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1.
Approach to optimization of cutting conditions by using artificial neural networks
Franc Čuš, Uroš Župerl, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Optimum selection of cutting conditions importantly contribute to the increase of productivity and the reduction of costs, therefore utmost attention is paid to this problem in this contribution. In this paper, a neural network-based approach to complex optimization of cutting parameters is proposed. It describes the multi-objective technique of optimization of cutting conditions by means of the neural networks taking into consideration the technological, economic and organizational limitations. To reach higher precision of the predicted results, a neural optimization algorithm is developed and presented to ensure simple, fast and efficient optimization of all important turning parameters. The approach is suitable for fast determination of optimum cutting parameters during machining, where there is not enough time for deep analysis. To demonstrate the procedure and performance of the neural network approach, an illustrative example is discussed in detail.
Ključne besede: optimization, cutting parameter optimization, genetic algorithm, cutting parameters, neural network algorithm, machining, metal cutting
Objavljeno: 30.05.2012; Ogledov: 1343; Prenosov: 62
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

2.
Intelligent programming of CNC turning operations using genetic algorithm
Jože Balič, Miha Kovačič, Boštjan Vaupotič, 2006, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: CAD/CAM systems are nowadays tightly connected to ensure that CAD data can be used for optimal tool path determination and generation of CNC programs for machine tools. The aim of our research is the design of a computer-aided, intelligent and genetic algorithm(GA) based programming system for CNC cutting tools selection, tool sequences planning and optimisation of cutting conditions. The first step is geometrical feature recognition and classification. On the basis of recognised features the module for GA-based determination of technological data determine cutting tools, cutting parameters (according to work piece material and cutting tool material) and detailed tool sequence planning. Material, which will be removed, is split into several cuts, each consisting of a number of basic tool movements. In thenext step, GA operations such as reproduction, crossover and mutation are applied. The process of GA-based optimisation runs in cycles in which new generations of individuals are created with increased average fitness of a population. During the evaluation of calculated results (generated NC programmes) several rules and constraints like rapid and cutting tool movement, collision, clamping and minimum machining time, which represent the fitness function, were taken into account. A case study was made for the turning operation of a rotational part. The results show that the GA-based programming has a higher efficiency. The total machining time was reduced by 16%. The demand for a high skilled worker on CAD/CAM systems and CNC machine tools was also reduced.
Ključne besede: CNC programming, genetic algorithm, intelligent CAM, turning, tool path generation
Objavljeno: 30.05.2012; Ogledov: 1313; Prenosov: 55
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

3.
Intelligent process planning for competitive engineering
Valentina Gečevska, Franc Čuš, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Process planning is one of the key activities for product design and manufacturing. The impact of process plans on all phases of product design and manufacture requires high level of interaction of different activities and close integration of them into a coherent system. This paper presents a process model of product development with manufacturing approach based on intelligent process planning techniques with focus on optimal selection of manufacturing parameters. Some derivations of the computing model for analysis of machining conditions by optimal determination of the cutting parameters in multi-pass NC machining activities are made with implementation of new evolutionary computation techniques. Genetic Algorithm (GA) based optimization method and deterministic optimization method (DO) are developed and then implementations into real manufacturing process planning for new product developed are analyzed. The results showed that both the developed optimization methods (GA and DO), especially GA, are effective methods for solving multi-objective optimization problems during the manufacturing process planning and cutting parameters selection.
Ključne besede: genetic algorithm, intelligent manufacturing systems, process planning
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1075; Prenosov: 18
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

