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1.
SPREMINJANJE JAVNE UPRAVE
Lea Tušek, 2010, delo diplomskega seminarja/zaključno seminarsko delo/naloga

Opis: Javna uprava predstavlja pomemben del javnega sektorja, katerega delovanje močno vpliva na celotno družbeno in gospodarsko delovanje neke države. Tradicionalno je bilo njeno upravljanje birokratsko, zaprto, neprilagodljivo. Z procesom globalizacije se je trg izrazito spremenil — kapital, industrija, osebe, znanje in tehnologija lažje kot kadar prej prečkajo meje držav. Na spremembe trgov ni bila imuna niti javna uprava. Smisel in namen javne uprave je v zadovoljevanju javnih potreb ter v primerni podpori in nadzoru gospodarstva. Z namenom uresničevanja svoje namembnosti v novih pogojih delovanja se je moralo njeno delovanje izrazito spremeniti. Spremembe delovanja javnih uprav potekajo v globalnem smislu preko različnih reform. Pri tem so državam v pomoč različni razviti koncepti spreminjanja, med katerimi ima največjo vlogo koncept novega upravljanja javnega sektorja. Spreminjanje javne uprave je proces, ki ga ni možno zaključiti na določen dan. Gre za kontinuiran proces uvajanja postopnih sprememb. Korupcija, slaba kadrovska politika, vladni interesi so le nekateri izmed najbolj pogostih problematičnih dejavnikov, ki otežujejo spreminjanje. Z namenom izmenjave izkušenj, uvajanja skupnih smernic razvoja in predstavljanja dobrih praks s področja javne uprave se države povezujejo v različna združenja. Dodatno usmeritev pridobivajo iz mednarodnih organizacij kot sta Organizacija za gospodarsko sodelovanje in razvoj (OECD) in Svetovna trgovinska organizacija (WTO). Preoblikovanje slovenske javne uprave pospešeno poteka od leta 2006. Največji dejavnik, poleg globalizacijskih procesov in doseganja gospodarske konkurenčnosti države, ki je vplival na potrebo po spremembi delovanja slovenske javne prave so začetna pogajanja Slovenije za vstop v Evropsko Unijo. EU na delovanje javnih uprav svojih držav članic vpliva z različnimi smernicami razvoja in skupnimi določili. Pri preoblikovanju je Slovenija morala upoštevati tako načela EU, kot tudi lastne značilnosti javno upravne ureditve. Slovenija se uvršča med države z najbolj razvitimi pristopi spreminjanja javne uprave. Na področju elektronskega delovanja sodimo celo med najboljše. Vendar pa je trenutno stanje daleč od ciljnega. V prihodnosti lahko pričakujemo večje spremembe na področju upoštevanja uporabnikov javnih storitev, izobraževanja in informiranja zaposlenih, ločevanja stroke od vladnih interesov, večje avtonomnosti in postopno decentralizacijo javno upravnih ureditev.
Ključne besede: javna uprava, spreminjanje javne uprave, Webrov model birokratske organizacije, novo upravljanje javnega sektorja, »good governance«, reforme, modernizacija javne uprave, Evropski upravni prostor, Slovenija.
Objavljeno: 18.11.2010; Ogledov: 2121; Prenosov: 642
.pdf Celotno besedilo (338,12 KB)

2.
