New Horizons in Subject-Specific Education
Opis: Over the past three decades, various research methods have been developed in the field of subject-specific educational research. The individual subject didactics have been consolidated enormously, each in its way and at a different pace. The scientific monograph New Horizons in Subject-Specific Education is a study work containing complete and in-depth research of subject-specific didactics, written by several authors from Slovenia, Croatia, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The monograph presents new ideas and developments in subject didactics, which are of significant importance to those working in the field. It reflects both the diversity of research concerns in this field and the range of methods used to investigate them. The book consists of four thematic parts—STEM Education, Sport and Art Education, Social Science and Humanities Education, and Pedagogy. We hope that the monograph New Horizons in Subject-Specific Education will contribute some new information and knowledge to an evolving but extremely important area of research.
Ključne besede: quantitative and qualitative methodologies, empirically based research, teaching, learning, knowledge
Objavljeno: 02.07.2020; Ogledov: 696; Prenosov: 28
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Teaching Methods for Economics and Business Sciences
Opis: The author of the first paper explores how students perceive various types of active learning techniques. The second paper identifies the teaching methods that are accepted by Generation Y students. The author of the third paper addresses the characteristics of contemporary students and their implications for teaching strategies. The fourth paper explores the effects of interdisciplinary problem-based learning on the development of students' knowledge, skills, and competences. Gamification as a teaching strategy is discussed in the fifth paper. The sixth paper addresses the challenge of merging disciplines of entrepreneurship and finance in one study program. The approaches to increasing students’ focus in learning finance-related subjects are discussed in the seventh paper. In the eighth paper authors expose the value of practical higher education as a response to the perceived phenomena of financial illiteracy and financial exclusion. The role of research results transfer into university teaching of transport economics discusses the author of the ninth paper. The authors of tenth paper explore the relevance of mastering Spanish for students of economics and business disciplines. The last paper discusses the authors' experiences with e-learning in higher education from the perspective of its extent and importance.
Ključne besede: higher education, economics, business sciences, teaching methods, teaching strategies, active learning techniques, Generation Y, problem-based learning, practical higher education, e-learning
Objavljeno: 02.06.2020; Ogledov: 356; Prenosov: 20
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Motivation for Learning English in AdulthoodJerneja Osredkar
, 2019, magistrsko delo
Opis: Technological development, information technology development, new ways of communicating and globalisation have influenced the society and knowledge greatly. One's knowledge needs to be upgraded and improved constantly since it enables the quality of work, personal development, as well as a better quality of life in society. Due to historical spread of the language and the economic power of the United States of America, English has gained the position of a global language and is used as a lingua franca in the world. Therefore, many invidiuals decide to learn English in adulthood. Their decision to enrol in language courses and final success depend on many factors, motivation certainly being one of the key factors. The main aim of the master’s thesis is to find out what motivates adults to take part in language courses as well as what the potential barriers are. The analysis of the survey has not shown any major differences in motivation between older and younger adults; however, factor analysis shows that knowledge is the most important value upon which people decide to enrol in the English language classes. When analysing barriers, situational barriers have proven as the most pressing issue once again.
Ključne besede: lifelong learning, the English language, motivation, barriers to learning
Objavljeno: 20.12.2019; Ogledov: 349; Prenosov: 73
Celotno besedilo (1,18 MB)
Nature-inspired algorithms for hyperparameter optimizationFilip Glojnarić
, 2019, magistrsko delo
Opis: This master thesis is focusing on the utilization of nature-inspired algorithms for hyperparameter optimization, how they work and how to use them. We present some existing methods for hyperparameter optimization as well as propose a novel method that is based on six different nature-inspired algorithms: Firefly algorithm, Grey Wolf Optimizer, Particle Swarm Optimization, Genetic algorithm, Differential Evolution, and Hybrid Bat algorithm. We also show the optimization results (set of hyperparameters) for each algorithm and we present the plots of the accuracy for each combination and handpicked one. In discussion of the results, we provide the answers on our research questions as well as propose ideas for future work.
Ključne besede: artificial intelligence, artificial neural networks, machine learning, nature-inspired algorithms, evolutionary algorithms
Objavljeno: 09.12.2019; Ogledov: 593; Prenosov: 65
Celotno besedilo (969,13 KB)
Evaluation of Machine Learning Algorithms for Predicting the Processing Time of Order Picking in a WarehouseTilen Škrinjar
, 2019, magistrsko delo
Opis: Optimization of warehouse processes increases efficiency and lowers the cost of managing a warehouse. The most expensive and time-consuming activity is picking. Knowing picking process time is an important factor for proper organization of material and information flow. Orders delivered to a packing station too early or too late can cause delays in a warehouse. The purpose of this study is to evaluate machine learning pipeline for processing time prediction of order picking. This includes data gathering, data preprocessing and the evaluation of machine learning algorithms, which are the most important aspects of this research.
Ključne besede: warehouse, order picking, machine learning, regression analysis
Objavljeno: 25.02.2019; Ogledov: 614; Prenosov: 0
Applying the Vaughan Method When Teaching English as a Foreign Language in SpainLaura Podkoritnik
, 2019, magistrsko delo
Opis: In the thesis we write about English as a global language and the process of teaching it using a special in-company method. Learning a language differs from person to person, and even more from adults to children. When it comes to teaching English as a foreign language, we can use different approaches and methods, from conventional to alternative ones. There are many ways for people to learn a foreign language – it can be by themselves using different books, audio-visual material or apps, or by taking classes with an English teacher. Browsing through numerous job ads for English teacher vacancies one can easily notice there is a preference of native speaking teachers. Why are native speakers, that potentially do not even have any teaching certificates, more valued than non-native teachers with pedagogical background? Spain is one of the countries where English is not vastly spoken; a situation which in the past few years have been slightly changing for the better as more and more people sign up for English courses to learn English for different purposes (most common are work, travelling or themselves). One of the companies that offer English courses all over Spain is Vaughan Systems where teaching evolves around an autonomous method developed by an American, Richard Vaughan. In the thesis we introduce the method and Vaughan teachers’ opinion on it regarding their workload, pedagogical background and textbook assessment and comparing the results based on the teachers’ native speaker status and the time they have been working for the company.
