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Gender stereotypes in English nursery rhymes : m. a. thesis
Jasna Strmšek, 2023, magistrsko delo

Opis: Nursery rhymes are children's first interaction with literature. Because of their rhythm and melody, we start to expose our children to them soon after they are born. Most babies and children like rhymes and repetitive rhythms and they usually show their enthusiasm by bouncing up and down or jumping. In the theoretical part of our thesis, we explain the terminology gender, sexism, stereotypes, and gender stereotypes. We also present the benefits for children listening to nursery rhymes like the development of motor skills, communication skills, social-emotional skills, world knowledge, cognition, language, and literacy. The downside of nursery rhymes is that they also contain gender stereotypes. It is not good for children to hear these stereotypes and grow up believing that women are inferior to men and are passive contrary to men that play an active role and are dominant. In the empirical part of our thesis, we examine selected English nursery rhymes and analyze them. We developed our own coding system, that helped us see what kind of gender stereotypes prevail in English nursery rhymes.
Ključne besede: gender, sexism, stereotypes, gender stereotypes, nursery rhymes
Objavljeno v DKUM: 31.05.2023; Ogledov: 37; Prenosov: 2
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,10 MB)

Gender of job titles in advertisements in american newspapers
Maja Petek, 2018, magistrsko delo

Opis: This master’s thesis focuses on gender-specific and gender-neutral expressions or words for job titles in English. When we are choosing the right expression for a job title we often neglect one gender or we put one gender in forefront. In the theoretical part of our master’s thesis we explain the difference between biological sex (sex) and semantic sex (gender). We also write about gender categories, sexism and feminism. We discuss the important topic of politically correct language and we focus on gender marked words. In the practical part we analyse job advertisements in old and new newspapers. We want to determine the use and the frequency of the use of gender marked job titles. Then we use these job titles and we analyse them by using two corpuses: COHA (Corpus of Historical American English) and COCA (Corpus of Contemporary American English). We try to determine if the job titles in the past were gender marked, if the words that we use nowadays are gender marked and what is the frequency of the use of gender marked job titles nowadays with the comparison with its use in the past.
Ključne besede: semantic gender, linguistic sexism, gender-neutral language, feminism, job titles in English
Objavljeno v DKUM: 05.05.2023; Ogledov: 110; Prenosov: 5
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,81 MB)

International Conference Education and Gender 2022 : Book of Abstracts

Opis: The publication presents a collection of abstracts from the international conference Education and Gender. The papers focus on various aspects and intersections between education and gender. Along with the dissemination of the key results of the STELLA project, the publication brings new perspectives on the hidden curriculum, gender stereotyping and other elements in the content of education.
Ključne besede: gender, education, STELLA project, gender stereotyping, hidden curriculum
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.10.2022; Ogledov: 226; Prenosov: 26
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,20 MB)
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Spolni stereotipi v učbenikih angleščine: primerjava dveh izdaj serije učbenikov messages : master's thesis
Veronika Mešić, 2022, magistrsko delo

Opis: The Master’s Thesis focuses on gender stereotypes in English language coursebooks with special emphasis on the comparison between two editions of the coursebook series Messages. The analysis of coursebook series consists of descriptive, qualitative, and quantitative analysis of gender stereotypes in the linguistic (text) and visual (photographs, illustrations) forms. The Master’s Thesis classifies gender stereotypes as those instances in which women and men are portrayed stereotypically e. g. in their profession, through physical appearance, assumed binary traits etc. The found stereotypes are represented descriptively and statistically. Both editions of the coursebook series Messages are compared in terms of gender stereotypes in them. The findings of the study show an increase in gender stereotypes in the visual imagery between the two editions, unequal male to female characters ratio, and underrepresentation of women in occupational roles and activities.
Ključne besede: gender stereotypes, English language textbooks, coursebook analysis, Messages, sexism
Objavljeno v DKUM: 09.09.2022; Ogledov: 362; Prenosov: 57
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,42 MB)