INSTITUTIONAL SETTING AS A DETERMINANT OF ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF CROSS-BORDER MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS IN EUROPEAN TRANSITION COUNTRIES
Jelena Zvezdanović Lobanova, 2017, doktorska disertacija

Opis: The aims of this dissertation are to analyse the interdependence between C-B M&As and the quality of the institutional setting and observe the economic effects of that nexus at the macroeconomic level in 22 European transition countries between 2000-2014. Our underlying hypothesis is that the progress and durability of institutional reforms are factors that have a crucial influence on the economic performance of C-B M&As in transition countries. The dynamic relationship between the economic effects of C-B M&As and institutional quality is investigated by using the system Generalized Method of Moments estimator. Since the potential benefits of foreign direct investment are determined by the institutional setup, we used different governance indicators in our calculations, both individually and in terms of their interaction with C-B M&As. With the help of our empirical analysis, we established which aspects of institutional setting have contributed most to causing the economic effects of C-B M&As, using their interaction terms with this type of FDI, so we could focus most attention on these areas. Our results indicate that C-B M&As have a negative effect on GDP per capita in the initial period. This negative impact in the year of merger and acquisition could be explained by the rise in unemployment and the crowding-out of less efficient domestic companies which are not able to withstand the competitive pressure in the domestic market. The influence of one-year lagged C-B M&As is positive and significant, suggesting that this form of FDI might have a delayed effect. However, this type of FDI does not have a positive economic impact on host transition countries in the long-run because it might be motivated by rent-seeking interests. We show that the overall quality of the institutional setting (measured with the help of the EBRD indices of structural reforms and World Bank’s Governance Indicators) is important for GDP per capita in the short and long term. On the other hand, its interaction terms with C-B M&As are negative but not significant in current period. All governance dimensions stimulate GDP per capita of host transition countries. Our findings indicate that the higher level of C-B M&As with a negative impact offsets the positive effect of the control of corruption and the rule of law on economic growth both in short and long run. Voice and accountability were found to be important for explaining an FDI’s influence on GDP per capita. In terms of the influence on domestic investment, we have found that contemporaneous M&As have a crowding-out effect, while the influence of their lagged level has a crowding-in effect. Their long term impact is also negative and significant (when controlling for overall institutional quality index and separate governance indicators), suggesting that foreign investors reduce the competition on the domestic market over time. We show that foreign investors may be motivated by rent-seeking interests based on the fact that the interdependence of C-B M&As and the overall quality of the institutional setting had a negative effect on domestic investment. We have not found evidence to support our hypothesis that overall institutional reform (as well as the speed of implementation) and its interaction with C-B M&As encourages domestic investment in European transition countries. We have found that political stability has a positive effect on domestic investment and is the only significant variable of all the institutional factors. This means this governance indicator is a crucial determinant of domestic investment in transition countries. The only significant interaction terms with a negative effect on domestic investment, are between C-B M&As and the Rule of Law and overall institutional quality. Political Stability (positive coefficient) and the interaction terms between C-B M&As and Rule of Law and overall institutional quality (both negative coefficients) have a significant impact on domestic i
Ključne besede: the quality of the institutional setting, C-B M&As, transition countries, economic effects, governance
Objavljeno: 28.06.2018; Ogledov: 556; Prenosov: 34
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,67 MB)

3.
Corporate governance of banks in Poland and Slovenia
Polona Pašić, Borut Bratina, Mejra Festić, 2016, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper focuses on the analysis of the characteristics of corporate governance in banks in Poland and Slovenia between 2005 and 2013. It studies the impact of corporate governance in these banks on their performance. The results of our research show that Slovenia achieved lower average scores for the variables and indicators related to the transparency of corporate governance than Poland. The density of banks with the highest corporate governance index scores was higher in Poland than in Slovenia. When examining the impact of corporate governance on bank performance as measured with net interest income, the regression analysis showed that its impact is positive in both countries and that it is statistically significant in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: corporate governance, bank performance, Central and Eastern Europe, corporate governance index, net interest income
Objavljeno: 03.04.2017; Ogledov: 424; Prenosov: 196
.pdf Celotno besedilo (281,72 KB)
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4.
Corporate governance quality in selected transition countries
Danila Djokić, Mojca Duh, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Important questions that concern the notion of good corporate governance focus on what good corporate governance is, who benefits from good corporate governance, and how corporate governance quality can be measured. The aim of our study was to broaden our understanding of the role of standards and codes of good corporate governance in improving governance practices. We found that not only formal regulations, standards, and governance codes, but also corporate governance indices - which make the assessment of companies’ governance practices possible - are important in measuring and improving governance quality. The results of the research based on the SEECGAN Index methodology indicated that mandatory requirements and voluntary recommendations of high governance standards had a positive impact on the corporate governance practice in Slovenia.
Ključne besede: corporate governance, index, quality, transition country, companies, management, corporate culture, Slovenia
Objavljeno: 13.07.2017; Ogledov: 319; Prenosov: 71
.pdf Celotno besedilo (141,72 KB)
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5.
Renewed MER model of integral management
Janko Belak, Mojca Duh, Jernej Belak, 2015, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background: The research work on entrepreneurship, enterprise's policy and management, which started in 1992, successfully continued in the following years. Between 1992 and 2011, more than 400 academics and other researchers have participated in research work (MER research program) whose main orientation has been the creation of their own model of integral management. Results: In past years, academics (researchers and authors of published papers) from Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Byelorussia, Canada, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Russia, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine, and the US have cooperated in MER programs, coming from more than fifty institutions. Thus, scientific doctrines of different universities influenced the development of the MER model which is based on both horizontal and vertical integration of the enterprises' governance and management processes, instruments and institutions into a consistently operating unit. Conclusions: The presented MER model is based on the multi-layer integration of governance and management with an enterprise and its environment, considering the fundamental desires for the enterprises' existence and, thus, their quantitative as well as qualitative changes. The process, instrumental, and institutional integrity of the governance and management is also the initial condition for the implementation of all other integration factors.
