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Knowledge management for knowledge society and intergenerational education
Jana Goriup, Vilma-Alina Bezenšek, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The impact of globalization on contemporary post-modern society in the light of an aging population requires methods and techniques of education that are appropriate for young people and reflect (or accommodate) intergenerational learning. The purpose of this paper is to analyse, through empirical research and study of literature, the context of the elderly who are too often marginalized and to show the impact of the knowledge of society based on the use of modern information and communication technologies, on intergenerational learning. The authors analyse some of the consequences of the demographic changes and highlight the role and importance of intergenerational learning and collaboration for sustainability, especially in the Slovenian ageing society. We identify the role and importance of intergenerational learning for coexistence of generations. In the analysis of the empirical data of the conducted research, we conclude that the effectiveness of the knowledge society is influenced by both: the globalization processes and the intergenerational integration, as well as (and in particular) the cultural capital of younger generations and, last, but not least, the willingness of all generations to participate in the transmission and acquisition of knowledge.
Ključne besede: elderly, (social) integration, intergenerational learning, education, lifelong learning, knowledge society
Objavljeno: 03.08.2017; Ogledov: 628; Prenosov: 82
.pdf Celotno besedilo (109,84 KB)
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Social presence and interaction in learning environments
Ines Kožuh, Zoran Jeremić, Andrej Sarjaš, Julija Lapuh Bele, Vladan Devedžić, Matjaž Debevc, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: With the increased use of social media there is a growing interest in using social interaction and social presence in education. Despite this phenomenon, no appropriate methodology was found on effective integrating of both concepts into online learning. In this study, we propose integrating two different kinds of learning tools to provide social interaction and social presence in Personal Learning Environments. We have evaluated the proposed concept in a classroom setting, using a specific social interaction tool and a specific social presence tool. The findings revealed that although the use of the social interaction tool was positively associated with students% academic success, the perceived ease of using the social presence tool was negatively related to students' success.
Ključne besede: personal learning environment, social interaction, social presence, online social presence, academic success
Objavljeno: 03.08.2017; Ogledov: 717; Prenosov: 77
.pdf Celotno besedilo (810,12 KB)
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The social acceptance of secondary school students with learning disabilities (LD)
Teja Majcen, Majda Schmidt, Karin Bakračevič Vukman, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper aims to shed light on the level of social acceptance among students with learning disabilities (LD4 ) in various secondary school vocational programs in comparison with their peers without disabilities. Our findings are based on an empirical study that comprised 417 students, 5 of whom 85 were students with LD. Based on sociometric analyses of all participating classes, we determined that students with LD were less integrated into the classroom in comparison to their peers without LD. The results of the sociometric analysis show statistically significant differences in the sociometric position between students with LD and students without LD. While students with LD were most frequently perceived as rejected, students without LD were seen as popular or average. In addition, students with LD see themselves as less socially self-efficient compared to their peers. The results of our study mostly refer to boys, because the sample comprised 359 boys and 58 girls. We believe that pro-inclusion teachers with appropriately developed strategies for strengthening students' social skills, as well as positive attitudes and sufficient knowledge about the special needs of students can have a significant impact on the social acceptance of students with special needs in the classroom community.
Ključne besede: students with learning disabilities, social integration, social self-efficacy, social acceptance, sociometric status, secondary school vocational education
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 796; Prenosov: 77
.pdf Celotno besedilo (180,27 KB)
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Professional competences of graduates as a labour market mechanism for aligning business school curriculum reform with the Bologna declaration principles
Milan Jurše, Polona Tominc, 2008, kratki znanstveni prispevek

Opis: Higher education institutions in Europe have been recently faced with a rapidly changing external framework for developing new study programmes and their curricula. The main contribution of our paper is to provide a better insight into the skills and competences of business school graduates needed at the labour market, as seen by employers, graduates of business schools, and academics. The paper attempts to enhance our understanding of different aspects of curriculum revision by incorporating professional competences into the early stages of the curriculum development process. In this paper also the experience of the Faculty of Economics and Business from Slovenia, which has transformed its bachelor and master study programmes according to the principles set out in Bologna Declaration, is presented and discussed.
Ključne besede: employment, labor market, education, business schools, lifelong learning, Bologna declaration
Objavljeno: 04.07.2017; Ogledov: 482; Prenosov: 99
.pdf Celotno besedilo (287,08 KB)
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A biometric authentication model using hand gesture images
Simon Fong, Yan Zhuang, Iztok Fister, Iztok Fister, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A novel hand biometric authentication method based on measurements of the user's stationary hand gesture of hand sign language is proposed. The measurement of hand gestures could be sequentially acquired by a low-cost video camera. There could possibly be another level of contextual information,associated with these hand signs to be used in biometric authentication. As an analogue, instead of typing a password 'iloveu' in text which is relatively vulnerable over a communication network, a signer can encode a biometric password using a sequence of hand signs, 'i', 'l', 'o', 'v', 'e', and 'u'. Subsequently the features from the hand gesture images are extracted which are integrally fuzzy in nature, to be recognized by a classification model for telling if this signer is who he claimed himself to be, by examining over his hand shape and the postures in doing those signs. Itis believed that everybody has certain slight but unique behavioral characteristics in sign language, so are the different hand shape compositions. Simple and efficient image processing algorithms are used in hand sign recognition, including intensity profiling, color histogram and dimensionality analysis, coupled with several popular machine learning algorithms. Computer simulation is conducted for investigating the efficacy ofthis novel biometric authentication model which shows up to 93.75% recognition accuracy.
