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A game theoretical model for the stimulation of public cooperation in environmental collaborative governance
Yinhai Fang, Matjaž Perc, Hui Zhang, 2022, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Digital technologies provide a convenient way for the public to participate in environmental governance. Therefore, by means of a two-stage evolutionary model, a new mechanism for promoting public cooperation is proposed to accomplish environmental collaborative governance. Interactive effects of government-enterprise environmental governance are firstly explored, which is the external atmosphere for public behaviour. Second, the evolutionary dynamics of public behaviour is analysed to reveal the internal mechanism of the emergence of public cooperation in environmental collaborative governance projects. Simulations reveal that the interaction of resource elements between government and enterprise is an important basis for environmental governance performance, and that governments can improve this as well as public cooperation by increasing the marginal governance propensity. Similarly, an increase in the government's fixed expenditure item of environmental governance can also significantly improve government-enterprise performance and public cooperation. And finally, the effect of government's marginal incentive propensity on public environmental governance is moderated by enterprises' marginal environmental governance propensity, so that simply increasing the government's marginal incentive propensity cannot improve the evolutionary stable state of public behaviour under the scenario where enterprises’ marginal environmental governance propensity is low.
Ključne besede: game theory, human behaviour, cooperation, mathematical model, common goods
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.05.2024; Ogledov: 138; Prenosov: 0

Development of a human anatomy learning application for the HoloLens platform
Aleksandr Shishkov, 2024, diplomsko delo

Opis: This thesis explores the development of an augmented reality (AR) application for educational purposes, focusing on human anatomy visualization using the Microsoft HoloLens 2 device. Leveraging Blender, Unity, and the Mixed Reality Toolkit (MRTK), the project aims to create immersive educational experiences. Key stages involve model selection, preparation in Blender, and addressing export challenges to Unity. Performance optimizations and scripting solutions ensure efficient functionality, while the user interface is designed for intuitive navigation. Through features like layer visibility toggling and object manipulation, the application offers a comprehensive learning experience. Ongoing testing ensures optimal performance on the HoloLens 2 device, highlighting the potential of AR in education to enhance engagement and learning outcomes.
Ključne besede: human anatomy, augmented reality, Microsoft HoloLens 2, Unity
Objavljeno v DKUM: 22.05.2024; Ogledov: 145; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,08 MB)

Climate change-related displacement and the determination of refugee status under the 1951 Refugee Convention
Elijah Sriroshan Sritharan, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Climate change and climate-driven migration are two of the defining challenges of the twenty-first century, and there is no legal framework for protecting those displaced across national borders for climate-related reasons. The 1951 Refugee Convention hardly applies to human mobility in the context of climate change. This paper was written in the hopes of initiating a discussion concerning an alternative perspective through which persons fleeing natural disasters linked to climate change may satisfy the eligibility conditions for recognition of refugee status. Expanding the definition of refugee as defined in the Convention by including the notion of vulnerability to climate disasters that are caused by the underlying socio-economic conditions in the claimant’s home country and the role of discrimination in causing differential exposure to the climate-related disasters in legal definitions might open the door for the availability of refugee status for persons fleeing in the context of climate change. This paper proposes the adoption of a reformed human rights-based interpretation, particularly with regard to the individual nature of refugee status determination. Recalibrating the Convention to facilitate climate-induced migration could reduce political tension and social unrest in receiving countries.
Ključne besede: climate change, climate-driven migration or displacement, climate migrants, climate refugees, determination of refugee status, the 1951 refugee convention, human rights-based approach, socio-economic conditions, vulnerability to climate disasters, the role of discrimination, rights-based climate litigation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.04.2024; Ogledov: 92; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (476,43 KB)
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Long way to the 2014 Istanbul Convention : its role and significance
Eva Hršak, Jernej Kovač, 2023, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: This article investigates the historical aspects of physical violence in intimate relation-ships. The primary purpose is to illustrate the legal aspects and emotional dynamics of physical violence in intimate relationships, focusing on differences in perspective of various historical eras. We analyzed the Istanbul Convention, which represents a base document for preventing physical violence in domestic environments. In addition, we have analysed curriculum in kindergarten. We have discovered that the topics from the Istanbul Convention are incorporated in the kindergarten.
Ključne besede: physical violence, intimate relationship, human rights, legislation, Istanbul Convention
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.04.2024; Ogledov: 154; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (281,77 KB)
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Human beta cell functional adaptation and dysfunction in insulin resistance and its reversibility
Maša Skelin, Jan Kopecky, Jurij Dolenšek, Andraž Stožer, 2023, drugi znanstveni članki