Ključne besede: MER model, holistic approach to governance and management, integration, integral management
Objavljeno: 08.08.2017; Ogledov: 417; Prenosov: 48
.pdf Celotno besedilo (281,59 KB)
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6.
Local governance and sustainable rural development
Mary Cawley, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper discusses the role of local governance partnerships in promoting sustainable rural development with reference to EU policy over the past two decades. Ireland’s experience is presented as an example. From the early 1990s on, new local partnerships associated with both EU and national approaches to rural development compensated for some of the deficiencies of weak local government in Ireland. Partly because of concerns relating to duplication of expenditure and democratic representation, the partnerships have gradually been brought more closely within the remit of the statutory local government structures. It remains to be seen how Irish rural development policy for 2007-2013 will be implemented within this changing context.
Ključne besede: rural development, sustainability, local partnerships, governance, Ireland, EU, European Union
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 250; Prenosov: 28
.pdf Celotno besedilo (133,10 KB)
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7.
Coping with depopulation and demographic ageing in rural Japan
Kim Doo-Chul, Bu Hye-Jin, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Recently, the Japanese government initiated an administrative process that has resulted in the merging of municipalities across the country. Since then, the quality of services provided to inhabitants by the local government has declined in depopulated areas. As a result, it has been suggested that there may be a role for self-organization in the revival of local governance. Despite having a rapidly ageing population, Kawane village has been particularly successful in revitalizing local governance through reorganization of the local community. This research examines a variety of the community activities involved and the unique management methods behind them in an attempt to ascertain the factors that have resulted in successful self- governance in this village.
Ključne besede: depopulated mountainous village, local community, Kawane Promoting Association, local governance, Kawane Village, Japan
Objavljeno: 19.03.2018; Ogledov: 155; Prenosov: 35
.pdf Celotno besedilo (171,68 KB)
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8.
Nationality diversity of bank boards
Miroslav Nedelchev, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this paper is to carry out a comparative study for nationality diversity in bank boards. The study covers practices of board diversity of nine commercial banks. The data are compared for subsidiary banks in Bulgaria and their parent banks from the home country. The study defines a high degree of nationality diversity in subsidiary banks. The Bulgarian banks have a higher number of foreign members on boards compared to their parent banks. The good practices on board diversity in Bulgarian banks are a consequence of their subordination in European financial conglomerates and are aimed to reduce agent conflicts.
Ključne besede: corporate governance, subsidiary banks, Bulgaria, comparative study
Objavljeno: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 348; Prenosov: 170
.pdf Celotno besedilo (718,12 KB)
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9.
An organizational framework for logistic platform and its subtypes in a search for more logistically attractive regions
Brigita Gajšek, Jure Kovač, Benjamin Hazen, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose: Regional sustainable economic growth on logistics bases requires the coordinated development of infrastructure, information and communications technology, and proactive education of logistics specialists. The goal is reachable with regional logistics platforms (RLPs). This current research develops a theoretical model for RLPs, consisting of (1) basic constituents, (2) an implementation area, and (3) stakeholders' and operational benefits. Design/Methodology/Approach: We employed a balanced qualitative and quantitative approach using multiple case study and survey methods. Results: Systematic case study research has identified 12 “most frequently” highlighted RLP constituents and 3 areas of implementation, which were further proven by a survey. RLP's beginnings may be spontaneous until a critical mass of interested stakeholders emerges with a clear vision and start-up energy for a breakthrough. A theoretical model for RLPs is proposed. Conclusion: The secret of a successfully developing a logistics region lies in its ability to develop a mechanism for the managing and coordinating a particular logistics system's development and operation, an area that should be further researched. This study's findings provide valuable insights into the many aspects of RLPs, which can be useful for regional authorities and business owners who are eager to stimulate regional economic growth.
Ključne besede: logistics platform, organizational structure, networking, governance, regionalization, transportation
Objavljeno: 07.05.2018; Ogledov: 431; Prenosov: 170
.pdf Celotno besedilo (877,86 KB)
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10.
Logistics
Borut Jereb, Matjaž Knez, Darja Kukovič, Tina Cvahte, Matevž Obrecht, Bela Musatkina, Marina Zhuravskaya, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: Logistics means comprehensive management of all activities necessary to move products through the supply chain. For a typical product this chain extends from raw material extraction through the various stages of production and distribution systems to the point of use and the associated feedback loop. The main objective of logistics is the coordination of logistics activities so that the minimum cost of meeting the requirements of customers.
Ključne besede: logistics, governance, business, organizations, companies
Objavljeno: 10.05.2018; Ogledov: 230; Prenosov: 37
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,14 MB)
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