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XV. International Conference on Logistics in Agriculture 2021 : conference proceedings
2021, zbornik

Opis: The 15th International Conference on Logistics in Agriculture, which has been organized by the Municipality of Sevnica, Grm Novo mesto - Biotechnics and Tourism Center, Faculty of Logistics, University of Maribor, Landscape Governance College GRM and Cooperative Union of Slovenia has this year's central theme the Climate Change in Logistics in Agriculture. The conference has become traditional and pays attention to the ways for different views of logistics in connection with agriculture. That is why we/the organizers have invited lecturers on the topic Impact of climate change in agriculture.
Ključne besede: logistics, agriculture, biotechnics, tourism, landscape governance, conference proceedings
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.11.2021; Ogledov: 530; Prenosov: 61
.pdf Celotno besedilo (19,80 MB)
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Crime as a business, business as a crime
Josip Kregar, Antonija Petričušić, 2010, pregledni znanstveni članek

Opis: Purpose: This paper endorses the claim that in transitional societies the line between business and crime is elusive because weak states foster a legal order that is formalistic, bureaucratic, politically biased and prone to corruption. Design/Methods/Approach: Three elements are discussed in the paper. First, the paper briefly analyses legal and institutional state of affairs in transitional Western Balkans societies that condone organised crime. Secondly, it investigates the phenomenology of the (corruptive) crime behaviour, explaining how it managed to integrate into society in the context of a weak state. Thirdly, the paper investigates why state policies and measures fail to fight crime as the business. In this part the paper contests a traditional definition of criminal organisation as a hierarchical one, claiming that mafias are not organizations in a traditional sense. Findings: The paper emphasizes that the fight against organised crime is not just a fight against individuals or individual criminal behaviour; but a fight to increase the efficiency of the government. The paper furthermore asserts that better understand of the organised crime problem can occur only if its fighting and addressing happens from the point of view of a good governance. Namely, the precondition to fight against organised crime or parallel activity requires increased efficiency and capacity of governmental institutions. Originality/Value: This paper adds to the academic and practical understanding of the organised crime in the post-transitional settings. Apart from being instructive and up-todated source of information for the regional setting it deals with, the paper sheds a new light on understanding of organised crime.
Ključne besede: organised crime, organisation, transition, money laundering, corruption, good governance, South-Eastern Europe
Objavljeno v DKUM: 12.05.2020; Ogledov: 593; Prenosov: 58
.pdf Celotno besedilo (551,52 KB)
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Corporate governance of slovenian and german telecommunications companies
Natalija Pauman, 2019, magistrsko delo

Opis: In the master’s thesis we researched corporate governance and the quality of corporate governance. Corporate governance and management of organizations stem from the need and the desire for the existence and development of an organization. It is necessary to establish certain kind of monitoring and controlling in organizations, which we define with the term “corporate governance”. Corporate governance is the system of regulating and controlling corporate conduct and of balancing interests of all shareholders and other stakeholders to which company has influence. The interests of directors and shareholders may be in contrast. The purpose of corporate governance is to find a way to satisfy the interest of both, the board of directors and the shareholders, and at the same time to create long-team and sustainable growth for the company. Corporate governance is extremely important for individual organizations and, consequently, for their business. Compering different organizations, their corporate governance is done in different ways. Corporate governance in developed countries and leading economies is certainly different than in smaller and less developed countries. In this case, arises a question what kind of corporate governance can be labelled as “good” or “first-class” corporate governance. In order to improve corporate governance practices, various legal regulations and other forms of binding and less binding rules, recommendations, codes and standards have been developed. Quality is extremely important for organizations, therefore several methods, methodologies and indexes for measuring the quality of corporate governance have been developed. The purpose of methods is to evaluate and compare the quality of corporate governance between individual companies and between different countries. The results can serve for developing measures to improve corporate governance practices. At the same time, findings can serve to modify and supplement existing legislation and recommendations. The corporate governance index, as a measure of the quality of corporate governance processes, can also be one of the important indicators of the company's potential in order to access to new sources of capital and to reduce the capital´s costs in comparison with other companies. The main purpose of the master's thesis is to study corporate governance and its impact on the business of Slovenian and German telecommunication companies. We make comparison between following companies: Telekom Slovenije, d.d., A1 Slovenija, d.d., Deutsche Telekom AG and Telefónica Deutschland Holding AG. The quality of corporate governance in selected companies was measured with the SEECGAN methodology and index. The methodology was designed to measure the quality of corporate governance. It ensures transparency and provides a structured overview of the main areas of corporate governance between different companies. In empirical part of master’s thesis, we found out that Telekom Slovenije, d.d. has "first-class" quality of corporate governance, A1 Slovenia, d.d. has a "good" quality of corporate governance, Deutsche Telekom AG has a "first-class" quality of corporate governance and Telefónica Deutschland Holding AG has a "good" quality of corporate governance. We found out that both countries have companies with “first-class” and “good” corporate governance. The quality of corporate governance is not related to the national origin or country of operation of the company. One of the main finding of the analysis is that there are no significant differences between the quality of corporate governance in specific areas of SEECGAN index in Slovenian and German companies.
Ključne besede: corporate governance, quality of corporate governance, telecommunication companies, public stock companies, SEECGAN index and methodology, measuring the quality of corporate governance
Objavljeno v DKUM: 24.10.2019; Ogledov: 687; Prenosov: 72
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,15 MB)

