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Atterberg limits in relation to other properties of fine-grained soils
Bojana Dolinar, Stanislav Škrabl, 2013, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: In soil mechanics the Atterberg limits are the most distinctive and the easiest property of fine-grained soils to measure. As they depend on the same physical factors as the other mechanical properties of soils, the values of the liquid and plastic limits would be a very convenient basis for their prediction. There are many studies concerning the use of the Atterberg limits in soil mechanics; however, their results vary considerably and are not generally applicable. This paper explains the main reasons for the different conclusions in these studies, which do not take into account the following: a) the water in fine-grained soils appears as interparticle and interaggregate pore water as well as adsorbed water onto the surfaces of clay minerals; b) the physical properties of fine-grained soils depend on the quantity of pore water only, because the adsorbed water is tightly tied on the clayʼs external and internal surfaces and thus cannot influence to them; c) the quantity of adsorbed water on the external surfaces of the clay minerals in soils depends mostly on the size and the quantity of the clay minerals, while the interlayer water quantity depends mostly on the quantity and the type of the swelling clay minerals in the soil composition and their exchangeable cations. From this it follows that for swelling and non-swelling soils, the uniform relationships between the Atterberg limits (which represent the total quantity of pore water and the adsorbed water onto the external and internal surfaces of clay minerals) and other physical properties does not exist. This paper presents some possibilities for the use of the Atterberg limits in predicting the soilʼs other properties for non-swelling and limited-swelling soils.
Ključne besede: Atterberg limits, specific surface area, undrained shear strength, compressibility, hydraulic conductivity
Objavljeno: 14.06.2018; Ogledov: 147; Prenosov: 26
.pdf Celotno besedilo (133,59 KB)
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Effects of the particle shape and size of sands on the hydraulic conductivity
Ali Firat Cabalar, Nurullah Akbulut, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This study aims to investigate the effects of some physical properties of sands (e.g., size and shape) on the hydraulic conductivity (k). The paper presents the results of an extensive series of experimental investigations performed using sands with different sizes and particle shapes. Three different particle size ranges (0.60- 1.18 mm, 1.18- 2.00 mm, and 0.075- 2.00 mm) of sands (i. Crushed Stone Sand, CSS; ii. Trakya Sand, TS; iii. Narli Sand, NS; iv. Fly Ash Pellets, FAP; v. Leighton Buzzard Sand, LBS) having distinct shapes, including roundness, R, and sphericity, S (Ri=0.15, Si=0.55; Rii=0.43, Sii=0.67; Riii=0.72, Siii=0.79; Riv=0.65, Siv=0.89; Rv=0.78 Sv=0.65) were tested in a constant-head permeability testing apparatus at a relative density (Dr) of about 35% and constant room temperature (20°C). The experimental results showed that the sands having different shapes (R, S) with the same size and gradation characteristics (cc , cu , D10 , D30 , D50 , D60) result in different k values. The scanning electron microscope (SEM) images indicate the physical differences/similarities among the sands used during this investigation. A comparative study of the tests results and the estimated hydraulic conductivity values using empirical equations previously developed for the hydraulic conductivity prediction of soils by certain researchers are presented.
Ključne besede: sand, shape, size, hydraulic conductivity
Objavljeno: 18.06.2018; Ogledov: 171; Prenosov: 25
.pdf Celotno besedilo (587,55 KB)
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Assessments of the hydraulic conductivity for predicting the swelling characteristics of compacted expansive soils
Hakan Güneyli, 2017, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The swelling behaviour of expansive soils is significant in geotechnical engineering since it causes severe damage to civil structures. The swelling characteristics need to be well known for satisfactorily safe and economic engineering designs. A direct determination of the swelling characteristics requires considerable time and money, involving serious experimental effort. Alternatively, several indirect estimation techniques developed using empirical regression models available in literature are widely used in practice. These empirical estimation techniques have generally been assessed as a function of the soil properties, i.e., consistency limits, density, moisture content, clay fraction and type, and cation-exchange capacity. This paper describes the dependence of the percentage swell (S%) and the swell pressure (σsp) obtained from a free-swell (FS) test and a constant-volume swell (CVS) test, and the primary swell time (PST), in which almost 90% of the swelling occurs as strain, which is considered as a new swelling characteristic in this study, on the hydraulic conductivity (k) controlled by a change in the gradation of compacted expansive soils. In addition, the rate of primary swelling (Cps), which is the primary swelling phase’s slope of the curve of percentage swell vs. log time, and the ratio of (Cps/k) were used to analyse their relationships with the swelling characteristics. This study provides the empirical methods that can be utilized to obtain indirect estimations of the percentage swell (S%), swell pressure (σsp) and primary swell time (PST) depending on k, Cps and Cps/k, in addition to, or with, the conventional parameters. The correlation coefficients of the regression analysis, having high performance, and indicating strong relationships between the swelling characteristics and the indices proposed in this study, state that these empirical prediction equations can be used safely in engineering practice.
Ključne besede: swelling characteristics, gradation, hydraulic conductivity, rate of primary swelling
Objavljeno: 18.06.2018; Ogledov: 201; Prenosov: 24
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,21 MB)
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