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21.
Trends in ICT and multimedia supported education
Marko Papić, Janez Bešter, 2012, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: The formal educational system is facing different problems regarding adaptation towards the needs of a modern knowledge society. In the article, two important and comprehensive challenges to today's formal educational system are discussed and commented upon. The first problem is the incoherence between the needs of the labor market and formal education system outcomes in terms of graduated students. Another problem is the distancing between the prevailing traditional pedagogical methods within formal educational institutions and the ways in which students acquire information and knowledge outside of the schools as they are becoming less and less interested in traditional lectures. It is argued that specific information and communication system technologies (ICT) supported mechanisms, such as social learning and virtual communities may address these challenges. Theories of communities and social learning that may be useful for implementation in the education system are explained and practical implementation is proposed.
Ključne besede: education systems, knowledge society, ICT, multimedia, e-learning
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 640; Prenosov: 247
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,04 MB)
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22.
The importance of perception and consciousness for E-learning
Vanda Rebolj, 2010, strokovni članek

Opis: The article presents the results of a research on perception during the learning process of adults in a virtual environment. The aim of the research was to determine why the process of e-learning introduction in Slovenia has been slowed down. Perception and its effects upon learning are important on the conscious as well as on the unconscious level but they have not been given as much attention as in the classical learning environment. Disturbed perception which results from the lack of expertise in preparation of the e-environment is a serious obstacle for learning. The objective of the research was to find solutions for the actual teaching practice but at the same time the research emphasizes that conclusions cannot always be made on the basis of former facts about students. We have to bear in mind that the impact of technology changes the students as well. Lack of professional arguments and of good practice leads to pedagogical conservatism which can cause the school's progress, also in the area of adult education, to be directed in the opposite direction from the one required by business processes in the organizations in which the adult students come from or in which the students are employed after they finish their education.
Ključne besede: e-learning, e-education, virtual learning environment, perception, adults, remembrance
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 442; Prenosov: 273
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,42 MB)
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23.
The heterogeneous accentuation of economic content in vocational education
Christoph Maus, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose: Since the successive introduction of “learning field“ oriented curricula in Germany, teaching at vocational schools as part of the dual system has been based on concrete actions. The underlying curricula describe business-oriented learning fields. The translating of these learning fields into pedagogical learning situations is the responsibility of the vocational curriculum conferences at the individual vocational school level, whereby con-siderable leeway is afforded them in these activities. This means that, despite there being an identical curricular basis, it is possible for individual schools to apply heterogeneous content emphases within the education programmes for commercial vocations. This study examines the correlation between such heterogeneous content with regard to the subject of economics and the person characteristics of the relevant teachers. Design/Methodology/Approach: In order to determine the individual significance of eco-nomics curricula as part of the education programme for commercial occupations on a learning field basis, an online survey was conducted among commerce teachers. Descriptive statements about the significance of topics of content are generated with the help of the relevance ratings provided by the respondent teachers. Results: The findings for the correlations indicate a relationship between the relevance of economics content and individual experience of teaching staff with regard to that particular academic discipline, because a high relevance rating correlates with individual tangencies within the teacher's educational biography Conclusion: The shifting of lesson content design onto the individual vocational schools has resulted in human resource determinant factors coming into force. Apart from a (fully desira-ble) heterogeneity of content, these factors have also led to a decrease of economics content.
Ključne besede: education, economic education, curriculum, learning fields, institutionalized human resource development
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 383; Prenosov: 66
.pdf Celotno besedilo (721,66 KB)
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24.
Simulated decision learning in a multiactor setting
Viveca Asproth, Stig Holmberg, Ulrica Löfstedt, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The idea of decision analysis-and subsequent learning from the outcomes-is old within Operational Research. Here this approach to continuous improvement of decision outcomes is put one step further within the area of crisis and disaster management. This is done by introducing multiactors making simultaneous decisions with just partial information about each other. Further, decision outcomes are achieved from a simulation model rather than from the real object system.
Ključne besede: multi layered systems, anticipation, retardation, learning, simulation
Objavljeno: 22.01.2018; Ogledov: 563; Prenosov: 227
.pdf Celotno besedilo (423,99 KB)
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25.
Organizational mental map and conative competences
Darko Kovač, Andrej Bertoncelj, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Employees with their knowledge, skills, behavior and personal traits impact the organizational learning. The concept of organizational mental map and conative competences, as inborn underlying characteristic that is influenced by employees being involved as well as endogenous and exogenous factors, is presented. Three Slovene small to mid-sized companies were studied in respect to the individual factors, especially conative competences, of their employees. The study suggests that conative side of mind and thus conative competences can actually influence the organizational learning. What matters in contemporary management practice is how hidden potentials are set free and how they intrinsically motivate employees according to their personal differences in capabilities. As conative competences are inborn and can not be learned but only encouraged, contrary to cognitive competences, it is important to better understand employees' personal traits.
Ključne besede: organizational learning, SME, conation, conatice competences, organizational mental map
Objavljeno: 10.01.2018; Ogledov: 546; Prenosov: 248
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,00 MB)
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26.