Opis: Background: Beta cells play a key role in the pathophysiology of diabetes since their functional adaptation is able to maintain euglycemia in the face of insulin resistance, and beta cell decompensation or dysfunction is a necessary condition for full-blown type 2 diabetes (T2D). The mechanisms behind compensation and decompensation are incompletely understood, especially for human beta cells, and even less is known about influences of chronic kidney disease (CKD) or immunosupressive therapy after transplantation on these processes and the development of posttransplant diabetes. Summary: During compensation, beta cell sensitivity to glucose becomes left-shifted, i.e., their sensitivity to stimulation increases, and this is accompanied by enhanced signals along the stimulus-secretion coupling cascade from membrane depolarization to intracellular calcium and the most distal insulin secretion dynamics. There is currently no clear evidence regarding changes in intercellular coupling during this stage of disease progression. During decompensation, intracellular stimulus-secretion coupling remains enhanced to some extent at low or basal glucose concentrations but seems to become unable to generate effective signals to stimulate insulin secretion at high or otherwise stimulatory glucose concentrations. Additionally, intercellular coupling becomes disrupted, lowering the number of cells that contribute to secretion. During progression of CKD, beta cells also seem to drift from a compensatory left-shift to failure, and immunosupressants can further impair beta cell function following kidney transplantation. Key Messages: Beta cell stimulus-secretion coupling is enhanced in compensated insulin resistance. With worsening insulin resistance, both intra- and intercellular coupling become disrupted. CKD can progressively disrupt beta cell function, but further studies are needed, especially regarding changes in intercellular coupling.
Ključne besede: human beta cell, functional adaptation, dysfunction, insulin resistance
Objavljeno v DKUM: 15.04.2024; Ogledov: 121; Prenosov: 10
.pdf Celotno besedilo (387,53 KB)
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Human threat circuits : threats of pain, aggressive conspecific, and predator elicit distinct BOLD activations in the amygdala and hypothalamus
Teresa Bertram, Daniel Hoffmann Ayala, Eva Maria Huber, Felix Brandl, Georg Starke, Christian Sorg, Satja Mulej Bratec, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Threat processing, enabled by threat circuits, is supported by a remarkably conserved neural architecture across mammals. Threatening stimuli relevant for most species include the threat of being attacked by a predator or an aggressive conspecific and the threat of pain. Extensive studies in rodents have associated the threats of pain, predator attack and aggressive conspecific attack with distinct neural circuits in subregions of the amygdala, the hypothalamus and the periaqueductal gray. Bearing in mind the considerable conservation of both the anatomy of these regions and defensive behaviors across mammalian species, we hypothesized that distinct brain activity corresponding to the threats of pain, predator attack and aggressive conspecific attack would also exist in human subcortical brain regions.
Ključne besede: human, threat responses, translational neuroscience, threat conditioning, threat types, MRI, threat circuit
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.04.2024; Ogledov: 311; Prenosov: 277
.pdf Celotno besedilo (4,87 MB)
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Teachers’ impact on the implementation of human rights education in international Indian schools in Kuwait
Radhika Lakshminarayanan, Suzana Košir, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: With globalization, the establishment of private international schools has increased, particularly in nations with large migrant populations. These schools are affiliated to accreditation bodies from their respective country of origin for curriculum and assessment, although they may also be subject to certain norms within host countries. effectuates the official curriculum defined by the accrediting institution into the actual curriculum within the classroom. Although this reflects on all courses taught, it has wider implications in the effectiveness of Human rights education (HRE). This paper investigates key factors that determine the effective implementation of HRE by teachers in international schools, using the case study of Indian schools in Kuwait. By developing the 3I model (Introduction, Interpretation, and Implementation), the researchers determined the causative linkages in the structure and effectiveness of school curriculum for HRE, measured with exploratory factor analysis and structural equation modelling. The results indicate that human rights are not adequately addressed in the official curriculum and the teachcomprehension of human rights influences the application of HRE in the actual curriculum, which may present scope for bias and subjectivity.
Ključne besede: human rights, human rights education, international schools, Indian school curriculum, Kuwait
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.04.2024; Ogledov: 169; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (10,41 MB)
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Leader’s possession of linguistic intelligence in relation to leader–member exchange theory
Timotej Ribič, Miha Marič, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: When practicing high-quality leader–member exchange (LMX) theory, the leader’s ability to communicate, build and maintain relationships is a vital part. Because leader–member exchange theory is a relationship-based approach to leadership that primarily includes social exchange and communication on a daily basis, we can highlight linguistic intelligence as a key leadership skill that is part of the multiple intelligences defined by Howard Gardner. The goal of this article was to conduct research into organizations where the leader applies LMX theory and examine whether the leader’s linguistic intelligence is positively related to the quality of the leader–member exchange. The dependent variable was the quality of the LMX. We were able to recruit 39 employees and 13 leaders. Correlations and multiple regressions were used to analyze our statement. The overall results are statistically significant and we conclude that there is a high positive correlation between LMX and linguistic intelligence in the organizations that were part of this study. A limitation of this study is the use of purposive sampling, which resulted in a relatively small sample size and may limit the generalization of the results to other populations.
Ključne besede: multiple intelligences, linguistic intelligence, communication, relationships, leadership, LMX, human resource management, organizational behavior
Objavljeno v DKUM: 26.03.2024; Ogledov: 220; Prenosov: 8
.pdf Celotno besedilo (348,46 KB)
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