analyses options for the expansion of the production and distribution network of mining products, as part of a sensitive strategic business review. Using the examples, we make the case for the need of simulation in complex industrial problems where analytical solutions may be attempted but where the size and complexity of the problem forces a Monte Carlo approach.
Ključne besede: simulation, linear programming, production process
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 626; Prenosov: 299
.pdf Celotno besedilo (448,62 KB)
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On Groebner bases and their use in solving some practical problems
Matej Mencinger, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Groebner basis are an important theoretical building block of modern (polynomial) ring theory. The origin of Groebner basis theory goes back to solving some theoretical problems concerning the ideals in polynomial rings, as well as solving polynomial systems of equations. In this article four practical applications of Groebner basis theory are considered; we use Groebner basis to solve the systems of nonlinear polynomial equations, to solve an integer programming problem, to solve the problem of chromatic number of a graph, and finally we consider an original example from the theory of systems of ordinary (polynomial) differential equations. For practical computations we use systems MATHEMATICA and SINGULAR .
Ključne besede: polynomial system of (differential) equations, integer linear programming, chromatic number of a graph, polynomial rings, Groebner basis, CAS systems
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 680; Prenosov: 39
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Optimisation of tree path pipe network with nonlinear optimisation method
Danijela Urbancl, Darko Goričanec, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In this paper, the optimisation of pipe network with hot water is presented. The mathematical model, consisting of the nonlinear objective function and system of nonlinear equations for the hydraulics limitations is developed. On its basis, the computer program for determination optimal tree path with the use of simplex method was solved. For economic estimation the capitalised value method, which consider all costs of investment and operation was used. The results are presented for real case study network with 24 nodes and 33 pipe sectors.
Ključne besede: district heating, pipe network, optimisation, non-linear programming, simplex method
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1634; Prenosov: 82
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Optimum design of plane timber trusses considering joint flexibility
Simon Šilih, Miroslav Premrov, Stojan Kravanja, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The paper presents the optimization of metal-plate-connected plane timber trusses with special emphasis on joint flexibility. The optimization was performed by the non-linear programming approach. Since various truss design parameters such as type of truss configuration, span/depth ratio, number and type of diagonal and vertical members and type of joint connections simultaneously affect each other, it is proposed that all of these parameters should be considered simultaneously in a single mathematical model. An optimization model for cost optimization of timber trusses was thus developed. The economic objective function for minimizing the structure's self-manufacturing costs was defined, subjected to the design, stress and deflection (in)equality constraints. The finite element equations were as the equality constraints defined for the calculation of the internal forces and the deflections of the structure. The stiffness matrix of the structure was composed by considering fictitiously decreased cross-section areas of all the flexibly connected elements. Constraints for the dimensioning of the timber members were determined in accordance with Eurocode 5 in order to satisfy the requirements of both the ultimate and the serviceability limit states. The cross-section dimensions and the number of fasteners were defined as independent optimization variables. A numerical example demonstrates the applicability of the optimization approach presented as well as the influence of the fasteners' flexibility on the optimal self-manufacturing costs.
Ključne besede: civil engineering, timber structures, trusses, fasteners, flexibility, optimization, non-linear programming
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1545; Prenosov: 88
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Flow-pressure analysis of loop gas networks
Jurij Krope, Peter Trop, Darko Goričanec, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper proposes a mathematical model underlying a computer program for flow-pressure analysis of loop gas pipe networks. The method is used on a test case with four nodes. The HAPN application for flow-pressure analyses of low pressure gas pipe networks is completely designed in object-oriented programming technology. The equations, which describe the physical flow-pressure conditions through every cross point are assumed to be continuous and the energy of every closed loop of analyzed network conserved. The system of non-linear equations was linearized by LTM (Linear Theory Method). The algorithm for numerical module LTM and the method for solution of sparse matrix are developed at the Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Maribor, Slovenia.
Ključne besede: fluid mechanics, gas pipe networks, linear method, non-linear programming, pressure losses
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1484; Prenosov: 25
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