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How to compare companies on relevant dimensions of sustainability
Damjan Krajnc, Peter Glavič, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Dozens of frameworks of sustainability assessment that focus on the performance of companies have been suggested by now. They propose using numerous sustainability indicators, which are generally measured in very different units. While it is important to assess sustainability with several indicators, it may sometimes be difficult to make comparisons among companies based on a large number of performance measurements. This paper presents a model for designing a composite sustainable development index that depicts performance of companies along all the three dimensions of sustainability-economic, environmental, and societal. In the first part of thepaper, the procedure of calculating the index that would enable comparisonsof companies in specific sector regarding sustainability performance is presented. However, the emphasis of the paper is on the second part, where the effectiveness of the proposed model is illustrated with a casestudy in which two companies from specific sector are compared regarding their sustainability performance.
Ključne besede: chemical industries, sustainable development, sustainability indicators, composed index, sustainability assessment
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 871; Prenosov: 5
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

A model for integrated assessment of sustainable development
Damjan Krajnc, Peter Glavič, 2005, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The focus of the paper is on consideration of how to use indicators to monitor sustainable development in a relevant and useful manner. Integrated information on sustainable development of a company is very essential for decision-making since it is very difficult to evaluate the performance of the company on the ground of too many indicators. The objective of the work was to design a model for obtaining a composite sustainable development index (ICSD) in order to track integrated information on economic, environmental, and social performance of the company with time. Normalized indicators were associated into three sustainability sub-indices and finally composed into an overall indicator of a company performance. This was applied by determining the impact of individual indicator to the overall sustainability of a company using the concept of analytic hierarchy process. The demonstration of the model used data for a case study company, Henkel, and a set of sustainable development indicators that were classified using the currently most widely accepted approach of the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). Case study was used to measure ICSD and sustainability sub-indices of the company over the time interval of 6 years. Interpretation of results is given and the utility of ICSD with its relevance for decision-making is pointed out. Using a case study, the paper demonstrates that the model can be applied to deliver composite indicators of sustainability performance of companies.
Ključne besede: clean technologies, environmental protection, sustainable development, sustainability indicators, composite index, sustainability assessment, multiattribute decision-making
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1120; Prenosov: 11
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

Characterisation of an optical sensor membrane based on the metal ion indication Pyrocatechol Violet
Ivana Murković Steinberg, Aleksandra Lobnik, Otto S. Wolfbeis, 2003, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A non-specific photometric metal ion indicator Pyrocatechol Violet (PV) was tested for its potential use in a metal-sensitive optrode membrane. The water soluble indicator was lipophilised in the form of an ion pair with tetraoctylammonium cation (TOA), and subsequently immobilised in a plasticised PVC membrane. The spectral response of the membrane in the presence of various transition metal ions was studied. It was found that the ability of PV to form complexes with metal ions significantly reduced following immobilisation, with the exception of Cu(II). A number of factors responsible for the improved selectivity and high sensitivity of immobilised PV towards Cu(II) were identified. Amongst those, the most important is the presence of quaternary ammonium salt in the membrane which induced a significant bathochromic shift of the PV-Cu(II) chelate absorption maximum, as well as the intensification of the chelate absorption band. The membrane responds to Cu(II) irreversibly by changing colour from yellow to green (absorption maximum at 740 nm), and typically, an exposure time of 10 min enables the determination of Cu(II) in the 1-100 M range. A comparison of selectivity and sensitivity characteristics between the water soluble form of the indicator and the immobilised form was performed, and the effects of pH and lipophilic surfactant additives on the response mechanism are discussed.
Ključne besede: optical sensors, sensor membrane, PVC membrane, photometric metal ion indicators, metal-sensitive optrode membrane, lipophilic ion pairs
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 674; Prenosov: 4
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

Country's development as a determinant of early-stage entrepreneurial activity
Miha Marič, Jasmina Žnidaršič, Miha Uhan, Vlado Dimovski, Marko Ferjan, Maja Djurica, Mitja Jeraj, Matej Janežič, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Our study is built on the dependence of early-stage entrepreneurial activity on GDP per capita, GDP real growth rate, unemployment rate, inflation rate, investments and public debt of different countries. We divide the early-stage entrepreneurial activity into necessity-driven and improvement-driven opportunistic entrepreneurial activity. To establish the dependencies we have conducted the regression analyses. Our three main findings are: (a) early-stage entrepreneurial activity does depend on our predictors; (b) necessity-driven entrepreneurial activity is negatively correlated to country’s development; and (c) improvement-driven opportunistic entrepreneurial activity is positively correlated to country’s development.
Ključne besede: entrepreneurship, early-stage entrepreneurial activity, economic developmnet indicators
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 440; Prenosov: 6
.pdf Celotno besedilo (206,00 KB)