4.
Use of genetic algorithm for fitting Sovova's mass transfer model
Dejan Hrnčič, Marjan Mernik, Maša Knez Hrnčič, 2010, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: A genetic algorithm with resizable population has been applied to the estimation of parameters for Sovovaćs mass transfer model. The comparison of results between a genetic algorithm and a global optimizer from the literatureshows that a genetic algorithm performs as good as or better than a global optimizer on a given set of problems. Other benefits of the genetic algorithm, for mass transfer modeling, are simplicity, robustness and efficiency.
Ključne besede: Sovova's mass transfer model, genetic algorithm, parameter estimation
Objavljeno: 31.05.2012; Ogledov: 1011; Prenosov: 24
.pdf Celotno besedilo (718,52 KB)
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5.
Modeling of forming efficiency using genetic programming
Miran Brezočnik, Jože Balič, Zlatko Kampuš, 2001, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: This paper proposes new approach for modeling of various processes in metal-forming industry. As an example, we demonstrate the use of genetic programming (GP) for modeling of forming efficiency. The forming efficiency is a basis for determination of yield stress which is the fundamental characteristic of metallic materials. Several different genetically evolved models for forming efficiency on the basis of experimental data for learning were discovered. The obtained models (equations) differ in size, shape, complexity and precision of solutions. In one run out of many runs of our GP system the well-known equation of Siebel was obtained. This fact leads us to opinion that GP is a very powerful evolutionary optimization method appropriate not only for modeling of forming efficiency but also for modeling of many other processes in metal-forming industry.
Ključne besede: metal forming, yield stress, forming efficiency, mathematical modeling, adaptation, genetic methods, genetic algorithm, genetic programming, artificial intelligence, process optimisation
Objavljeno: 01.06.2012; Ogledov: 1036; Prenosov: 53
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

6.
Automated and intelligent programming of cnc machine tools
Afrim Gjelaj, 2014, doktorska disertacija

Opis: Nowadays, many scientists focus on increasing the level of automation, respectively flexibility in manufacturing systems. In addition, automated programming of CNC machine tools has reached a high level of machining operations. However, it is still impossible for a machine to manipulate completely in an autonomous way. Special attention in this doctoral thesis is focused on the automated programming of CNC machine tools regarding artificial intelligence. The purpose of automated programming is to improve quality and to fulfil the requirements of manufacturing industry and provide commercial solutions. This thesis also provides a description of artificial intelligence usage in order to solve optimal tool path-length and tool selection, as well as the preparation of planned technology. Firstly, the automated programming of CNC machine tools enjoys great success when applying artificial intelligence in regard to the machining processes. Choices of path length and tool selection are analysed in great detail in order to ascertain the optimal problems of tool path- length and tool selection. However, in order to achieve automated and intelligent CNC programming of machine tools, their flexibilities are of major importance. Automation today tends to improve and implement manufacturing flexibility at a strategic level. This means increasing the degree of flexibility whilst at the same time increasing the degree of automation regarding CNC machine tools. In addition to the above-mentioned investigated problems, the influences of cutting force (Fc), power cutting (Pc), tool life (T) and surface roughness (Ra) as functions of tool path- length are also analysed. Analytical and mathematical models are optimised using a multi-objective genetic algorithm (MOGA). MOGA enables optimisation by employing two or more equations simultaneously. Another problem for the automated and intelligent CNC programming of machine tools focuses on the application of Discrete Systems (DS). The discrete system in our work focuses on analysing cutting force (Fc) in regard to the turning operation.
Ključne besede: inteligent CNC programming, intelligent manufacturing, discrete system, automated programming, multiobjective genetic algorithm MOGA
Objavljeno: 23.01.2015; Ogledov: 1691; Prenosov: 289
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,57 MB)

7.
Parameter optimization of tube hydroforming
Edina Karabegović, Miran Brezočnik, 2012, izvirni znanstveni članek

Opis: Tube hydroforming is mostly applied in automotive industry. In this respect, necessity for the procedure improvement of fluid forming is constant. One of the reasons of its improvement is the procedure performance in optimal conditions. The process parameters have the direct influence on quality and optimal of forming procedure. This paper provides an example of the fluid pressure optimization in T-shape tube hydroforming. Three types of material have been analysed, with three wall thickness and three course levels of axial printers. For the optimization, the evolutional method with applied genetic algorithm (GA) was utilized. The application of GA is significant in solving of many problems in engineering practice. The simplicity and adaptability of the genetic algorithm to the engineering problem results with the increasing volume of applications in a research work. In this paper we investigated interactions of the internal parameters of the T tube hydroforming process, towards achieving the GA model for the optimal internal pressure, necessary for hydroforming.
Ključne besede: hydroforming, tube, modelling, optimization, parameter, genetic algorithm, T-shape
Objavljeno: 10.07.2015; Ogledov: 913; Prenosov: 21
URL Povezava na celotno besedilo

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