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Secondary school students' perspectives on and attitudes towards laboratory work in biology
Andrej Šorgo, Andreja Špernjak, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Interest in Biology among secondary school students in Slovenia is dropping from year to year. 1,046 secondary school students were surveyed about their preferred number of group mates in the laboratory, their attitudes towards and positive and negative views of laboratory work in Biology. From the students' perspective, the preferred way of teaching biology would be a mixture of interesting lectures and laboratory activities where they would have the opportunity to find solutions to the problems on their own through work in small groups. This is in direct opposition to prevailing teaching practice, where lectures are the dominant way of teaching. To overcome the loss of interest in Biology among students, action is needed immediately. Bridging the gap between students' perspectives on and opinions-about good teaching practice and actual teaching practice should follow three tracks: the first one involves changes to the syllabus in such a way that less is more; the second one requires rewriting of manuals and textbooks, and the third is a change in the teaching practice of individual teachers. If for the first two teachers can find the excuse that this is outside their sphere of competence, there can be no excuse for avoiding immediate changes in teaching techniques.
Ključne besede: education, biology, secondary education, attitudes, laboratory work, students
Objavljeno: 19.12.2017; Ogledov: 754; Prenosov: 79
.pdf Celotno besedilo (806,44 KB)
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Perspectives on the introduction of computer-supported real laboratory exercises into biology teaching in secondary schools
Andreja Špernjak, Andrej Šorgo, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Computer supported virtual and real laboratories are recognized as tools that can help in raising the quality of biology instruction, and raising development competences in students. Yet biology teachers have been treating the computer as typewriter, as a source of information and as a tool for communication, all of which usages are common to all subjects. The uses of ICT that can significantly help in developing scientific literacy and that are primary tools in science teaching - such as the use of data loggers - are only rarely on the syllabus. The lack of equipment is not the most important reason for failure to use such applications; instead, this is probably due to teachers' attitudes, opinions and knowledge. Students cannot be recognized as an obstacle in working with ICT. Lawer secondary school students aged between 10 and 14 performed three laboratory exercises (Activity of yeast, Gas exchange in breathing, Heart rate) using three different methods: classic, computer-supported and virtual laboratory. As a result of testing, we know that all three methods are suitable even for younger students. When students were asked which method they liked the most, their first choice was computer-supported laboratory, followed by classic laboratory, with virtual laboratory in the third place.
Ključne besede: education, biology, secondary education, computer-supported laboratory, laboratory work, ICT, simulations
Objavljeno: 15.12.2017; Ogledov: 861; Prenosov: 85
.pdf Celotno besedilo (783,64 KB)
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Language-independent virtual biology exercise for the development of key competences for lifelong learning
Miro Puhek, Andrej Šorgo, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Natural sciences in Slovenia are not as popular as we would like them to be. Biology teaching and learning in great part consist of memorizing the facts and not so much of developing competences. Laboratory and field work are recognized as methods where students can achieve subject specific and generic competences, as recommended by different international organizations. Such key competences are mathematical competence and competences in science and technology, and digital competences. Although competences cannot be learned but have to be achieved, the task seems epical when students can hardly find computer supported didactical tools in their own language. On the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics virtual biology exercise Mendelian Genetics with a translational tool was developed. Teachers have the possibility to translate it into desired foreign language. Virtual exercise is interactive and encourages the critical thinking approach to reach the high level cognitive skills and development of different competences.
Ključne besede: education, biology teaching, virtual laboratory, laboratory work, competences, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 15.12.2017; Ogledov: 602; Prenosov: 60
.pdf Celotno besedilo (919,38 KB)
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Apacer: a six-step model for the introduction of computer-supported laboratory exercises in biology teaching
Andrej Šorgo, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article describes a six-step approach used for the introduction of computer-supported laboratory exercises in Biology teaching. Following the model students will be guided from recognizing a problem question to the end report in a series of active tasks. The model was named APACER as an acronym of the six steps: Ask, Predict, Act, Comment, Evaluate and Report. The model was tested with 15-18-year-old secondary school students as group and individual work over a time span of ten years and several hundred students performing laboratory exercises in Biology. Work on development of the model can be described as reflective classroom practice. By observation of students' work, grading of their reports and evaluation of results from exams, it was recognized that students achieved much higher grades because of better knowledge and improved reports. Transfer of the model to other Science subjects is suggested.
Ključne besede: education, biology teaching, computer-supported laboratory, laboratory work, ICT, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 12.12.2017; Ogledov: 731; Prenosov: 75
.pdf Celotno besedilo (948,80 KB)
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False reality or hidden messages: reading graphs obtained in computerized biological experiments
Andrej Šorgo, Slavko Kocijančič, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Information and communication technology (ICT) has become an inseparable part of schoolwork and a goal of education to prepare scientifically literate and digitally competent citizens. Yet the introduction of computers into school work has been much slower than its introduction in other spheres of life. Teachers' lack of knowledge/skills and difficulty in integrating ICT into instruction affect the realization of computer-related goals in schools. Another hidden obstacle that can affect the introduction of computers into the Biology laboratory can be discomfort with the interpretation of graphs obtained by data-loggers. We can group these difficulties with graph outcomes into 4 areas: 1) Explanations of the curves that lie beyond the domain of Biology, in Physics, Chemistry or some other discipline; 2) Hardware properties; 3) Unknown properties of experimental components; 4) Occasional equipment breakdowns or crashes.
Ključne besede: education, biology, biology teaching, computer-supported laboratory, ICT, laboratory work
Objavljeno: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1256; Prenosov: 53
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