Gender-Based Features of Conversations in Political Interviews : m. a. thesis
Monika Kajbič, 2022, magistrsko delo

Opis: This master´s thesis examines the role of gender in political interviews. It focuses on how men and women use linguistic features in eight selected political interviews. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of the following linguistic features to see if men and women use them differently: minimal responses, hedges, tag questions, elicitation types, interruptions, silences, pauses and hogging the floor. The political interviews were transcribed according to Tannen´s transcription conventions (2007). Previous research indicates that women use the above-mentioned linguistic features to connect and show support, while men use them to dominate and have power over the conversation. The following hypotheses were tested in the study: Hypothesis 1: Women use minimal responses more than men. Hypothesis 2: Women use more hedges than men. Hypothesis 3: Women use tag questions more than men. Hypothesis 4: Men interrupt women more than women interrupt men. Hypothesis 5: Overlapping talk is used more by men than women. Hypothesis 6: Male speakers talk more than female speakers. Hypotheses 7: Men use elicitations to attack and women to support. Contrary to our expectations the results reveal that men use more minimal responses and hedges than women. By doing that they maintain their power and control over the interview. Also, women do not use more tag questions than men. On the other hand, in mixed-gender interviews women interrupt the conversation more than men. There are fewer overlaps when there are two females in the interviews compared to mixed-gender interviews. Our results also showed that men dominate the talking time. This study is limited to eight interviews; however, its findings can be used as a basis for further research in this area.
Ključne besede: gender, interview, language, women´s language, linguistic features
Objavljeno v DKUM: 03.06.2022; Ogledov: 343; Prenosov: 26
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,62 MB)

Representation of gender through visual imagery in primary school English textbooks from Slovene and English publishers : master's thesis
Elin Kamenšek Krajnc, 2022, magistrsko delo

Opis: Textbooks are the foundation for teaching. Even though the use of interactive online materials is increasing, most teachers base their lessons on printed materials, most frequently textbooks, since these offer well-structured, organized and ready-made materials. However, textbooks also include cultural beliefs and values that impact children’s perception of the world and themselves. This thesis focuses on how textbooks present gender through visual imagery and what message they deliver to developing young individuals that rely on school and textbooks to provide models they can follow. The research is based on a comparison of 8 textbooks – Slovene publisher’s textbooks and those published by English publishing houses – concerning their use of stereotypical and sexist illustrations. We provide a theoretical background to the problem and highlight the importance of school and textbooks for forming gender identity. The empirical part of the thesis offers a descriptive analysis supported by feature coding and shows whether the attempts to eliminate gender differences in the classroom have been successful.
Ključne besede: textbooks, sex, gender, stereotypes, sexism, illustrations
Objavljeno v DKUM: 21.04.2022; Ogledov: 536; Prenosov: 50
.pdf Celotno besedilo (3,84 MB)

Gender Stereotypes in Children's Literature: A Comparative Analysis of the Most Borrowed and Best-Selling Children's Picture Books
Jasmina Dragojlović, 2021, magistrsko delo

Opis: Picture books are among the first media where children learn about the world around and inside them. It is thus important that what is presented to them be accurate and cause no harm. However, that is exactly what is happening – children are exposed to certain stereotypes that do not hold true for the men and women, who are attributed these gender stereotypes. When children are taught that men are strong and women are weak, they grow up thinking in that way, which causes even further stereotyping and prejudice to occur. In this thesis, I consider why it is important to expose children to diverse plots and characters which differ from stereotypes of female caretakers, mothers, and teachers, and strong, male money-makers. It is not only female characters that are painted negatively, but also the male characters who are sometimes painted as absent fathers. This thesis offers an empirical approach through descriptive analysis and feature coding, supported by a theoretical background. It is imperative to call attention to work that is not appropriate for our siblings, children and students. It is our responsibility to provide them with good quality literature that paints the world as it should be – egalitarian—or at least, as it currently is.
Ključne besede: Gender, stereotypes, children, picture books, sexism.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 11.11.2021; Ogledov: 747; Prenosov: 114
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,63 MB)