Corporate governance and corporate social responsibility synergies : a systemic approach
Jelena Nikolić, Dejana Zlatanović, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Respecting the importance of corporate governance (CG), particularly various corporate governance mechanisms for improving corporate social responsibility (CSR) activities, the paper highlights relevant CG–CSR synergies from the perspective of systems thinking. The paper further aims to demonstrate the ways in which selected systems methodologies can support CG–CSR synergies. Accordingly, we selected appropriate systems methodologies, such as dialectical systems theory, soft systems methodology, and system dynamics. We defined the dialectical system, consisting of essential corporate governance mechanisms, which contribute to CSR; we also identified the key stakeholders and their perceptions of CG–CSR relations through CATWOE analysis; thus, the appropriate root definition and conceptual model, including the activities that are relevant for CG–CSR relations, were developed. Developed systemic framework provided a relevant methodological support to highlight the various issues of corporate governance, such as institutional framework, market for corporate control, ownership structure, board structure, and their contribution to CSR.
Ključne besede: corporate governance, corporate social responsibility, CG–CSR synergies, systemic approach, combined use of selected systems methodologies
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.10.2018; Ogledov: 1068; Prenosov: 135
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,14 MB)
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Minority shareholder protection in group of companies and its effect on the economic growth : the case of Slovenia
Til Rozman, 2014, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Building on some of the key findings of the so-called law matters theory and its criticism, and taking into account that the economic growth of the Slovenian economy is weak, this paper emphasizes the importance of the minority shareholder protection for the economic growth. Since a group of companies has become the prevailing form of large enterprises, the focus of the paper is on the outside minority shareholder protection. Although groups of companies are a well-known and established topic in several law sectors at the national and the EU level (competition law, tax law, labour law etc.), they are only seldom the subject of the national or EU company law. However, Slovenia is one of only a few member states that have codified company law relating to group of companies. This paper finds that Slovenian normative framework provides a comprehensive protection for outside minority shareholder. As it is especially the enforcement matters that are relevant, not only the codified law (in books), further research on the Slovenian company law relating to group of companies is legitimate and necessary, and should revolve around the question of whether the regulation has achieved the desired objectives in the practice.
Ključne besede: minority shareholder protection, group of companies, economic growth, corporate governance, Slovenian law relating to group of companies
Objavljeno v DKUM: 02.08.2018; Ogledov: 1093; Prenosov: 49
.pdf Celotno besedilo (364,89 KB)

Law and economics approaches to corporate governance
Nina Cankar, Simon Deakin, Marko Simoneti, 2009, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper provides a critical assessment of existing theoretical approaches to corporate governance within law and economics. Conventional economic approaches to law, new institutionalism and behavioural science, as well as the transplant literature, are discussed and their limits indicated. We suggest that by incorporating novel concepts, such as receptiveness, familiarity, adaptation, and internal process of development, the evolutionary dynamics of law and economics signifies a tendency towards corporate governance analysis that involves the study of institutional change and deals with questions that cannot be easily quantified. Such perspective invites a further look into the nature and evolution of legal norms and opens a way for a review of corporate governance arrangements from the perspective of unconventional socio-legal theories.
Ključne besede: corporate governance, law and economics, new institutionalism, legal transplants
Objavljeno v DKUM: 23.07.2018; Ogledov: 634; Prenosov: 34
.pdf Celotno besedilo (112,74 KB)