Slovenian economy on the way from independence to catching up average economic development of EU-27
Lučka Lorber, 2008, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: During the EU accession process, an intensive process of economic restructuring was taking place in Slovenia that was intended to secure Slovenia's incorporation into the common European market. At the time of adapting the legal and economic order to European standards, everyone was aware of the fact that successful EU spatial integration depends on the achieved economic power that is comparable to the average EU-27 economic growth. Slovenia's economic structure, determined by the GDP structure, is slowly approaching the structure of developed economies with the importance of agriculture and manufacture decreasing, and the importance of services increasing. However, financial and busines services, and technologically demanding sectors are growing too slowly. Structural changes of the Slovene economy have an affect on transformation of geographical space and create a new social-economic gravitational region. Functional and structural economic changes that resulted from social and political changes following Slovenia's newly-gained independence and its transition to market economy have changed the role of Slovenia in the common European economic market. Slovenia is to be found on a key development crossing, moving from an industrial to post industrial society. Slovenia's basic development goal is to exceed the average economic development of the enlarged EU by 2015 to be able to secure and improve social security, faster development in all its regions, and improve the environment. In other words strive for a better quality of life and overall human development.
Ključne besede: ekonomska geografija, geografija, Evropska unija, Evropa, lisbonska strategija, tranzicijske države, tekmovalnost, združeni evropski gospodarski trg, strukturalni indikatorji, geography, economic geography, inified European market, Lisbon strategy, structural indicators, transition countries, Europe, competitiveness
Objavljeno: 21.12.2015; Ogledov: 152; Prenosov: 3
URL Celotno besedilo (0,00 KB)

Evaluation of arterial hypertension control in family practice in Slovenia
Marjetka Pal, Branimir Leskošek, Marjan Pajntar, Polonca Ferk, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Objective: We performed a study on almost 20,000 Slovene patients with arterial hypertension (AH) to evaluate age- and gender-dependent blood pressure control, differences in the rate of AH control in the period 2002-2008, and to validate a potential impact of selected quality indicators on blood pressure control. Methods: The study was conducted as a part of the "Quality of Healthcare in Slovenia" project, in agreement with the National Medical Ethics Committee of the Republic of Slovenia. Appropriate statistical analyses were performed and the results evaluated. Results: Arterial hypertension control was relatively high (55.8%, 95% CI: 55.1-56.5) in the period 2002-2008 and improved significantly during that period. Based on our statistical model, the improved AH control in year 2006 compared to 2002 is particularly due to lower initial blood pressure values before treatment. Uncontrolled AH was largely attributed to uncontrolled systolic blood pressure. We found positive association between AH control and the frequency of blood pressure control in less than six-month time intervals. Conclusions: According to our results, AH control in family practice in Slovenia is relatively high compared to other European countries, but the results refer only to patients visiting their family medicine physicians.
Ključne besede: arterial hypertension, epidemiology, treatment, quality indicators
Objavljeno: 10.05.2017; Ogledov: 117; Prenosov: 3
.pdf Celotno besedilo (250,99 KB)

Markov analysis of studentsʼ performance and academic progress in higher education
Alenka Brezavšček, Mirjana Pejić Bach, Alenka Baggia, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: The students’ progression towards completing their higher education degrees possesses stochastic characteristics, and can therefore be modelled as an absorbing Markov chain. Such application would have a high practical value and offer great opportunities for implementation in practice. Objectives: The aim of the paper is to develop a stochastic model for estimation and continuous monitoring of various quality and effectiveness indicators of a given higher education study programme. Method: The study programme is modelled by a finite Markov chain with five transient and two absorbing states. The probability transition matrix is constructed. The quantitative characteristics of the absorbing Markov chain, like the expected time until absorption and the probabilities of absorption, are used to determine chosen indicators of the programme. Results: The model is applied to investigate the pattern of students’ enrolment and their academic performance in a Slovenian higher education institution. Based on the students’ intake records, the transition matrix was developed considering eight consecutive academic seasons from 2008/09 until 2016/17. The students’ progression towards the next stage of the study programme was estimated. The expected time that a student spends at a particular stage as well as the expected duration of the study is determined. The graduation and withdrawal probabilities were obtained. Besides, a prediction on the students’ enrolment for the next three academic years was made. The results were interpreted and discussed. Conclusion: The analysis presented is applicable for all higher education stakeholders. It is especially useful for a higher education institution’s managers seeing that it provides useful information to plan improvements regarding the quality and effectiveness of their study programmes to achieve better position in the educational market.
Ključne besede: higher education, study programme, effectiveness indicators, enrolment prediction
Objavljeno: 06.07.2017; Ogledov: 56; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,17 MB)

Multiple-criteria approach of evaluation of milk farm models in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Črtomir Rozman, Zoran Grgić, Aleksandar Maksimović, Ferhat Ćejvanović, Adis Puška, Branka Šakić Bobić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Cattle breeding is a very important part of agricultural production in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H), and milk production has a vital place in cattle breeding production. From an economic point of view, milk production is interesting as it is a daily production which presupposes faster marketing, which accelerates capital movement in agriculture, which in turn enhances liquidity. This research uses analyses of the existing state in milk production. The collected data are processed and cost calculation has been designed which enables the analysis of economic indicators of 4 dairy farm production models in B&H. Based on the collected data on features and values of dairy farm production models in B&H an analysis of expert evaluation was conducted as input data for DEXi method. The aim of this paper is to ascertain the basic indicators of business success of 4 dairy farm production models in B&H. Production-ecological, economic and socio-political features of the mentioned dairy farm models were analyzed. Based on the used criteria a rate of dairy farm production models using DEXi method was conducted. The results of the research in this paper using DEXi method show that the best model for dairy farm is model number four, which includes 45 milk cows.
Ključne besede: dairy farms, production models, economic indicators, DEXi, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Objavljeno: 10.07.2017; Ogledov: 41; Prenosov: 4
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,93 MB)

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