Ključne besede: biometric authentication, hand gesture, hand sign recognition, machine learning
Objavljeno: 28.06.2017; Ogledov: 797; Prenosov: 376
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,83 MB)
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Directional learning and the provisioning of public goods
Heinrich H. Nax, Matjaž Perc, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: We consider an environment where players are involved in a public goods game and must decide repeatedly whether to make an individual contribution or not. However, players lack strategically relevant information about the game and about the other players in the population. The resulting behavior of players is completely uncoupled from such information, and the individual strategy adjustment dynamics are driven only by reinforcement feedbacks from each player's own past. We show that the resulting "directional learning" is sufficient to explain cooperative deviations away from the Nash equilibrium. We introduce the concept of k-strong equilibria, which nest both the Nash equilibrium and the Aumann-strong equilibrium as two special cases, and we show that, together with the parameters of the learning model, the maximal k-strength of equilibrium determines the stationary distribution. The provisioning of public goods can be secured even under adverse conditions, as long as players are sufficiently responsive to the changes in their own payoffs and adjust their actions accordingly. Substantial levels of public cooperation can thus be explained without arguments involving selflessness or social preferences, solely on the basis of uncoordinated directional (mis)learning.
Ključne besede: cooperation, public goods, directional learning, phase transitions, physics of social systems
Objavljeno: 23.06.2017; Ogledov: 461; Prenosov: 248
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,40 MB)
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Creative thinking and decision-making processes in EFL creative writing
Katja Težak, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Creativity has been discussed, observed and researched for hundreds of years in the fields of psychology and philosophy - from the ancient notion of the inspired genius, all the way to modern psychologists trying to define creativity and prove its effects. Creativity has recently become a buzzword in EFL teaching practices. We try to stimulate creative thinking in the classroom, but possibly forget to observe the processes within it. The article discusses definitions of creativity and presents a qualitative study on the decision-making processes within EFL creative writing and its connections to students' language learning. The qualitative study was conducted with two 3rd-year bachelor English students who were asked to plan and write a short story in English while doing a think-aloud protocol. The data were transcribed and coded in order to observe emerging categories in the students' reasoning for plot and language use decisions.
Ključne besede: EFL, creative writing, creative thinking, decision making, language learning
Objavljeno: 16.05.2017; Ogledov: 557; Prenosov: 322
.pdf Celotno besedilo (214,73 KB)
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Assessment of young learners' foreign language in Slovenian primary schools
Mihaela Brumen, Branka Čagran, Shelagh Rixon, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Assessment should regularly and systematically be integrated into the process of learning and teaching. That is, it should reflect the kinds of activity that regularly occur in class and with which pupils are famillar. It should have a strong diagnostic function that will provide useful information to teachers and learners in enabling them to take stock of where they are and if necessary to adapt their particular strategies. The research reported in this article focuses on an investigation of Slovenian foreign language teachers' experiences and attitudes toward the assessment of primary learners of a foreign language. By means of a survey questionnaire we present the characteristics of teachers' assessment in practice, and teachers' attitudes toward assessment at the primary level. The survey shows that all teachers assess their young learners of foreign languages, more often numerically than with comments. They also believe that they are responsible for assessment, just as they believe that teachers and young learners alike have the right to these the results.
Ključne besede: education, assessment, primary education, foreign language teaching, early learning, primary learners of a foreign language
Objavljeno: 12.05.2017; Ogledov: 659; Prenosov: 297
.pdf Celotno besedilo (211,75 KB)
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The importance and prevalence of modern forms of staff training in the corporate environments of transition countries
Tanja Markovič-Hribernik, Boštjan Jarc, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Compared with traditional forms of education and training, e-learning is gaining increasing importance not only within the academic setting of formal education, but also in the corporate environment. Concerning the latter, it is evident that with increasing pressure on cost efficiency and competitiveness, in addition to the current harsh financial and economic conditions, companies are being challenged and this tends to change their behaviour patterns. In this article, the results of a survey are presented. The survey focused on the current status and possible future trends of corporate e-learning methods in Slovenia, which is among the so-called transition countries. This survey brings more than one aspect of this issue to light. The findings show increasing rates of acceptance of the e-learning education model by the local corporate environment. Nevertheless, significant gaps are evident when compared with the most advanced European and worldwide economies in terms of the widespread use of comprehensive e-learning models and the latest e-learning technologies, such as LMS systems. Furthermore, the survey reveals that e-learning is perceived by companies as cost efficient and flexible, but on the other hand it is not yet perceived to contribute to a higher quality level of staff training when compared with traditional methods.
Ključne besede: staff training, e-learning, corporate environment, transition countries
Objavljeno: 05.04.2017; Ogledov: 700; Prenosov: 107
.pdf Celotno besedilo (249,35 KB)
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Interest in currency trading learning
Rok Pintar, Eva Jereb, Mladen Čudanov, Marko Urh, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and purpose: This paper analyzes the interest of potential users for learning in the field of currency trading or foreign exchange (forex, FX). The purpose of our article is a) to present currency trading, b) to present different options, methods and learning approaches to educating in forex, c) to present the research results discovering the interest of potential users for learning in the field of currency trading. Methodology: For gathering data, an online questionnaire was used. It was distributed so that the survey sample covers socio-demographic variables (gender, age, working status, relationship status, financial status of credit and educational level). Interest in learning in the field of currency trading was assessed. Descriptive statistics, t-test, paired samples test, homogeny test of variances, and ANOVA were used. Results: It was determined that people are interested in learning about currency trading, especially younger ones (< 30 years), who prefer e-learning as their learning approach. Obtaining and possessing the right information is the strongest motivation factor and fearing not having enough necessary prior knowledge is the strongest discouraging factor for learning about currency trading. Conclusion: Education of users in the field of currency trading is becoming increasingly popular with the development of e-learning.
Ključne besede: currency trading, forex, e-learning
Objavljeno: 04.04.2017; Ogledov: 609; Prenosov: 99
.pdf Celotno besedilo (323,22 KB)
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