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Tax policy and income inequality in the Visegrad countries
Anna Moździerz, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The financialisation of economies is believed to be the primary cause of the increase in income inequality in the world, occurring on a scale unseen for more than 30 years. One can hypothesise that it is the state that is responsible for the widening inequality, as the state has not sufficiently used the redistributive function of taxation. The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of tax policy on income inequality in Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. These so-called Visegrad countries have, in the last several years, carried out some controversial experiments with tax policy, specifically in terms of the flattening of tax progressivity or its replacement with a flat tax, which led to the weakening of the income adjustment mechanism. The imbalance between income tax and consumption tax has contributed to perpetuating income inequality. The verification of tax systems carried out during the recent financial crisis has forced the countries included in this research to implement tax reforms. The introduced changes caused various fiscal and redistributive effects. Analyses show that the changes in income taxation and an increase in the consumption tax rate had the most negative impact on the income and asset situation in Hungary.
Ključne besede: tax, tax policy, income inequality, Gini coefficient
Objavljeno v DKUM: 14.11.2017; Ogledov: 1498; Prenosov: 384
.pdf Celotno besedilo (254,54 KB)
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Does strong heterogeneity promote cooperation by group interactions?
Matjaž Perc, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Previous research has highlighted the importance of strong heterogeneity for the successful evolution of cooperation in games governed by pairwise interactions. Here we determine to what extent this is true for games governed by group interactions. We therefore study the evolution of cooperation in the public goods game on the square lattice, the triangular lattice, and the random regular graph, whereby the payoffs are distributed either uniformly or exponentially amongst the players by assigning to them individual scaling factors that determine the share of the public good they will receive. We find that uniformly distributed public goods are more successful in maintaining high levels of cooperation than exponentially distributed public goods. This is not in agreement with previous results on games governed by pairwise interactions, indicating that group interactions may be less susceptible to the promotion of cooperation by means of strong heterogeneity than originally assumed, and that the role of strongly heterogeneous states should be reexamined for other types of games.
Ključne besede: social dilemmas, cooperation, public goods, inequality, social diversity
Objavljeno v DKUM: 30.06.2017; Ogledov: 1362; Prenosov: 407
.pdf Celotno besedilo (862,29 KB)
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Relaxing LMI Domination Matricially
Igor Klep, 2010, objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

Ključne besede: linear matrix inequality (LMI), completely positive, semidefinite programming, Positivstellensatz, Gleichstellensatz, archimedean quadratic module, free positivity
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1140; Prenosov: 45
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Recent transformation of economic inequality in NUTS 3 regions in Slovenia
Lučka Lorber, 2011, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The restructuring of the economy and transition to a market economy have had different impacts on the economic position of regions. The level of impact that changed economic and socio-political circumstances caused in the individual regions depended on various factors: the economic structure of the regions, their ability to reroute onto foreign markets, development potentials, development strategies, and their strategic decisions. Development problems are distinctive predominantly in areas suffering from structural backwardness and economic weakness with predominantly rural orientation, areas facing demographic problems, low income per inhabitant and high unemployment rate. The peripheral nature of the underdeveloped areas caused the emptying of the countryside and concentrating of the population in urban centers. Unfavorable demographic picture, emigration of the young, poor educational structure and shortage of adequate staff, and absence of strategic decisions had led to an increasing setback of the underdeveloped regions compared to the developed ones. The results of empirical analyses of division NUTS 3 regions in Slovenia into groups, taking into account the selected development indicators, lead to the conclusion that economic development has not been conducted in the context of modern understanding of balanced regional development and in accordance with the principle of integrity of implementing regional policy in the entire state territory. The existing regional developmental differences confirm the thesis that market mechanism on its own will not reduce economic inequality and substantiate the need for efficient conduct of regional policy.
Ključne besede: Slovenia, regional development, regional disparities, regional policy, transition, economic inequality
Objavljeno v DKUM: 07.06.2012; Ogledov: 1487; Prenosov: 31
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