Ključne besede: English teaching, language learning, adults, non-native speaking teachers, native speaking teachers, Vaughan, Spain
Objavljeno: 11.02.2019; Ogledov: 530; Prenosov: 53
Celotno besedilo (1,04 MB)
Teaching vocabulary items related to the field of nursing at the secondary levelPetra Andrejašič
, 2018, magistrsko delo
Opis: In the following MA thesis professional language is presented in detail. Professional language is based on general one and characterized by technical terminology. It is an essential part of the lessons in vocational programmes, as it forms the basis for students’ future profession. According to the curriculum, a part of English lessons (English as a foreign language) in vocational programmes should be dedicated to professional language in order to prepare students for their career paths/professional activities throughout Europe. To gain as good learning outcomes as possible, it is of great importance that foreign language teachers integrate professional language into the lessons gradually and in cooperation with teachers of vocation specific subjects. Teachers plan professional foreign language lessons in accordance with the curriculum, while taking into account the needs and wishes of their students. In this way, they aim at efficient and successful learning and at the same time exercise one of the key guiding principles of successful teaching and learning – learner-centred teaching. Choosing appropriate vocabulary is of key importance, as well as giving clear, short explanations of new or unknown vocabulary items that are accompanied by examples of their use and, if needed, also by translations/mother tongue equivalents. Teachers should inform students of different learning strategies that facilitate their learning or acquiring new vocabulary. They should also decide on appropriate teaching methods that motivate students and contribute to their independent learning, as well as teaching/learning materials. As learning foreign languages usually starts with reading, its main features are presented in the MA thesis, focusing on reading professional foreign language texts.
In the empirical part our research into the importance of learning professional language in foreign language classes is presented. The survey was carried out among third year students of the nursing school. The findings shows how important they consider learning a professional foreign language, how motivated they are for learning it, and if professional language test results were better compared to all the other foreign language tests.
Ključne besede: professional language, teaching professional foreign language, curriculum, teaching/learning materials, reading
Objavljeno: 08.01.2019; Ogledov: 394; Prenosov: 64
Celotno besedilo (1,15 MB)
Classification of perimetric data for supporting glaucoma diagnosisJanja Belinc
, 2018, magistrsko delo
Opis: The aim of the study: Glaucoma is a chronic, progressive and asymptomatic retinal disease which results in an irreversible visual field loss. The main objective of this Master’s thesis work was to study the applicability of classification techniques for supporting glaucoma diagnosis.
Research Methodology: In this study perimetric data was obtained by SPARK strategy implemented in Oculus perimeters and provided by medical experts from the Hospital Universitario de Canarias (HUC). This data was used for constructing the feature vectors for the classification problem. Feature vectors of 66 values and feature vectors of 6 values were tested in the experiments. The proposed classification study attempted to: a) demonstrate that the studied classifiers were able to distinguish between “healthy” and “glaucomatous” eyes using only perimetric data, and b) analyse which feature vector design was the most suitable to accomplish this task.
Results: The classification results showed that classifiers performed better on 6 than on 66 perimetry values, which demonstrated the suitability of the 6 points selected by the SPARK strategy and supported its use in medical field.
Conclusion: In this study two remarkable findings for pattern recognition in perimetric data were obtained. Firstly, that reducing the dataset improved the efficiency of the studied classifier, and secondly, that simple pattern recognition models types were more efficient than complex ones.
Ključne besede: Eye disease, visual field, SPARK perimetry, pattern recognition, machine learning, supervised learning, ROC analysis
Objavljeno: 27.08.2018; Ogledov: 492; Prenosov: 55
Celotno besedilo (4,25 MB)
Elementary school teachers’ attitudes towards the importance and use of teaching methods in visual arts educationZlata Tomljenović
, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: The quality of the teaching process in visual arts largely depends on a creative and effective combination of both general and subject-specific (visual arts) teaching methods. The aim of this study was to determine in- service teachers' perceptions of the features, specifics, importance and objectives of teaching methods in visual arts education, as well as their perception of the importance of visual arts as a school subject. The research was conducted on a sample of 373 Croatian elementary school teachers. A correlation was determined between the following variables: “teachers' work experience”, “teachers' perception of the importance of visual arts education” and the variable: “use of teaching methods in visual arts classes”. Findings have implications for modernizing and improving school practice; they also suggest further research in this area.
Ključne besede: learning, teaching, interactive approach, generic teaching methods, subject-specific teaching methods, elementary school teachers, teaching strategies, visual arts
Objavljeno: 14.05.2018; Ogledov: 694; Prenosov: 256
Celotno besedilo (498,08 KB)
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Using the 3D virtual environments for teachingMaja Pivec
, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek
Opis: Virtual worlds represent a powerful media for instruction, offering a wide scope of tools for social interaction and innovation in learning that encourages student participation. Supported by the AVATAR course, teachers were able to productively create teaching and learning environments that support the needs of learners of diverse linguistic, cultural and economic backgrounds, all within a safe virtual environment. This paper outlines the AVATAR course structure, delivery, experiences, and post course reflections on teaching within a 3D virtual world.
Ključne besede: e-learning, 3D virtual environment, course structure, experience
Objavljeno: 23.01.2018; Ogledov: 445; Prenosov: 78
Celotno besedilo (1,12 MB)
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