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Experimental study of crack propagation through cladded 316L/S355 steel produced by the hot-roll bonding process
Edvard Bjelajac, Andrej Skumavc, Fidan Smaili, Gorazd Lojen, Jožef Predan, Tomaž Vuherer, 2023, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A hot-rolled clad plate made of 316L stainless steel and S355 carbon steel was produced in a real industrial environment via GMAW welding, vacuuming, preheating to 1240 °C, and hot-roll bonding on four stand plate mills in nine passes with reduction rates between 20-6% per pass. The clad plates were solution annealed to achieve the usual delivery condition. Ultrasound testing showed a bonding rate of 100%. Metallographic examination revealed predominantly low concentrations of oxides at the interface. The tensile strength of the bond reached 155 MPa. The shear strength always satisfied the requirements of ASTM A264. It was observed that the concentration of oxide particles influenced the shear strength strongly. The lowest measured value was 172 MPa. Specimens notched in the base material and specimens notched in the clad layer were used in the Charpy impact test. In every case, only the notched layer broke, while the other layer was only bent. The absorbed energies were always higher than those of each material alone. Fracture mechanic tests gave similar results. The crack could not propagate from the notched layer into the other one, regardless of the material of the notched layer. Instead, delamination occurred. Due to delamination, K1c could not be determined, so KQ was given instead.
Ključne besede: clad plate, hot-roll bonding, shear strength, tensile strength, impact toughness, crack propagation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.03.2024; Ogledov: 131; Prenosov: 9
.pdf Celotno besedilo (18,79 MB)
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3.
Liquid metal/ceramic interfaces in dental practice and jewellery manufacturing
Karlo Raić, Rebeka Rudolf, Aleksandar Todorović, Dragoslav Stamenković, Ivan Anžel, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Metal-ceramic fusing has been the essential step in obtaining materials that benefit from both ceramic and metal constituents, i.e. where the combined properties of metal and ceramic layers are desirable. When considering fusing methods, soldering and active metal brazing are the most effective. These processes involve braze melting and flowing between the two pieces of material. In the first part the phenomena occurring on the boundary between the ceramics and the active filler metal during the metal-ceramics joining are discussed. Three interconnected sub-processes are considered: (1) wetting of the ceramic surface, (2) chemical reactions at the interface and (3) diffusion with a moving interface. Then, the appearances at the grain boundary grooves of the ceramic surface are presented as phenomena on the catalytic surface. In the second part, examples from dental practice and jewellery manufacturing are used for comparative analysis. Finally, we discuss the composition and properties of the soldering and brazing alloys used for dental practice and jewellery manufacturing.
Ključne besede: metal-ceramic bonding, brazing, soldering, dentistry, jewellery
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 1486; Prenosov: 119
.pdf Celotno besedilo (479,04 KB)
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4.
Two constructions of continua: inverse limits and compactifications
Tina Sovič, 2013, doktorska disertacija

Opis: In the thesis we talk about two different constructions of continua. First we present the generalized inverse limits, with help of which we construct Wazewski's universal dendrite. What follows is a description of the compactifications of a ray and the presentation of results about their span. The first chapter will be an introduction to the continuum theory trough interesting examples, as sin(1/x)-continuum, Hilbert cube, Brouwer-Janiszewski-Knaster continuum and pseudoarc. We will present some of their properties, among which irreducibility, smoothness and span zero are the most important ones for us. In the continuation we intend to present some various constructions of continua. The main focus will be on the generalized inverse limits and compactifications of rays, which will also be a central part of the thesis. In this chapter, we also study inverse limits in the category of compact Hausdorff spaces with upper semi-continuous functions. We show that the inverse limits with upper semi-continuous bonding functions, together with the projections are weak inverse limits in this category. The following two are the most important chapters in the thesis. The first is a detailed description of a construction of the family of upper semi-continuous functions f, such that the inverse limit of the inverse sequence of unit intervals and f, as the only bonding function, is homeomorphic to Wazewski's universal dendrite for each of it. Among other results we will also give a complete characterization of comb-functions, for which the inverse limits of the type described above are dendrites. The next important chapter will be about compactifications of rays. In the first part of this chapter we will use compactifications to prove that for each continuum Y there is an irreducible smooth continuum that contains a topological copy of Y. The second part presents the main results of this chapter; i.e. the span of a compactification of a ray with a remainder that has a span zero is also zero. In the proofs of this chapter we will help ourselves with a discretization of span.
Ključne besede: continua, inverse limit, inverse sequence, upper semi-continuous function, set-valued functions, bonding function, hyperspace, dendrite, universal dendrite, category, compactification, compactification of a ray, smooth continua, irreducible continua, span, span zero
Objavljeno v DKUM: 25.09.2013; Ogledov: 2179; Prenosov: 169
.pdf Celotno besedilo (861,84 KB)

5.
Nanofoils for soldering and brazing in dental joining practice and jewellery manufacturing
Karlo Raić, Rebeka Rudolf, Borut Kosec, Ivan Anžel, Vojkan Lazić, Aleksandar Todorović, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper describes the development of novel, reactive Al-Au nano-multilayered foils, their possible application in different fields and a discussion of the nano-foils' suitability for dental and jewellery applications. Moreover, this study includes the rapid joining of similar and dissimilar materials, by placing multilayer nano-foils and two layers of solder or braze. The foils precisely control the instantaneous release of heatenergy for the joining and act as a controllable local heat source. The reactive foils' thickness is in the range 10 nm to less than 100 nm and they contain many nanoscale layers that alternate between materials with high mixing heats, such as Al and Au. The foil between the two solder/braze layers melts the solder/braze with the heat generated by the reaction and bonds the components. The use of reactive foils eliminates the need for a furnace and dramatically increases the soldering/brazing heating rate of the components being bonded. Thus, ceramics and metals can be fused over required areas without the thermal stresses that are encountered in furnace soldering or brazing. In addition, a completely new plasma technology is proposed for the manufacturing of nano-foils and the first results of the preliminary experimental testing are presented.
Ključne besede: ceramic-metal bonding, low-temperature, nano-foils, plasma technology, dentistry, jewellery
Objavljeno v DKUM: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 2124; Prenosov: 106
.pdf Celotno besedilo (175,31 KB)
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