Linguistic Analysis of Expressing Gender, Gender Identity, Gender Inclusiveness, and Gender Neutrality in the Context of the Transgender Phenomenon in Contemporary English and Slovene Language
Tina Ritlop, 2020, magistrsko delo

Opis: This thesis explores linguistic possibilities, limitations, and innovations concerning gender and gender identity in the context of the transgender phenomenon and how gender-inclusiveness or gender-neutrality affect their expression. To avoid ambiguity and misunderstandings, the terminological basis and theoretical background are presented and critically analysed, including English and Slovene sources; moreover, it is specified how certain terms are used in the following discussions. The thesis looks at early examples of gender-inclusive and gender-neutral English language as well as contemporary usages and innovations, especially in the field of alternative personal pronouns, and evaluates their practicality. Furthermore, linguistic and other issues are discussed in relation to the common transgender ideology through the analysis of selected examples of transgender people’s memoirs and other personal narratives (YouTube content), presenting their common perception of the state of being transgender and noting the stereotypies this entails or perpetuates. In relation to this, the thesis also reviews a recent study on the topic of transgender children’s gender development. The thesis then compares Slovene with English in the context of expressing gender to show some differences between them and notes certain grammatical and other limitations of Slovene. Additionally, the thesis provides its author’s own suggestions for English as well as Slovene gender-neutral language.
Ključne besede: transgender, gender-neutral, gender-inclusive, gender identity, pronouns
Objavljeno v DKUM: 07.10.2020; Ogledov: 597; Prenosov: 141
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1021,60 KB)

Gender stereotypes in fairy tales – a case study comparison of Beauty and the Beast
Danijela Vrhovac, 2019, magistrsko delo

Opis: This master thesis deals with gender stereotypes in fairy tales and focuses on the story of the Beauty and the Beast and its movie and animated adaptations. The theoretical part is based on the history and development of fairy tales and ensures the explanations of the terms gender, gender stereotype, and sexism. The practical part is . based on the analysis of the two movie adaptations of the Beauty and the Beast: the live-action movie (2017) and the animated film (1991) . The aim of this thesis is to analyze typically stereotyped portrayals of the male and female characters in this particular fairy tale adaptations and furthermore analyze the differences between adaptations. The goal of this master thesis is also to find out whether some alterations or major changes connected with the depiction of the main characters and other significant changes in these versions have been made. The results of the comparison show a slight change in the stereotyped portrayal of the characters. The live-action version (2017) shows a more modern depiction of fairy tale gender stereotypes.
Ključne besede: Beauty and the Beast, fairy tale, gender stereotypes, gender, linguistic sexism.
Objavljeno v DKUM: 30.08.2019; Ogledov: 1806; Prenosov: 290
.pdf Celotno besedilo (1,59 MB)

Gender-Based Conversational Styles in Reality TV
Vesna Videmšek, 2019, magistrsko delo

Opis: This master’s thesis deals with differences in conversational styles between men and women in American reality TV show Big Brother. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the conversations in order to find out whether there exist any differences between male and female speakers in the use of minimal responses, hedges, questions, swear words, overlapping speech and topics in mixed-gender and same-gender conversations. Nine conversations between ten different contestants of the reality TV show Big Brother were randomly selected, transcribed and analyzed. The results of this master’s thesis reveal that women use more hedges and minimal responses than men. There are, however, no gender differences in the placement of minimal responses. Both men and women produce the majority of minimal responses at non-transition relevant places. Furthermore, women swear less than men and use milder swear words. Men, on the other hand, are more inclined to use competitive overlapping speech. They also ask more expressive style questions than women, whereas women ask more relational questions than men. Lastly, there are no significant differences in topic choice between men and women.
Ključne besede: gender, conversational style, reality TV, hedges, minimal responses, swear words, questions, overlapping speech, conversational topics
Objavljeno v DKUM: 19.07.2019; Ogledov: 960; Prenosov: 111
.pdf Celotno besedilo (2,27 MB)

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