Jelena Zvezdanović Lobanova, 2017, doktorska disertacija

Opis: The aims of this dissertation are to analyse the interdependence between C-B M&As and the quality of the institutional setting and observe the economic effects of that nexus at the macroeconomic level in 22 European transition countries between 2000-2014. Our underlying hypothesis is that the progress and durability of institutional reforms are factors that have a crucial influence on the economic performance of C-B M&As in transition countries. The dynamic relationship between the economic effects of C-B M&As and institutional quality is investigated by using the system Generalized Method of Moments estimator. Since the potential benefits of foreign direct investment are determined by the institutional setup, we used different governance indicators in our calculations, both individually and in terms of their interaction with C-B M&As. With the help of our empirical analysis, we established which aspects of institutional setting have contributed most to causing the economic effects of C-B M&As, using their interaction terms with this type of FDI, so we could focus most attention on these areas. Our results indicate that C-B M&As have a negative effect on GDP per capita in the initial period. This negative impact in the year of merger and acquisition could be explained by the rise in unemployment and the crowding-out of less efficient domestic companies which are not able to withstand the competitive pressure in the domestic market. The influence of one-year lagged C-B M&As is positive and significant, suggesting that this form of FDI might have a delayed effect. However, this type of FDI does not have a positive economic impact on host transition countries in the long-run because it might be motivated by rent-seeking interests. We show that the overall quality of the institutional setting (measured with the help of the EBRD indices of structural reforms and World Bank’s Governance Indicators) is important for GDP per capita in the short and long term. On the other hand, its interaction terms with C-B M&As are negative but not significant in current period. All governance dimensions stimulate GDP per capita of host transition countries. Our findings indicate that the higher level of C-B M&As with a negative impact offsets the positive effect of the control of corruption and the rule of law on economic growth both in short and long run. Voice and accountability were found to be important for explaining an FDI’s influence on GDP per capita. In terms of the influence on domestic investment, we have found that contemporaneous M&As have a crowding-out effect, while the influence of their lagged level has a crowding-in effect. Their long term impact is also negative and significant (when controlling for overall institutional quality index and separate governance indicators), suggesting that foreign investors reduce the competition on the domestic market over time. We show that foreign investors may be motivated by rent-seeking interests based on the fact that the interdependence of C-B M&As and the overall quality of the institutional setting had a negative effect on domestic investment. We have not found evidence to support our hypothesis that overall institutional reform (as well as the speed of implementation) and its interaction with C-B M&As encourages domestic investment in European transition countries. We have found that political stability has a positive effect on domestic investment and is the only significant variable of all the institutional factors. This means this governance indicator is a crucial determinant of domestic investment in transition countries. The only significant interaction terms with a negative effect on domestic investment, are between C-B M&As and the Rule of Law and overall institutional quality. Political Stability (positive coefficient) and the interaction terms between C-B M&As and Rule of Law and overall institutional quality (both negative coefficients) have a significant impact on domestic i
Ključne besede: the quality of the institutional setting, C-B M&As, transition countries, economic effects, governance
Objavljeno v DKUM: 28.06.2018; Ogledov: 1374; Prenosov: 90
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,67 MB)

Borut Jereb, Matjaž Knez, Darja Kukovič, Tina Cvahte Ojsteršek, Matevž Obrecht, Bela Musatkina, Marina Zhuravskaya, 2016, samostojni znanstveni sestavek ali poglavje v monografski publikaciji

Opis: Logistics means comprehensive management of all activities necessary to move products through the supply chain. For a typical product this chain extends from raw material extraction through the various stages of production and distribution systems to the point of use and the associated feedback loop. The main objective of logistics is the coordination of logistics activities so that the minimum cost of meeting the requirements of customers.
Ključne besede: logistics, governance, business, organizations, companies
Objavljeno v DKUM: 10.05.2018; Ogledov: 856; Prenosov: 102
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,14 MB)
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An organizational framework for logistic platform and its subtypes in a search for more logistically attractive regions
Brigita Gajšek, Jure Kovač, Benjamin Hazen, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Background and Purpose: Regional sustainable economic growth on logistics bases requires the coordinated development of infrastructure, information and communications technology, and proactive education of logistics specialists. The goal is reachable with regional logistics platforms (RLPs). This current research develops a theoretical model for RLPs, consisting of (1) basic constituents, (2) an implementation area, and (3) stakeholders' and operational benefits. Design/Methodology/Approach: We employed a balanced qualitative and quantitative approach using multiple case study and survey methods. Results: Systematic case study research has identified 12 “most frequently” highlighted RLP constituents and 3 areas of implementation, which were further proven by a survey. RLP's beginnings may be spontaneous until a critical mass of interested stakeholders emerges with a clear vision and start-up energy for a breakthrough. A theoretical model for RLPs is proposed. Conclusion: The secret of a successfully developing a logistics region lies in its ability to develop a mechanism for the managing and coordinating a particular logistics system's development and operation, an area that should be further researched. This study's findings provide valuable insights into the many aspects of RLPs, which can be useful for regional authorities and business owners who are eager to stimulate regional economic growth.
Ključne besede: logistics platform, organizational structure, networking, governance, regionalization, transportation
Objavljeno v DKUM: 07.05.2018; Ogledov: 1177; Prenosov: 300
.pdf Celotno besedilo (877,86 KB)
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Nationality diversity of bank boards
Miroslav Nedelchev, 2018, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: The aim of this paper is to carry out a comparative study for nationality diversity in bank boards. The study covers practices of board diversity of nine commercial banks. The data are compared for subsidiary banks in Bulgaria and their parent banks from the home country. The study defines a high degree of nationality diversity in subsidiary banks. The Bulgarian banks have a higher number of foreign members on boards compared to their parent banks. The good practices on board diversity in Bulgarian banks are a consequence of their subordination in European financial conglomerates and are aimed to reduce agent conflicts.
Ključne besede: corporate governance, subsidiary banks, Bulgaria, comparative study
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.05.2018; Ogledov: 1081; Prenosov: 307
.pdf Celotno besedilo (718,12 KB)
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