Organization in finance prepared by stohastic differential equations with additive and nonlinear models and continuous optimization
Pakize Taylan, Gerhard-Wilhelm Weber, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A central element in organization of financal means by a person, a company or societal group consists in the constitution, analysis and optimization of portfolios. This requests the time-depending modeling of processes. Likewise many processes in nature, technology and economy, financial processes suffer from stochastic fluctuations. Therefore, we consider stochastic differential equations (Kloeden, Platen and Schurz, 1994) since in reality, especially, in the financial sector, many processes are affected with noise. As a drawback, these equations are hard to represent by a computer and hard to resolve. In our paper, we express them in simplified manner of approximation by both a discretization and additive models based on splines. Our parameter estimation refers to the linearly involved spline coefficients as prepared in (Taylan and Weber, 2007) and the partially nonlinearly involved probabilistic parameters. We construct a penalized residual sum of square for this model and face occuring nonlinearities by Gauss-Newton's and Levenberg-Marquardt's method on determining the iteration step. We also investigate when the related minimization program can be written as a Tikhonov regularization problem (sometimes called ridge regression), and we treat it using continuous optimization techniques. In particular, we prepare access to the elegant framework of conic quadratic programming. These convex optimation problems are very well-structured, herewith resembling linear programs and, hence, permitting the use of interior point methods (Nesterov and Nemirovskii, 1993).
Ključne besede: stochastic differential equations, regression, statistical learning, parameter estimation, splines, Gauss-Newton method, Levenberg-Marquardt's method, smoothing, stability, penalty methods, Tikhonov regularization, continuous optimization, conic quadratic programming
Objavljeno: 10.01.2018; Ogledov: 465; Prenosov: 53
.pdf Celotno besedilo (364,34 KB)
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27.
The effectiveness of distanced e-learning in teachers' education
Milena Kerndl, Metka Kordigel Aberšek, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In the last two decades a remarkable shift from conventional forms of teaching toward e-learning happened on all levels of education. This shift included also teachers’ permanent, lifelong education. The purpose of the study was to find and compare the effectiveness of conventional workshop and an e-learning module in teachers’ lifelong/permanent professional training. A study included 30 mother tongue teachers. The aim of the teachers training course curriculum was focused in their competence for developing students’/reader’s reception metacognition (RRM), a competence which is a prerequisite for differentiation/individualization in the process of implementation of literature curriculum in the frame of mother tongue education. Pre-intervention and post-intervention teaching practice of both groups of teachers were observed and compared to find out, which form of lifelong education influenced participants’ teaching practice in a more effective way. The qualitative and quantitative analysis of data, gained in e-module and compared with those, gained in the traditional workshop education, shows a significantly bigger effect of education on the case study participants teaching practice for the group of teachers, which participated in traditional educational form – a workshop.
Ključne besede: education, e-learning, distanced e-learning, teachers' training, lifelong learning
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 477; Prenosov: 69
.pdf Celotno besedilo (486,77 KB)
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28.
Student self-evaluation of seminar activities
Darinka Sikošek, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study is focused on the curricular innovations of methodological subjects for acquiring of teachers competences at undergraduate education where students as prospective chemistry teachers serve as a goal group. The redesign of seminar as an essential curricular form is based on consistent consideration of topical didactic principles. Research into the optimal performance of seminar work focuses particularly on their organisation, methodology and evaluation. These three model parameters serve to implement student seminar activities in accordance with Bologna teachers competences. Using the descriptive empirical method for students self-evaluation of seminar work defined in methodological subject module of three subjects (Didactics of Chemistry, Experiments and Natural Activities-Mentroship) some efforts in bettering the competence mastery over.
Ključne besede: education, teaching skills, teaching competences, student autonomy, didactic principles, process learning, seminars
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 804; Prenosov: 48
.pdf Celotno besedilo (911,06 KB)
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29.
Smart e-testing
Marjan Krašna, Tomaž Bratina, Branko Kaučič, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A decade of experience with e-learning material production gives significant trends overview. From the perspective of ICT evolution this means very long time. E-learning is always closely coupled to ICT but with the distinction - it always lags behind the advancement in ICT. Among many unknown issues one thing is certain - e-learning permanently changes. From the past experiences prediction of immediate future e-learning is possible but the prediction for longer time is less accurate. In the article chronological e-learning achievements and their connections are presented in order to give an overview of trends in e-learning in Slovenia. But despite of the detailed past knowledge fundamental prediction error of e-learning future developments was made. Today's hot topics are not better e-learning materials, not even broad application of interactive boards but e-testing. Possible immediate future of e-learning is therefore application of intelligent e-testing systems. Intelligent computer assisted testing (CAT) is not the new topic in e-learning. It is object of many researches but it is not suitable for teachers. It is way too complicated for teachers to apply it successfully in their work. E-learning development process for intelligent computer assisted test production that suits teachers' competences is prepared and explained in the article.
Ključne besede: distance learning, knowledge assessment, learning management system
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 469; Prenosov: 67
.pdf Celotno besedilo (681,61 KB)
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30.
Problems environmental education connected with technic and technology
Amand Papotnik, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: By planning and selecting the contents of subject technology we must take into account also the contents from environmental education. Combining the different contents are compose from the process of planning, analyzing and/or evaluating achieved result. In the frame of the selected educational strategy (for example Project task) the students must acquire and strengthen the theoretical and practical knowledge, develop skills and working habits. Only if we take into account this, they will be able to transfer this theoretical and practical technological knowledge to solve the ecological problems. This is the teaching and learning in the narrow sense, which we can classified as acquiring new, knowledge, tasks and skills necessary for solving the problems. Learning in the wide sense means preserving knowledge and recalling it back, the knowledge that is connected with technical, technological, organizational and ecological problems.
Ključne besede: education, technics and technology, ecology, environmental education, ICT, learning strategies
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 651; Prenosov: 59
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,01 MB)
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